Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from NKAO)
Jump to: navigation, search
Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast
Autonomous oblast of Azerbaijani SSR

 

1923–1991
 

Location of Nagorno-Karabakh
Capital Stepanakert
Government Autonomous Oblast
History
 -  Established July 7 1923
 -  Disestablished November 26 1991
Area 4,388 km2 (1,694 sq mi)
Population
 -  162,181 
Density 37 /km2  (95.7 /sq mi)
Population source:[1]
Principal cities in the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast (NKAO).

The Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast (Russian: Нагорно-Карабахская автономная область, НКАО; Azerbaijani: Дағлыг Гарабағ Мухтар Вилајәти, ДГМВ/Dağlıq Qarabağ Muxtar Vilayəti, DQMV; Armenian: Լեռնային Ղարաբաղի Ինքնավար Մարզ, ԼՂԻՄ) was an autonomous oblast within the borders of the Azerbaijan SSR, mostly inhabited by ethnic Armenians. According to Robert Service, in 1921 Joseph Stalin, then acting Commissar of Nationalities for the Soviet Union, included Nakhchivan ASSR and Karabakh under Azerbaijani control to try and placate Turkey to join the Soviet Union. Had Turkey not been an issue, Stalin would probably have left Karabakh under Armenian control.[2] As a result, the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast was established with the Azerbaijan SSR on July 7, 1923. According to Karl R. DeRouen it was created as an enclave so that a narrow strip of land would separate it from Armenia proper.[3] According to Audrey L. Altstadt, the borders of the oblast were drawn to include Armenian villages and to exclude as much as possible Azerbaijani villages, so that the resulting area was sure to have an Armenian majority.[4]

Military conflict[edit]

The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between the Armenian and Azerbaijan SSRs of the Soviet Union broke out in 1987, and the fighting had grown into a full-scale war by the end of 1991. On November 26, 1991, the Parliament of the Azerbaijan SSR abolished the autonomous status of the NKAO. Its internal administrative divisions were also abolished, and its territory was split up and redistributed amongst the neighboring administrative rayons of Khojavend, Tartar, Goranboy, Shusha, and Kalbajar[5] In response, the majority Armenian population of the oblast unilaterally declared their independence as the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. Most of territory of the former Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast is under the control of the ethnic Armenian forces of Nagorno-Karabakh as a result of the Nagorno-Karabakh War. When the Soviet Union dissolved, the Nagorno-Karabakh region was reaffirmed by the United Nations Security Council Resolutions 822, 853, 874, and 884 as part of the newly independent Republic of Azerbaijan. Today, the area of the former NKAO includes the de facto established Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, although it is not recognized by any state or international government organization, and is de jure part of Azerbaijan.[6]

Administrative divisions[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Russian) НАГОРНО-КАРАБАХСКАЯ АО (1979 г.)
  2. ^ Robert Service, Stalin: a Biography (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2006, ISBN 0-674-02258-0), p. 204
  3. ^ Karl R. DeRouen, Civil Wars of the World: major conflicts since World War II, Vol. 1 (2007), p. 146
  4. ^ Audrey L. Altstadt, The Azerbaijani Turks: power and identity under Russian rule (Hoover Press, 1992, ISBN 0-8179-9182-4, ISBN 978-0-8179-9182-1)
  5. ^ Svante Cornell, Turkey and the Conflict in Nagorno Karabakh: A Delicate Balance, in Middle Eastern Studies Journal Vol 34, No. 1 (London: Frank Cass Publications, January 1998), pp. 51–72
  6. ^ 1993 UN Security Council Resolutions on Nagorno-Karabakh, U.S. State Department website, accessed February 2007

External links[edit]