Nafeez Mosaddeq Ahmed

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Nafeez Mosaddeq Ahmed
Born 1978 (age 35-36)
Residence United Kingdom
Nationality British
Occupation Author, Journalist, Scholar; environment writer, The Guardian
Home town London
Website
nafeezahmed.com

Nafeez Mosaddeq Ahmed (born in 1978)[1] is a British author, investigative journalist, and international security scholar. He is an environment writer for The Guardian,[2] where he tracks the geopolitics of environmental, energy and economic crises via his Guardian hosted blog, Earth Insight. He is also Executive Director of the Institute for Policy Research and Development (IPRD), an independent think tank focused on the study of violent conflict in the context of global ecological, energy and economic crises; and a film-maker who has co-produced and written The Crisis of Civilization, and associate produced Grasp the Nettle, both directed by Dean Puckett. Ahmed's academic work has focused on the systemic causes of mass violence. He has taught at the Department of International Relations, University of Sussex, and has lectured at Brunel University’s Politics & History Unit at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels, for courses in international relations theory, contemporary history, empire and globalization.[3]

Career[edit]

Ahmed achieved an M.A. in Contemporary War & Peace Studies and a PhD in International Relations from the School of Global Studies at Sussex University, where he taught at the Department of International Relations. His focus is on Western military action, counterinsurgency, the war on terror, and the interconnections of systemic global crises, many themes of which were detailed in his 2010 book A User’s Guide to the Crisis of Civilization: and How to Save It.

His D.Phil thesis at the University of Sussex:

"investigated the radicalisation processes and dynamics of violent conflict in the context of hierarchical (imperial) social systems in the modern world. It undertakes a theoretically-controlled historical investigation of empire/imperialism in contemporary IR discourse, exploring the relationship between contested social relations in modern imperial systems, and practices of mass violence, war and genocide between combatant and civilian groups."

The thesis integrates IR Theory, Social Theory, Historical Sociology, and Genocide Studies, and deploys "the concept of politically-constituted social relations" to "a comparative historiographical analysis of the Spanish and British empires from the fifteenth to the nineteenth centuries." This is then applied to a "historical materialist social constructivist model of the social relations and radicalisation processes of violent conflict and genocidal violence in different imperial systems, illuminating the trajectory of post-9/11 security discourses and counterinsurgency practices in the 'War on Terror'."[4]

Ahmed and his works have been featured in numerous print and broadcast media outlets.[5][6][7][8][9] He has written opeds, features, and news pieces for the Independent on Sunday, The Independent, The Scotsman, Sydney Morning Herald, The Age, Huffington Post, Foreign Policy, Le Monde diplomatique, The New Statesman, Prospect Magazine, Open Democracy, Raw Story and New Internationalist, among others.[10]

Ahmed won the 2010 Routledge-GCP&S Essay Prize for his academic study published in the Routledge journal Global Change, Peace & Security, 'The International Relations of Crisis and the Crisis of International Relations'.[11] Global Change, Peace & Security is a peer-reviewed interdisciplinary peace and conflict studies journal published in association with La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia. It "addresses the difficult practical and theoretical questions posed by the sheer scale and complexity of contemporary change. More specifically, it analyses the sources and consequences of conflict, violence and insecurity, but also the conditions and prospects for conflict transformation, peace keeping and peace-building."

His award-winning paper undertakes a radical critique of "orthodox" Realist and Liberal International Relations (IR) theory, showing that "multiple, interconnected global crises" of "climate change, energy depletion, food scarcity, and economic instability" are:

"deeply interwoven manifestations of a global political economy that has breached the limits of the wider environmental and natural resource systems in which it is embedded. In this context, orthodox IR’s flawed diagnoses of global crises lead inexorably to their ‘securitisation’, reifying the militarisation of policy responses, and naturalising the proliferation of violent conflicts. Global ecological, energy and economic crises are thus directly linked to the ‘Otherisation’ of social groups and problematisation of strategic regions considered pivotal for the global political economy."[12]

Books[edit]

The War on Freedom[edit]

Ahmed's first book, The War on Freedom: How and Why America was Attacked, September 11, 2001,[13] was the first comprehensive critical investigation of US and Western government foreign, security and intelligence policies leading up to, on, and after 9/11. The book played a key role in influencing the lines of inquiry set out by the 9/11 Family Steering Committee which was set up to monitor the work of the 9/11 Commission.[14] 'The War on Freedom' was also among 99 books on national security and international terrorism specifically made "available to members of the Commission to use during its activities", and is currently archived in Washington DC at the US National Archives' National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States (9/11 Commission) Collection.[15]

In The War on Freedom, Ahmed avoids theoretical speculation, focusing on documenting anomalies in the official narrative that justified the 9/11 families' call for an independent investigation. At most, he concludes that longstanding geopolitical, economic, strategic and military intelligence ties between Western governments, states that sponsor Islamist militant networks, and Islamist terrorist groups affiliated with al-Qaeda, have functioned to undermine US and western national security, and ultimately facilitated the 9/11 terrorist attacks.

The book was reviewed by well-known late American essayist Gore Vidal in the London Observer newspaper, where he described Ahmed's book as "the best and most balanced report" on 9/11.[16] Ahmed's work has also been highly recommended by Notes from the Borderlands magazine, a leading UK parapolitical investigative magazine which criticises the 9/11 Truth movement as a "cult." Describing Ahmed's research as "carefully argued and meticulously referenced", the magazine recommends his 'The War on Freedom' as "an important early work, placing 9/11 properly within the context of US foreign policy. While drawing negative inferences about the lack of an adequate US military response before/on 9/11, a world away from loony-tune rubbish about pods/holograms etc."[17]

Behind the War on Terror[edit]

Ahmed's second book, Behind the War on Terror: Western Secret Strategy and the Struggle for Iraq, connects the Bush administration's drive for intervention in Iraq to US and British policies of "surrogate imperialism" in the Middle East in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, as well as to postwar and post-Cold War foreign policy practices. The book offered a refutation of official claims that Saddam Hussein possessed weapons of mass destruction, based on official UN documents and intelligence sources, but also details the protracted destruction of civilian infrastructure and civilian life in Iraq due to Western interference, through coups, sanctions, and war.

In the book, Ahmed argues that the drive to dominate the region's oil and gas resources play a central role in foreign policy.[18] The book has been recommended by Chatham House for readings on Iraq and British foreign policy.[19]

The War on Truth[edit]

Ahmed's third book, The War on Truth: 9/11, Disinformation and the Anatomy of Terrorism, follows up from his first book, with a critical evaluation of the findings of the 9/11 Commission. The book was positively reviewed by Murad Wilfried Hofmann, former NATO Director of Information (1983-1987).[20] Ahmed testified in US Congress about his work, focusing on problematic relationships between Western intelligence agencies and al-Qaeda affiliated Islamists after the Cold War, and even after 9/11, which, he argued, are motivated largely by efforts to control contested strategic energy resources in the Middle East, North Africa and Central Asia. His testimony was entered into the US Congressional Record.[21]

Ahmed's testimony, as well as his lecture based on 'The War on Truth' delivered at the American University in Washington DC, was filmed and broadcast by the US national public and federal government affairs television network C-SPAN.[22] Robert David Steele, an 18-year veteran ex-CIA and Marine Corps intelligence officer who co-founded the US intelligence community's Marine Corps Intelligence Center, described 'The War on Truth' as "consistent with both my years of experience as a clandestine case officer, and my extensive reading on national security misadventures... Academically, objectively, this book is about as carefully laid out and sourced as one could want."[23]

The London Bombings[edit]

In his fourth book, The London Bombings: An Independent Inquiry, Ahmed provides what is the only published critical analysis of Western domestic and foreign policies leading up to the 7 July 2005 London bombings. Based on his book, Ahmed also produced a briefing paper, 'Inside the Crevice: Islamist terror networks and the 7/7 intelligence failure', sponsored and launched by the leading human rights law firm, Garden Court Chambers.[24] The briefing was used by all special counsel in the London Bombings Coroners Inquest, and was also used by law firm Oury Clark Solicitors on behalf of the 7/7 Inquiry Group - a group of 7/7 survivors and victims' families - in their application for judicial review of the UK government's refusal to hold an independent public inquiry.[25]

'Inside the Crevice' was also supported by Des Thomas, former UK-based Senior Investigating Officer on the Metropolitan Police's 9/11 bombings inquiry, and Deputy Head of CID in New Hampshire, who wrote the forward to the report.[26] Ahmed was interviewed about this work in a special feature on Sky News by crime correspondent Martin Brunt on the fertiliser bomb plot trial and its links to the London bombings. He was also interviewed by CBS News.[27]

A User's Guide to the Crisis of Civilization[edit]

Ahmed's fifth book, A User's Guide to the Crisis of Civilization: And How to Save It, is the first peer-reviewed academic work to analyse the intersection of climate change, energy depletion, food crisis, economic turbulence, international terrorism, and state-militarisation.[28] The book's unique interdisciplinary approach has been widely acclaimed.

A review on the Post Carbon Institute's Resilience website says that it "shows how our major crises share the same root causes and thus can be solved only by taking into account their complex interactions," and praises Ahmed for his "optimistic tone," despite the grave analysis of these global trends.[29] In The Oil Drum, Jeff Vail, a former US Department of Interior analyst specialising in energy infrastructure, "highly recommends" the book, concluding: "In the end, if the crisis of our modern civilization can be solved—or at least if the transition to whatever replaces it can be softened—then it will be through a syncretic understanding of the system of threats we face, such as that presented by Dr. Ahmed, that pave the way."[30]

A review in Marx & Philosophy of Books, however, criticises the book's approach to systems theory with regards to Ahmed's proposed solutions. Although the reviewer, Dr Robert Drury King, an assistant professor at Sierra Nevada College specialising in systems, acknowledges that "Ahmed draws convincingly and commandingly on a number of fields, including climate sciences, geology, monetary and financial economics, and systems theory, among many others. The impressive scope of the book owes to the fact that Ahmed is very deliberately a wide-ranging, interdisciplinary scholar" - he questions whether there is "a clear and feasible notion of systematicity" that is "applied methodologically to the resolution of the identified crises." King says that "Ahmed’s proposed solutions to global, systemic crises remain, in fact, largely unarticulated in systematic terms" and amount largely to "voluntaristic, wishful-thinking."[31]

Journalism[edit]

Ahmed has broken a number of exclusives over the years, including making some successful predictions of major world events. In January 2001, he correctly predicted an impending war in Afghanistan, based on charting increasing geopolitical tension in the region and evidence of US military maneuvers in Pakistan and Afghanistan.[32]

In The War on Freedom, he was the first to report claims by former Chief Investigative Counsel for the US House Judiciary Committee David Schippers, that several active FBI special agents had come to him three months before the 9/11 terrorist attacks complaining that their counter-terrorist investigations into an impending plot to target "the financial district of lower Manhattan" had been "shut down", by superiors in Washington DC for unknown "political" reasons. Schippers' FBI sources, such as Coleen Rowley went on to speak out publicly.[33]

In 2006, he reported exclusively that some US financial analysts were predicting an imminent collapse of the global banking system. He also disclosed that US Army officials were exploring the need to re-draw the map of the Middle East to sustain access to regional energy supplies.[34] In November 2007, speaking at a lecture at Imperial College London, Ahmed followed up this warning with a specific prediction of an imminent worldwide banking crisis triggered by the housing markets.[35]

Writing for Raw Story in 2006, Ahmed broke the story that the British government's liquid bomb plot narrative was incoherent, based on a senior former British military explosives expert.[36] Three years later, Ahmed followed that up with an exclusive report for The Muslim News, demonstrating the incoherence of the revised official British narrative of the liquid bomb plot, once again citing FBI and other explosive experts.[37] He later wrote another story for The Muslim News citing a confidential report to the Norwegian Foreign Ministry exposing the US military's role in deliberately fostering conflict in Afghanistan.[38]

In 2008, he reported that the former senior British Army official working with the Coalition Provisional Authority in Iraq, Brigadier James Ellery, had confirmed that the Iraq War was motivated to avert the impact of global peak oil on oil prices by opening up and increasing Iraq's oil production to world markets.[39]

In 2009, he exposed the integral role of natural resource competition in the Israel-Palestine conflict, including Operation Cast Lead, in particular the central role of efforts to control new discoveries of natural gas resources in contested areas of the Occupied Territories.[40]

In February 2011, he was the first to report that the Arab Spring events were triggered by a confluence of climate, energy, and economic crises combined with political repression, for a range of publications including The Scotsman and Sydney Morning Herald.[41]

In 2013, he reported exclusively that journalists inside the Sunday Times had confirmed that the newspaper's investigation into the claims of FBI whistleblower Sibel Edmonds had been effectively "shut down" under political pressure from the US State Department. Edmonds is among a number of former intelligence sources who have confirmed that the US government maintained military intelligence ties to Al Qaida linked terrorist groups in Central Asia all the way up to 9/11. For the first time, Ahmed corroborated this testimony citing a Sunday Times source who confirmed that their investigation had verified Edmonds' claims about US ties with Al Qaida from British intelligence.[42]

In September 2013, in Le Monde diplomatique, Ahmed exposed plagiarism and inaccuracies in a memo by Veteran Intelligence Professionals for Sanity claiming to have evidence that the Ghouta chemical attack in Syria was organised by the Syrian opposition with Saudi and Turkish support, and tacit US support. Ahmed showed that the memo, whose lead writer was former senior CIA official Raymond McGovern, had copied texts verbatim from an article by a Washington DC-based think-tank with links to Bashar al-Assad. He also demonstrated internal inconsistencies in a range of other widely circulated reports attributing the attacks to parties other than Assad, although he also documented that White House intelligence claims about the attacks were politicised and may have been "doctored by Mossad," according to a former senior British diplomat.[43]

In December 2013, Ahmed published his exclusive investigation for Le Monde diplomatique into UK counter-terrorism strategy which found that the British government had years ago received credible advanced warning of a Woolwich-style attack from UK-based Islamist extremists. Ahmed also reported, citing high-level Whitehall sources, that Ed Husain's memoirs, The Islamist, had originally been "ghostwritten in Whitehall," and that the counter-terrorism strategy promoted by Husain's Quilliam Foundation had therefore been heavily influenced by British government and intelligence officials. He also cited Whitehall counter-terrorism experts criticising the strategy as "fundamentally-flawed" in its capacity to address terrorism.[44]

That month, Ahmed released a version of this story in The Independent on Sunday, identifying one of the UK governments' counter-terrorism advisers who had highlighted the risk of Woolwich-style attacks to government officials as early as January 2010. The story ran on page 4 of the print edition of the newspaper.[45]

Ahmed's other exclusives in The Guardian include reporting on a secret White House meeting to plan responses to a probability of Arctic sea ice diminishing far faster than conventional model projections;[46] a US Naval Postgraduate Institute model forecasting the loss of Arctic summer sea ice by 2016;[47] the role of peak oil, climate change and pipeline geopolitics behind the Syria conflict;[48] UK Ministry of Defence predictions of how rising energy prices will prolong economic recession and provoke civil unrest in Britain;[49] the link between NSA mass surveillance and Pentagon planning for impact of climate, energy and economic shocks on domestic unrest and activism;[50] former senior BP geologists and other oil industry experts on the end of cheap oil and gas, and the unsustainability of fracking from both economic and environmental perspectives;[51] the likely deepening of global economic recession on a business-as-usual trajectory;[52] among many others.

In mid-March 2014, Ahmed exclusively reported in The Guardian that a scientific study part-funded by NASA had modelled the risks of civilisational collapse based on the history of the rise and fall of past human civilisations. The study, he said, found that modelling of "business-as-usual" scenarios attempting to capture key features of current industrial civilisation consistently showed trajectories leading to civilisational collapse. High levels of inequality were a crucial feature of the model.[53] His story was cited across the world in a wide range of media outlets, including The Independent, Daily Mail, Irish Times, National Journal, National Post, Times of India, Metro, New York Post, and dozens of others.[54]

Controversy[edit]

Nafeez Ahmed's confrontation with Christopher Hitchens over Gore Vidal[edit]

In his 2010 essay in Vanity Fair attacking Gore Vidal, the late Christopher Hitchens criticises Ahmed, who Vidal relied on for his 9/11 essay in The Observer. Hitchens wrote: "Mr. Ahmed on inspection proved to be a risible individual wedded to half-baked conspiracy-mongering, his 'Institute' a one-room sideshow in the English seaside town of Brighton, and his publisher an outfit called 'Media Monitors Network' in association with 'Tree of Life,' whose now-deceased Web site used to offer advice on the ever awkward question of self-publishing."[55]

Ahmed responded with a letter to the editor, published by Vanity Fair, describing Hitchens' "major inaccuracies": "Hitchens’s reduction of me to 'conspiracy-mongering' and as having a 'one-room sideshow' institute is contrasted by the fact that I’m an academic at the University of Sussex; my book, The War on Freedom, was used by the 9/11 commission; I’ve testified before the U.S. Congress; I’ve given evidence to a U.K. parliamentary inquiry; and my institute is advised by a board of 20 leading scholars. Hitchens also bizarrely targets my first publisher, which is not 'deceased' but is in fact a flourishing alternative news source." Hitchens offered a further reply in the magazine: "On reflection and on a rereading of his 'book,' I would change my original article and remove the word 'risible.' A more apposite term for both the author and his illiterate pages would be 'contemptible.'"[56]

As no further right of reply was permitted, Ahmed followed up with a detailed critique of Hitchens' attack on both himself and Gore Vidal in a feature article published by The Independent on Sunday. He argued that:

"... the pre-9/11 intelligence failure was not simply because of a lack of reliable intelligence, or because intelligence bureaucracy was hopelessly incompetent (which it was and is), but ultimately because the Bush administration made political decisions that obstructed critical intelligence investigations and ongoing information-sharing that could have prevented 9/11. Those decisions were made to protect vested interests linked to US support of Islamist extremist networks like the Taliban and their state-sponsors, such as the Gulf kingdoms, rooted in Western oil dependency and intersecting financial investments. The inadequacy of the 9/11 Commission investigation, in this regard, is an open secret to many intelligence experts."

He went on to discuss overlooked evidence that the US air defence failure on 9/11 was due to the latter having been contracted out to an obscure firm, Ptech, with connections to Saudi-sponsored and al-Qaeda linked terrorists and terrorist-funders, which was able to interfere with the FAA and other agencies.[57]

On the same day, The Independent on Sunday ran a news story on the whole episode, reporting that Ahmed "had not suggested there was a conspiracy [on 9/11], rather a 'dereliction of duty'", and that he had "used the word 'complicity' in a legal sense."[58]

This is consistent with other comments Ahmed has made elsewhere. In the UK television documentary 'Who really runs the world?', broadcast on Channel 4 in 2007, Ahmed is asked about claims by conspiracy theorists that the 'controlled demolition' of the Twin Towers on 9/11 proves a government conspiracy - Ahmed replied that overlooking the fact that such evidence is hotly contested, even if there was such evidence, it still would not prove any such conspiracy as real proof would require a proper chain of complicity connecting government to such an act, as opposed to highly placed terrorists.[59]

Nafeez Ahmed's confrontation with Discover magazine[edit]

In 2014, Discover, an American general audience science magazine, published a blog critiquing Ahmed's Guardian story about a NASA-funded study of civilisational collapse, arguing that it was too sensationalist and inaccurately portrayed the NASA connection, which it said had been officially denied by NASA.[60] Ahmed responded to this by pointing out that the study was indeed an independent scientific study partly funded by NASA, and that although NASA did not endorse the study's findings, NASA funding had gone to the development of the mathematical model on which it was based, known as 'HANDY' (Human And Nature Dynamical).[61] The Discover critique also cited several scientists and experts disputing the validity of the study and its modelling methods, particularly their simplicity.[62] In a counter-critique on his personal website, Ahmed argued that none of Discover's sources had appropriate expertise to understand this type of social modelling. He cited Stanford University sociologist and modeller Dr Deborah Rogers (among other scientific sources) saying that the simplicity of the model did not undermine its ability to reproduce complex behaviour. He also pointed out that his original Guardian report had been quickly amended to ensure no further possibility of readers misunderstanding NASA's relationship to the study.[63]

Discover has repeatedly labelled Ahmed as a "doomer." A December 2013 blog post says: "Once someone starts down this civilization-is-collapsing road, like Guardian blogger Nafeez Ahmed, it’s hard to stop. If you want a tour guide to the apocalypse, Ahmed is your guy."[64] A March 2014 blog post says: "Like the most warped fundamentalists who exploit tragedy, the merchants of eco-doom also cynically seize on current events. On this score, nobody rivals Nafeez Ahmed (the UK Left’s faux-scholarly equivalent to Glenn Beck), who has an unquenchable appetite for peak-everything porn."[65] The magazine has also alleged that Ahmed suffers from "conspiracy theorist leanings."[66]

Ahmed has responded to these labels, describing them as "patently absurd":

"My views about the sorry state of the so-called 9/11 'truth' movement are well-known. I'm on record in a number of places pointing out that simple physical anomalies cannot be used to justify conclusions of a government conspiracy (for instance, see my observations in Channel 4's eye-opening documentary 'Conspiracy - Who Really Runs the World' on the WTC collapses, about 25 min in). So I kind of end up p*ssing off basically everyone, 'troofers', 'anti-troofers', and a lot in between."[67]

Here, Ahmed also links to a separate blogpost by Dr Paul Stott of 9/11 Cult Watch, a terrorism expert at the University of East Anglia, who says: "Indeed even one of the main 7/7 researchers, Nafeez Ahmed, has been forced to comment on the sorry state of the UK 911 Truth Movement. No doubt he will be next under Lucifer's microscope. After all, if he does not rate the 911 Truth Movement, how can he not be a spook?":[68]

Ahmed continues by saying that his total body of work is "optimistic," and based on recognising the real possibility of a "civilisational transition" to a new "post-carbon" age, built on a new ethic and a new form of prosperity. He criticises Discover for failing to "fact-check" before "smearing" him, and for being unable to engage critically with his arguments using evidence. He questions why a reputable science magazine would promote "ridiculous and unscientific" claims about his work that ignore his numerous efforts to develop a positive vision for "civilisational renewal" or "revival" over many years. The result, he says, is that Discover ends up "muddying journalism/scholarship to score points on ideological and personal grounds."[69]

To date, Discover has not responded to or denied Ahmed's criticisms of the publication's approach to his work.

The Crisis of Civilization[edit]

Promotional Poster for The Crisis of Civilization. Design: Abby Martin

Following the release of Ahmed's 2010 book, A User's Guide to the Crisis of Civilization: And How to Save It, a chance meeting with filmmaker Dean Puckett led to the development of a feature documentary, The Crisis of Civilization.[70]

Critical reception[edit]

The Crisis of Civilization has been received positively by viewers. Hitcham Yezza, editor of Ceasefire Magazine, found "the film’s aesthetic delightful, the result of film-maker Dean Puckett and animator Lucca Benney’s artful concoction of clips from 40s commercials, B-movies, quirky animation, and more familiar images of Bush, Bin Laden and Brzezinski." He also wrote, "this film is necessary viewing, not just for activists but for anyone who’s planning to hang around this planet for the foreseeable future. Yes, I’m looking at you."[71] Elsewhere, Richard Heinberg of the Post Carbon Institute said of the film, "a really fantastic overview of the global situation. I don’t think I’ve seen a more comprehensive ‘welcome to the 21st century’." The Leeds International Film Festival selected the film as a 'Festival Favourite' calling it "a powerful critique of a failed global system and a manifesto for constructive social change".[72]

Bibliography[edit]

Academic articles[edit]

  • "The International Relations of Crisis and the Crisis of International Relations: From the Securitisation of Scarcity to the Militarisation of Society", Global Change, Peace & Security (Vol. 23, No. 3, October 2011) - Winning article for 2010 Routledge-GCP&S Essay Prize
  • "Colonial Dynamics of Genocide: Imperialism, Identity and Mass Violence", Journal of Conflict Transformation & Security (Vol. 1, No. 1, April 2011) pp. 8–36
  • "Overcoming Paralysis on Climate Change", Survival: Global Politics & Strategy (Vol. 53, No. 1, February–March 2011) pp. 203–206
  • "Water, oil and demographics: The Arab world‟s triple crisis", Europe’s World: The Only Europe-Wide Policy Journal (Vol. 17, Spring 2011) pp. 121–123
  • "Globalizing Insecurity: The Convergence of Interdependent Ecological, Energy and Economic Crises", Yale Journal of International Affairs (Vol. 5, No. 2, 2010) pp. 75–90
  • "India and the Crisis of Civilization: Potential Impacts of Converging Ecological, Economic and Energy Catastrophes", India Economy Review (Vol. 7, March 2010) pp. 90–97
  • "The Crisis of (Post) Modernity: The De-Sacralisation of the Social, the Death of Democracy, and the Reclamation of Islamic Tradition", Arches Quarterly (Vol. 3, No. 1, Summer 2009) pp. 25–32
  • "Anglo-American World Order: 30 Years After the Islamic Revolution of Iran", Islamism Digest: Journal of the Centre for the Study of Terrorism (Vol. 4, No. 2, February 2009) pp. 14–19
  • "Review – Purify and destroy: the political uses of massacre and genocide, by Jacques Semelin", International Affairs (Vol. 84, No. 4, July 2008) pp. 836–837
  • "Terrorism and Western Statecraft", in Paul Zarembka (ed.), The Hidden History of 9-11-2002 (New York: Seven Stories Press, 2008) pp. 143–182
  • "Structural Violence as a Form of Genocide: The Impact of the International Economic Order", Entelequia. Revista Interdisciplinar [Entelechy: Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies](University of Malaga, No. 5, Fall 2007) pp. 3–41
  • "Terrorism and Western Statecraft: Al-Qaeda and Western Covert Operations After the Cold War", Research in Political Economy (Emerald: Vol. 23, 2006) pp. 149–188
  • "UN Humanitarian Intervention in East Timor: A Critical Appraisal", Entelequia. Revista Interdisciplinar (University of Malaga, No. 2, Fall 2006) pp. 227–244
  • "The Globalization of Insecurity: How the international economic order undermines human and national security on a world scale", Historia Actual [Contemporary History] (University of Cadiz, No. 5, 2004) pp. 113–126
  • "The Discourse of Empire: United States National Security Strategies Since 1945", in Ronald Thoden (ed.), Terror und Staat: Der 11 September – Hintergrunde und Folgen: Goestregie, Terror, Geheimdienste, Medien, Kriege, Folter, Edition Zeitgeschichte (Berlin: Kai Homilius Verlag, 2004)
  • "State Terrorism at the Dawn of the New American Century", Afterword to William Blum [former State Department official], ll libro nero degli Stati Uniti (Rome: Fazi Editore, 2003)
  • "America and the Taliban: From Co-operation to War", Global Dialogue (Vol. 4, No. 2, Spring 2002) 7
  • "Distortion, Deception and Terrorism: The Bombing of Afghanistan", International Socialist Review (No. 20, November/December 2001) pp. 36–44

Policy reports[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://nafeez.mediamonitors.net/background.html
  2. ^ http://www.guardian.co.uk/profile/nafeez-ahmed
  3. ^ http://www.sussex.ac.uk/ir/people/peoplelists/person/156147
  4. ^ Dr Nafeez Ahmed, University of Sussex, Associate Tutor, profile, http://www.sussex.ac.uk/ir/people/peoplelists/person/156147
  5. ^ Ahmed, Nafeez "Diversity does not breed terrorists – politics does", The Independent, 6 February 2006
  6. ^ Ahmed, Nafeez "Pakistan’s double game", Prospect Magazine, 2 August 2010
  7. ^ Ahmed, Nafeez "Sliding toward climate catastrophe", Le Monde diplomatique, September 2010
  8. ^ Ahmed, Nafeez "Caught red-handed: British Undercover Operatives in Iraq", Raw Story, 23 September 2005
  9. ^ Ahmed, Nafeez "A Crisis of Civilization?", BBC World News with George Alagiah, 13 August 2010
  10. ^ Nafeez Mosaddeq Ahmed portfolio hosted by Journalisted.com, Media Standards Trust, http://journalisted.com/nafeez-mosaddeq-ahmed
  11. ^ http://www.latrobe.edu.au/dialogue/publications/global-change,-peace-and-security
  12. ^ 'The International Relations of Crisis and the Crisis of International Relations', (2011) 23:3 335-355, http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/14781158.2011.601854
  13. ^ The War on Freedom: How and Why America was Attacked, 11 September 2001: ISBN 0-930852-40-0
  14. ^ http://www.nafeezahmed.com/2006/09/what-911-families-are-saying.html
  15. ^ US National Archives' National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States (9-11 Commission) Collection, http://www.archives.gov/research/alic/special-collections/9-11-commission.html
  16. ^ Gore Vidal, "The Enemy Within," The Observer, Sunday 27 October 2002, Review Section, pp. 1-4, full text available online at http://www.nafeezahmed.com/2012/08/gore-vidal-passes-his-legacy-lives-on.html
  17. ^ '9/11 Research Resources - a Critical Guide', Notes from the Borderland, 11 August 2010, http://www.borderland.co.uk/index.php/15-cultwatching/cult-watching/68-911-critical-guide.html
  18. ^ Behind the War on Terror : Western Secret Strategy and the Struggle for Iraq, London:Clairview Books, 2003
  19. ^ 'Selected Reading List Iraq', Chatham House, 2007, https://www.chathamhouse.org/sites/default/files/library/9183_iraq0507.pdf; 'Selected reading list British foreign policy', Chatham House, 2007, https://www.chathamhouse.org/sites/default/files/library/9995_britfp1007.pdf
  20. ^ Wilfried Hofmann, Review of The War on Truth, The Muslim World Book Review, 2004, http://www.kubepublishing.com/journals/
  21. ^ 'The 9/11 Commission Report: One Year Later', Daily Kos, 28 January 2006, http://www.dailykos.com/story/2006/01/28/182219/-The-9-11-Commission-Report-One-Year-Later#
  22. ^ http://www.c-span.org/person/?nafeezahmed
  23. ^ http://www.amazon.com/review/RMYSUY6X56G7L/ref=cm_cr_dp_title?ie=UTF8&ASIN=1566565960&nodeID=283155&store=books
  24. ^ 'Whose Security? What Intelligence?' http://www.irr.org.uk/pdf/Whose_Security.pdf
  25. ^ 'Report supported by 7/7 victims calls for major security reforms', nafeezahmed.com, 3 October 2007, http://www.nafeezahmed.com/2007/10/report-supported-by-77-victims-calls.html; 'Victims in new call for 7/7 inquiry', Evening Standard, 2 January 2007, http://www.standard.co.uk/newsheadlines/victims-in-new-call-for-77-inquiry-7199983.html
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