N (New York City Subway service)
Note: Dashed pink line shows late night service via the Montague Street Tunnel
|Northern end||Astoria – Ditmars Boulevard|
|Southern end||Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue|
|Depot||Coney Island Yard|
The N Broadway Local is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored sunflower yellow since it uses the BMT Broadway Line in Manhattan. The N operates at all times between Ditmars Boulevard in Astoria, Queens, and Stillwell Avenue in Coney Island, Brooklyn via Astoria in Queens, the south side of the Manhattan Bridge, and Fourth Avenue / Sea Beach in Brooklyn. The N runs express on Fourth Avenue and local elsewhere at all times except nights when it serves all stops along its entire route, using the Montague Street Tunnel to travel between Manhattan and Brooklyn as a replacement for the R.
The route that is now the N was originally BMT service 4, known as the Sea Beach Line or Sea Beach Express.
On June 22, 1915, the current BMT Sea Beach Line opened, replacing a street level "el" that branched off of the Fifth Avenue El with the former BMT West End Line. Originally, it used the south tracks of the Manhattan Bridge, which at that time connected to the BMT Nassau Street Line.
Beginning September 14, 1917, trains ran from 14th Street – Union Square to Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue, using the BMT Broadway Line and newly opened northern tracks of the Manhattan Bridge to enter Brooklyn.
In 1959, trains began stopping at DeKalb Avenue during midday hours. Previously, they bypassed DeKalb Avenue at all times except late nights.
Beginning January 1, 1961, trains bypassed DeKalb Avenue during rush hours only. In addition, on weekday evenings, late nights, and all day Sundays, they ran local on the BMT Fourth Avenue Line.
The N designation begins to appear when R-27's are moved to line in April 1961.
The NX designation was used for a short-lived rush hour peak-direction "super-express" service along the express tracks of the Sea Beach Line, beginning at Brighton Beach, running through Coney Island, and ending at 57th Street – Seventh Avenue. This service was only provided from November 27, 1967 (when the Chrystie Street Connection opened)  to April 12, 1968 due to low ridership. Starting on Monday, April 15, 1968, the five NX trips instead ran as N trips.
On August 28, 1976, N service was extended north over the BMT 60th Street Tunnel Connection to Forest Hills – 71st Avenue to replace the discontinued EE. Some local N trains went from Whitehall Street – South Ferry in Lower Manhattan to Forest Hills – 71st Avenue, which had been the EE route; others stayed with the Manhattan Bridge and Brooklyn route and were simply extended to Forest Hills – 71st Avenue.
On April 13, 1986, the north tracks on the Manhattan Bridge were closed for rehabilitation, and services that had used the north tracks were moved to the south side. This caused N trains to be sent via Lower Manhattan and the Montague Street Tunnel, running fully local, though evening, night and weekend trains continued to use the bridge and express tracks, terminating at 57th Street – Seventh Avenue.
On May 24, 1987, the N swapped northern terminals with the R. The N was switched to Astoria – Ditmars Boulevard, while the R went to Forest Hills – 71st Avenue. This was done to give the R direct access to Jamaica Yard; previously, the R did not have direct access to either Jamaica Yard or Coney Island Yard, while the N had direct access to both.
When the north side of the Manhattan Bridge reopened and the south side was closed on December 11, 1988, the N began running local in Brooklyn at all times with the M, which was rerouted from the BMT Brighton Line to the BMT West End Line, replacing it as the weekday express.
In fall 1990, full service on the Manhattan Bridge was briefly restored. Express service on Broadway ran all times except nights (all service stopped at 49th Street due to heavy usage). This very short service was halted by the discovery of a cracked beam under the south side tracks on the bridge.
From 1994 to 1996, the southern terminal of the N was 86th Street due to rehabilitation work at Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue. On December 16, 2001, it was cut back again for the final phase of the terminal's reconstruction project.
From April to November 1995, the north side of the Manhattan Bridge was closed during midday and weekends. To allow B trains to lay up on the express tracks at Pacific Street, midday N express service in Brooklyn was discontinued for the duration of the closure.
After the September 11, 2001 attacks, N service was suspended and replaced by the W in Manhattan and Queens and the M in Brooklyn. On October 28, service was restored, but Cortlandt Street remained closed until September 15, 2002.
On September 8, 2002, the N service became a shuttle to Pacific Street on nights and weekends, running express on the BMT Fourth Avenue Line, as the W was extended since it was the only train serving Stillwell Avenue.
On February 22, 2004, the Manhattan Bridge work was finally completed. Since then, the N has been restored to the bridge (via Fourth Avenue express and DeKalb Avenue bypass). Weekdays, N trains ran express between 34th Street in Manhattan and 59th Street in Brooklyn, and local elsewhere. On weekends, it makes local stops in Manhattan, but express in Brooklyn. During late nights, it runs local along its entire route via the Montague Street Tunnel, replacing the R train.
On May 29, 2005, the new Stillwell Avenue terminal was completed, and N service there was restored.
In 2008, there was a plan for all night N service via the bridge when R service would be extended to Queens, but this was shelved when the financial crisis hit.
On June 28, 2010, the N began running local in Manhattan north of Canal Street at all times in place of the W, which was discontinued due to budget problems, effectively adopting the weekend service pattern.
On August 2, 2013, the Montague Street Tunnel was closed for Hurricane Sandy-related repairs and overnight N service was rerouted via the Manhattan Bridge. On September 14, 2014, the Montague Street Tunnel reopened with overnight N service resuming through the tubes.
The following table shows the lines used by the N service, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:
|BMT Astoria Line (full line)||Astoria – Ditmars Boulevard||Queensboro Plaza||local|
|60th Street Tunnel||all|
|BMT Broadway Line||Lexington Avenue / 59th Street||Prince Street||local|
|City Hall||Whitehall Street – South Ferry||all|
|Montague Street Tunnel||all|
|BMT Fourth Avenue Line||Court Street||Jay Street – MetroTech||all|
|Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center||59th Street||express|
|BMT Sea Beach Line (full line)||Eighth Avenue||Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue|
For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.
|Station service legend|
|Stops all times|
|Stops all times except late nights|
|Stops late nights only|
|Stops weekdays only|
|Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only|
|Time period details|
- "mta.info - Line Colors". mta.info.
- "NYCT Line by Line History". erictb.info.
- service notice, effective November 27, 1967
- service notice, effective April 15, 1968
- "R Train To Resume Service Between Brooklyn And Manhattan Monday". cbslocal.com.
- "GTFS Schedule Data - New York City Transit Subway" (ZIP). New York, NY: Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 13, 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
|Wikinews has related news: New York City Subway N service to be restored to Coney Island May 29, via the Sea Beach Line|
- MTA NYC Transit – N Broadway Local
- "N Subway Timetable, Effective December 7, 2014". New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2015-01-02.