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|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|PIN||782001 to 782003|
|Vehicle registration||AS 02 -|
Nagaon (previously Nowgong, Assamese: নগাঁও) is a city and a municipal board in Nagaon district in the Indian state of Assam. It is situated 120 kilometres (75 mi) east of Guwahati. It is the fourth largest city of Assam (as per the total urban area) after Guwahati, Silchar and Dibrugarh. It has a population of 147,231. As per population, it is the fifth largest city of Assam after Guwahati, Silchar, Dibrugarh and Jorhat.
In education section, total literates in Nagaon city are 98,068 of which 52,690 are males while 45,378 are females. Average literacy rate of Nagaon city is 93.43 percent of which male and female literacy was 98.58 and 88.08 percent.
Nagaon city is governed by Municipal Board which comes under Nagaon Urban Agglomeration.
Nagaon is bounded on the north by the Sonitpur district and the Brahmaputra River. On the south, it borders the western Karbi Anglong District and Dima Hasao. On the east it is bounded by eastern Karbi Anglong and the Golaghat district, while on the west it neighbours the Marigaon district.
The area of the district is 3831 km2.
There are several beels, marshy areas and swamps in the district, including the regions of Marikalong, Potakalong, Haribhanga, Jongalbalahu, Samoguri Beel, Urigadang and Nawbhanga. These wetlands are former channels of the Kolong and Kopili rivers.
Nagaon is integrated into the National Highway system connected to NH 36 and 37 providing easy access to important places in Nagaon District. Buses connect the city with parts of Assam. There are two railway stations in Nagaon town, one at Haiborgaon and another at Nagaon proper. The nearest railway junction is at Chaparmukh, which is around 28 km from Nagaon.
As of 2011[update] India census, Nagaon city had a population of 147,231, making it one of the largest cities of Assam.In 2011 the district had a population of 28,26,006.The population is largely of heterogeneous nature.Assamese, Bengali, Marwari communities form the majority.
Modern education was first introduced in the district by Christian missionaries, such as Miles Bronson and Nathan Brown in the nineteenth century. Anandaram Dhekial Phukan, a major figure in Assamese literature, spent the better part of his life in Nagaon, and the Assamese intellectual Gunabhiram Barua worked in Nagaon for about two decades.
Nagaon has the oldest school in Assam, the Nowgong Mission High School, established by Miles Bronson in 1846. It also has the third oldest government school in Assam, the Nowgong Government Boys' Higher Secondary School, established in 1865. Another old school is the Dawson Higher Secondary & Multipurpose School.
Prominent English Medium Schools:
- Nowgong Mission High School
- Christ Jyoti School
- St. Ignatius Loyola School
- Little Flower School
- Nagaon English Academy
Other Schools of Repute:
- Nowgong Government Boys' Higher Secondary School
- Kendriya Vidyalaya
- Nowgong Government Girls' Higher Secondary School
- Nagaon Bengali Boys' Higher Secondary School
- Nagaon Bengali Girls' Higher Secondary School
- Urban Basic High School
- Dawson Higher Secondary and Multipurpose School
At present, there are 25 colleges, of which probably the most renowned is the Nowgong College, located at the heart of the town. Others worth mentioning include A.D.P. College (named after Anandaram Dhekial Phukan), Khagorijan College (named after the old administrative headquarters of Nowgong District), Nowgong Girls' College, Nowgong Law College, and Nagaon G.N.D.G. Commerce College. The College of Fisheries, the only college of its kind in northeastern India, is located in Raha and comes under the academic management of Assam Agricultural University in Jorhat. Nagaon is also home to Nowgong Polytechnic, one of the oldest technical education institutes in Assam, and a Homeopathic Medical College.Nagaon also have an ITI at panigaon. One Medical College is also under process which will automatically upgrade the education system in Nagaon district.
- Srimanta Sankardev, saint
- Dev Kant Baruah, politician
- Mahim Bora, writer
- Bhabendra Nath Saikia, writer, director, and editor
- Parveen Sultana, classical singer
- Khagen Mahanta, singer
- Prafulla Kumar Mahanta, politician
- Jatin Bora, actor
- Rashami Desai,actress of Uttaran, born in Nagaon
- Disha Parmar,a model and actress of soap opera Pyaar Ka Dard Hai Meetha Meetha Pyaara Pyaara.
The stadium in Nagaon is named after the late Nurul Amin. It hosts the prestigious Independence Day Cup Football tournament every year in August and September, in which most of the teams of national repute participate.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "List of Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies". Assam. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-06.