Nabataean alphabet

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Nabataean
Type
Languages Nabataean language
Time period
2nd century BC to 4th century AD
Parent systems
Child systems
Arabic alphabet
ISO 15924 Nbat, 159
Direction Right-to-left
Unicode alias
Nabataean
U+10880–U+108AF

The Nabataean alphabet is a consonantal alphabet (abjad) that was used by the Nabataeans in the 2nd century BC.[1] Important inscriptions are found in Petra, Jordan. The alphabet is descended from the Aramaic alphabet via the Syriac alphabet. A cursive form of it in turn developed into the Arabic alphabet from the 4th century,[1] which is why its letterforms are intermediate between the more northerly Semitic scripts (such as the Hebrew) and Arabic.

Nabatean Name Arabic
Alphabet
Syriac
Alphabet
Hebrew
Alphabet
01 aleph.svg Alaph ا ܐ א
02 bet.svg Beth ب ܒ ב
03 gimel.svg Gamal ج ܓ ג
04 dal.svg Dalath ܕ ד
05 ha.svg Heh ه ܗ ה
06 waw.svg Waw ܘ ו
07 zayn.svg Zain ܙ ז
08 ha.svg Heth ح ܚ ח
09 taa.svg Teth ܛ ט
10 yaa.svg Yodh ى ܝ י
11 kaf.svg Kaph ك ܟ כ/ך
12 lam.svg Lamadh ل ܠ ל
13 meem.svg Meem م ܡ מ/ם
14 noon.svg Noon ن ܢ נ/ן
15 sin.svg Simkath ܣ ס
16 ein.svg 'E ع ܥ ע
17 fa.svg Peh ف ܦ פ/ף
18 sad.svg Sad'e ص ܨ צ/ץ
19 qaf.svg Qoph ܩ ק
20 ra.svg Resh ܪ ר
21 shin.svg Sheen ش ,س ܫ ש
22 ta.svg Taw ܬ ת
  • Notice that Syriac and Arabic alphabet are always cursive and some of their letters look differently in medial or initial position.

Unicode[edit]

The Nabataean alphabet (U+10880–U+108AF) was added to the Unicode Standard in June 2014 with the release of version 7.0.

Nabataean[1]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+1088x 𐢀 𐢁 𐢂 𐢃 𐢄 𐢅 𐢆 𐢇 𐢈 𐢉 𐢊 𐢋 𐢌 𐢍 𐢎 𐢏
U+1089x 𐢐 𐢑 𐢒 𐢓 𐢔 𐢕 𐢖 𐢗 𐢘 𐢙 𐢚 𐢛 𐢜 𐢝 𐢞
U+108Ax 𐢧 𐢨 𐢩 𐢪 𐢫 𐢬 𐢭 𐢮 𐢯
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 7.0

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b [1], http://www.omniglot.com/writing/nabataean.htm.