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|Local authority||Lower Hutt City|
|Train station(s)||Naenae Railway Station|
Naenae (//, occasionally spelt NaeNae) is a suburb of the city of Lower Hutt in the North Island of New Zealand. It lies on the eastern edge of the floodplain of the Hutt River, four kilometres from the Lower Hutt Central business district. A small tributary of the Hutt, the Waiwhetu Stream, flows through the suburb.
Naenae has a population of around 8,000 people. It has several schools, including Naenae College (previously the second largest in Lower Hutt), Naenae Intermediate, Naenae Primary, Rata Street School, St. Bernadettes' and Wa Ora Montessori.
Naenae's shopping centre contains an Olympic-size swimming-pool, built when New Zealand hosted an international diving championships. The pool has three diving boards. Originally open-air, the complex gained a roof due to overwhelming public support, making it accessible all year round. A hydroslide adjacent to the main pool attracts more people. The toddlers' paddling pool remained open-air for a few years more.
Naenae or nae-nae is a translation from the Māori, meaning "mosquito" or "sandfly", recalling a time prior to the draining of the area, when the mosquito population predominated.
As Lower Hutt expanded after the end of World War II in 1945, the Labour government under Peter Fraser selected Naenae as an ideal site to become a "designer community", a model suburb of sorts, where a suburban state housing estate would complement a substantial shopping centre. This community centre would serve as a social hub for the greater area. The planners hoped that nuclear family life could manifest itself in such a scheme. Due to the increasing urbanisation of New Zealand, demand for housing outstripped the need for such centres, leaving the scheme only partially realised.
Naenae's post-modern Post Office officially opened in 1966, paying homage to the Art Deco era Main Post Office in Lower Hutt town centre.
A re-zoning of Naenae made it partly industrial in the 1960s, but it was principally a residential area. At its peak, Naenae boasted two manufacturers with strong Dutch connections:
- Philips, which produced televisions and radios, see pictures here. This industry closed down during the 1980s: Resene Paints now[update] occupies the buildings.
- Rembrandt Suits Ltd, formed following the Second World War by Dutch tailors. It now[update] exports mainly to Australia, and has major contracts throughout the world.
A recent article in the local Hutt News newspaper outlined some of the problems with the subway that connects Naenae centre to the railway station and Avalon. Many students of Naenae College and Naenae Intermediate use this subway to get to and from school. In recent times violent crimes and assaults have occurred within the subway, obliging the Principal of Naenae Intermediate to patrol the area. In 2009 security cameras were installed and a poorly lit stairway was closed off.
In 2012 due to demographic profiling Naenae was a pilot area for a Neighbourhood Policing team, an in depth charter of Police dedicated to addressing the concerns of the community. In a short 12-month period to early 2013 there has been a dramatic drop in youth disorder, damage and graffiti offences.
Despite considerable investment and think-tanks on how to bolster the faltering local economy, Naenae has faced a steady decline since about 1980. In recent[update] times the demographics of the suburb have shifted significantly. Following the post-war baby-boom period, many of the parents of these children remained in Naenae, eventually progressing to pensioner status. As these people died, many migrants — predominately Pacific Islanders, but later including Somalis — replaced them. National economic difficulties have seen teenagers and young adults prone to violence and other criminal acts.
Naenae now[update] has a stagnant population. Statisticians predict minimal growth over the next decade[update], combined with an overall lower than average household income in comparison to the greater Wellington region.
According to the 2001 census, Naenae has approximately 7,150m2 retail floor-space, four times the economically viable amount sustainable by the local population. This retail space is mainly filled with takeaway shops and a pool, a library and some secondhand shops. There is also a supermarket, a large Bunnings Hardware/Homewares and petrol station.
Naenae has four schools.
- Naenae School is a state contributing primary (Year 1–6) school serving the southern half of the suburb. It has 129 students as of March 2014.
- Rata Street School is a state contributing primary (Year 1–6) school serving the northern half of the suburb. It has 342 students as of March 2014.
- St Bernadette's School is a state-integrated Catholic full primary (Year 1–6) school. It has 120 students as of March 2014.
- Wa Ora Montessori School is a state-integrated Montessori composite (Year 1–10) school. It has 190 students as of March 2014.
State intermediate students (Year 7–8) and secondary students (Year 9–13) are served by Naenae Intermediate School and Naenae College respectively, which despite their names are located in the adjacent suburb of Avalon.
- Hutt City Council - 2006 Hutt City Demographic Profile Retrieved: 7 January 2009
- Bowman, Ian. "The challenge of change: dealing with the legacy of the modern movement". Translating the New Old-World into the New New-World - Reassessing Ernst Plischke's plan for Naenae, Lower Hutt, New Zealand. Retrieved 4/05/2011.
- "The Importance of Being Ernst". New Zealand Historic Places Trust. Retrieved 4/05/2011.
- "Directory of Schools - as at 1 April 2014". New Zealand Ministry of Education. Retrieved 3 April 2014.