New Zealand Association of Radio Transmitters
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2010)|
|Motto||"Dedicated to Amateur Radio in New Zealand"|
|Formation||August 16, 1926|
|Vaughan Henderson ZL1TGC|
|Affiliations||International Amateur Radio Union|
The New Zealand Association of Radio Transmitters, or NZART, is a non-profit organization of amateur radio enthusiasts in New Zealand. NZART represents New Zealand amateur radio operators nationally and internationally. NZART is a founding member of the International Amateur Radio Union. NZART is an association of individual members, however those members are encouraged to form local branches.
Membership to NZART is voluntary. It is estimated that approximately 45% of New Zealand's licensed amateur radio operators are members. Members are represented by Councillors to the NZART Council, the executive body tasked with the business management of the association.
The New Zealand Association of Radio Transmitters formed on 16 August 1926. In the same year, Gordon Smithson (Z1AF) made the first NZART broadcast. The first publication of Break-in, the NZART journal, was in 1928. In 1929 NZART became a more powerful organisation, joining the International Amateur Radio Union and successfully lobbying the New Zealand Government for a reduction in the compulsory licensing fees.
In 1934 the Association became an incorporated society and in 1982 their membership numbers reached a high of 4,397. The first NZART written submission to the New Zealand government was in 1989 and related to the proposed Radicommunications Bill. In 1998 the Association established the Radioscience Education Trust.
The NZART Council includes 12 executives. Three of these are the NZART President, Vice President, and Immediate Past President. Regional councillors are elected to represent different geographic regions of New Zealand: three from the Northern District, three from the Central District, two from the Midland District, and one from the Southern District. The number of Councillors in each district is roughly representative of the number of licensed amateurs that they are directly accountable to in their respective geographic areas.
The NZART Council works with an appointed NZART Business Manager. The Business Manager is the only person employed by NZART (20 hrs per week) and is tasked with the day-to-day business operations of the association, including manning their office, located in Upper Hutt, near Wellington.
Additional officers reporting directly to NZART Council include the National Director AREC, The Frequency Management Technical Advisory Group (FMTAG) and the Administration Liaison Officer (ALO), who is charged with liaison with the Radio Spectrum Management Group of the New Zealand Ministry of Economic Development.
Relations with the New Zealand Government
The NZART has performed an advocacy function, commenting on policy and planning initiatives proposed by the New Zealand government in the areas of radio licenses, spectrum allocations for broadband wireless, and the future of digital communication. The Association also contributed to the creation of EMF exposure standards in their role as member of the NZ RF Standard Committee.
In 2006, the Ministry of Economic Development's Radio Spectrum Management division was assisted by NZART and the local Coastguard Boating Education Service in the creation of an update to the Spectrum Management and Registration Technology (SMART) which allowed people to search online for radio operator information including callsigns. In 2008, it was noted that there were some discrepancies between the SMART system and the callsign book produced by NZART.
Publications and services
The official journal of the NZART is Break-In, a bi-monthly publication containing articles of interest to the amateur radio community. Also, a bi-annual publication known as the Call Book provides an index of licensed amateurs in New Zealand by call sign, providing addresses for the purpose of contact acknowledgement (QSL), as well as much other information useful to the New Zealand radio enthusiast. Other publications include Ham Shacks, Brass Pounders and Rag Chewers, a history of amateur radio in New Zealand, published in 1997 with assistance from the New Zealand Department of Internal Affairs Historical Branch.
In 1980, NZART collaborated with author Jumbo Godfrey to produce a Basic radio training manual: a study course for the amateur radio operators.
The Association provides some educational services, such as providing demonstrative lectures on electromagnetic wave theory. Another service offered by the Association is to provide trained personnel and radio communications systems to Amateur Radio Emergency Communications, a group which liaises with the New Zealand Police and Civil Defense services in emergency situations.
Branches of NZART are generally radio clubs and related organisations, and are found across the country. The Branches facilitate the representation of individual members at a national level through the NZART National Conference. Most radio clubs are individually incorporated and operate on a day-to-day basis independently of the NZART.The number following the branch name is their NZART branch number.
Numerous Branches experienced membership decline, (possibly proportionate to a national decline), and have been reduced to a status of "recess" for several years.
- New Zealand Amateur Radio Milestones New Zealand Vintage Radio Society (Inc.) July 2004
- Radio Licenses - Security of Tenure New Zealand Association of Radio Transmitters Inc, 13 March 2007
- Spectrum Allocations for Broadband Wireless Access Discussion Paper New Zealand Association of Radio Transmitters, 4 August 2006
- Digital Futures Discussion Document New Zealand Association of Radio Transmitters, 30 September 2009
- EMF Exposure Standards in New Zealand Martin Gledhill, p 2
- Certificate and callsign holders now searchable in SMART Ministry of Economic Development, Radio Spectrum Management, 5 December 2006
- Discrepancies between RSM SMART online Register of Radio Frequencies and NZART Callbook Ministry of Economic Development, Radio Spectrum Management, 31 October 2008
- Break in at the National Library
- Basic radio training manual: a study course for the amateur radio operators Jumbo Godfrey, New Zealand Association of Radio Transmitters, 1980
- University of Canterbury Physics and Astronomy Weekly Newsletter Volume 24, Number 20, 1 June 2007