N Seoul Tower
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2012)|
|YTN Seoul Tower|
The N Seoul Tower in Seoul, South Korea, on March 9, 2006.
|Alternative names||N Seoul Tower, Namsan Tower, Seoul Tower|
|Type||observation, communications, attraction|
|Location||Seoul, South Korea|
|N Seoul Tower|
|Revised Romanization||En Seoul Tawo|
|McCune–Reischauer||En Sŏul T‘awŏ|
The N Seoul Tower, (Hangul: N서울타워), officially the YTN Seoul Tower and commonly known as the Namsan Tower or Seoul Tower, is a communication and observation tower located on Namsan Mountain in central Seoul, South Korea. It marks the highest point in Seoul.
Built in 1969, and at a cost of approximately $2.5 million, the tower was opened to the public in 1980. Seoul Tower was completed on December 3, 1971, designed by architects jangjongryul, with not inside the facility being equipped. By August 1975, the third floor of the observatory room, museum, open hall, souvenir shop, in addition to other facilities, were open. After completion of the tower, the use of the observatory was prohibited. The tower was open to the public for the first time on October 15, 1980. Since then, the tower has been a landmark of Seoul. It measures 236.7 m (777 ft) in height from the base and tops out at 479.7 m (1,574 ft) above sea level. It changed its name to N Seoul Tower in 2005. The "N" stands for 'new,' 'Namsan,' and 'nature.' Approximately 15 billion won was spent in renovating and remodeling the tower.
When N Seoul Tower's original owner merged with CJ Corporation, it was renamed the N Seoul Tower (official name CJ Seoul Tower). It has also been known as the Namsan Tower or Seoul Tower. It is also Korea's first general radio wave tower that holds transmissions antennas of KBS, MBC, SBS TV, FM, PBC, TBS, CBS, and BBS FM.
Many visitors ride the Namsan cable car up the Mt. Namsan to walk to the tower. The tower is renowned as a national landmark, and for its cityscape. The 236.7m (777ft) tower sits on the Namsan mountain (243m or 797ft). It attracts thousands of tourists and locals every year, especially during nighttime when the tower lights up. Photographers enjoy the panoramic view the tower offers. Each year, approximately 8.4 million visit the N Seoul Tower, which is surrounded by many other attractions South Korea offers, including Namsan Park and Namsangol Hanok Village.Visitors may go up the tower for a fee that differs for the following groups: children, elderly and teenagers, and adults. Rates differ for each package and group size. The N Seoul Tower is divided into three main parts, including the N Lobby, N Plaza, and the N Tower. The N Plaza consists of two floors, while the N Tower includes four floors.
The N Lobby holds the N Gift, N Sweetbar, BH Style, the Alive Museum, Memshot, Nursing Room, Information booth, a cafe, and entrance to observatory. N Plaza has two floors. The first floor includes the ticket booth, N Terrace, N Gift and a burger shop. The second floor houses the Place Dining, an Italian restaurant, and the Roof Terrace where the "Locks of Love" can be found. The N Tower has four floors: 1F, 2F, 3F, and 5F (most buildings in Korea avoids having fourth floors). There are four observation decks (the 4th observation deck, which is the revolving restaurant, rotates at a rate of one revolution every 48 minutes), as well as gift shops and two restaurants. Most of the city of Seoul can be seen from the top. Close to N Seoul Tower is a second lattice transmission tower. The tower offers a digital observatory with a 360° panoramic view that showcases Korea's history through 32 LCD screens. This is located on the third floor of the N Tower. 
In 2008, the Teddy Bear Museum was open at the Tower, with a 7-metre Christmas tree made with 300 teddy bears to celebrate the opening. It showcases teddy bears in the past, present, and future of Seoul, as well as teddy bears models in Seoul attractions, such as the Cheonggyecheon Stream, Myeongdong, Insadong, and Dongdaemun.
In a poll of nearly 2,000 foreign visitors, conducted by the Seoul Metropolitan Government in November 2011, 16 percent stated that hanging named padlocks on the Tower fence as a symbol of love was their favorite activity in Seoul. This attraction is situated on the 2nd floor of the N Plaza, at the Roof Terrace. The "Locks of Love" is a popular location for people to hang locks that symbolize eternal love, and has been depicted in many Korean television shows, dramas, and movies for this reason.
The N Tower also holds many other attractions, including the digital observatory and the Wishing Pond. The Wishing Pond can be found on the second floor of the tower, where people throw coins into the pond wishing for eternal love. The coins are collected and donated to help develop schools in China and Southeast Asia.  On the third floor, the newly designed observatory, renovated in 2011, can be found. The observatory not only offers the 360° view of the city, but also exhibits 600 years of Korean history through 36 LCD screens. The fifth floor houses a French restaurant known as N Grill.
The Tower is illuminated in blue from sunset to 23:00 (22:00 in winter) on days where the air quality in Seoul is 45 or less. During the spring of 2012, the Tower was lit up for 52 days, which is four days more than in 2011. The tower uses the latest LED technology to offer visitors a digital, cultural art experience through 'light art.'  The N Seoul Tower puts on many different shows, including the "Reeds of Light" and "Shower of Light."
In 2012, surveys conducted by Seoul City revealed foreign tourists ranked the N Seoul Tower as the number one tourist attraction. The N Seoul Tower is now also a symbol of Seoul.
N Seoul Tower is used as a radio/television broadcast and communications tower.
|Channel||Channel name||Callsign||Station||Power||ERP||Broadcast area|
||SBS-TV Seoul||HLSQ-TV||Seoul Broadcasting System (SBS)||100 kW||100 kW||Seoul|
||KBS2 Seoul||HLKC-TV||Korean Broadcasting System (KBS)|
||EBS TV Seoul||HLQL-TV||Educational Broadcasting System (EBS)|
||MBC-TV Seoul||HLKV-TV||Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation (MBC)|
|Frequency||Station name||Callsign||Network||Power||ERP||Broadcast area|
|603 KHz||KBS Radio 2 Seoul||HLSA-AM||Korean Broadcasting System (KBS)||100 kW||100 kW||Seoul|
|711 KHz||KBS Radio 1 Seoul||HLKA-AM|
|1134 KHz||KBS Radio 3 Seoul||HLKC-AM|
|89.1 MHz||KBS 2FM Seoul||HLKC-FM|
|93.1 MHz||KBS 1FM Seoul||HLKA-FM|
|97.3 MHz||KBS Radio 1 Seoul||HLKA-SFM|
|104.9 MHz||KBS Radio 3 Seoul||HLKC-SFM|
|106.1 MHz||KBS Radio 2 Seoul||HLSA-FM|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to N Seoul Tower.|
- Road Name Address System - Ministry of Security and Public Administration
- Ryu, Myung-Soo (3 August 2009). "A hip tourist hot spot in the thick of it all". Joongang Daily. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- "Cuddles for Christmas". Joongang Daily. 24 November 2008. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- "Teddy Bear Museum Opens in N Seoul Tower at Mt. Namsan". Korea Tourism Organization. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
- "Mt. Nam Tops List of Foreign Tourists' Favorites". Chosun Ilbo. 28 November 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2012.
- "Improved Air Quality Reflected in N Seoul Tower". Chosun Ilbo. 18 May 2012. Retrieved 29 July 2012.
- N Seoul Tower official website (Korean)
- N Seoul Tower : Official Seoul City Tourism
- Seoul Tower at Structurae