NOAAS Surveyor (S 132)
|Career (United States Coast and Geodetic Survey)|
|Name:||USC&GS Surveyor (OSS 32)|
|Namesake:||A surveyor is a member of the profession of surveying, which determines positions on the earth's surface|
|Builder:||National Steel and Shipbuilding Company, San Diego, California|
|Launched:||25 April 1959|
|Sponsored by:||Mrs. H. Arnold Karo|
|Commissioned:||30 April 1960|
|Fate:||Transferred to National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 3 October 1970|
|Career (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)|
|Name:||NOAAS Surveyor (S 132)|
|Namesake:||Previous name retained|
|Acquired:||Transferred from U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey 3 October 1970|
|Decommissioned:||1995 or 1996|
|Type:||Oceanographic survey ship|
|Tonnage:||2,653 gross tons
682 net register tons
|Displacement:||3,440 tons (full load)|
|Length:||292 ft 2 in (89.05 m)|
|Beam:||46 ft (14 m)|
|Draft:||19 ft 5 in (5.92 m)|
|Installed power:||3,200 shaft horsepower (2.4 megawatts)|
|Propulsion:||Two sets Laval geared steam turbines, two Combustion Engineering boilers, one shaft, 785 tons fuel|
|Speed:||15 knots (28 km/h) (sustained)|
|Range:||13,680 nautical miles (25,340 km)|
|Boats and landing
|3 x 36-foot (11-meter) wooden survey launches
1 x ex-U.S. Navy LCVP
2 x 26-foot (7.9-meter) motor whaleboats
|Complement:||92 (12 NOAA Corps officers, 6 civilian officers, 58 crew members, 16 scientists)|
|Aviation facilities:||Helicopter pad|
|Notes:||800 kilowatts electrical power
Last steam-powered Coast and Geodetic Survey ship
First Coast and Geodetic Survey ship with a deep-water multi-beam echosounder
NOAA Ship Surveyor (S 132) was an oceanographic survey ship in commission in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) from 1970 until 1995 or 1996. Prior to her NOAA career, she was in commission in the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey from 1960 to 1970 as USC&GS Surveyor (OSS 32). She was the second and last Coast and Geodetic Survey ship named Surveyor and has been the only NOAA ship thus far to bear the name.
Construction and characteristics
Surveyor was built as an "ocean survey ship" (OSS) for the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey by National Steel and Shipbuilding Company in San Diego, California, and launched on 25 April 1959, sponsored by Mrs. H. Arnold Karo. She was the last steam-powered ship built for the Coast and Geodetic Survey, and the first to be equipped with a deep-water multi-beam echosounder. Her construction marked the beginning of a major effort to modernize the Coast and Geodetic Survey fleet and make it capable of conducting operations worldwide.
In addition to the deep-water echosounder, Surveyor had a shallow-water echosounder, a stabilized mapping sonar system, a Hydroplot data-processing system, a data-processing computer, seismic reflection profile processors, seismic reflection profile processors, and an extensive suite of navigation equipment, as well as a wet and dry oceanography laboratory, a gravimetric laboratory, and a photographic laboratory.
USC&GS Surveyor (OSS 32) was commissioned into service with the Coast and Geodetic Survey on April 30, 1960. When NOAA was created on 3 October 1970 and took over the Coast and Geodetic Survey 's fleet, she became a part of the NOAA fleet as NOAAS Surveyor (S 132).
Based at Seattle, Washington, and nicknamed "Old Workhouse," Surveyor spent her career in the Pacific Ocean and Arctic Ocean, operating as far north as the Beaufort Sea off Alaska and as far south as the Palmer Peninsula in Antarctica; she conducted hydrographic surveys in such widely separated areas as Norton Sound in Alaska and American Samoa. She was the primary ship for studying the Alaskan Arctic for the Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP) and for studying Antarctic Marine Living Resources (AMLR.) She also conducted multi-beam echosounder surveys along the United States West Coast, off the southern coast of Alaska, throughout the Juan de Fuca Ridge area off the coast of Washington and British Columbia, and in Hawaiian waters. She discovered Axial Seamount on Endeavor Ridge, a seamount that apparently has been split in half by seafloor spreading.
On March 6, 1980, while Surveyor was tied to a pier in San Francisco, California, one of her crewmen fell over the side into the water between the ship and the pier. Without hesitation another crewman, Able-Bodied Seaman Wallace K. Kanahele, leaped into the water, rescued the man -- who was suffering from hypothermia -- and brought him to a small boat which had been lowered by another vessel. For saving his shipmate 's life, Kanahele received the 1980 Department of Commerce Gold Medal.
Surveyor was retired from service in 1995 or 1996.
- The NOAA History entry for the ship at http://www.history.noaa.gov/ships/surveyor2.html provides both dates without further explanation
- Invitation to the launching of the Coast and Geodetic Survey Ship SURVEYOR on April 25, 1959
- Nelson, C. Hans, and D. M. Hopkins, Sedimentary Processes and Distribution of Particulate Gold in the Northern Bering Sea: Geological Survey Professional Paper 689, Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1972, p. 2.
- NOAA History, A Science Odyssey: Tools of the Trade: Ships: Coast and Geodetic Survey Ships: Surveyor
- NOAA History, A Science Odyssey: Hall of Honor: Commerce Medals Presented for Lifesaving and the Protection of Property 1955-2000
- Prézelin, Bernard, and A. D. Baker III, eds. The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World 1990/1991: Their Ships, Aircraft, and Armament. Annapolis, Maryland: United States Naval Institute, 1990. ISBN 0-87021-250-8.