Nabataean alphabet

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Type Abjad
Languages Nabataean language
Time period
2nd century BC to 4th century AD
Parent systems
Child systems
Arabic alphabet
ISO 15924 Nbat, 159

The Nabataean alphabet is a consonantal alphabet (abjad) that was used by the Nabataeans in the 2nd century BC.[1] Important inscriptions are found in Petra, Jordan. The alphabet is descended from the Aramaic alphabet via the Syriac alphabet. A cursive form of it in turn developed into the Arabic alphabet from the 4th century,[1] which is why its letterforms are intermediate between the more northerly Semitic scripts such as the Arabic.

Nabatean Name Arabic
01 aleph.svg Alaph ا ܐ
02 bet.svg Beth ب ܒ
03 gimel.svg Gamal ج ܓ
04 dal.svg Dalath ܕ
05 ha.svg Heh ه ܗ
06 waw.svg Waw ܘ
07 zayn.svg Zain ܙ
08 ha.svg Heth ح ܚ
09 taa.svg Teth ܛ
10 yaa.svg Yodh ى ܝ
11 kaf.svg Kaph ك ܟ
12 lam.svg Lamadh ل ܠ
13 meem.svg Meem م ܡ
14 noon.svg Noon ن ܢ
15 sin.svg Simkath س ܣ
16 ein.svg 'E ع ܥ
17 fa.svg Peh ف ܦ
18 sad.svg Sad'e ص ܨ
19 qaf.svg Qoph ܩ
20 ra.svg Resh ܪ
21 shin.svg Sheen ش ܫ
22 ta.svg Taw ܬ
  • Notice that Syriac and Arabic alphabet are always cursive and some of their letters look differently in medial or initial position.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b [1],