NGC 6791

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NGC 6791
NGC 6791 cluster.jpg
Detail from the Kepler image showing NGC 6791. Celestial north is to the left.a
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
Constellation Lyra
Right ascension 19h 20m 53s[1]
Declination +37° 46.3′[1]
Distance ~13,300 ly (4078 pc)
Apparent magnitude (V) +9.5[1]
Apparent dimensions (V) 16'[2]
Physical characteristics
Other designations C 1919+377, Cl Berkeley 46, OCl 142.0,[1] GC 4492[2]
See also: Open cluster, List of open clusters

NGC 6791 is an open star cluster in the Lyra constellation.[1] It was discovered by Friedrich August Theodor Winnecke in 1853. At roughly 8 billion years old, and with an Iron to Hydrogen abundance ratio that is more than twice that of the Sun, it is one of the oldest and most metal-rich clusters in the Milky Way. This is contrary to the typical rule-of-thumb where older means more metal-poor. Compounded with the fact that it has an unusually high population of stars, NGC 6791 is among the most studied clusters in the sky.[3][4]

Age studies[edit]

Among the dimmest stars in the cluster are groups of white dwarfs that are 6 billion years old and another group that appear to be 4 billion years old. The ages are out of sync with those of the cluster's normal stars, which are 8 billion years old. This seeming contradiction in age for this cluster has been studied and a solution proposed with age of about 8 billion years.[5][6][7]

The Kepler Mission[edit]

Main article: Kepler Mission
An image from Kepler with NGC 6791 and another point of interest outlined. Celestial north is to the left.a

In March 2009 NASA launched the Kepler Mission spacecraft. This spacecraft is a dedicated mission to discover extrasolar planets by the transit method from solar orbit. In April 2009 the project released the first light images from the spacecraft and NGC 6791 was one of two objects highlighted.[8]

The planet hosting star Kepler-19, discovered from Kepler data, is located approximately 5 arcminutes Northwest of NGC 6791 [1]. The star has a differing proper motion to the cluster and is also much closer, so it is unrelated.

Notes[edit]

  • Note a: The images are rotated counterclockwise approximately 130° from the detector orientation against the sky.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "SIMBAD query result: NGC 6791 -- Open (galactic) Cluster". Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  2. ^ a b NGC online. "NGC 6791". Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  3. ^ Chaboyer et al.; Green, Elizabeth M.; Liebert, James (March 1999). "The Age, Extinction, and Distance of the Old, Metal-rich Open Cluster NGC 6791". The Astronomical Journal 117 (3): 1360–1374. arXiv:astro-ph/9812097. Bibcode:1999AJ....117.1360C. doi:10.1086/300794. 
  4. ^ Kaluzny et al.; Udalski, A. (1992). "Photometric Study of the Old Open Cluster NGC 6791" (PDF). Acta Astronomica 42 (1): 29–47. Bibcode:1992AcA....42...29K. 
  5. ^ Bedin et al.; King, Ivan R.; Anderson, Jay; Piotto, Giampaolo; Salaris, Maurizio; Cassisi, Santi; Serenelli, Aldo (May 10, 2008). "REACHING THE END OF THE WHITE DWARF COOLING SEQUENCE IN NGC 6791" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal 678 (2): 1279–1291. arXiv:0801.1346. Bibcode:2008ApJ...678.1279B. doi:10.1086/529370. 
  6. ^ Bedin et al.; Salaris, M.; Piotto, G.; Cassisi, S.; Milone, A. P.; Anderson, J.; King, I. R. (May 20, 2008). "THE PUZZLING WHITE DWARF COOLING SEQUENCE IN NGC 6791: A SIMPLE SOLUTION" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal Letters 679 (1): L29–L32. arXiv:0804.1792. Bibcode:2008ApJ...679L..29B. doi:10.1086/589151. 
  7. ^ Grundahl et al.; Clausen, J. V.; Hardis, S.; Frandsen, S. (2008). "A new standard: age and distance for the open cluster. NGC6791 from the eclipsing binary member V20". Astronomy & Astrophysics 492: 171–184. arXiv:0810.2407. Bibcode:2008A&A...492..171G. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:200810749. 
  8. ^ "Kepler Eyes Cluster and Known Planet". NASA. 2009-04-16. Retrieved 2009-05-09. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: Sky map 19h 20m 53s, +37° 46.3′ 00″