|Speaker of the Parliament of Lebanon|
20 October 1992 – present
|Preceded by||Hussein el-Husseini|
28 January 1938 |
Bo, Sierra Leone
|Political party||Amal Movement|
|Religion||Twelver Shia Islam|
Early life and education
Berri went to school in Tebnine and Ain Ebel in southern Lebanon, then continued his education in Bint Jbeil and Jaafariya supplementary schools in southern Lebanon and later studied at the Makassed and the Ecole de la Sagesse in Beirut. He graduated top of his class with a Law degree from the Lebanese University in 1963, where he had served as the student body president, and became a lawyer at the Court of Appeals. He also graduated from Paris-Sorbonne University in France.
During 1963, Berri was elected as president of the National Union of Lebanese Students, and participated to student and political conferences. During his early career he became a lawyer at the Court of Appeals. In the early 1970s, Berri worked in Beirut as a lawyer for several companies.
In 1980, Berri was elected leader of the Amal Movement, leading the resistance against the Israeli occupation of Lebanon. He remains president until today due to fact that the general conferences of Amal Movement reelected him each time as head of the Movement. He was the key player of the Intifada of 6 February 1984 against the sectarian regime, an uprising which produced the Taif Agreement between the Lebanese parties.
Berri also joined the National Unity government as minister of state for South Lebanon and reconstruction under Prime Minister Rashid Karami in May 1984. He also served as the minister of housing and co-operatives.
Later political career
Berri served as a cabinet minister from 1984 till 1992:
- April 30, 1984 to September 22, 1988: Minister of Justice in the government of Rashid Karami.
- November 25, 1989 to December 24, 1990: Minister of Hydraulic& Electric Resources in the government of Selim Hoss.
- November 25, 1989 to December 24, 1990: Minister of Housing& Cooperatives in the government of Selim Hoss.
- May 16, 1992 to October 31, 1992: Minister of state in the government of Rachid Solh.
Berri headed the list of "Liberation" in the parliamentary elections that took place in southern Lebanon on 6 September 1992, which was won in full. The other lists he headed were "Liberation and Development" in the parliamentary elections on 8 September 1996, which was won in full. Since 1992 he chairs the Liberation and Development parliamentary bloc.
Berri headed the list of "Resistance and Development" in the parliamentary elections that took place in southern Lebanon on 3 September 2000, which was won in full. He also headed the list of Liberation and Development in the parliamentary elections which took place in June 2005, which was won in full. Currently, Berri heads the list of "Liberation and Development" in the parliamentary elections on June 7, 2009. All the members of the Bloc won the elections on 2009.
Speaker Nabih Berri was always and still a big supporter of the dialogue between all the Lebanese parties, religions and sects, during the last national dialogue session in May 2014, Speaker Nabih Berri has stressed that "power-sharing between Christians and Muslims in Lebanon would not change under any circumstance saying he was speaking on behalf of Shiites, Sunnis and Druze".
Speaker of the Parliament of Lebanon
He was elected Speaker of the parliament of Lebanon for the first time on 20 October 1992 (105 votes out of 124 votes). He was re-elected for a second time on 22 October 1996 (122 votes out of 126 votes). He was elected to the same post three more times on 17 October 2000 unanimously (124 votes out of 126 votes), on 28 June 2005 (90 votes out of 126 votes) and on 25 June 2009 (90 votes out of 127 votes)
During his time at office, several laws were passed, notably the laws regarding Public Freedoms (Human rights, rights of the disabled, women's rights). He is the biggest supporter of the Abolition of political sectarianism, Strengthening the independence of the judiciary system, strengthening public institutions and municipalities and restoring the role of the Economic and Social Council. He is a supporter of a modern electoral law on the basis of relativity.
Since 1999, he chairs the Arab Parliament Committee in charge of disclosing the Israeli crimes against Arab civilians. On 3 June 2003, he was elected president of the Arab Parliament and handed the presidency in Damascus on March 1, 2004 for a period of two years. He was elected president of the Council of the Parliamentary Union of the Member States.
Nabih berri is married to Randa Assi Berri.
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