Nagar (princely state)
|Subdivision of Pakistan|
|-||Disestablished||25 September 1974|
|Area||5,000 km2 (1,931 sq mi)|
|This article is part of the series|
|Former administrative units of Pakistan|
Nagar (Urdu: ریاست نگر, riasat nagar) was a princely state in the northernmost part of Gilgit–Baltistan in northern Pakistan, which existed until 1974. The state bordered the Gilgit Agency to the south and west, and the former princely state of Hunza to the north and east. The state capital was the town of Nagar. The area of Nagar now forms three tehsils of Hunza–Nagar District.
Nagar was an autonomous principality in close association with neighbouring Hunza. The British gained control of both states between 1889 and 1892. The British retained Nagar's status as a 'principality' until 1947 but together with Hunza it was considered a vassal of Jammu and Kashmir, although never ruled directly by it. The rulers of Nagar sent annual tributes to the Jammu and Kashmir Durbar until 1947, and along with the ruler of Hunza, were considered amongst the most loyal vassals of the Maharajas of Jammu and Kashmir.
In 1947, the state acceded to Pakistan, but continued as a semi-autonomous state. In 1968 Syed Yahya Shah, the first educated politician of the valley, demanded civil rights from the Mir of Nagar. When Ayub Khan's dictatorship ended in Pakistan and the Pakistan Peoples Party under Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto came into power through elections the government forced the Mirs of Hunza and Nagar to abdicate. The areas were merged into the Northern Areas in 1974.
The state was governed by the hereditary rulers of the Maghlot dynasty who were styled as Mir and were assisted by a council of Wazirs or Ministers,and they were selected from the family of khutayating. Wazir Taifor Shah and his son Wazir Malik Shah were the powerful ministers of that time. At the time of death of Wazir Malik Shah his son was too small to take his father's duty of ministry, so it was divided among three men, Wazir Enayat Ali from Potikuz, Wazir Behlol from Khutayating, and Wazir Sarwar from Chalt Chaprote. Details for early rulers are uncertain with the first definite dates available from 1839 CE onward. In November 1947 the state became one of the princely states of Pakistan. Brigadier Mir Shaukat Ali Khan was the last ruler of the State when it was abolished by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto in 1972.
|Reign||Mirs of Nagar|
|Unknown dates||Fadl Khan|
|Unknown dates||Daud Khan|
|Unknown dates||Ali Dad Khan (1st time)|
|Unknown dates||Hari Tham Khan|
|Unknown dates||Ali Dad Khan (2nd time)|
|Unknown dates||Kamal Khan|
|Unknown dates||Rahim Khan I|
|Unknown date - 1839||Rahim Khan II|
|1839–1891||Jafar Zahid Khan (I)|
|1892-1899||Wair Houlo (Khutayting)|
|1899–1904||Jafar Zahid Khan (2nd time)|
|1905 - 17 March 1940||Raja Mir Iskandar Khan|
|17 March 1940 - 25 September 1974||Shaukat Ali Khan (1930–1976)|
|25 September 1974||State of Nagar dissolved|
|After the dissolution of Nagar State in 1974||Elected Representatives of Nagar in the Gilgit-Baltistan Legislative Council|
|1975||Syed Yahya Shah|
|1980||Mir Shaukat Ali Khan|
|1997-||Mir Shaukat Ali Khan-Nagar-1 Shiekh Ghulam Haider-Nagar-2,|
|2000||-Qurban Ali-Nagar-1, Shiekh Ghulam Haider-Nagar-2|
|2005||Mirza Hussain-Nagar-1,Muhammad Ali Akhtar-Nagar-2|
|2009||Mirza Hussain-Nagar-1 Muhammad Ali Akhtar-Nagar-2|
History of Wazir Zadas of Nagar state
Wazir Sha Murad F/o ,Wazir Taifoor Shah F/o ,Wazir Malik Shah F/o ,Wazir Jaffaq F/o ,Wazir Malik Shah F/o ,Wazir Naqeeb Hassan
The geography of Nagar forms a difficult mountainous terrain, which provided a certain degree of protection against invading forces. The highest mountain is the 7,788 m (25,551 ft) Mount Rakaposhi south of the town of Nagar. As of 2009[update], the Karakoram Highway crosses Nagar, connecting Pakistan with China via the Khunjerab Pass. The road follows the Hunza river for some distance through Nagar and into the Hunza region.
The inhabitants of the Nagar valley are around 90,000 (AKRSP Census, 2000). Nagar is home to two main ethnicities — the Burushaski speakers and the Shina speakers. An older type of Burushaski is still spoken in the valley with a mild modern accent. A third language, Bedishki, is also still spoken in Chalt Nagar.
The population is traditionally predominantly shia (Jafria). Following sectarian violences in January 2005, the Tanzim Ahle Sunnah wal Jama’at representing Sunnis, and the Central Anjuman-e-Imamia Northern Areas representing (Jafria) Shias signed on February 18, 2005, a six-point peace agreement arranged by the Northern Areas Legislative Council (NALC) members to ensure peace in the area.
Villages of Nagar
- Chalt Valley
- Sikandarabad Valley
- Jafarabad Valley
- Nilt Valley
- Thol Valley
- Ghulmet Valley
- Pissan Valley
- Minapin Valley
- Miachar Valley
- Phakker Valley
- Hakuchar Valley
- Shayar Valley
- Askurdas Valley
- Sumayar Valley
- Nagar Khas Valley
- Hoper Valley
- Hisper Valley
- Buroshall Say Nagar Tak ka Safar, by Muhammad Ismail Tehseen, Brushal ke Qabail by Syed Yahya Shah, books written in Urdu available in Municipal library Gilgit
- Ben Cahoon, WorldStatesmen.org. "Pakistan Princely States". Retrieved 2007-10-03.
- Ibrahim Shahid, Sunni and Shia groups sign peace deal in Gilgit, Daily Times (Pakistan), Sunday February 20, 2005
- Buroshall say Nagar Tek Ka Safar by Mohammad Ismail Nashad.
- Rasala Buroshall by Syed Mohammad Yahya Shah.
- Where the three Empires meet by E.F.Knight /Zafar Hayat Paul