Nadiad

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Nadiad
Sakshar Bhumi- The land of Educated
city
Santram Mandir, Nadiad during Dev Diwali Celebration in 2008
Santram Mandir, Nadiad during Dev Diwali Celebration in 2008
Nadiad is located in Gujarat
Nadiad
Nadiad
Coordinates: 22°42′N 72°52′E / 22.7°N 72.87°E / 22.7; 72.87Coordinates: 22°42′N 72°52′E / 22.7°N 72.87°E / 22.7; 72.87
Country India
State Gujarat
District Kheda
Government
 • Mayor Pankaj Desai
Area
 • Total 45.16 km2 (17.44 sq mi)
Elevation 35 m (115 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 225,132
 • Density 5,000/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 387 001,387 002
Telephone code 0268
Vehicle registration GJ-7
Website nadiadmunicipality.com

Nadiad is a city and an administrative center of the Kheda district in the Indian state of Gujarat.

History of Establishment[edit]

The city of Nadiad is said to have been settled by rope dancers, hence the historical name of "Natapadra" (outskirts of/for natas) or "Natpur" (city for natas). It is also referred to as 'Nandgam'. The city has nine routes, and on each route there is a step well. The city is also well known for the number 9: there are 9 villages or towns located to all the 9 roads that exit from Nadiad; 9 step wells around the city; and 9 lakes in the city. Nadiad was also known as 'Shakshar Bhumi' - The land of educated.

The city was formerly ruled by Muslims, and later on by the Gayakwad of Baroda. Malhar Rao Gayakwad built the first Hindu temple called Narayan Dev Mandir located in the center of the city.

Vikram Samvat 1213, about 1156AD, the first Patidar named Jesti Patel, the forefather of Patidars of Kakarkhad, Alhadvago, Ratanji Hirji and Lakhawad. Kheta Patel who came to Nadiad in Samvat 1516. History of the Patidars is the witness of how some of the Patidars becomes Desai. A place in Nadiad has been known as "Desaivago" (Where Desais live in). The Patidar of Samdi Chakla are from Lakhawad pati. The resident of Manordas ni Khadki are the heirs of Kakarkhad. The Patidars of Desaivago were the descendants of Kheta Patel. Vaghjibhai Samaldas Desai constructed a pond named Kheta Talav in 1798. In 1800, he was honored by Gaekwad and given the title "Desai". Haridas Viharidas Desai and Bechardas Viharidas Desai were the Diwans of Junagadh. They lived at Nadiad ni haveli which has 249 rooms and was constructed in 1783. They are distinguished as Bhao Shaeb (respected brother in Maharastra). Dharamsinh Desai was a member of the Indian Parliament and a well-known industrialist. He established many heavy and light industries and was a major contributor to the Dharamsinh Desai University in Nadiad. Dr. Narendra Dharmsinh Desai followed in his father's footsteps and established an electronic industry as well as the Dharamsinh Agricultural and Industrial Research Foundation.

It is said that during the reign of Ramalhad, Nadiad was ruled by seven patis. Around Salun Boarder and mosque was the ‘jagir’ (property) of Jerambhai Bechardas, was the area of Sidibaxi. Ramaldhad’s ‘pati’ located in Alhadvaga. These ‘patis’ suggest that the people living in these areas are ‘Patidars’ who are the main agricultural landlords of Kheda district. The government revenue department has based its revenue system on thiese. The following are the seven ‘patis’: alad pati.kakarkhad pati, chaklashi pati ‘ lakhavaad pati, hirjee pati ‘ ratanjee pati and killedari pati

Besides Patidar, other communities such as Brahmbhatts, Brahmins, Vaniks, and Muslims also contributed in the development of Nadiad. Patel's from Mota-pore, Vachewad and Nana-pore,Sunni Vohras of Muslims community from Vhorwad & Society areas, are now among the new generation who are contributing towards the development of Nadiad. Nadiad was mainly established by Nagars, the eminent caste in Gujarat and not by patidars as everybody knows that Nadiad is known as "shakshar bhumi" not only because of Nagars but because there are 9 shakshars (highly knowledgeable and highly qualified) and all of them are Nagars; they are highly respectable not only in Nadiad but in whole world. Poets like Govardhanram Tripathi and Mast Kavi are Nagars.

Nadiad "Bhausaheb Ni Haveli" has 249 rooms in the house, which is less by just 91 rooms than the "Rashtrapati Bhavan" in New Delhi; this prestigious haveli belonged to Bhausaheb during the pre-independence era where Swami Vivekanand has stayed and Mahatma Gandhi has stayed for a night during the "Satyagrah".

The town has made important contributions in the field of freedom struggle, pioneering journalism, educational activities and jurisprudence. Ravjibhai Patel of Azad pole, Mohanlal Shah and Champaklal Shah of Manordas ni Khadki were the freedom fighters. To support the armed struggle against the British, Mr. Ravji Patel participated in robbery of Post office, he buried his gun used in the robbery in the Bhani Kui of his farm land. The Patels of Manordas Ni Khadki was the most educated community in those days. Sundarlal Nathalal Joshi was one of the well-known medical (vaidyaraj) professionals around, he contributed towards ayurvedic medicine in Gujarat. Ayurvedic College of Nadiad and Sundar Pharmacy is testament of his efforts towards it. He was a known freedom fighter and patriot. The small members were engineer, doctors, translators of Indian scriptures. Shankarlal Galabhai was the last Mukhi who ran the Kakarkhad pati from office opposite to Manordas ni Khaki and was not appreciated by the majority members of Kakakhad! Mr. Chunibhai Patel was the one who designed the drainage and water system of Nadiad.

Mahatma Gandhi had started his first ‘satyagraha’ movement upon his return from South Africa at nowhere else but in the district of Kheda and had resided in the alms-house of Nadiad.

Geography[edit]

Nadiad is located at 22°42′N 72°52′E / 22.7°N 72.87°E / 22.7; 72.87.[1] It has an average elevation of 35 metres (114 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Nadiad had a population of 192,799. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Nadiad has an average literacy rate of 95%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 96%, and female literacy is 94%. In Nadiad, 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Scholars and Personalities[edit]

The seat of Santarm Maharaj and the Santram Mandir are important not only for its religious following, but for the public service activities undertaken there, such as free medical care for low-income individuals and feeding programs for the poor and sadhus.

Nadiad was also the land of laureates and literatures during the later years of l9th century and beginning of the 20th. The author of the epic Gujarati novel 'Saraswatichandra', Govardhanram Tripathi,

Indulal Yagnika freedom fighter and writer who lead Mahagujarat Movement demanding separate statehood to Gujarat was born here.

Nadiad is also the birthplace of freedom fighter, statesman, and first Deputy Prime Minister of India, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, JD. Shree Praful Patel, The Minister of Civil Aviation is from Nadiad. Dinsha Patel, the M.P. from Nadiad is the current Independent Union Minister of State in the Ministry of Mines.

Pujya Mota was a spiritual leader from Nadiad.

Cinemas and entertainment[edit]

Cinemas halls in the city include Cinex Cinema, Vaishali, Panda, Alka, Rajhans Multiplex, Paras and Globe. One phenomenon that has gained popularity is the establishment of "party plots". These are giant sized parcels of land which allow individuals to congregate for festive occasions such as weddings.

Tourism[edit]

Santram Mandir,Mai Mandir famous for its carvings, is located in Nadiad. The 700 year old Sri Raxeshwar Mahadev Mandir, dedicated to Lord Shiva, is till date served by a living Saint. The 110 years old Methodist Church and Methodist mission hospital are also a worth a visit. The school for deaf and mute and Badhir Garden are also points of attraction.

Shri Mai Mandir is 135ft. of height in which there is a darshan of different type of 51 idols and 18 coats. The stanzas of Shri Chandipath is text graphed on marble and been placed on the surrounding inner walls of temple. There are 108 spire pots. There is a Maha Shree Yantra of Silver and Gold, this might be the biggest and single one in the world with the height of more than 4 ft. and 275 kg.

The Mahakali Mataji Mandir at the entrance of the city from National Express way 1 is approximately 255 years old and was built by the Bhao Saheb Desai family. Shree Mota Narayandev Mandir and the Bhairav Mandir are additional historic Hindu Temples located in Nadiad

Education[edit]

Some of the major educational institutes located in Nadiad are:

  • Dharamsinh Desai University
  • J. S. Patel Ayurvedic College
  • Dinsha Patel College of Nursing
  • J & J College of Science
  • C. B. Patel Arts College
  • Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan
  • T J Patel Commerce College
  • I.V.Patel college of Commerce
  • SNV International School
  • Shree Swami Vivekanand Vidya Vihar
  • English Teaching School(ETS)
  • Sharda Mandir School
  • Knowledge High School
  • SANSKAR VIDYALAYA SCHOOL
  • St. Mary's High School [1]
  • Jeevan Vikas High School
  • St Anne's High School
  • S.G.Brahmbhatt Badhir School
  • NEW ENGLISH SCHOOL(NES)
  • St. Ursula English Medium School, Dabhan
  • Unique School Of Science
  • Maharshi Dayanand Saraswati School

Industry[edit]

Nowadays information technology company Perfect Software is spreading its wings world wide. Nadiad, the town is the home of the automotive parts tycoon- C.M.Smith and Sons Ltd. Nadiad in its early days was famous for its mills and the famous of them was the company Mafatlal.

References[edit]

External links[edit]