Naberezhnye Chelny

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Naberezhnye Chelny (English)
Набережные Челны (Russian)
Яр Чаллы (Tatar)
-  City[1]  -
Энтузиастлар бульвары.jpg
View of Naberezhnye Chelny
Naberezhnye Chelny is located in Tatarstan
Naberezhnye Chelny
Naberezhnye Chelny
Location of Naberezhnye Chelny in the Republic of Tatarstan
Coordinates: 55°41′N 52°19′E / 55.683°N 52.317°E / 55.683; 52.317Coordinates: 55°41′N 52°19′E / 55.683°N 52.317°E / 55.683; 52.317
Coat of Arms of Naberezhnye Chelny (Tatarstan).png
Flag of Naberezhnye Chelny (Tatarstan).png
Coat of arms
Flag
City Day August 10[citation needed]
Administrative status (as of December 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Republic of Tatarstan[1]
Administratively subordinated to city of republic significance of Naberezhnye Chelny[1]
Administrative center of Tukayevsky District,[1] city of republic significance of Naberezhnye Chelny[1]
Municipal status (as of January 2005)
Urban okrug Naberezhnye Chelny Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Naberezhnye Chelny Urban Okrug,[2] Tukayevsky Municipal District[3]
Mayor[citation needed] Vasil Shaykhraziyev[citation needed]
Representative body City Council[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 513,193 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 2010 35th
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[5]
Founded c. 1172[citation needed]
City status since April 10, 1930[citation needed]
Previous names Naberezhnye Chelny (until November 18, 1982),[citation needed]
Brezhnev (until 1988)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[6] 423800-423849
Dialing code(s) +7 8552[citation needed]
Official website
Naberezhnye Chelny on WikiCommons

Naberezhnye Chelny (Russian: Набережные Челны; IPA: [ˈnabʲɪrʲɪʐnɨjə tɕɪlˈnɨ]; Tatar Cyrillic: Яр Чаллы, Latin: Yar Çallı) is the second largest city in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia. A major industrial center, Naberezhnye Chelny stands on the Kama River 225 kilometers (140 mi) east of Kazan near Nizhnekamsk Reservoir. Population: 513,193 (2010 Census);[4] 509,870 (2002 Census);[7] 500,309 (1989 Census).[8]

History[edit]

It was granted town status on August 10, 1930, and was called Brezhnev (after Leonid Brezhnev) from 1982 to 1988.[9]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Naberezhnye Chelny serves as the administrative center of Tukayevsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the city of republic significance of Naberezhnye Chelny—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the city of republic significance of Naberezhnye Chelny is incorporated as Naberezhnye Chelny Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy[edit]

Kamaz and ZMA trucks are produced there, and the city is one of the largest planned centers in the world related to vehicle production. With more than two square miles dedicated to production, the Kamaz plant is the largest vehicle factory in the world.

SPRUT Technology, JSC. oldest Russian's developers of PC-based  CAx software including SprutCAM was founded at 1987 in Naberezhnye Chelny.

Transportation[edit]

Long-distance transport[edit]

Naberezhnye Chelny is a major railway, motor transport, and aviation hub, known on the Kama river port.

  • he city has a structural unit of the Kuibyshev Railway JSC "Russian Railways" - Kama KBS railway department, which carries out operational management of transport in the Kama region (railroad Agryz Akbash). Immediately Naberezhnye Chelny city is served by two railway stations.

First, this station Round the field with 28 station ways for receiving and departure of trains, freight yard for loading and unloading cars, sorting slide for the formation and dissolution of the trains.

Second, it's cargo-passenger station Naberezhnye Chelny. Here you can make the loading and unloading of wagons supplied by access roads to distribution centers and processing plants. At the station built a modern combined train and bus station with simultaneous reception of 1,500 passengers. The station Naberezhnye Chelny distance trains follow a direct line to Moscow, Kazan, Ulyanovsk, Izhevsk, Bugul'ma, and in the summer and in Adler. Local train service provided flights rail buses to Mendeleyevsk and Bugul'my.

In addition, the city has departmental railway sector, belonging to OJSC "KAMAZ" and JSC "Kamgesenergostroy" that can handle up to 1,200 cars per day.

River port Naberezhnye Chelny allows you to receive treatment under dry cargo and passenger ships mixed "river-sea". It has a dock for the processing, storage of packaged cargoes and containers. Its length - 217 linear meters, the design possibilities for cargo up to 112 tons in the navigation. The port has a river and a passenger station, which can simultaneously dock four vessels. Infrastructure station can serve up to 200,000 passengers for navigation.

International Airport Begishevo serves the cities Nizhnekamsk agglomeration and Nizhnekamsk WPK.

Highways

City - a large knot of highways, bus station has numerous suburban and intercity bus routes.[10]
Pass federal highway "Volga"Template:The plate-eu Moscow - Vladimir - Nizhny Novgorod - Kazan - 'Naberezhnye Chelny' - Ufa (entrance to the city Izhevsk and Perm).
entrances to other federal roads (through the city Almetevsk and Bugul'ma):
Urals | | Moscow - Ryazan - Penza - Samara - Ufa
Kazan - Orenburg

Public transportation[edit]

Public transport represented 13 tram routes, more than 30 bus routes and taxi, the taxi (including the so-called. Social taxi carrying several passengers fares in taxis).

Трамвай Набережные Челны.jpg

Naberezhnochelninsky tram - one of the latest new tram systems in the USSR and Russia, which is close to the light rail, was created to provide a large passenger flows between the residential areas of the city and a vast industrial complex KAMAZ and other large enterprises. One of the very few in post-Soviet Russia, a tram system of the city has increased in the 1990s and 2000s, and has plans for further development, including both new construction sites in the city, and creating inter-city light rail line to the Yelabuga, a project which was developed in the Soviet period. Served by the system now LLC "Electric transport".

In the late 1980s - early 1990's there was a project of the city also trolley motion, which was eventually rejected due to dispersion of resources not appropriate in the presence of a large tram system.

Culture[edit]

Alkonost, a Russian doom-folk metal band, was formed in Naberezhnye Chelny in 1995.

Sports[edit]

FC KAMAZ Naberezhnye Chelny is an association football club based in Naberezhnye Chelny, playing in the Russian First Division.

Gallery[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Order #01-02/9
  2. ^ a b c Law #47-ZRT
  3. ^ Law #42-ZRT
  4. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  7. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  9. ^ Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 289. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  10. ^ http://face.chelny.info/transport.phtml | Schedule intercity bus, rail, flights Naberezhnye Chelny

Sources[edit]

  • Министерство юстиции Республики Татарстан. Приказ №01-02/9 от 4 февраля 2014 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц и населённых пунктов в Республике Татарстан». Опубликован: Официальный сайт правовой информации Министерства юстиции Республики Татарстан (http://pravo.tatarstan.ru), 27 февраля 2014 г. (Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Tatarstan. Order #01-02/9 of February 4, 2014 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and Inhabited Localities in the Republic of Tatarstan. ).
  • Государственный Совет Республики Татарстан. Закон №47-ЗРТ от 31 января 2005 г. «Об образовании муниципального образования "город Набережные Челны", установлении его границ и наделении статусом городского округа». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Республика Татарстан", №18–19, 1 февраля 2005 г. (State Council of the Republic of Tatarstan. Law #47-ZRT of January 31, 2005 On Establishing the Municipal Formation of the "City of Naberezhnye Chelny", on Establishing Its Borders, and on Granting It Urban Okrug Status. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Государственный Совет Республики Татарстан. Закон №42-ЗРТ от 31 января 2005 г. «Об установлении границ территорий и статусе муниципального образования "Тукаевский муниципальный район" и муниципальных образований в его составе», в ред. Закона №19-ЗРТ от 17 апреля 2012 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Татарстан "Об установлении границ территорий и статусе муниципального образования "Тукаевский муниципальный район" и муниципальных образований в его составе"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Республика Татарстан", №18–19, 1 февраля 2005 г. (State Council of the Republic of Tatarstan. Law #42-ZRT of January 31, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Territories and the Status of the Municipal Formation of "Tukayevsky Municipal District" and of the Municipal Formations Comprising It, as amended by the Law #19-ZRT of April 17, 2012 On Amending the Law of the Republic of Tatarstan "On Establishing the Borders of the Territories and the Status of the Municipal Formation of "Tukayevsky Municipal District" and of the Municipal Formations Comprising It". Effective as of the official publication date.).