Nabih Berri

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Nabih Berri
Nabih Berri.jpg
Speaker of the Parliament of Lebanon
In office
20 October 1992 – present
President Elias Hrawi
Émile Lahoud
Michel Sleiman
Preceded by Hussein el-Husseini
Personal details
Born (1938-01-28) 28 January 1938 (age 76)
Bo, Sierra Leone
Nationality Lebanese
Political party Amal Movement
Spouse(s) Randa Berri
Religion Shia Islam

Nabih Berri (Arabic: نبيه بري‎; born 28 January 1938) is the Speaker of the Parliament of Lebanon. He heads the Shi'a Amal Movement.[1][2]

Early life and education[edit]

He was born in Bo, Sierra Leone to Lebanese parents on 28 January 1938.[3]

Berri went to school in Tebnine and Ain Ebel in southern Lebanon, then continued his education in Bint Jbeil and Jaafariya supplementary schools in southern Lebanon and later studied at the Makassed and the Ecole de la Sagesse in Beirut. He graduated top of his class with a Law degree from the Lebanese University in 1963, where he had served as the student body president, and became a lawyer at the Court of Appeals. He also graduated from Paris-Sorbonne University in France.[citation needed] During the 1960s, he joined the Arab Nationalist Movement.

Early career[edit]

During 1963, Berri was elected as president of the National Union of Lebanese Students, and participated to student and political conferences. During his early career he became a lawyer at the Court of Appeals. In the early 1970s, Berri worked in Beirut as a lawyer for several companies.

In 1980, Berri was elected leader of the Amal Movement.

Berri also joined the National Unity government as minister of state for South Lebanon and reconstruction under Prime Minister Rashid Karami in May 1984.[4] He also served as the minister of housing and co-operatives.

Later political career[edit]

Berri again served as a cabinet minister from 1989 to 1992. He is reported to have the biggest influence in the Lebanese government formed after the Taif Accord.[5] He became elected speaker of the National Assembly on 20 November 1992 at the head of the "Liberation of the South Movement" list. On 8 September 1996, his list, the Liberation and Development, won the legislative elections and he was once again re-elected Speaker. In the general elections of 2000, he won the seat of Zahrani, the first district of south Lebanon.[6]

On 3 June 2003, Berri was elected President of the Arab Parliament, which he assumed on 1 March the following year. In the 2009 general elections, he also won a seat from Zahrani as part of the 8 March alliance list.[7]

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Lebanon

Currently Berri headed the list of "Resistance and Development" in the parliamentary elections that took place in southern Lebanon on 3 September 2000, which was won in full. He also headed the list of "Liberation" in the parliamentary elections that took place in southern Lebanon on 6 September 1992, which was won in full. The other lists he headed were "Liberation and Development" in the parliamentary elections on 8 September 1996, which was won in full, "Liberation and Development" in the parliamentary elections which took place in June 2005, which was won in full. Since 1992 he chairs the "Liberation and Development" parliamentary bloc.

Speaker of the Parliament of Lebanon[edit]

He was elected to the Lebanese Parliament for the first time on 20 October 1992 (105 votes out of 124 votes). He was re-elected for a second time on 22 October 1996 (122 votes out of 126 votes). He was elected to the same post three more times on 17 October 2000 unanimously (124 votes out of 126 votes), on 28 June 2005 (90 votes out of 126 votes)[8] and on 25 June 2009 (90 votes out of 127 votes)[9]

Arab World[edit]

Berri headed since 1999 Arab Parliamentary Committee. On 3 June 2003, he was elected president of the Arab Parliamentary Union and handed the presidency in Damascus on 3 January 2004 for a period of two years. He was elected president of the Council of the Parliamentary Union of the Member States of the

Personal life[edit]

Nabih berri is married to Randa Assi Berri.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fandy, Mamoun (2007). (Un)civil war of words: media and politics in the Arab world. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 75. ISBN 978-0-275-99393-1. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  2. ^ Nir, Omri (15 February 2011). Nabih Berri and Lebanese Politics. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-10535-5. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  3. ^ "Nabih Berri". Wars of Lebanon. Retrieved 27 January 2013. 
  4. ^ Owen, Roger (October 1984). "The Lebanese Crisis: Fragmentation or Reconciliation?". Third World Quarterly 6 (4): 934–949. Retrieved 11 March 2013. 
  5. ^ Haddad, Simon (April 2002). "Cultural diversity and sectarian attitudes in postwar Lebanon". Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 28 (2): 291–306. Retrieved 3 July 2012. 
  6. ^ "Opposition Candidates Win Elections". APS Diplomat Recorder. 9 September 2000. Retrieved 10 March 2013. 
  7. ^ "New parliament composition". Lebanese Information Center. Retrieved 21 January 2013. 
  8. ^ Mallat, Chibli. Lebanon's Cedar Revolution An essay on non-violence and justice. Mallat. p. 122. 
  9. ^ "Nabih Berry Biography". 
  10. ^ Gambill, Gary C.; Ziad K. Abdelnour (July 2001). "Dossier: Rafiq Hariri". Middle East Intelligence Bulletin 3 (7). Retrieved 17 March 2013.