New York Yacht Club

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from NYYC)
Jump to: navigation, search
New York Yacht Club
Burgee of the New York Yacht Club.svg
Short name NYYC
Founded July 30, 1844; 169 years ago (1844-07-30)
Location
Website www.nyyc.org

The New York Yacht Club is a private social club and yacht club based in New York City and Newport, Rhode Island. It was founded in 1844 by nine prominent sportsmen. The members have contributed to the sport of yachting and yacht design. The organization has over 3,000 members as of 2011. Membership in the club is by invitation only. Its officers include a Commodore, vice-commodore, rear-commodore, secretary and treasurer.

Clubhouses[edit]

New York Yacht Club
Nyyc-2007.jpg
New York Clubhouse, 37 W. 44th St.
Location New York, NY
Coordinates 40°45′20″N 73°58′53.6″W / 40.75556°N 73.981556°W / 40.75556; -73.981556Coordinates: 40°45′20″N 73°58′53.6″W / 40.75556°N 73.981556°W / 40.75556; -73.981556
Built 1899
Architect Whitney Warren; Warren & Wetmore
Architectural style Beaux Arts, Other
NRHP Reference # 82001203
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 29, 1982[1]
Designated NHL May 28, 1987[2]
Designated NYCL September 11, 1979

In 1845, the club’s first clubhouse was established — a modest, Gothic-revival building in Hoboken, New Jersey, on land donated by Commodore John Cox Stevens. After outgrowing its cramped quarters, the club moved to several other locations, including Staten Island, Glen Cove, New York and Mystic, Connecticut.

Its primary clubhouse is a six-storied Beaux-Arts landmark with a nautical-themed limestone facade, located at 37 West 44th Street in midtown Manhattan. Opened in 1901, it was designed by Warren and Wetmore (1898), architects of the exterior of Grand Central Terminal.[3] The centerpiece of the clubhouse is the "Model Room", which contains a notable collection of full and half hull models including a scale model history of all New York Yacht Club America's Cup challenges. It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1987.[2][4][5]

In addition to its landlocked Manhattan headquarters, the club maintains "Harbour Court", a clubhouse opened in 1988 on the water in Newport.

History[edit]

New York Yacht Club House, 1901
The Yacht 'America' Winning the International Race, 1851, Fitz Henry Lane

The New York Yacht Club was founded on July 30, 1844 by nine gentlemen. John Cox Stevens, the leader of this group, and a prominent citizen of New York with a passion for sports, was elected commodore. George L. Schuyler and Hamilton Wilkes were also NYYC founders that, together with Stevens and two others, created the syndicate that built and raced the great schooner-yacht, America. Wilkes served as the club’s first vice-commodore. Schuyler played a key role in the founding of the America's Cup regatta, and served as its unofficial consultant until his death in 1890.

In 1845, the club’s burgee was designed. The waters off Newport have been a key sailing venue for the NYYC since the beginning of its history. Indeed, the day the club was founded in 1844, its members resolved to sail from the Battery to Newport. Two days later they did, with several stops on the way, and trials of speed.

During the first decades of the club's history, racing for prize money was the objective among most members. In 1851, a syndicate of NYYC enthusiasts built and raced America, capturing the "One Hundred Sovereign Cup" at the annual regatta of the Royal Yacht Squadron. On July 8, 1857, the coveted trophy was donated to the NYYC, to serve as a challenge cup for sportsmanlike competition between nations. The "America's Cup Race", named for its first winner, played a central role in the history of the club.

In 1865, the Club was incorporated, adopting the motto: "Nos agimur tumidis velis" -- "We go with swelling sails." During this time, membership transformed from the "old guard" to a new generation of yachtsmen, who built large schooner yachts captained by professionals. Marking this transition was the 1866 resignation of Commodore Edwin Augustus Stevens, brother of founder John Cox Stevens and member of the America syndicate.

The Great Ocean Yacht Race Between Henrietta, Fleetwing & Vesta, by Currier & Ives in 1867

The year 1866 is remembered in club annals for the legendary "Transatlantic Race". In December, the NYYC schooners Henrietta, Fleetwing, and Vesta raced from Sandy Hook to the Needles, Isle of Wight for a $90,000 winner-take-all prize. The Henrietta, owned by 21-year-old James Gordon Bennett, Jr., and skippered by Captain Samuel S. Samuels, a professional, won the race in 13 days, 21 hours and 55 minutes. Bennett would be elected commodore in 1871.

In 1876, the Mohawk, a large centre-board schooner, capsized due to its sheets being "made fast" (fastened securely) when a freak squall struck. Vice-Commodore William T. Garner, his wife and crew died in the accident. It is believed that this tragedy led to the extinction of the great centerboard schooner yachts. The Mohawk was later sold to the U.S. Navy and recommissioned as the U.S. Eagre.

New York Yacht Club Stations c 1894[edit]

By 1894, the New York Yacht Club had a number of Clubhouses: Station 1 in Bay Ridge; 2 in New York NY; 3 in Whitestone NY; 4 in New London Conn; 5 in Shelter Island NY; 6 in Newport RI; 7 in Vineyard Haven Mass and at Rendezvous Glen Cove. In 1868 the club bought a big mansion used as Station 2 at roesebank Staten Island. This building still stands and is known as the Macfarlane Bredt House.

In 1895, Richard H. Barker composed 'The yacht club march: march and two-step: for piano' in honour of the New York Yacht Club.[6]

In 1994, as part of the Club's 150th celebrations, Melissa H. Harrington wrote 'The New York Yacht Club, 1844-1994,' [7]

Racing rules[edit]

Following the disastrous Bay of Quinte America's Cup challenge in 1881, the Club's committee voted a new rule to govern its races:[8]
Rating=\frac{2\cdot Load\ Waterline\ Length+\sqrt{Sail\ Area}}3
The America's Cup challenges of 1885, 1886 and 1887 used this rule with a 85 ft (25.91 m) waterline length limit. In 1887, the NYYC adopted the Seawanhaka Corinthian Yacht Club's rating rule, which handicaped length comparatively less. Then, in 1903, the NYYC changed its rating system to the "Herreshoff Rule", devised by the yacht designer, Nathanael Herreshoff. Later renamed the "Universal Rule", it would be adopted by the majority of leading American yacht clubs. The rule governed yacht design for almost forty years.

The America's Cup was held for 132 years, until Australia II defeated Dennis Conner's Liberty off Newport, Rhode Island in 1983. This record remains the longest continuous winning streak in sports history.

Since the loss of the Cup the NYYC has been forced to reinvent itself and the Club has become involved in team racing, dinghy racing, youth sailing, and international regattas. In 2002 the Club hosted the Intercollegiate Sailing Association Sloop North American Championships. In 2006 the Club hosted the Blind Sailing World Championships.

Regattas[edit]

  • 2005 Rolex Transatlantic Challenge
  • "New York Yacht Club Cruise", an annual series of races held in July or August
  • "Annual Regatta", started in 1846
  • "Queen's Cup Trophy"
  • "12-metre Worlds"
  • "Una Cup"
  • "Corsair Cup"
  • "Astor Cups"
  • "Solution Trophy"
Engraving of spectators watching the annual regatta, late 19th century

Notable members[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b "New York Yacht Club". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2007-09-17. 
  3. ^ http://dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org/architects/view/310 Whitney Warren Dictionary of Architects in Canada
  4. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination". National Park Service. October 1985. 
  5. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination". National Park Service. October 1985. 
  6. ^ Richard H. Barker 'The yacht club march: march and two-step: for piano' (Toronto : Whaley, Royce & Co., c1895)
  7. ^ Melissa H. Harrington 'The New York Yacht Club, 1844-1994'(Lyme, Conn. : Greenwich Pub. Group, 1994)
  8. ^ Thomas W. Lawson (1902). The Lawson history of the America's Cup. ISBN 978-0-907069-40-9. 
  • New York Yacht Club by New York Yacht Club and Rarebooksclub.com (Mar 4 2012) ISBN 1130831000

External links[edit]