N (New York City Subway service)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Broadway Local
N symbol
N map
Note: Dashed pink line shows late night service via the Montague Street Tunnel
Northern end Astoria – Ditmars Boulevard
Southern end Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue
Stations 45
Rolling stock R160
Depot Coney Island Yard

The N Broadway Local is a service of the New York City Subway. Its route bullet is colored sunflower yellow, which appears on station signs and the NYC Subway map, as it represents a service provided on the BMT Broadway Line through Manhattan.

The N operates at all times between Ditmars Boulevard in Astoria, Queens, and Stillwell Avenue in Coney Island, Brooklyn via Astoria in Queens, the south side of the Manhattan Bridge, and Fourth Avenue and Sea Beach lines in Brooklyn.

Daytime N service in Brooklyn bypasses DeKalb Avenue, runs express on Fourth Avenue and local elsewhere. During late nights, it makes all stops along its entire route, using the Montague Street Tunnel to travel between Manhattan and Brooklyn as a replacement for the R.

Service history[edit]

The route that is now the N was originally BMT service 4, known as the Sea Beach Line or Sea Beach Express.

An R160B N train approaching 39th Avenue
  • On January 15, 1918, service was extended to Times Square – 42nd Street.
  • On May 2, 1957, service was extended north via the express tracks to 57th Street – Seventh Avenue.
  • In 1959, trains began stopping at DeKalb Avenue during midday hours. Previously, they bypassed DeKalb Avenue at all times except late nights.
  • Beginning January 1, 1961, trains bypassed DeKalb Avenue during rush hours only. In addition, on weekday evenings, late nights, and all day Sundays, they ran local on the BMT Fourth Avneue Line.
  • The N designation begins to appear when R-27's are moved to line in April 1961.
  • The NX designation was used for a short-lived rush hour peak-direction "super-express" service along the express tracks of the Sea Beach Line, beginning at Brighton Beach, running through Coney Island, and ending at 57th Street – Seventh Avenue. This service was only provided from November 27, 1967 (when the Chrystie Street Connection opened) [1] to April 12, 1968 due to low ridership. Starting on Monday, April 15, 1968, the five NX trips instead ran as N trips.[2]
  • On August 28, 1976, N service was extended north over the BMT 60th Street Tunnel Connection to Forest Hills – 71st Avenue to replace the discontinued EE. Some local N trains went from Whitehall Street – South Ferry in Lower Manhattan to Forest Hills – 71st Avenue, which had been the EE route; others stayed with the Manhattan Bridge and Brooklyn route and were simply extended to Forest Hills – 71st Avenue.
  • On April 13, 1986, the north tracks on the Manhattan Bridge were closed for rehabilitation, and services that had used the north tracks were moved to the south side. This caused N trains to be sent via Lower Manhattan and the Montague Street Tunnel, running fully local, though evening, night and weekend trains continued to use the bridge and express tracks, terminating at 57th Street – Seventh Avenue.
  • On May 24, 1987, the N swapped northern terminals with the R. The N was switched to Astoria – Ditmars Boulevard, while the R went to Forest Hills – 71st Avenue. This was done to give the R direct access to Jamaica Yard; previously, the R did not have direct access to either Jamaica Yard or Coney Island Yard, while the N had direct access to both.
  • When the north side of the Manhattan Bridge reopened and the south side was closed on December 11, 1988, the N began running local in Brooklyn at all times with the M, which was rerouted from the BMT Brighton Line to the BMT West End Line, replacing it as the weekday express.
  • In fall 1990, full service on the Manhattan Bridge was briefly restored. Express service on Broadway ran all times except nights (all service stopped at 49th Street due to heavy usage). This very short service was halted by the discovery of a cracked beam under the south side tracks on the bridge.
  • In 1994, the N switched back to express in Brooklyn only, from Atlantic Avenue – Pacific Street to 59th Street, with the M running local instead on weekdays.
  • From 1993 to 1995, the southern terminal of the N was 86th Street due to rehabilitation work at Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue. On November 3, 2001, it was cut back again for the final phase of the terminal's reconstruction project.
  • From April to November 1995, the north side of the Manhattan Bridge was closed during midday and weekends. To allow B trains to lay up on the express tracks at Pacific Street, midday N express service in Brooklyn was discontinued for the duration of the closure.
  • After the September 11, 2001 attacks, N service was suspended and replaced by the W in Manhattan and Queens and the M in Brooklyn. On October 28, service was restored, but Cortlandt Street remained closed until September 15, 2002.
  • On September 8, 2002, the N service became a shuttle to Pacific Street on nights and weekends, running express on the BMT Fourth Avenue Line, as the W was extended since it was the only train serving Stillwell Avenue.
  • On February 22, 2004, the Manhattan Bridge work was finally completed. Since then, the N has been restored to the bridge (via Fourth Avenue express and DeKalb Avenue bypass). Weekdays, N trains ran express between 34th Street in Manhattan and 59th Street in Brooklyn, and local elsewhere. On weekends, it makes local stops in Manhattan, but express in Brooklyn. During late nights, it runs local along its entire route via the Montague Street Tunnel, replacing the R train.
  • On May 29, 2005, the new Stillwell Avenue terminal was completed, and N service there was restored.
  • On June 28, 2010, the N began running local in Manhattan north of Canal Street at all times in place of the W, which was discontinued due to budget problems, effectively adopting the weekend service pattern.
  • On August 2, 2013, the Montague Street Tunnel was closed for Hurricane Sandy-related repairs to September 14, 2014.[3] Consequently, late night N service operated via the Manhattan Bridge.

Route[edit]

Service pattern[edit]

The following table shows the lines used by the N service, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:

Line From To Tracks Times
all ex.
nights
late
nights
BMT Astoria Line (full line) Astoria – Ditmars Boulevard Queensboro Plaza local    
60th Street Tunnel all
BMT Broadway Line Lexington Avenue / 59th Street Prince Street local
Canal Street express
local  
City Hall Whitehall Street – South Ferry all
Manhattan Bridge south    
Montague Street Tunnel all    
BMT Fourth Avenue Line Court Street Jay Street – MetroTech all
DeKalb Avenue bypass    
tunnel    
Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center 59th Street express    
local    
BMT Sea Beach Line (full line) Eighth Avenue Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue  

Stations[edit]

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only
Time period details
N service Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections and denotes
Queens
Stops all times Astoria – Ditmars Boulevard Q weekdays
Stops all times Astoria Boulevard Q weekdays M60 Select Bus Service bus to LaGuardia Airport
Stops all times 30th Avenue Q weekdays
Stops all times Broadway Q weekdays
Stops all times 36th Avenue Q weekdays
Stops all times 39th Avenue Q weekdays
Stops all times Queensboro Plaza Q weekdays
7 all times <7>rush hours until 10:00 p.m., peak direction (IRT Flushing Line)
Manhattan
Stops all times Lexington Avenue / 59th Street Q weekdays R all except late nights
4 all times 5 all except late nights 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
F all times (IND 63rd Street Line
at Lexington Avenue – 63rd Street; MetroCard-only transfer)
Roosevelt Island Tramway
Stops all times Fifth Avenue / 59th Street Q weekdays R all except late nights
Stops all times 57th Street – Seventh Avenue Q all times R all except late nights Northern terminal for some rush hour trains[4]
Stops all times 49th Street Handicapped/disabled access Q weekdays until 11:00 p.m. R all except late nights Station is ADA-accessible in the northbound direction only
Stops all times Times Square – 42nd Street Handicapped/disabled access Q all times R all except late nights
1 all times 2 all times 3 all times (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line)
7 all times <7>rush hours until 10:00 p.m., peak direction (IRT Flushing Line)
A all times C all except late nights E all times (IND Eighth Avenue Line at 42nd Street – Port Authority Bus Terminal)
S all except late nights (42nd Street Shuttle)
Port Authority Bus Terminal
Stops all times 34th Street – Herald Square Handicapped/disabled access Q all times R all except late nights
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
PATH at 33rd Street
Stops all times 28th Street R all except late nights
Stops all times 23rd Street R all except late nights
Stops all times 14th Street – Union Square Handicapped/disabled access Q all times R all except late nights
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line)
4 all times 5 all except late nights 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
Stops all times Eighth Street – New York University R all except late nights
Stops all times Prince Street R all except late nights
via Manhattan Bridge (all but late nights)
Stops all times except late nights Canal Street Q all times R all except late nights
6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
J all times Z rush hours, peak direction (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Stops on the lower level.
via Montague Street Tunnel (night service)
Stops late nights only Canal Street Q all times
4 late nights 6 all times (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
J all times (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Stops on the upper level.
Stops late nights only City Hall
Stops late nights only Cortlandt Street PATH at World Trade Center
Stops late nights only Rector Street
Stops late nights only Whitehall Street – South Ferry 1 all times (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line) at South Ferry Staten Island Ferry at South Ferry
Brooklyn
Stops late nights only Court Street 2 all times (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line) at Borough Hall
4 all times (IRT Eastern Parkway Line) at Borough Hall
Stops late nights only Jay Street – MetroTech Handicapped/disabled access A all times F all times (IND Fulton Street and Culver Lines)
Stops late nights only DeKalb Avenue Handicapped/disabled access D late nights Q all times
Stops all times Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center Handicapped/disabled access D all times R all except late nights
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. Q all times (BMT Brighton Line)
2 all times 3 all except late nights 4 all times 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m. (IRT Eastern Parkway Line)
LIRR Atlantic Branch at Atlantic Terminal
Stops late nights only Union Street D late nights
Stops late nights only Ninth Street D late nights
F all times G all times (IND Culver Line at Fourth Avenue)
Stops late nights only Prospect Avenue D late nights
Stops late nights only 25th Street D late nights
Stops all times 36th Street D all times R all times
Stops late nights only 45th Street R all times Transfer to late night R is available in the southbound direction only
Stops late nights only 53rd Street R all times Transfer to late night R is available in the southbound direction only
Stops all times 59th Street R all times
Stops all times Eighth Avenue
Stops all times Fort Hamilton Parkway
Stops all times New Utrecht Avenue D all times (BMT West End Line at 62nd Street)
Stops all times 18th Avenue
Stops all times 20th Avenue
Stops all times Bay Parkway
Stops all times Kings Highway
Stops all times Avenue U
Stops all times 86th Street Some northbound morning peak N trains start at this station.[4]
Stops all times Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue Handicapped/disabled access D all times (BMT West End Line)
F all times (IND Culver Line)
Q all times (BMT Brighton Line)

References[edit]

  1. ^ service notice, effective November 27, 1967
  2. ^ service notice, effective April 15, 1968
  3. ^ http://newyork.cbslocal.com/2014/09/14/r-train-to-resume-service-between-brooklyn-and-manhattan-monday/
  4. ^ a b "GTFS Schedule Data - New York City Transit Subway" (ZIP). New York, NY: Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 13, 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2011. 

External links[edit]