Nabadwip

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Nabadwip
নবদ্বীপ
Navadwip, Navadvipa or Nabadwipdham
City
Nickname(s): Spiritual Capital of Bengal
Nabadwip is located in West Bengal
Nabadwip
Nabadwip
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 23°25′N 88°22′E / 23.42°N 88.37°E / 23.42; 88.37Coordinates: 23°25′N 88°22′E / 23.42°N 88.37°E / 23.42; 88.37
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Nadia
Elevation 14 m (46 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 175,474
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 741302
Telephone code 03472
Vehicle registration WB 52
Lok Sabha constituency Ranaghat
Vidhan Sabha constituency Nabadwip
Website nadia.nic.in

Nabadwip (ˌnæbəˈdwi:p) is a city and a municipality in Nadia district in the Indian state of West Bengal. The name 'Nabadwip' derives from "9 islands" in the Bengali. They are namely Antardwip, Simantadwip, Rudradwip, Madhyadwip, Godrumdwip, Ritudwip, Jahnudwip, Modadrumdwip, and Koladwip. This city is the "Leelabhumi" or the Place of many Leelas (or "pastimes of the God" in Hinduism) of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Many devotees from worldwide who adhere to Gaudiya Vaishnavism come to Nabadwip for pilgrimage on the auspicious occasion of the Birthday celebration of Shri Mahaprabhu on the Phalguni Purnima (i.e. on the Full moon day of the March every year), and for various festivals in relation to Leelas of Shri Mahaprabhu like Sri Nabadwip-mandala Parikrama and other festivities like Dol jatra,Rash purnima Gaura Purnima.[1]

History[edit]

Nabadwip was the capital of Bengal Empire under the reign of Ballal Sen and Lakshman Sen, the famous rulers of the Sena Empire. They ruled Bengal from here in the period from 1159 to 1206.[2] In 1202, Nabadwip was attacked and invaded by Bakhtiyar Khiljiwho plundered Nabadwip. The Lakshman Sen, the old King, being afraid left the Capital. This victory paved the way for Muslim rule in Bengal.[3] Nabadwip and Nadia were great centres of learning and intellectual prowess. For five centuries, it was referred to as “Oxford of Bengal”.[4]

Geography[edit]

Nabadwip is located at 23°25′N 88°22′E / 23.42°N 88.37°E / 23.42; 88.37.[5] It has an average elevation of 14 m (46 ft). It is located at the confluence of Bhagirathi and Jalangi rivers.[6] on the West bank of the Bhagirathi river.

Demographics[edit]

In the 2011 census, Nabadwip Urban Agglomeration had a population of 175,474, out of which 90,810 were males and 84,664 were females. The 0–6 years population was 13,049. Effective literacy rate for the 7+ population was 84.57 per cent.[7]

As of 2001 India census,[8] Nabadwip had a population of 115,036. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Nabadwip has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 70%. In Nabadwip, 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Education[edit]

There are a total of 18 high and higher secondary schools in Nabadwip, Notables among them are Nabadwip Bakultala High School, Nabadwip Hindu School, Nabadwip Siksha Mandir, R.C.B Saraswatmandir, Jatiya Vidyalaya, Tarasundari Girls High School, and Nabadwip Balika Vidyalaya and so on. There is a college namely Nabadwip Vidyasagar College (in the name of the Great Social Reformer and the Father of Bengali Prose) affiliated under University of Kalyani.

Club[edit]

There are number of well-known clubs- Swami Vivekananda Club of Ramgobinda Road,Nadia Club,Nabadwip Muktisurya Club, Royal club, Town club, Nirvik samity, Nabindal, Nabadwip Sporting Club, Vidyasagar Club of Charichara para,Athletic club, and many others.

Festival[edit]

The temple at Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's birthplace in Mayapur near Nabadwip, established by Bhaktivinoda Thakur in 1880s.
Sri Chaitanya and Nityananda, is shown performing a 'kirtan' in the streets of Nabadwip, Bengal.

Festivals which are popular in Nabadwip

  • Bangla New Year (14/15th April)
  • Rath Yatra (July)
  • Ganga Puja (June)
  • Jhulan Purnima (August)
  • Durga Puja (Sept/Oct)
  • Ras Festival (Oct-Nov)
  • Annual Tourism (Nov to March)
  • Sarashwati Puja (Feb/March)
  • Dol Yatra (Feb-Mar)
  • Gaura-purnima, the birthday of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (Feb-Mar)
  • Chaitra Sale (March/April.

In all the above,RAS Utsav and Dol Yatra are main attraction .People are coming from all over the world in both the occasion.

These are turned up to be the Festive moods of the people living in this city. Almost whole of the city observe these festivals with pomp and pleasure. The year round one can find the festive moods of people which is also rare in other parts of the world. The reason may be because of convergence of humanity from all parts of the world. There are the Vaishnobite Sect, Shaibite Sect of Hindu Religion assimilated with modern wisdom. Further the typical Bengali culture with its pride, attracts the public into festive mood. The natural beauty, geographic location endowed with the serpentine Ganga and panoramic view thereof, also instill the people merge into fete.

Transport[edit]

Nabadwip Dham is 105 km from Howrah on the Bandel-Katwa Branch Line.[9]

Nabadwip Dham is 65 km from Bandel,105 km from Howrah and 112 km from Sealdah on the Bandel-Katwa-Azimganj section of Eastern Railway.[10] It has very good railway communication with North Bengal,Assam,Bihar,Orissa and Kolkata.Important express trains which has stoppage at Nabadwip Dham are:


15643 UP/15644 DN Puri-Kamakhya Express
15959 UP/15960 DN Howrah-Tinsukia-Dibrugarh Kamrup Express
13141 UP/13142 DN Sealdah-New Alipurduar/Haldibari Teesta Torsha Express
13164 UP/13165 DN Sealdah-Barauni-Katihar-Saharsha Hatey Bazare Express
13145 UP/13146 DN Sealdah-Radhikapur Radhikapur Express
13011 UP/13012 DN Howrah Maldah Intercity Express
13421 UP/13422 DN Nabadwip Dham- New Frakka Express
15721 UP/15722 DN New Jalpaiguri-Digha Paharia Express
12517 UP/12518 DN Kolkata Guwahati Garib Rath Express.

Rail Station[edit]

It has 3 Railway Stations as Nabadwip Dham (NDAE)http://indiarailinfo.com/station/map/nabadwip-dham-ndae/1931, Bishnupriya (VSPR) of Howrah Division and Nabadwip Ghat (NDF) of Sealdah Division .

Bus Services[edit]

Nabadwip- Burdwan Via Nadanghat,Kusumgram
Nabadwip- Benachiti Via Nadanghat,Kusumgram,Burdwan,panagarh
Nabadwip- Asansol Via Nadanghat,Kusumgram,Burdwan,Durgapur
Nabadwip- Burnpur Via Nadanghat,Kusumgram,Burdwan,Durgapur,Asansol
Nabadwip- Bankura Via Nadanghat,Kusumgram,Burdwan,Durgapur
Nabadwip- Kalna Via Samudragarh
Nabadwip- Tarapith Via Katwa
Nabadwip- Tarakeswar Via Memari
Nabadwip- Rampurhat Via Katwa
Nabadwip- Basirhat Via Ranaghat,Habra
Nabadwip- Balurghat Via Berhampur,Maldah
Nabadwip- Siliguri Via Berhampur,Maldah
Nabadwip- Barasat Via Ranaghat
Nabadwip- Kalyani Via Ranaghat
Nabadwip- Memari Via Kalna
Nabadwip- Pandua, Hooghly Via Kalna
Nabadwip- Dinhata Via Berhampur,Maldah,Coochbehar
Nabadwip- Gangarampur Via Berhampur,Maldah
Nabadwip- Barakar Via Nadanghat,Kusumgram,Burdwan,Durgapur,Asansol
Nabadwip- Bajitpur Via Nadanghat,Kusumgram,Burdwan,Durgapur
Krishnanagar- Suri via Nabadwip,Katwa
Karimpur- Burdwan via Krishnagar,Nabadwip
Santipur- Benachiti via Nabadwip,Burdwan
Maldah- Burdwan via Krishnagar,Nabadwip,Berhampur
Krishnanagar- Puruliya via Nabadwip,Burdwan,Durgapur,Bankura
Krishnanagar- Bolpur via Nabadwip,Katwa
Ranaghat- Benachiti via Santipur,Krishnanagar,Nabadwip,Burdwan

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ro'sel, J.A. (1990). "The Evolution And Organization Of Pilgrimage To Jagannstha At Purt". 
  2. ^ Official district website
  3. ^ Tourist Department
  4. ^ Cotton, H.E.A., Calcutta Old and New, 1909/1980, p1, General Printers and Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
  5. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Nabadwip
  6. ^ Rail India
  7. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  8. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  9. ^ Railway local time table
  10. ^ Eastern Railway time table.

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