In the Zohar
Naamah appears in the Zohar as one of the mates of the archangel Samael. She, along with Lilith, causes epilepsy in children. According to Zohar she is a succubus and fallen angel, and is generally regarded as an aspect or relation of Lilith. After Cain killed Abel, Adam separated from Eve for 130 years. During this time, two female spirits, Lilith and Naamah would visit Adam and bear his children, who became the Plagues of Mankind. (Zohar 3:76b-77a)
- Naamah for usage in popular culture
- The Zohar I 55a,
- Genesis 4:22,
- Robert Graves and Raphael Patai: Hebrew Myths.
- Lady E.S.Drower: The Mandaeans of Iraq and Iran, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1937
- Lilith by Alan Humm