Nabi Bux Khan Baloch

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Nabi Bux Khan Baloch
Born (1917-12-16)December 16, 1917
Jaffer Khan Laghari village, Taluka Sinjhoro, Sanghar District, Sindh, Pakistan
Died April 6, 2011(2011-04-06) (aged 93)
Qasimabad, Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan
Cause of death
Cardiac arrest

Nabi Bux Khan Baloch (Sindhi: نبي بخش خان بلوچ) (December 16, 1917 – April 6, 2011) was a scholar of the Sindhi, Persian, Arabic, and Urdu languages. He wrote many books on Sindh's History and 42 volumes on Sindhi Folklore. In addition, he has compiled and published Sindhi dictionary in five volumes which has lately been revised in three volumes. He has also compiled Sindhi-to-Urdu, Urdu-to-Sindhi dictionaries co-authored with Ghulam Mustafa Khan. He has compiled works of Classical Sindhi poets including Shah Inayat Rizvi, Qadi Qadan, Khalifo Nabibakhsh, Hamal Faqir and compiled works of Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai in ten volumes.

Early life[edit]

Dr. Nabi Bux Baloch son of Ali Mohammad Khan Laghari Baloch born in 1917. Baloch was a revolutionary man. His birthplace was Sanghar but he did work for the world and especially for Sindh. He is a widely acclaimed Pakistani literary personality of the 21st century. His contribution for the ”Sindhi Loc Adab” is eminent and outstanding, nobody can compete and never has done before. His contribution for ” Sindhi Loc Adab” unveiled the history of Sindh from different aspects, The People of Sindh appreciate Dr.Baloch's work for the Urdu language and also for Sindhi cultural Heritage and History.

He was a great historian, scholar, literary, eminent educationist and analyst. He received international fame.

Pakistan have had very few scholars like Dr.Baloch. His vision was brought to life and his encyclopedic keen of vision and depth of his magnum opus “Lok Adab Scheme” in 42 volumes is still unparalleled in the field of culture, anthropology and heritage literature all over the world.

When Baloch was six years old his father died. Then his uncle Wali Mohammad Khan became guardian. In 1936, he passed metric exams from Bombay University. For further studies he attended Bahaa-U-Deen College at Johnagarh where he passed B.A in 1914. He went abroad to obtain higher education, and did his Ph.D from Columbia University in The United States.

After completing his education, United Nations offered him a job, but he refused and returned to his homeland. He visited Sindh, where he met with local residents, discussed and shared the ideas of education and literature. On This Excursion he collected history he also gave service for the Sindh government information department. When the government promoted him and sent to look after the issues of central east Sindh in the office of an ambassador. He gave priority to the work of education and research because of this he resigned from this post. After that he became professor of education department in University of Sindh Jamshoro. He was the first professor and head of the department of Sindhi and University of Sindh, Jamshoro.

In 1973, he became vice-chancellor of the University of Sindh, Jamshoro. In 1975-1976 he was awarded by “Nation Merit Professor.”

After the retirement of the education in 1977, he gave his services in culture, sports, tourism and other different departments.

Baloch's first critical research article was published in 1946, in which he elucidated that the first Arab expedition to Sindh took place in 15 A.A and not in 24 A.H as it is generally held by some scholars. Baloch being a scholar represented Pakistan on different international literary seminars, gathering and corner meetings. In this connection, he traveled to America, Canada and countries of the world.

Baloch edited historical books like “Lab tarikh Sindh” and “tareekh e Tahir” etc. Books related to history of Sindh like “Chach nama” “Tarekh e masomi” and other very important books. He also worked on Sindhi music.

He did research on the Shah Bhattai and after that he rearrangef “Shah jo risalo” and wrote many other books on Shah Abdul Bhittai like “Yaad e latif”, “Yaadgar latif” and many other research books. Baloch wrote books in six different languages.

In 1991, the Sindhi language authority was established by the government of Sindh and Baloch was invited join as its chairman. Baloch remained with this institution for a period of 27 months during which numerous works were published on multitude of topics pertaining the teaching and promotion of the Sindhi language.

During his tenure at Sindhi language authority he was also given the additional charge of minister for education in the caretaker government for a period of three months. Many departments have been established in the name of Dr Baloch.[citation needed]

Baloch's writing reached the highest standards in three main categories. First outstanding literary merit. Second the most highly original thinking in various branches of knowledge and third and deep spiritual insight. Dr Baloch also lost his wife in 2003.

Death[edit]

Baloch died of a cardiac arrest on 6 April 2011, at the age of 94, at his daughter's house in Qasimabad, Hyderabad He was a meticulous historian, a foresighted educationist and a pattern of regional art and crafts. He Leaves Behind his legacy, With his Children out of which one (Amna Baloch) is an foreign government official .

Bibliography[edit]

  • Sindhi Jami'a Lughaat (First edition in 5 volumes 1960-1988 published by Sindhi Adabi Board; 2nd revised edition in 3 volumes, published by Sindhi Language Authority 2004-2006 (third volume in Press))
  • Roshni, Sindhi to Sindhi one volume dictionary, 1998, published by Sindhi Language Authority
  • Sindhi Lok kahaniyoon (7 volumes, a number of editionions)
  • Madahoon Ain Munaajaatoon
  • Munaqibaa
  • Moajiza
  • Molood
  • Teeh Akhriyoon
  • Hafta Deinh Ratyoon Ain Maheena
  • Jang Naama
  • Waqiaati Bait
  • Munazira
  • Sindhi Senghar (Shairy)
  • Paroliyoon, Dunoon, Muamaoon Ain Bol
  • Gujhartoon
  • Door
  • Geech
  • lok Geet
  • Bait
  • Narr Ja Bait
  • Kafiyoon
  • Mashahoor Sindhi Qisa
  • Rasmoon Riwaj Ain Sanwan Saath
  • Sindhi Hunr Shairy
  • Kulyat-e-Hamal
  • Mubeen Shah Jo Kalam
  • Miyeen Shah Inaat [Inaayat] Jo Risalo
  • Khalifay Nabi Bakhsh Laghari Jo Risalo
  • Shah Lutfullah Qadri Jo Kalam
  • Nawab Wali Muhammad LAghari Jo Kalam
  • Kulyat-e-Sangi
  • Beylaain Jaa Bola
  • Laakho Phulani
  • Kazi Qazan Jo Kalam
  • Ragnamo
  • Soomran Jo Daur
  • Sindhi Mosiqee Je Mukhtasir Tarikh
  • Sindhi Boli Ain Adab Jee Tarikh
  • Sindhi Sooratkahti Ain Khatati
  • Gadah
  • Shah Abdul LAtif jo Risalo (10 volumes), 1989 to 1999, published by various publishers.

Books in other languages[edit]

  • Sindh Main Urdu Shairy (Urdu)
  • Molana Azad Subhani (Urdu)
  • Deewan-e-Matam (Urdu)
  • Deewan-e-Shuq-e-Afza or Deewan-e-Shair
  • Talaba Aur Taleem (Urdu)
  • Advent of Islam in Indonesia, 1980
  • Muslim Luminaries: Leaders of Religious, Intellectual and Political Revival in South Asia, 1988
  • Kabul Ki Diary (Memoirs of Mawlana Obaidullah Sindhi during his days of residence in Kabul, compiled by Mawlana Abdullah Laghari, edited by N. A. Baloch
  • Sindh: Studies Historical (English)
  • Sindh: Studies Cultural (English)
  • Traditional Arts & Crafts of Hyderabad Region (Sindh, 1966, Mehran Arts Council)
  • Musical Instruments of the Lower Indus Valley of Sindh, 1966, Mehran Arts Council Hyderabad
  • Gosha-e-Baloch, published by Urdu Department, University of Sindh
  • Chachnama edited and translated into English (Persian, English)
  • Baqiyaat az Kalhora (Persian)
  • Beglar Naama by Idraki Beglari (Persian)
  • Takmilatul- Takmilah, Addendum to Qania's Maqalatush-Shu'raa and Takmilla of Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil, published by Arts Faculty, Allama I.I. Kazi Campus, Sindh University, 2007 (Persian text, Sindhi preface)

See also[edit]