NHS Direct is the health advice and information service provided by the National Health Service (NHS) for residents and visitors in England, with advice offered 24 hours a day, every day of the year through telephone contact on the national non-geographic 0845 46 47 number, web based symptom checkers at www.nhsdirect.nhs.uk and via mobile, both as apps for iPhone and Android smart phones and a mobile website. As a part of the National Health Service, NHS Direct services are free, although the 0845 number is usually chargeable as a non-geographic number. Some landline providers allow 0845 calls within "inclusive" minutes. The website remains free, including call backs.
Users of the service, through whichever channel, are asked questions about their symptoms or problem. Common problems are often given simple self care advice, which they can follow thereby avoiding an expensive visit to a health care professional. More complex problems are assessed by a nurse and can then be given treatment advice or referred on to another service within the NHS.
As well as these core services, NHS Direct provides a number of commissioned services throughout the NHS, such as specialised support for patients with long term conditions, access to GP and dental healthcare out of hours, and a professional response system for times of public health anxiety.
NHS Direct only provides its service for residents and visitors in England, and there are corresponding public services covering Scotland (NHS 24) and Wales (NHS Direct Wales). Northern Ireland does not have such a service.
In August 2010, the BBC reported that David Cameron's coalition government was planning to scrap the NHS Direct 0845 46 47 helpline telephone service in favour of the cheaper NHS 111 number. This intention was set out in the white paper, but was portrayed in the media as a ‘leak’ by the Conservative Health Secretary Andrew Lansley.
Health and symptomatic advice
NHS Direct's core service is the provision of health advice to the public through the national telephone service or through digital channels including the website.
In England and Wales, the NHS Direct telephone service is available on 0845 46 47 and is run by a specially trained team of information handlers and healthcare professionals, including nurses and dental nurses. The service is equipped to deal with a huge range of health enquiries, from symptomatic queries that require assessment and treatment, to requests for local healthcare services and healthy living advice.
Every person that calls NHS Direct feeling unwell is assessed to establish the severity of their symptoms, so as to re-route any urgent or life-threatening situations to the emergency services as quickly as possible.
Other symptomatic callers are able to speak to a nurse, who will ask about their condition in order to recommend the best course of action. This could be giving advice about treating the problem at home, suggesting a visit to a pharmacist, or advising an appointment with their GP, which, if in the out of hours period (when the GP surgeries are closed), can possibly be arranged over the phone.
As many callers are advised to look after their symptoms at home without seeing their GP, the NHS Direct telephone service reduces the demand on NHS resources and helps to avoid unnecessary trips to the doctor, dentist and accident and emergency department.
The NHS Direct telephone service also provides a confidential interpreter service in many different languages, which can be accessed by stating the language required when the call is answered. For those who are deaf or hard of hearing, there is a textphone service available on 0845 606 4647.
The NHS Direct website can be found at www.nhsdirect.nhs.uk, and has a variety of symptom checkers, based on the same system used on the telephone service and can either give self care advice or direct a user to another NHS service. For more complex queries, the symptom checkers allow the user to receive a call back from a nurse or to take part in a webchat for further information and help.
All NHS Direct health advice and information on the website passes through a rigorous clinical check by medical professionals before it is published. 
Non-urgent health queries can be submitted to the NHS Direct online enquiry service and the website also offers a confidential webchat service for those needing advice about unprotected sex or emergency contraception.
NHS Direct offers its full range of symptom checkers optimised for mobile devices on its mobile website and has also launched stand alone 'apps' for iPhone and Android smart phones, both available in the normal app stores.
Digital television channel
The digital television service contained condensed versions of many of the most common and popular health encyclopaedia topics and common health questions.
Although it is not well known, NHS Direct supplies a multitude of additional commissioned services within the NHS.
NHS Direct supports many local health authorities in England, including Primary Care Trusts (PCTs), helping them to deliver the best possible standards of healthcare to people in each region.
These services range from dedicated projects in particular areas, such as the local telephone helpline set up for Sandwell PCT after a dental health scare, to schemes that are developed nationwide. These include a telephone-based pre and post operative assessment for patients having surgery, and allocating care managers to give regular coaching and advice to those with long term conditions, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
History and background
The aim of NHS Direct, as stated by the government in the NHS White Paper, The New NHS, was "to provide people at home with easier and faster advice and information about health, illness, and the NHS, so that they are better able to care for themselves and their families". 
The NHS Direct telephone service began taking calls in three contact centres in Lancashire, Northumbria and Milton Keynes in March 1998. These original sites were set up as pilots but soon proved successful, reaching over 1 million people and earning highly positive feedback. Additional waves of pilots were established in contact centres around England until the whole country was covered by the NHS Direct telephone service in 2000.
NHS Direct added a website to its services at the end of 1999, allowing users to find clinically accurate health advice and information anonymously and at their leisure. Since its creation, the NHS Direct website has steadily improved and developed, attracting more and more users. Currently, there are over 1.5 million visitors to the website every month.
NHS Direct's services continue to expand and improve, as do the ways in which they reach their users. It has been said that this has made the organisation "the largest and most successful healthcare provider of its kind, anywhere in the world".
It was reported that each call made to NHS Direct cost £25 to answer - an earlier official report had put the total at £16.
Abolition of NHS Direct helpline (England)
The Department of Health has confirmed that NHS Direct's telephone number is to be phased out in favour of the new non-emergency NHS 111 number, following three pilots in the North East, East Midlands and East of England. NHS 111 is intended to work in an integrated way with local GPs, out-of-hours services, ambulance services and hospitals, for the benefit of patients and to help the NHS become more efficient. NHS Direct as an organisation is not being closed down, nor was this ever the Government’s intention. NHS Direct will have an ongoing role, along with other providers, in helping to deliver the NHS 111 Service and, in the interim, will continue providing local and national telephone and web-based services on behalf of its commissioners. The Labour party, which founded NHS Direct, voiced its opposition to the proposal, although it had promised to introduce the new 111 hotline nationally in its election manifesto.
It was announced in October 2013 that NHS Direct would be closed down in 2014. after the organisation became entangled in a number of contracts to deliver NHS 111 This decision followed a major investigation into irregular business practices by the board in its tendering for NHS 111 contracts.
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