Nagar (princely state)

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Nagar
Princely state of Pakistan
14th century–25 September 1974
Location of Nagar
Map of Pakistan with Nagar highlighted
Capital Nagar
History
 -  Established 14th century
 -  Disestablished 25 September 1974
Area 5,000 km2 (1,931 sq mi)
Coat of arms of Pakistan
This article is part of the series
Former administrative units of Pakistan

Nagar (Urdu: ریاست نگر‎, riasat nagar) was a princely state in the northernmost part of Gilgit–Baltistan. Until August 1947 it was in a subsidiary alliance with British India and bordered the states of the Gilgit Agency to the south and west and the princely state of Hunza to the north and east. From November 1947 to 1974, like Hunza, it was a princely state of Pakistan. The state capital was the town of Nagar.

Nagar covered territory which is now in the far north of Pakistan. The area of Nagar now forms three tehsils of the Hunza–Nagar District.

History[edit]

Nagar was an autonomous principality in close association with neighbouring Hunza. The British gained control of both states between 1889 and 1892. Both thereafter had the status of princely states until 1947, but both were considered as vassals of Jammu and Kashmir, although never ruled directly by it. The rulers of Nagar sent annual tributes to the Jammu and Kashmir Durbar until 1947, and along with the ruler of Hunza, were considered amongst the most loyal vassals of the Maharajas of Jammu and Kashmir.

In November 1947, the state acceded to Pakistan, which became responsible for its external affairs and defence, but it continued to be internally self-governing. In 1968 Syed Yahya Shah, the first educated politician of the valley, demanded civil rights from the Mir of Nagar. In 1974, when Ayub Khan's dictatorship ended in Pakistan and the Pakistan People's Party under Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto came into power through elections, the government forced the Mirs of Hunza and Nagar to abdicate. The areas were then merged into the Northern Areas.[1]

The Hunza valley looking across the river to Nagar
Mount Rakaposhi

Government[edit]

The state was governed by the hereditary rulers of the Maghlot dynasty who were styled as Mir and were assisted by a council of Wazirs or Ministers,and they were selected from the family of khutayating. Wazir Taifor Shah and his son Wazir Malik Shah were the powerful ministers of that time. At the time of death of Wazir Malik Shah his son was too small to take his father's duty of ministry, so it was divided among three men, Wazir Enayat Ali from Potikuz, Wazir Behlol from Khutayating, and Wazir Sarwar from Chalt Chaprote. Details for early rulers are uncertain with the first definite dates available from 1839 CE onward. In November 1947 the state became one of the princely states of Pakistan. Brigadier Mir Shaukat Ali Khan was the last ruler of the State when it was abolished by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto in 1972.

Reign Mirs of Nagar[2]
Unknown dates Fadl Khan
Unknown dates Daud Khan
Unknown dates Ali Dad Khan (1st time)
Unknown dates Hari Tham Khan
Unknown dates Ali Dad Khan (2nd time)
Unknown dates Kamal Khan
Unknown dates Rahim Khan I
Unknown date - 1839 Rahim Khan II
1839–1891 Jafar Zahid Khan (I)
1892-1899 Wair Houlo (Khutayting)
1899–1904 Jafar Zahid Khan (2nd time)
1905 - 17 March 1940 Raja Mir Iskandar Khan
17 March 1940 - 25 September 1974 Shaukat Ali Khan (1930–1976)
25 September 1974 State of Nagar dissolved
After the dissolution of Nagar State in 1974 Elected Representatives of Nagar in the Gilgit-Baltistan Legislative Council
1975 Syed Yahya Shah
1980 Mir Shaukat Ali Khan
1985- Qurban Ali
1997- Mir Shaukat Ali Khan-Nagar-1 Shiekh Ghulam Haider-Nagar-2,
2000 -Qurban Ali-Nagar-1, Shiekh Ghulam Haider-Nagar-2
2005 Mirza Hussain-Nagar-1,Muhammad Ali Akhtar-Nagar-2
2009 Mirza Hussain-Nagar-1 Muhammad Ali Akhtar-Nagar-2

History of Wazir Zadas of Nagar state[edit]

Wazir Sha Murad F/o ,Wazir Taifoor Shah F/o ,Wazir Malik Shah F/o ,Wazir Jaffaq F/o ,Wazir Malik Shah F/o ,Wazir Naqeeb Hassan

Geography[edit]

The geography of Nagar forms a difficult mountainous terrain, which provided a certain degree of protection against invading forces. The highest mountain is the 7,788 m (25,551 ft) Mount Rakaposhi south of the town of Nagar. As of 2009, the Karakoram Highway crosses Nagar, connecting Pakistan with China via the Khunjerab Pass. The road follows the Hunza river for some distance through Nagar and into the Hunza region.

Demographics[edit]

The inhabitants of the Nagar valley are around 90,000 (AKRSP Census, 2000). Nagar is home to two main ethnicities — the Burushaski speakers and the Shina speakers. An older type of Burushaski is still spoken in the valley with a mild modern accent. A third language, Bedishki, is also still spoken in Chalt Nagar.

Religion[edit]

The population is traditionally predominantly Shia (Jafria). Following sectarian violences in January 2005, the Tanzim Ahle Sunnah wal Jama’at representing Sunnis, and the Central Anjuman-e-Imamia Northern Areas representing (Jafria) Shias signed on February 18, 2005, a six-point peace agreement arranged by the Northern Areas Legislative Council (NALC) members to ensure peace in the area.[3]

Villages of Nagar[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Muhammad Ismail Tehseen, Buroshall Say Nagar Tak ka Safar, Syed Yahya Shah, Brushal ke Qabail, both in Urdu, available in Municipal library at Gilgit
  2. ^ Ben Cahoon, WorldStatesmen.org. "Pakistan Princely States". Retrieved 2007-10-03. 
  3. ^ Ibrahim Shahid, Sunni and Shia groups sign peace deal in Gilgit, Daily Times (Pakistan), Sunday February 20, 2005

Further reading[edit]

  • Mohammad Ismail Nashad, Buroshall say Nagar Tek Ka Safar
  • Syed Mohammad Yahya Shah, Rasala Buroshall
  • E. F. Knight, Zafar Hayat Paul, Where the Three Empires Meet

External links[edit]