Nabu-nadin-zeri

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Nabû-nādin-zēri
King of Babylon
Reign 733 – 732 BC
Predecessor Nabû-Nasir
Successor Nabû-šuma-ukīn II
Royal house Dynasty of E
(mixed dynasties)

Nabû-nādin-zēri, inscribed m[dNa]bû-nādìn-zēri in the King List A,[i 1] the only place his full name is given, and Na-di-nu or Na-din in the Chronicle on the Reigns from Nabû-Nasir to Šamaš-šuma-ukin known as Chronicle 1,[i 2] was the king of Babylon (733-732 BC), son and successor of Nabû-Nasir (747-734 BC). The Ptolemaic Canon gives his name as Νάδιος or Νάβιος, similar to the Chronicle version of his name.[1]

Biography[edit]

He was the only king to succeed his father to the Babylonian throne between the years 810 and 626 BC and his accession followed shortly after the first incursions of the newly emboldened Neo-Assyrian state. He was one of the kings who were contemporary with Tukultī-apil-Ešarra III, the Assyrian king who would later (729 BC) go on to conquer Babylon. In the second year of his reign, he was toppled and killed (dīk) in an insurrection led by a provincial official (bēl pīḫati) named Nabû-šuma-ukīn, who inturn was to retain the throne for little more than one month. There are no known texts from his reign.[2] The overthrow of his dynasty and its replacement by a usurper may have provided Tukultī-apil-Ešarra with the excuse to invade.[3]

Inscriptions[edit]

  1. ^ Kinglist A, BM 33332 iv.
  2. ^ Chronicle 1, I 13–15.

References[edit]

  1. ^ A. K. Grayson (1975). Assyrian and Babylonian chronicles. J. J. Augustin. p. 229. 
  2. ^ J. A. Brinkman (2001). "Nabû-nādin-zēri". In Erich Ebeling, Bruno Meissner, Dietz Otto Edzard. Reallexikon der Assyriologie und vorderasiatischen Archäologie: Nab-Nuzi. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 29 –30. 
  3. ^ J. A. Brinkman (1984). Prelude to Empire: Babylonian Society and Politics, 747-626 B.C. 7. Philadelphia: Occasional Publications of the Babylonian Fund. pp. 41–42.