N Battery (The Eagle Troop) Royal Horse Artillery
N Battery (The Eagle Troop) are currently serving as the fourth Light Role Tactical Group and support 7th Brigade.
N Battery are known as a Tactical Group Battery and they consist of approximately 50 personnel:
- Battery Commanders FOO Party
- FOO Party A - Commanded by the Battery Captain
- FOO Party B - Commanded by a Captain.
- Battery Commanders Tac Group
1st Troop Bombay Horse Artillery was formed in Seroor, on 11 November 1811.
In 1842 Sir Charles Napier was sent to Hyderabad with a treaty that was never to be accepted by the Amirs of Sindh. The Amirs attacked the British Residency, and Napier decided this was cause for war, and attacked a force of 22,000 Baluchis with just 2,800 British Soldiers. This resulted in:
- 1843 - The Battle for Miani. The British line held, and 6 guns from the Troop supported a charge. Hyderbad was occupied in February 1843.
The Battery was awarded its honour title following Sir Charles Napier's march to the Indus River. The troop were supporting the Cheshire Regiment, with the enemy in an entrenched position. The way artillery was deployed, forced the enemy to its left flank, which allowed the Cheshire Regiment to advance and distract the enemy. A surrender followed quickly and the Governor-General of India, the Lord Ellenborough, declared that the Battery should, 'bear the eagle'.
In 1858, the East India Company dissolved, and the Battery became part of the British Army. The Battery was renamed five times between 1862, until it was finally named N Battery Royal Horse Artillery in 1889.
World War One
- 1914 - The Battery deployed to France on the outbreak of War.
- 1915 - The Battery fired its guns in the Battle of Neuve Chapelle. The Failure of this battle was later credited to the lack of artillery shells in Shell Crisis of 1915.
- 1916 - The Battery fought in the Battle of the Somme
- 1917 - N Battery RHA claimed the highest number of shells fired in one month by a single battery. The six guns fired 115,360 rounds in August 1917 in support of the Canadian Corps. The Battery also fought in the Battle of Cambrai (1917) and at Hailles.
- 1918 - The Battery continued to fight until the Armistice in November 1918.
- 1920 - The Battery bore the coffin of the Unknown Soldier to Westminster Abbey.
World War Two
- 1938 - The Battery was merged with L (Nery) Battery and was known as L/N (Nery) Battery within 2nd Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery.
- 1939 - The Battery formed part of the British Expeditionary Force, and fought in France until the Dunkirk evacuation in 1940
The Battery served in Greece and the Western Desert, and in 1942 regained its identity and joined 6th Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery.
- 1958 - The Battery deployed to Malaya during the Malayan Emergency
- 1961 - The Battery moved to Colchester, as part of the Strategic Reserve. During this time it was deployed to Cyprus to prevent further fighting between Greek and Turkish Cypriots
- 1965 - The Battery moved to Münster.
Recent and Current Conflicts
- 1968 - The Battery moved to Barnard Castle in Yorkshire.
- 1971 - The Battery moved to Deilinghofen in West Germany During this time the Battery completed two tours of Northern Ireland, including a posting to Andersonstown in Belfast in 1972
- 1977 - The Battery moved to Dortmund
- 1980 - The Battery moved to Larkhill
- 1982 - The Battery returned to Münster.
- 1993 - 2nd Field Regiment RA disbanded and N Battery joined 3rd Regiment Royal Horse Artillery in Topcliffe, Yorkshire.
The Battery served in the Balkans.
Operation TELIC in Iraq
- 2004 - L / N Battery served in Iraq on Op TELIC 4, as part of 1st Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery.