NSV machine gun
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (April 2011)|
Finnish NSV on a pintel mount
|Type||Heavy machine gun|
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
|Used by||See Operators section.|
|Wars||Soviet war in Afghanistan,
Afghan Civil War
Lebanese Civil War
2008 South Ossetia war
Syrian Civil War
War in Donbass
|Designer||G.I. Nikitin, Y.S. Sokolov, V.I. Volkov|
|Designed||Central Design Bureau of Sports and Hunting Weaponry, Tula, 1969|
|Manufacturer||"Metallist", Uralsk, Kazakh SSR|
|Weight||25 kg (55.12 lb) (gun only)
41 kg (90.39 lb) on tripod
11 kg (24.25 lb) (50-round belt)
|Length||1,560 mm (61.4 in)|
|Rate of fire||700–800 rounds/min|
|Muzzle velocity||845 m/s (2,772 ft/s)|
|Effective firing range||1.5 km vs. air (maximum)
2 km vs. ground targets
|Feed system||belt 50 rounds|
The NSV (Russian НСВ Никитина-Соколова-Волкова) is a 12.7 mm caliber heavy machine gun of Soviet origin, named after the designers, G. I. Nikitin (Г. И. Никитин), Y. S. Sokolov (Ю. М. Соколов) and V. I. Volkov (В. И. Волков). It was designed to replace the DShK machine gun and was adopted by the Soviet Army in 1971. It is no longer being manufactured in Russia; the manufacturing license for the NSV ended up in Kazakhstan after the break-up of the Soviet Union, but the new Kord machine gun has been developed instead and is used to replace worn-out units. The NSV has been manufactured in Bulgaria, India, Poland and Yugoslavia under license.
The NSV weighs 25 kg, has a rate of fire of 13 rounds per second, and an effective range of 1,500 meters. A fully loaded ammunition belt with 50 rounds weighs 11 kg.
The Soviet Army began looking for a new heavy machine gun to replace its older SGM and DShK machine guns in the early 1950s. The Soviet Army liked the idea behind the German MG-42; a versatile weapon used on a variety of mounts to perform many different roles. Two Soviet weapon designers were asked to design one weapon each utilizing the same principle.
Testing approved Mikhail Kalashnikov's solution; it was found to be more reliable and cheaper to manufacture than the design of Grigory Nikitin and Yuri Sokolov. Kalashnikov's machine gun became the new standard machine gun, and was named PK.
Nikitin's and Sokolov's design was however not forgotten. It was developed into the heavy NSV machine gun about 10 years later and selected in 1969 as the successor to the DShK/DShKM machine gun. It was accepted in service by the Soviet Army in 1971. The machine gun was also license-manufactured in Bulgaria, India, Yugoslavia and Poland. The Yugoslavian version of the NSVT is called the M87.
Production of the NSV has ended in Russia, and it is currently being replaced by the Kord heavy machine gun. The Russian Army needed a more accurate heavy machine gun, and it has also been increasingly difficult to get hold of spare parts. NSV production was located in Ukraine and in Kazakhstan and was disrupted by the end of the Soviet Union.
Use in Finland
The NSV is called 12,7 Itkk 96 or 12,7 ilmatorjuntakonekivääri 96 (and, in military slang, the itko) in Finland. It is often used as a vehicle mounted machine gun, and can be seen on the Pasi armoured personnel carrier, the Nasu transport vehicle and the Leopard 2R tank.
- 12,7 Itkk 96: Finnish version, license built.
- M87 NSVT: Serbian license built version by Zastava Arms. The M87 has seen use with the armies of the former Yugoslav states.
- NSW: Polish version, license built NSV.
- WKM-B: Polish version adapted for NATO-standard .50 BMG ammunition.
- KT-12,7: Ukrainian version.
- MG-U: Bulgarian version
- Bosnia & Herzegovina:
- Bulgaria: Produced by Arsenal 
- Cyprus: Mounted and used on T-80U tanks.
- Egypt: Mounted and used on T-80U tanks.
- India: Manufactured at Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli of the Ordnance Factories Board.
- Kuwait: Mounted and used on M-84 tanks
- Macedonia: Used by Army of the Republic of Macedonia
- Mauritius: Used on patrol craft.
- Serbia: Manufactured at Zastava Arms. Copies were produced as the M02 Coyote
- Soviet Union
- Vietnam: Produced locally.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to NSV.|
- Koll, Christian (2009). Soviet Cannon - A Comprehensive Study of Soviet Arms and Ammunition in Calibres 12.7mm to 57mm. Austria: Koll. p. 67. ISBN 978-3-200-01445-9.
- "12,7 mm Arsenal Multi-purpose Machine Gun MG-U". Retrieved 26 November 2014.
- Jane's armour and artillery, Volume 23, p. 450
- "Georgian Army". Georgian Army. Retrieved 2007-06-25.
- "OFT develops Gen-X weapons". www.oneindia.com. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
- Indian army seeks new heavy machine gun upi.com
- "Bro strzelecka w WP na pocztku XXI wieku". Retrieved 26 November 2014.
- "NSV - Weaponsystems.net". Retrieved 26 November 2014.
- bmpd – Монгольская армия получает танки Т-72 и БТР-70М. Bmpd.livejournal.com (2012-09-23). Retrieved on 2013-06-04.
- Jane's armour and artillery, Volume 23, p. 450
- NSV-12,7 'Utes' world.guns.ru
- "Machine Gun M02 Coyote - 12.7x108 mm /.50 Browning". Retrieved 26 November 2014.
- На границе Джобара и Замальки | At the border of Jobar and Zamalka. 16 January 2014. Retrieved 9 February 2014.