From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Nabha (Punjabi: ਨਾਭਾ) is a city and municipal council in the Patiala district to the south-west of the Indian state of Punjab. In 1998, the annual income of Nabha state was Rs 1,50,000/-.[1]

Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 30°22′N 76°09′E / 30.37°N 76.15°E / 30.37; 76.15Coordinates: 30°22′N 76°09′E / 30.37°N 76.15°E / 30.37; 76.15
Country  India
State Punjab
District Patiala
 • Type Democratic
 • Body Municipal Council of Nabha
 • Member of the Legislative Assembly (India) Sadhu Singh Dharmsot
Elevation 246 m (807 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 61,953
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 147201
Telephone code 91-(0)1765
Vehicle registration PB-34

Princely State of Nabha[edit]

Main article: Nabha State

The town of Nabha was formerly the capital of the eponymous princely state in the British Raj. Its territories were scattered; one section, divided into twelve separate tracts, was interspersed among the territories of Patiala and Jind, in the east and south of the Punjab; the other section was in the extreme southeast of that province. The whole of the territories physically belonged to a plain; however, they varied in character from the great fertility of the Pawadh region to the aridity of the Rajputana desert.[citation needed] Nabha estate is a small city now.


Nabha is located at 30°22′N 76°09′E / 30.37°N 76.15°E / 30.37; 76.15.[2] It has an average elevation of 246 metres (807 feet).


As of 2001 India census,[3] Nabha had a population of 61,953. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Nabha has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 69%. In Nabha, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Landmarks of the city[edit]

Being Royal city, Nabha has a number of building with historical importance:

  1. Hira Mahal: Residence of the royal family. The gardens and orchards surrounding it have developed into the Hira Mahal Colony
  2. Qila Mubarak: Situated at the heart of the city in dipliated condition (various government offices housed here including the courts shifted to new building at Mini-Secretariat),
  3. Hira Singh Park: Now known as municipal park, near Duladdi Gate. The park is home to the statue of Hira Singh Nabha
  4. Royal Samadhis: on circular road, built in memory of deceased rulers of Nabha, now in a state of disrepair
  5. The Courthouse of Nabha, the original residence of Wazir Ishwari Singh Katoch, Prime Minister of Kangra, father of Maharani Lilavati and cousin of Maharaja Sansar Chand of Kangra (father-in-law of Maharaja Ranjit Singh).
  6. Old Temple of Shri Hanuman Ji (near Civil Hospital), Old Temple of Attharan Bhuji Mata Rani (Patiala Gate), Shri Vedas Mandir (Sadar Bazar), Kali Mata Mandir (near Dulladi Gate) are famous Hindu worship places
  7. Gurdwara Dera Baba Ajaypal Singh famously known as Gurdwara Ghodhiyan Walla and Gurdwara Akalgarh Sahib
  8. Mahtab Nagar Nabha (Named after Sardar Mehtab Singh Grewal, Mandi Minister with Nabha Maharaja Hira Singh Court)
  9. King George V Silver Jubilee Park (Near Santoshi Mata Mandir, Dulladi Gate)

Please note that there are two locations of Royal Samadhis, one is for the family of Hira Singh, the other, the original rulers of Nabha is located on the grounds of Punjab Public School, near the water tank, on what was originally known as Shyam Bagh (near Jamunawali Sark (Road)), there rests Maharaja Devinder Singh, his two sons, his wives, Maharani Lilavati, Maharani Mann Kaur and "Cheteanwali" Rani. Dr. Sumerendra Vir Singh Chauhan, from the family of Maharani Lilavati, and uncle of the present Raj Kumari of Nabha wife of Maharaja Pratap Singh's second son, is negotiating with the present authorities to allow for repairs to take place of the Royal samadhis of the original rulers. Also the Samadhi of Maharani Lilavati's mother is located in the Ram Temple near Hira Mahal.

Modern Nabha[edit]

In 1947, Nabha formed a part of Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU). At a subsequent reorganisation, Patiala was created as a district and Nabha formed a subdivision in Patiala District. The modern Nabha is a thriving, if somewhat dusty town (about 30 kilometres from Patiala).Nabha is famous hub of Combine harvester manufacturing units in India most notably Preet, Hira, Malkit, Darshan, Hind, M.S. etc. Nabha boasts of several institutions which are somewhat unusual for a town of this size.

  1. Punjab Public School (PPS), a nationally renowned school mainly for sportspersons and army officers.
  2. Govt. Ripudaman College Nabha
  3. D.A.V. Cent Public School, Govt. Model School, Dayanand Public School, Malwa Public School, G.B. International School, Indo British School etc. are well known schools.
  4. A factory of GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals Ltd (better known as Horlicks factory).
  5. Like many other cities of India, Nabha has landmarks called "gates" which roughly circumscribe the city. In Nabha, these are named Patiala Gate, Alhoran gate, Dulladi Gate, Mehs Gate and Bouran Gate.
  6. Indian Oil Gas Plant is situated at the outskirts of city on the Nabha–Bhawanigarh road.
  7. Bhai Kahan Singh Nabha, who some regard as a wonderful writer while some call him a radical who provoked terrorizing thoughts amongst sikh youth has a district Library named after him.
  8. Mehram publication, one of the leading house of 8 publications in Northern India
  9. Easyday, Sadar Bazar, Patiala Gate are famous shopping places frequented by people.
  10. Sarvpriya Hotel Restaurant and Sweets, Moti Mahal Delux, Bobby Chaat are famous eating joints.
  11. Many famous furniture showrooms are operating in city like Vinod, Punjab, Virdi furniture.


  1. ^ Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudi, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihasa (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Nabha
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

External links[edit]