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Nabha (Punjabi: ਨਾਭਾ) is a city and municipal council in the Patiala district to the south-west of the Indian state of Punjab. In 1998, the annual income of Nabha state was Rs 1,50,000/-.[1]

Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 30°22′N 76°09′E / 30.37°N 76.15°E / 30.37; 76.15Coordinates: 30°22′N 76°09′E / 30.37°N 76.15°E / 30.37; 76.15
Country  India
State Punjab
District Patiala
Elevation 246 m (807 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 61,953
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 147201
Vehicle registration PB-34

Princely State of Nabha[edit]

Main article: Nabha State

The town of Nabha was formerly the capital of the eponymous princely state in the British Raj. Its territories were scattered; one section, divided into twelve separate tracts, was interspersed among the territories of Patiala and Jind, in the east and south of the Punjab; the other section was in the extreme southeast of that province. The whole of the territories physically belonged to a plain; however, they varied in character from the great fertility of the Pawadh region to the aridity of the Rajputana desert.[citation needed] Nabha estate is a small city now


Nabha is located at 30°22′N 76°09′E / 30.37°N 76.15°E / 30.37; 76.15.[2] It has an average elevation of 246 metres (807 feet).


As of 2001 India census,[3] Nabha had a population of 61,953. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Nabha has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 69%. In Nabha, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Landmarks of the city[edit]

  1. Hira Mahal: Residence of the royal family. The gardens and orchards surrounding it have developed into the Hira Mahal Colony
  2. Qila Mubarak: Situated at the heart of the city, it has housed various government offices, including the courts
  3. Hira Singh Park: Now known as municipal park, near Duladdi Gate. The park is home to the statue of Maharaja Hira Singh
  4. Royal Samadhis: on circular road, built in memory of deceased rulers of Nabha, now in a state of disrepair
  5. The Courthouse of Nabha, the original residence of Wazir Ishwari Singh Katoch, Prime Minister of Kangra, father of Maharani Lilavati and cousin of Maharaja Sansar Chand of Kangra (father-in-law of Maharaja Ranjit Singh).
  6. Old Temple of Shri Hanuman Ji near Civil Hospital
  7. Old Temple of Attharan Bhuji Mata Rani (goddess with eighteen arms statue) Patiala Gate
  8. Shri Vedas Mandir in Sadar Bazar
  9. Gurdwara Dera Baba Ajaypal Singh famously known as Gurdwara Ghodhiyan Walla
  10. Mahtab Nagar Nabha (Named after Sardar Mehtab Singh Grewal, Mandi Minister with Nabha Maharaja Hira Singh Court)
  11. King George Silver Jubilee Park: Near Santoshi Mata Mandir, Dulladi Gate
  12. Jiwan Nursing Home: Near Kartarpura Mohalla
  13. Kali Mata Mandir: Near Dulladi Gate

Please note that there are two locations of Royal Samadhis, one is for the family of Hira Singh, the other, the original rulers of Nabha is located on the grounds of Punjab Public School, near the water tank, on what was originally known as Shyam Bagh (near Jamunawali Sark (Road)), there rests Maharaja Devinder Singh, his two sons, his wives, Maharani Lilavati, Maharani Mann Kaur and "Cheteanwali" Rani. Dr. Sumerendra Vir Singh Chauhan, from the family of Maharani Lilavati, and uncle of the present Raj Kumari of Nabha wife of Maharaja Pratap Singh's second son, is negotiating with the present authorities to allow for repairs to take place of the Royal samadhis of the original rulers. Also the Samadhi of Maharani Lilavati's mother is located in the Ram Temple near Hira Mahal.

Modern Nabha[edit]

In 1947, Nabha formed a part of Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU). At a subsequent reorganisation, Patiala was created as a district and Nabha formed a subdivision in Patiala District. The modern Nabha is a thriving, if somewhat dusty town (about 30 kilometres from Patiala). Nabha boasts of several institutions which are somewhat unusual for a town of this size:

  1. D.A.V. Cent Public School
  2. Dayanand Public School(Pandusar and Silver City, Nabha).
  3. Malwa Public School is a well-known English medium school.
  4. Punjab Public School (PPS)
  5. Govt. Ripudaman College Nabha
  6. Eye Infirmary, Nabha, a state of art eye hospital that caters the rural and urban population of it's area. An advanced centre for stitchless cataract, ophthalmic plastic, and squint surgery. Run by Dr. Ranjit S. Dhaliwal and Dr. Kunwar Vikram S. Dhaliwal.
  7. Dr. Dhaliwal's Skin Infirmary, Nabha. A complete skin care clinic run by Dr. Gagan Jot Kaur.
  8. A factory of Glaxo Smith Kline (better known as Horlicks factory).
  9. Preet Combine's And Tractors are also made in Nabha.
  10. Like many other cities of India, Nabha has landmarks called "gates" which roughly circumscribe the city. In Nabha, these are named Patiala Gate, Alhoran gate, Dulladi Gate, Mehs Gate and Bouran Gate.
  11. Indian Oil Gas Plant is situated at the outskirts of city on the Nabha – Bhawani garh Road.
  12. A Hanuman Temple in Modi Mill Colony Street No.1 .

Now Nabha is developing and many new Buildings are being build like Moti Mahal Delux etc.


  1. ^ Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudi, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihasa (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Nabha
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

External links[edit]