Nader Engheta

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Nader Engheta
Nader Engheta
photo taken in December 2010
Born (1955-10-08)October 8, 1955
Tehran, Iran
Residence United States of America
Fields Physics, Electrical Engineering
Institutions University of Pennsylvania
Alma mater California Institute of Technology and University of Tehran
Doctoral advisor Charles H. Papas

Nader Engheta (Persian: نادر انقطاع‎) (born October 8, 1955 in Tehran) is an Iranian-American scientist. He is currently the H. Nedwill Ramsey Professor at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, affiliated with the departments of Electrical and Systems Engineering, Bioengineering, and Physics and Astronomy.

He has made significant contributions to the fields of metamaterials, transformation optics, plasmonic optics, nanophotonics, graphene photonics, nano-materials, nanoscale optics, nanoantennas and miniaturized antennas, physics and reverse-engineering of polarization vision in nature, bio-inspired optical imaging, fractional paradigm in electrodynamics, and electromagnetics and microwaves.[1][2][3]

He is the originator of the new area of optical metatronics, i.e., metamaterial-based optical nano circuitry, in which properly designed nano structures function as "lumped' optical circuit elements such as optical capacitors, optical inductors and optical resistors.[4][5][6] These are the building blocks for the metatronic circuits operating with light. This concept has been recently verified and realized experimentally by him and his research group at the University of Pennsylvania.[7] This provides a new circuit paradigm for information processing at the nanoscale.

He and his group have pioneered and developed several exciting areas and concepts in the fields of metamaterials and plasmonic optics, including, (1) ‘extreme-parameter metamaterials’ and 'epsilon-near-zero (ENZ) metamaterials';[8] (2) the concept of Omega structures, as one of the building blocks of structured materials,;[9][10] (3) ultrathin cavities and waveguides, with sizes beyond diffraction limits, providing possibilities for unprecedented miniaturization of devices;[11] (4) supercoupling phenomena between waveguides using low-permittivity ENZ metamaterials,;[12][13] (5) extended Purcell effects in nano-optics using the ENZ phenomena, in which enhanced photon density of states occurs in a relatively large area with essentially uniform phase;[14] (6) far-field subwavelength imaging lens based on ENZ hyperbolic metamaterials;[15] (7) scattering-cancellation-based plasmonic cloaking and transparency,;[16][17] (8) merging the field of graphene with the field of metamaterials and plasmonic optics in infrared regime, providing the roadmaps for one-atom-thick optical devices and one-atom-thick information processing,;[18][19] (9) microwave artificial chirality;[20] (10) “signal-processing” metamaterials and “meta-machine”, and (11) “digital” metamaterials.

He earned his Masters and PhD degrees from the California Institute of Technology, and his B.S. degree from the school of engineering (Fanni) of the University of Tehran. Professor Engheta moved to the United States of America in 1978 ,[citation needed] and he and his family currently live in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.[21]

Awards and honors[edit]

Professor Engheta has received the following honors and awards:[22]

  • IEEE Electromagnetics Award (2012)
  • Fellow of the SPIE- The International Society for Optical Engineering (since 2011)
  • Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) (since 2010)
  • Fellow of the American Physical Society (APS) (since November 2008)
  • Fellow of the Optical Society of America (OSA) (since March 1999)
  • Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IEEE (since January 1996)
  • Recipient of the George H. Heilmeier Faculty Award 2008 for Excellence in Research
  • In Scientific American Magazine List of 50 Leaders in Science and Technology, 2006 [23]
  • Endowed Scholarly H. Nedwill Ramsey Professorship, U. of Pennsylvania, January 2005 – present
  • IEEE Third Millennium Medal
  • Guggenheim Fellowship (1999)
  • UPS Foundation Distinguished Educator term Chair
  • Fulbright Naples Chair Award (1998)
  • S. Reid Warren Jr. Award (two times: 1993 and 2001)
  • IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society (AP-S) Distinguished Lecturer for 1997-1999
  • W. M. Keck Foundation's Engineering Teaching Excellence Award (1995)
  • Christian F. and Mary R. Lindback Foundation Award (1994)
  • NSF Presidential Young Investigator (PYI) Award (1989)
  • Frequent plenary and keynote speaker at many conferences

Books[edit]

Recent Publications[edit]

Press Releases and News Media Reports[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ University of Pennsylvania. ScholarlyCommons: Repository. Author Nader Engheta.
  2. ^ Research Interests. University of Pennsylvania. February 2011.
  3. ^ "Research Interests" (web page). U Penn. Retrieved 2012-06-23. 
  4. ^ N. Engheta, "Circuits with Light at Nanoscales: Optical Nanocircuits Inspired by Metamaterials”, Science, Vol. 317, pp. 1698-1702, September 21, 2007
  5. ^ N. Engheta, "Taming Light at the Nanoscale,” Physics World , Vol. 23, No. 9, pp. 31-34, September 2010
  6. ^ N. Engheta, A. Salandrino, A. Alu, “Circuit Elements at Optical Frequencies: Nanoinductor, Nanocapacitor, and Nanoresistor,” Physical Review Letters, Vol. 95, 095504, August 26, 2005
  7. ^ Y. Sun, B. Edwards, A. Alu, and N. Engheta, “Experimental Realization of Optical Lumped Nanocircuit Elements at Infrared Wavelengths,” Nature Materials, Vol. 11, pp. 208-212, March 2012
  8. ^ M. G. Silveirinha and N. Engheta, “Tunneling of Electromagnetic Energy through Sub-Wavelength Channels and Bends Using Epsilon-Near-Zero (ENZ) Materials,” Physical Review Letters, 97, 157403, October 2006
  9. ^ M. M. I. Saadoun and N. Engheta, "A Reciprocal Phase Shifter Using Novel Pseudochiral or omega medium," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 184-188, April 1992
  10. ^ M. M. I. Saadoun and N. Engheta, "Theoretical Study of Electromagnetic Properties of Non-Local Omega Media" a chapter in Progress in Electromagnetics Research (PIER) Monograph Series, Vol. 9 on Bianisotropic and Bi-Isotropic Media and Applications, Alain Priou (ed.), December 1994, ch. 15, pp. 351-397
  11. ^ N. Engheta, “An Idea for Thin, Subwavelength Cavity Resonators Using Metamaterials with Negative Permittivity and Permeability,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters. Vol. 1, pp. 10-13, 2002
  12. ^ B. Edwards, A. Alu, M. Young, M. Silveirinha, and N. Engheta, “Experimental Verification of Epsilon-Near-Zero Metamaterial Coupling and Energy Squeezing Using a Microwave Waveguide”, Physical Review Letters, 100, 033903, January 25, 2008
  13. ^ B. Edwards, A. Alu, M. Silveirinha and N. Engheta, “Reflectionless Sharp Bends and Corners in Waveguides Using Epsilon-Near-Zero Effects,” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 105, 044905, February 18, 2009
  14. ^ A. Alu and N. Engheta, “Boosting Molecular Fluorescence with a Plasmonic Nanolauncher,” Physical Review Letters, 103, 043902, July 21, 2009
  15. ^ A. Salandrino and N. Engheta, “Far-Field Subdiffraction Optical Microscopy Using Metamaterial Crystals: Theory and Simulations,” Physical Review B, Vol. 74, 075103, August 2006
  16. ^ A. Alu and N. Engheta, “Achieving Transparency with Metamaterial and Plasmonic Coatings,” Physical Review E, vol. 72, 016623, 2005
  17. ^ B. Edwards, A. Alu, M. Silveirinha, and N. Engheta, “Experimental Verification of Plasmonic Cloaking at Microwave Frequencies with Metamaterials,” Physical Review Letters, 103, 153901, October 6, 2009
  18. ^ A. Vakil and N. Engheta, “Transformation Optics Using Graphene,” Science, Vol. 332, pp. 1291-1294, June 10, 2011
  19. ^ A. Vakil, N. Engheta, “Fourier Optics on Graphene,” Physical Review B, 85, 075434, February 27, 2012
  20. ^ N. Engheta and P. Pelet, "Modes in Chirowaveguides," Optics Letters, Vol. 14, No. 11, 593-595, June 1989
  21. ^ "Narrative Biography" (web page). U Penn. Retrieved 2012-06-23. 
  22. ^ Professor Engheta. "Recent Honors and Distinctions" (web page). University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved 2012-06-23. 
  23. ^ http://www.payvand.com/news/06/dec/1035.html Dr. Nader Engheta in Scientific American 50 list

See also[edit]