NOMFET is a nanoparticle organic memory field-effect transistor. The transistor is designed to mimic the feature of the human synapse known as plasticity, or the variation of the speed and strength of the signal going from neuron to neuron. The transistor uses gold nano-particles of about 5—20 nm set with pentacene to emulate the change in voltages and speed within the signal. The recent creation of this novel transistor gives prospects to better recreation of certain types of human cognitive processes, such as recognition and image processing. When the NOMFET is eventually applied, it should be able to replicate the functionality of plasticity that previously required groups of several transistors to emulate and thus continue to decrease the size of the processor that would be attempting to utilize the computational advantages of a pseudo-synaptic operation. (See Moore's Law)
- nanoparticle organic memory field-effect transistor behaving as a programmable spiking synapse
- F. Alibart, S. Pleutin, D. Guerin, C. Gamrat, D. Vuillaume An artificial spiking synapse made of molecules and nanoparticles
- New transistors mimic human brain's synapses,
- Alibart, Fabien; Pleutin, StéPhane; Guérin, David; Novembre, Christophe; Lenfant, StéPhane; Lmimouni, Kamal; Gamrat, Christian; Vuillaume, Dominique (2010). "An Organic Nanoparticle Transistor Behaving as a Biological Spiking Synapse". Advanced Functional Materials 20 (2): 330. doi:10.1002/adfm.200901335.