NGC 4088

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NGC 4088
NGC 4088
NGC 4088 2MASS (near-infrared)
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
Constellation Ursa Major[1]
Right ascension 12h 05m 34.2s[2]
Declination +50° 32′ 21″[2]
Redshift 0.002524[2]
Helio radial velocity 757 ± 1 km/s[2]
Distance 51.5 ± 4.5 Mly
(15.8 ± 1.4 Mpc)[3]
Type SAB(rs)bc[2]
Apparent dimensions (V) 5′.8 × 2′.2[2]
Apparent magnitude (V) 11.2[2]
Other designations
UGC 7081,[2] PGC 38302,[2] Arp 18,[2] VV 357[2]
See also: Galaxy, List of galaxies

NGC 4088 is an intermediate spiral galaxy in the constellation Ursa Major. The galaxy forms a physical pair with NGC 4085, which is located 11′ away.[4]

NGC 4088 is a grand design spiral galaxy.[5] This means that the spiral arms in the galaxy's disk are sharply defined. In visible light, one of the spiral arms appears to have a disconnected segment. Halton Arp included this galaxy in the Atlas of Peculiar Galaxies as one of several examples where this phenomenon occurs.[6]

NGC 4088 and NGC 4085 are members of the M109 Group, a group of galaxies located in the constellation Ursa Major. This large group contains between 41 and 58 galaxies, including the spiral galaxy M109.[7][8][9]

Amateur image of NGC 4088, left, and companion NGC 4085, right.

Supernova 2009dd[edit]

On April 13, 2009, SN 2009dd was discovered in NGC 4088.[10] At apparent magnitude 13.8,[10] it became the 3rd brightest supernova of 2009.[11] In 1991 there was SN1991G.

References[edit]

  1. ^ R. W. Sinnott, editor (1988). The Complete New General Catalogue and Index Catalogue of Nebulae and Star Clusters by J. L. E. Dreyer. Sky Publishing Corporation and Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-933346-51-4. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database". Results for NGC 4088. Retrieved 2006-11-16. 
  3. ^ "Distance Results for NGC 4088". NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database. Retrieved 2010-05-17. 
  4. ^ A. Sandage, J. Bedke (1994). Carnegie Atlas of Galaxies. Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Institution of Washington. ISBN 0-87279-667-1. 
  5. ^ D. M. Elmegreen, B. G. Elmegreen (1987). "Arm classifications for spiral galaxies". Astrophysical Journal 314: 3–9. Bibcode:1987ApJ...314....3E. doi:10.1086/165034. 
  6. ^ H. Arp (1966). "Atlas of Peculiar Galaxies". Astrophysical Journal Supplement 14: 1–20. Bibcode:1966ApJS...14....1A. doi:10.1086/190147. 
  7. ^ R. B. Tully (1988). Nearby Galaxies Catalog. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-35299-1. 
  8. ^ A. Garcia (1993). "General study of group membership. II - Determination of nearby groups". Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement 100: 47–90. Bibcode:1993A&AS..100...47G. 
  9. ^ G. Giuricin, C. Marinoni, L. Ceriani, A. Pisani (2000). "Nearby Optical Galaxies: Selection of the Sample and Identification of Groups". Astrophysical Journal 543 (1): 178–194. arXiv:astro-ph/0001140. Bibcode:2000ApJ...543..178G. doi:10.1086/317070. 
  10. ^ a b "Supernova 2009dd in NGC 4088". Astronomy Section, Rochester Academy of Science. 2009-12-30. Retrieved 2010-05-17. 
  11. ^ David Bishop. "Bright Supernovae - 2009". supernovae.net (International Supernovae Network). Retrieved 2010-06-04. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: Sky map 12h 05m 34.2s, +50° 32′ 21″