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Nagaon is located in Assam
Coordinates: 26°21′01″N 92°40′47″E / 26.3503828°N 92.6795912°E / 26.3503828; 92.6795912Coordinates: 26°21′01″N 92°40′47″E / 26.3503828°N 92.6795912°E / 26.3503828; 92.6795912
Country  India
State Assam
District Nagaon
 • Official Assamese
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 782001 to 782003
Telephone code 91-3672
Vehicle registration AS 02 -

Nagaon (previously Nowgong, Assamese: নগাঁও) is a city and a municipal board in Nagaon district in the Indian state of Assam. It is situated 120 kilometres (75 mi) east of Guwahati. It is the fourth largest city of Assam (as per the total urban area) after Guwahati, Silchar and Dibrugarh. It has a population of 147,231. As per population, it is the fifth largest city of Assam after Guwahati, Silchar, Dibrugarh and Jorhat.

In education section, total literates in Nagaon city are 98,068 of which 52,690 are males while 45,378 are females. Average literacy rate of Nagaon city is 93.43 percent of which male and female literacy was 98.58 and 88.08 percent.

Nagaon city is governed by Municipal Board which comes under Nagaon Urban Agglomeration.


The Kolong River, a tributary of the Brahmaputra River, flows through Nagaon and in the process divides the town into two distinct regions: Nagaon and Haibargaon.[1]

Nagaon is bounded on the north by the Sonitpur district and the Brahmaputra River. On the south, it borders the western Karbi Anglong District and Dima Hasao. On the east it is bounded by eastern Karbi Anglong and the Golaghat district, while on the west it neighbours the Marigaon district.

The area of the district is 3831 km2.

There are several beels, marshy areas and swamps in the district, including the regions of Marikalong, Potakalong, Haribhanga, Jongalbalahu, Samoguri Beel, Urigadang and Nawbhanga. These wetlands are former channels of the Kolong and Kopili rivers.


Nagaon is integrated into the National Highway system connected to NH 36 and 37 providing easy access to important places in Nagaon District. Buses connect the city with parts of Assam. There are two railway stations in Nagaon town, one at Haiborgaon and another at Nagaon proper. The nearest railway junction is at Chaparmukh, which is around 28 km from Nagaon.

The nearest airport is Tezpur Airport. The nearest international airport is Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport in Guwahati.


As of 2011 India census,[2] Nagaon city had a population of 147,231, making it one of the largest cities of Assam.In 2011 the district had a population of 28,26,006.The population is largely of heterogeneous nature.Assamese, Bengali, Marwari communities form the majority.


Nagaon is part of the Lok Sabha constituency of Nowgong.[3]


Modern education was first introduced in the district by Christian missionaries, such as Miles Bronson and Nathan Brown in the nineteenth century. Anandaram Dhekial Phukan, a major figure in Assamese literature, spent the better part of his life in Nagaon, and the Assamese intellectual Gunabhiram Barua worked in Nagaon for about two decades.


Nagaon has the oldest school in Assam, the Nowgong Mission High School, established by Miles Bronson in 1846. It also has the third oldest government school in Assam, the Nowgong Government Boys' Higher Secondary School, established in 1865. Another old school is the Dawson Higher Secondary & Multipurpose School. Kendriya Vidyalaya, Nagaon and the Christ Jyoti School are regarded as the best English medium schools among the residents of Nagaon.

Prominent English Medium Schools:

  1. Kendriya Vidyalaya, Nagaon
  2. Christ Jyoti School
  3. Nowgong Mission High School
  4. St. Ignatius Loyola School
  5. Little Flower School
  6. Nagaon English Academy

Other Schools of Repute:

  1. Nowgong Government Boys' Higher Secondary School
  2. Nowgong Government Girls' Higher Secondary School
  3. Nagaon Bengali Boys' Higher Secondary School
  4. Nagaon Bengali Girls' Higher Secondary School
  5. Urban Basic High School
  6. Dawson Higher Secondary and Multipurpose School


At present, there are 25 colleges, of which probably the most renowned is the Nowgong College, located at the heart of the town. Others worth mentioning include A.D.P. College (named after Anandaram Dhekial Phukan), Khagorijan College (named after the old administrative headquarters of Nowgong District), Nowgong Girls' College, Nowgong Law College, and Nagaon G.N.D.G. Commerce College. The College of Fisheries, the only college of its kind in northeastern India, is located in Raha and comes under the academic management of Assam Agricultural University in Jorhat. Nagaon is also home to Nowgong Polytechnic, one of the oldest technical education institutes in Assam, and a Homeopathic Medical College.Nagaon also have an ITI at panigaon. One Medical College is also under process which will automatically upgrade the education system in Nagaon district.


The first Technical University of the north east India is proposed to be set up in Nagaon.

The IIT, Guwahati was originally proposed to be set up in Missa, Nagaon with an extension counter in Guwahati.

Notable people[edit]


The stadium in Nagaon is named after the late Nurul Amin. It hosts the prestigious Independence Day Cup Football tournament every year in August and September, in which most of the teams of national repute participate.


  1. ^ Article by Raghavendra Dixit titled 'Kolong ke Kinare (Hindi: कोलोंग के किनारे)' published in Jansatta, a Hindi daily -
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ "List of Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies". Assam. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-06.