Naat

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Muhammad
Muhammad

A Na`at (Arabic: نعت‎) is a poetry – sung with daff musical instruments – that specifically praises the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The practice is popular in South Asia (Pakistan and India), commonly in Urdu or Punjabi language. People who recite Naat are known as Naat Khawan or Sana'a-Khua'an in Bengali, Urdu, English, Turkish, Persian, Arabic, Punjabi and Sindhi Language.

History[edit]

It is difficult to trace the history of Na'at Khawani since no authenticated record of when it was initiated can be found. One early author, Hassan, was known as Shair-e-Darbaar-e-Risalat. Even before accepting Islam he was a poet, but after embracing Islam he gave a new turn to his poetry and started writing Na'ats in honor of Muhammad.[1] He was famous for his poetry that defended Muhammad in response to rival poets that attacked him and his religion. Therefore Hassan is known as the first Sana-Khawaan (Naat reciter) of that time. After that many a poet followed this trend and totally dedicated themselves to writing Naats.

Tala' al Badru 'Alayna, a song sung to the Prophet Muhammad during his completion of migration to Medina in 622 CE,[2][3] is believed to be one of the earliest naats.

Language[edit]

Commonly the term Naat-Shareef (Exalted Poetry) is reserved and used for poetry in the praise of Muhammad written in Bengali, Urdu, English, Turkish, Persian, Arabic, Punjabi and Sindhi Language.

In the Arabic language, Naat is usually referred as Madih (praise), or simply as Nasheed (poetry) or Anasheed (plural). The latter two terms can describe any type of religious poetry. Anasheed or Naat usually is not accompanied by musical instruments. However some scholars have allowed the use of the daf (small drum). Usually poetry that is accompanied by musical instruments is called Ghinaa (music).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 'URDU ZABAN MEIN NA’T GŪ’Ī KA FAN' (Literary Criticism) Book in URDU by Syed Waheed Ashraf
  2. ^ http://www.islamicity.com/mosque/ihame/Sec2.htm.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ http://www.techofheart.co/2008/03/blessed-month-of-prophets-birthday-rabi.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)