|• Total||49.371 km2 (19.062 sq mi)|
|Elevation||40 m (130 ft)|
|• Density||9,813/km2 (25,420/sq mi)|
|• Official||Tamil, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||91-4652 & 91-4651|
|Vehicle registration||TN-74 & TN-75|
Nagercoil, Nākarkōyil "Temple of the Nāgas") is a City in the southernmost Indian state of Tamil Nadu and a municipal Corporation and administrative headquarters of Kanyakumari District. The city is situated close to the tip of the Indian peninsula, locked with the Western Ghats on all sides.
The City was a part of the erstwhile Travancore state, or later Travancore-Cochin state, until almost a decade after independence in 1947. It is the best-managed municipal corporation in the state with a functional e-governance system and the best city planned and citizen oriented corporarion in the state, given its large population of Non-Resident Indians. In 1956, the city and the District were merged with Tamil Nadu. In its earlier days, the town and its surroundings were known as "Nanjilnadu".
Nagercoil also serves as the Headquarters for Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre, an Space research arm of The Government of India. The public sector Indian Rare Earths (IREL) also has its largest facility at Manavaalakurichy, near the town, which pioneers in the mining, processing and production of thorium. As of 2011, the town had a population of 224,849.
According to 2011 census, Nagercoil had a population of 224,849 with a sex-ratio of 1,050 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. A total of 20,241 were under the age of six, constituting 10,119 males and 10,122 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 4.19% and .17% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the city was 86.44%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. The city had a total of 59997 households. There were a total of 76,345 workers, comprising 244 cultivators, 1,155 main agricultural labourers, 2,271 in house hold industries, 67,050 other workers, 5,625 marginal workers, 110 marginal cultivators, 361 marginal agricultural labourers, 447 marginal workers in household industries and 4,707 other marginal workers.
Tamil is the most spoken language. English is also widely understood and spoken in the city.There is also a substantial malayalee population in the town and Malayalam and Tamil are understood by all irrespective of whether their mother tongue is Tamil or Malayalam.
The city was a Hindu centre, but mass conversion was conducted by missionaries in the regions of Tirunelveli, Nagercoil, Kanyakumari and Travancore. A set of villages in the community of Shanars (now elevated to nadars) were converted to Christianity, and the temples were converted into religious schools. The first conversion took place in 1784. Despite stiff resistance from landlords in the region, mass conversions continued until the 19th century.
The largest concentration of the population of the town and the District is along the coastal belt, on the eastern side, while the largely forested areas on the western side of the district (along the Western Ghats) are sparsely populated.
Fish-net manufacturing is a growing business in and around the town; nets for commercial fishing are supplied to the domestic and export markets. Cottage industries include coir-making, floral trade, handloom-weaving, rubber products, food-processing units, and lace-making (export-oriented).
Being the major Tamil Nadu City closest to the Kerala capital, Thiruvananthapuram (65 km away and the closest international airport to Nagercoil), trading and sending supplies to Kerala and Thiruvananthapuram is a major activity for the bustling markets at Vadasery and Kottar - availability and many items being cheaper in Tamil Nadu than in Kerala adds to the thriving business Supply of marine and agricultural produce to the overseas export-markets are also important economic activities, though primarily done through exporters or agents in Kerala. Remittances to Nagercoil from overseas, from Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) hailing from the town, is a major contributor to the local economy.
Nagercoil has several industries existing in this city from a long time and many are emerging with the demand of time. Cement, Software, Logistics, BPO and many others are among the industries growing in Nagercoil rapidly. All of the companies related to these industries provide work opportunity for more and more people of the city every day.
Nagercoil is situated in the Kanyakumari district of the Indian state Tamil Nadu, which is located on the southernmost tip of India and is surrounded by Tirunelveli on its east and north and by Kerala on its west and northwest.One of the best thing about the climate of Nagercoil is that, it is the only Indian town to receive both the south-west and north-east monsoons. Summers are quite hot here with winters being gentle. It receives more rain than other parts of Tamil Nadu. Summers are pretty humid and temperature reaches at 34 °C easily at that time. Summer months start from March and end in May. Monsoon months are from June till September with an average temperature of about 25 °C during the same time. Winters start from November and ends in February with an average temperature of 22 °C. Although, Nagercoil is located at a distance of only 20 Km from Kanyakumari, temperature difference in the day stands at around 3 -4 degrees always.
|Climate data for Kanyakumari|
|Average high °C (°F)||25
|Average low °C (°F)||18
The road network from Nagercoil is well linked with National highways, State highways, District roads and Rural roads. Total length of roads in Nagercoil municipality is 198.58 km. The trunk road from Madras to Nagercoil passes through Kanyakumari and moves through very important routes entering the state of Kerala. The Trivandrum-Nagercoil-Kanyakumari route was the first of the roads taken up under policy of nationalization of transport. A few routes were taken up by state government for nationalization policy in 1967, in order to provide co-ordinate and efficient road services. Nagercoil -Manakudy, Nagercoil-Kurumbanai, Nagercoil -Colachel roads were covered under this policy. The town connects to other places through State Highways and National Highways. Nagercoil is a junction to almost all the state highways and is thoroughly connected with Thiruvananthapuram, Thirunelveli and Kanyakumari. There are 2 bus stations in Nagercoil viz. Anna Bus Stand and Vadasery Bus stand. While the long route buses ply from Vadasery bus stand and only the buses close to Nagercoil run from Anna Bus stand. There are several means of transport easily available to get around the town of Nagercoil. Government and private buses frequent between various cities and have a wide network.
Nagercoil Railway Junction is an important station in Kanyakumari district. Hence the town is directly connected to rest of the cities of the country. The station code is NCJ. The station has four platforms connecting west coastlines to the east coastlines. The junction has lines connecting Chennai, Mangalore, Kanyakumari, Chettikulam and Karaikudi. The route from Nagercoil to Trivandrum is an exciting journey as the line runs through tunnels and hilly terrains. Many express trains to major cities of India initiate at Nagercoil and passenger trains also run from this junction to the nearby cities. While most of the trains are connected to Nagercoil via Madurai, you can also take trains to Trivandrum for Nagercoil. While it may take around 4-5 hrs from Madurai to Nagercoil, it takes only 1 hr and 40 minutes from Trivandrum to Nagercoil by train. Nagercoil Railway Junction is one of the most profit generating station making an annual profit of around 20 crores annually.
Nagercoil does not have an airport until 80 km. The nearest international airport is Trivandrum airport 65 km south east of the town. Trivandrum connects the city further to other major cities like Bangalore, Mumbai, Cochin, Delhi, Goa, and Chennai by air.Also TNSRTC buses take you directly to the Nagercoil town in about 2 hours. Tuticorin Airport is the next nearest airport from Nagercoil at 106 km located at southern part of Tamil Nadu state.
Nagercoil Clock Tower
The Nagercoil Clock Tower was built to commemorate the visit of Sri Moolam Thirunal, then ruler of Travancore, in 1893, and was designed by Hogeorf and S. Horesly of England. The Maharajah himself inaugurated it on February 15 of that year. The pendulum of the clock was made in Derbyshire by Smith of Derby Group, London. The clock is attached to a 60-foot-long chain with a weight, operated with pulleys through gravitational force. The clock tower was handed over to experts for repair by the Nagercoil Municipality in 2009. The sponsor renovated the tower twice in 2010 and 2012 by spending around Rs. 4 lakh. A technician from Thiruvananthapuram, Richard, used to repair the clock, which stopped ticking after his death.
St. Xavier's Church
St. Xavier Church is a Roman Catholic Latin Rite shrine located at Kottar, Nagercoil in Kanyakumari district of Tamil Nadu state, India. While Saint Xavier was doing missionary work at Kottar and its neighbourhood, he averted an invasion of Padagas with the help of his cross alone and thus protected the people of Venad kingdom from that attack which was appreciated by the king, Unni Kerala Varma, who became closer to the priest and befriended him from then on. In recognition of Xavier’s services, the king allotted him a piece of land to construct a Catholic church, as a gesture of goodwill, as per the church records. There was already a small church, in the same place where St. Xavier’s church stands at present, dedicated to Mary the Mother of God, since AD 1544 . Church records indicate that St. Xavier Church was built in 1600. In 1865, the Shrine of Mary was renovated and enlarged. In 1930, the church was raised to the status of a cathedral.
It is difficult to ascertain the exact age of the temple. There is no authentic epigraph to aid the historian with its chronology. The mountain Mahendragiri in the Kanyakumari district is referred to as the abode of Nagas in the Ramayana of Valmiki. From this, it can be presumed that the origin of Naga influence in the area goes back to legendary times.From the five headed-serpent deity of the temple, the name of this place (City) Nagercoil is derived; gradually its old name, Kottar, has mostly faded. There is a part of town called Kottar, so the old name remains. Within a five kilometer radius of the temple, there has been no recorded human death from snake bite.
Nagercoil has the distinction of housing one of the two Sports Authority of India Centers in the state, the other being in Chennai. There are plans to make the city hub for sports in South india by merging the Thiruvananthapuram and Kochi Center with Headquarters in Nagercoil.
Marshal Nesamony, one of the leading lawyers of the Nagercoil Bar, was elected as the Chairman of the Nagercoil Municipal Council in 1943. He enlarged the town boundary, improved water supply system for the town, established a home for the destitutes and increased the income of the Nagercoil Municipality. In the same year, he was elected to the Travancore State Assembly and was also nominated to the Senate of the then Travancore University (today's Kerala University). Later on K. Kamaraj, the former chief minister of Tamil Nadu, won from Kanyakumari constituency without even canvassing. This happens to be the strongest support base for the Indian National Congress in South India and is Nicknamed "The Fort of Congress". The Nagercoil (Lok Sabha constituency) is perhaps the only Constituency in Tamil nadu do not have elected an Dravidian parties in the states History. However in the past decade, this constituency has been electing either BJP or Communist party. 2014 Elections saw support for BJP in this constituency and Pon Radhakrishnan was elected to the center, in spite of strong stiff competition and massive influence of the congress candidate H.Vasanthakumar.
Most schools and colleges in Nagercoil are more than 150 years old, like the DVD Higher Secondary School, Hindu College, Scott Christian College, Scott Christian Higher Secondary School, MET engineering college, Carmel High School (Nagercoil), built with free land and support from the Travancore Royal Family. European missionaries, in the ,18th, 19th century and early 20th century played a major role in imparting education to the people of the town and district. One of the oldest regular schools in South India, Sethu Lakshmi Bai Higher Secondary School, is situated in the heart of town. It was established under the supervision of the Travancore administrators and named after a Sethu Lakshmi Bayi, the Queen of Travancore between 1924 to 1931. Another school which was named after a Travancore ruler is Sri Moolam Thirunal Rama Varma Higher Secondary School. Educational institutions include privately funded engineering colleges, the state-run Kanyakumari Government Medical College (at Asaripallam near Nagercoil), and many polytechnic colleges and arts and science colleges. As in neighbouring Kerala, women's education and career-development are given importance.
Tamil is the official language in Nagercoil and is spoken by the majority of the population here. Tamil along with English is used as a medium of teaching in all major schools.
Some of the widely celebrated festivals here are Pongal,which is celebrated for three days, Onam is another Festival widely celebrated among the Malayalam speaking population by drawing the `atha poo' (flower decoration) in the floor,
Nagercoil is home to the famous Nanjilnadu cuisine, which is one of the two famous Tamil cuisines, the other being the Chettinad Cuisine. This cuisine is known for its unique appetizing, savory and delicious Spiced Local Touch. The Nanjinadu seafood cuisine is also having its unique flavour followed widely in the states of Tamil nadu and Kerala. Curries here are made with coconut and coconut oil which is now considered Nanjil or Nagercoil style cooking. The modernisation and sophistication that has crept into the present lifestyle has not erased out most of the traditional food culture of the city. But a unique feature is that some traditional rare dishes are becoming endangered or are going extinct, due to the negligence of learning by the future generation. The food is generally spicy, with coconut in almost all side dishes and curry, very much like that of neighbouring Kerala. Seafood is popular among the people, though there are many vegetarians in and around the town.
Places of interest
CSI Home Church, Nagercoil, Nagaraja Temple, Suchindrum Temple, Kanyakumari, Poigai Dam, Udaygiri fort, Padmanabhapuram Palace, Beach. Krishnancoil, situated on the way to Trivandrum on NH-47, is named after a temple where the presiding deity is Lord Krishna in his childhood avatar. This temple is 1.5 km from the center of Nagercoil.
Thirparappu falls, Mathur water canal bridge, Ulakkai water falls, Muttom Beach are some of the other major attractions.
- "Nagercoil Best Corporation in Tamil Nadu"
- "Successful ignition of indigenous cryogenic engine"
- "Indian Rare Earth Ltd., a pioneer in titanium products"
- "Time to ensure scientific disposal of garbage"
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Nagercoil". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Test-firing of GSLV core stage halted at 150 seconds"
- "ISRO’s most powerful rocket motor successfully tested"
- "Fishermen thirst for scientific solutions"
- "Form casteless society, youth told". The Hindu. 3 October 2004. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
- "Climate of Nagercoil". Climate-data.org.
- "Sports Authority of India sub-centre coming up near Nagercoil"
- "Regional Centres"
- "City may lose SAI sub-centre to Nagercoil"
- Joy Gnanadason,`A Forgotten History`,1994, Gurukul L.T. College and Research Institute, Chennai. Page:151.
- "Kamaraj birth anniversary"
- "Sangh power BJP's southern comfort"
- "Chidambaram distributes welfare aid in Nagercoil"
- "Will BJP make history by winning Nagercoil?"
- "Dravidians don't wind up in Nagercoil"
- " Pongal festival celebrated"
- "Crowds on beach"
- "Onam - day of flowers, feast, fun and frolic"
- "Onam festivities begin in Kanyakumari"
- "Food from Nanjil Nadu"
- "All Spiced Up"
- "How to make...Keluthi Meen Kozhambu"
- "A taste of rich food culture"
- "Where are the steamed rice recipes?"
- "Sea food festival begins"
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