NN Serpentis

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NN Serpentis A/B
NN Serpentis binary.png

Rendering of NN Serpentis system
Observation data
Epoch {{{epoch}}}      Equinox
Constellation Serpens
Right ascension 15h 52m 56.2s
Declination +12° 54′ 47.2″
Apparent magnitude (V) +16.6
Characteristics
Spectral type DAO1 / M4V
Details
Mass 0.535/0.111 [1] M
Radius 0.0211/0.154 [1] R
Luminosity 4.2/0.00172? [1] L
Temperature 57000/3000? [1] K
Orbit
Period (P) 0.000356[1] yr
Semi-major axis (a) 0.00397884 AU[1]"
Eccentricity (e) 0.0
Inclination (i) 89.6[1]°
Other designations
NN Serpentis, NN Ser, PG 1550+131, WD 1550+130
Database references
SIMBAD data

NN Serpentis (abbreviated NN Ser) is an eclipsing binary system approximately 1670 light-years away,[1] likely forming a cataclysmic variable star. The system comprises an eclipsing white dwarf and red dwarf. The two stars orbit each other every 0.13 days.[1]

Planetary system[edit]

Chen (2009) inferred the presence of a tertiary companion orbiting the cataclysmic variable, hinted by orbital period changes, suggesting a putative orbital period spanning between 30 and 285 years and a minimum mass between 0.0043 and 0.18 Solar masses.[2]

In late 2009 Qian et al.[3] announced possible discovery of a planetary companion around the cataclysmic variable. They have estimated a minimum mass of 10.7 Jupiter masses and orbital period of 7.56 years, probably located at 3.29 Astronomical Units. This has since been disproven by further measurements of the eclipse times of the binary stars.[4]

In late 2009 and 2010 two gas giant planets were found orbiting the recently formed post-common envelope binary NN Serpentis by a research team from the UK (University of Warwick and the University of Sheffield), Germany (Georg-August-Universitat in Göttingen, Eberhard-Karls-Universitat in Tübingen), Chile (Universidad de Valparaíso), and the United States (University of Texas at Austin).[5]

The researchers used the fact that Earth sits in the same plane as the NN Serpentis binary star system, so we can see the larger red dwarf eclipse the white dwarf every 3 hours and 7 minutes. The astronomers were able to use these frequent eclipses to spot a pattern of small but significant irregularities in the orbit of stars and demonstrated that the pattern was due to the presence and gravitational influence of two massive gas giant planets. The more massive gas giant is about 6 times the mass of Jupiter and orbits the binary star every 15.5 years, the other orbits every 7.75 years and is about 1.6 times the mass of Jupiter.

The NN Serpentis planetary system[6]
Companion
(in order from star)
Mass Semimajor axis
(AU)
Orbital period
(days)
Eccentricity Inclination Radius
c 6.91 ± 0.54 MJ 5.38 ± 0.2 5660 ± 165 days 0
b 2.28 ± 0.38 MJ 3.39 ± 0.1 AU 2830 ± 130 days 0.2 ± 0.02

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Parsons et al. (2009). "Precise mass and radius values for the white dwarf and low mass M dwarf in the pre-cataclysmic binary NN Serpentis". arXiv:0909.4307.
  2. ^ Chen (2009). Can angular momentum loss cause the period change of NN Ser?. arXiv:0904.2319. Bibcode:2009A&A...499L...1C. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/200911638. 
  3. ^ Qian (2009). A SUBSTELLAR COMPANION TO THE WHITE DWARF-RED DWARF ECLIPSING BINARY NN Ser. 
  4. ^ Parsons et al. (2010). "Orbital Period Variations in Eclipsing Post Common Envelope Binaries". arXiv:1005.3958.
  5. ^ http://www.aanda.org/index.php?option=com_article&access=standard&Itemid=129&url=/articles/aa/abs/2010/13/aa15472-10/aa15472-10.html
  6. ^ Schneider, J. "Notes for star NN Ser". The Extrasolar Planets Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 2010-10-22. 

External links[edit]


Coordinates: Sky map 12h 44m 20.2367s, −08° 40′ 16.837″