Nabidh is a drink traditionally made from fruits such as raisins/grapes or dates. Nabidh may be non intoxicating, mildy intoxicating, or heavily intoxicating depending on the level of fermentation.
Abu Hurayrah says of the drink:
I knew that the Apostle of Allah used to keep fast. I waited for the day when he did not fast to present him the drink (nabidh) which I made in a pumpkin. I then brought it to him while it fermented. He said: Throw it to this wall, for this is a drink of the one who does not believe in Allah and the Last Day. 
However, nabidh is allowed in the Hanafi madhhab in non-intoxicating amounts.
Rufus of Ephesus (fl. 100 AD) wrote a tract on the beverage Nabîdh, which Qusta ibn Luqa in his times translated into Arabic by the name Risâlah fī al-Nabidh. In 2007, after collecting and collating copies of this manuscript from different libraries across the world, Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman again reintroduced and published this rare work in Urdu and Arabic.
Arab writer Ibn Fadlan states that nabidh was drunk by the Vikings. It was brewed for ten days, was probably alcohol-based, and may have included henbane, cannabis, and/or opium. Fadlan also describes the drink being given to female slaves who were to be sacrificed by strangulation and stabbing during a ship burial ceremony.
- Sunan Abu Dawud, Book 26, Number 3707
- Risâlah fī al-Nabidh of Qustâ bin Lûqâ, Introduced by Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman, Supplement to 'Studies in the History of Medicine and Science' (SHMS), Jamia Hamdard, Vol. IX (1985), pp.185-201
- Risâlah fī al-Nabidh by Qustâ bin Lûqâ, Tajdid-i Tibb (Volume 1), Department of Kulliyat, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, March 1988, page 55-70
- Risâlah fī al-Nabidh, (Arabic translation of Qusta ibn Luqa by Rufus. Edited with translation and commentary by Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman, Ibn Sina Academy of Medieval Medicine and Sciences, Aligarh, 2007 (ISBN 978-81-901362-7-3)
- Taylor, Timothy. The Buried Soul, Beacon Press, 2002, p. 175-176
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