NGC 5253

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NGC 5253
A Peculiar Compact Blue Dwarf Galaxy.jpg
NGC 5253 is one of the nearest of the known Blue Compact Dwarf (BCD) galaxies[1]
Observation data
Constellation Centaurus
Right ascension 13h 39m 55.9s[2]
Declination −31° 38′ 24″[2]
Redshift 407 ± 3 km/s[2]
Distance 10.9 ± 0.6 Mly (3.33 ± 0.17 Mpc)[3]
Type Im pec[2]
Apparent dimensions (V) 5′.0 × 1′.9[2]
Apparent magnitude (V) 10.9[2]
Other designations
UGCA 369,[2] PGC 48334,[2] Haro 10[2]
See also: Galaxy, List of galaxies

NGC 5253 is an irregular galaxy in the constellation Centaurus. It was discovered by John Frederick William Herschel on 15 March 1787.[4]

Galaxy group information[edit]

NGC 5253 is located within the M83 Subgroup of the Centaurus A/M83 Group, a relatively nearby galaxy group that includes the radio galaxy Centaurus A and the spiral galaxy M83 (the Southern Pinwheel Galaxy).

NGC 5253 is considered a dwarf starburst galaxy.[5] Supernova 1972E, the second-brightest supernova visible from Earth (peak visual magnitude of 8.5, fainter only than SN 1987A) in the 20th century, occurred in this galaxy.[6][7] Another supernova, SN 1895b, also has been recorded in the galaxy.[8]


  1. ^ "A Peculiar Compact Blue Dwarf Galaxy". ESA/Hubble Picture of the Week. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database". Results for NGC 5253. Retrieved 2006-11-10. 
  3. ^ Ferrarese, Laura; Ford, Holland C.; Huchra, John; Kennicutt, Robert C., Jr.; Mould, Jeremy R.; Sakai, Shoko; Freedman, Wendy L.; Stetson, Peter B.; Madore, Barry F.; Gibson, Brad K.; Graham, John A.; Hughes, Shaun M.; Illingworth, Garth D.; Kelson, Daniel D.; Macri, Lucas; Sebo, Kim; Silbermann, N. A. (2000). "A Database of Cepheid Distance Moduli and Tip of the Red Giant Branch, Globular Cluster Luminosity Function, Planetary Nebula Luminosity Function, and Surface Brightness Fluctuation Data Useful for Distance Determinations". The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 128 (2): 431–459. arXiv:astro-ph/9910501. Bibcode:2000ApJS..128..431F. doi:10.1086/313391. 
  4. ^ The scientific papers of Sir William Herschel by J. L. E. Dreyer. Royal Astronomical Society London 1912.
  5. ^
  6. ^ I. D. Karachentsev, M. E. Sharina, A. E. Dolphin, E. K. Grebel, D. Geisler, P. Guhathakurta, P. W. Hodge, V. E. Karachetseva, A. Sarajedini, P. Seitzer (2002). "New distances to galaxies in the Centaurus A group". Astronomy and Astrophysics 385 (1): 21–31. Bibcode:2002A&A...385...21K. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20020042. 
  7. ^ I. D. Karachentsev (2005). "The Local Group and Other Neighboring Galaxy Groups". Astronomical Journal 129 (1): 178–188. arXiv:astro-ph/0410065. Bibcode:2005AJ....129..178K. doi:10.1086/426368. 
  8. ^ Kowal, C. T.; Sargent, W. L. W. (Nov 1971). "Supernovae discovered since 1885". Astronomical Journal 76: 756–764. Bibcode:1971AJ.....76..756K. doi:10.1086/111193. 

External links[edit]