Nagercoil Junction railway station

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Nagercoil Junction
Regional rail, Light rail & Commuter rail
Nagercoil Junction Railway Station.JPG
Main Building of the station
Station statistics
Address Railway Feeder Rd, Kottar, Nagercoil. PIN - 629 002, Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu
India
Coordinates Coordinates: 8°10′26″N 77°26′38″E / 8.174°N 77.444°E / 8.174; 77.444
Elevation 38 metres (125 ft)
Line(s) Kanyakumari–Nagercoil
Trivandrum–Nagercoil
Tirunelveli–Nagercoil
Connections Auto,Taxi Stand, Bus stand
Structure type At–grade
Platforms 4
Tracks 11
Parking Available
Baggage check Available
Other information
Opened 15 April 1979; 35 years ago (1979-04-15)
Electrified 25 kV AC 50 Hz
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Station code NCJ
Zone(s) Southern Railway Zone
Division(s) Thiruvananthapuram railway division
Owned by Indian Railways
Operator Southern Railway Zone
Station status Functioning
Traffic
Passengers () 3.24 million
Foundation Stone
Placard of Inaugural Function
Kanyakumari Express at stationary mode

Nagercoil Junction railway station is a railway junction in Tamil Nadu's Kanyakumari district in the state of state.[1] The station has four platforms connecting the KanyakumariTrivandrum line (West Coast Line) of the Thiruvananthapuram railway division to the Chennai - Madurai - Nagercoil line (East Coast Line).[2] The rail-link to Kanyakumari was established only in 1979, mainly because establishing a rail line through the district posed some challenges for the rail department and took a lot of efforts, especially the western line. The western line runs through some huge artificial ground-elevations and a number of hill-tunnels. Kanyakumari District is connected through direct train services with all leading metropolitan cities in India like New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore and Kolkata. The Chennai-Nagercoil sector is the largest profit making line in south India, which brought in INR346 crore (US$57 million) in 2011.[3]

History[edit]

The Madras Government of the South Indian Railway wanted to extent their rail links into Travancore (Thiruvithamkoor) for commercial interests of both the states, during 1873. The Chief Engineer of Travancore Mr. Barton suggested a proposal to link Travancore by a Railway line drawn from Kovilpatti of Madras state to Trivandrum (since renamed Thiruvananthapuram) through Shencottah in the Chittar mountain area, and from Trivandrum to Quilon (since renamed Kollam), the commercial centre of Kerala. Although the “South Indian Railway Company were inclined to make a survey of the southern route via the Aramboly pass to Trivandrum, --- the balance of opinion was in favour of the Northern route,[so] they obtained permission to survey that as well” The Dewan of Travancore Mr. Ramiengar “suggested that a line from Kovilpatti to Quilon through Shencottah would be the one most advantageous.”About the close of 1881 the Consulting Engineer for Railways ordered for a trial survey of the line from Tirunelveli to Trvandrum via Shenkottai, Aryankavu and Quilon. Immediately the Chief Engineer of S.I.R took up the survey of, both the Southern and Northern routes to Trivandrum. In 1882, he submitted the report wherein he discussed the merits and demerits of both the routes. He held that the southern route would be cheaper and more beneficial than the northern one. But Dewan Ramiengar was strongly in favour of the northern route which would better promote its commercial interests of the country since Trivandrum was no more important commercially than Quilon. So the northern route was approved by the S.I.R. authorities and work started to link Tirunelveli Quilon via Tenkasi, Shencottah and Aryankavu.[4] In 1913, the Secretary of State for India sanctioned the extension of Railway line from Quilon to Trivandrum beach (Present Pettai Station) and it was opened for traffic on 1 January 1918. In 1926 the extension of this line from Trivandrum Beach to the heart of the city, that is Thampanoor (the present-day Thiruvananthapuram Central) was completed in 1931. Hence the rail link ended at Trivandrum. At this point, when the work of extension of the Railway line from Quilon to Trivandrum was taken up there were no proposal or plan to extend it up to Nagercoil.

Section Date of Opening Length in miles Owner/section
Tirunelveli-Kallidaikurichi 01-06-1902 19.13 British Section
Kallidaikurichi-Near Shengottah 01-08-1903 31.28 British Section
Quilon-Punalur 01-06-1904 28.28 Travancore Section
Punalur-Near Shengottah 26-11-1904 29.77 Travancore Section
Quilon-Trivandrum 01-01-1918 37-91 Travancore Section

Nobody requested or represented to the Maharaja or Dewan in this respect. But in 1928 a request was made to extend the rail link up to Nageroil. The very first man from South Travancore who made a claim at the Sree Moolam popular Assembly (headed by the Dewan of Travancore) to extend the Railway line up to Nagercoil was a Tamilian by name Mr.D.Francis of Ramanpudur on 1 March 1928 who was nominated as a member to the Sree Moolam popular Assembly by the Maharaja himself. The then Dewan Mr. Rajagopala Chariyar replied negatively, expressing the state’s inability to comply with his request,

as the Govt. have vested their attention to implement the Chakkai – Trivandrum Rail link, through Nagercoil extension was Surveyed and found feasible.

Once again, the Tamil people of South Travancore were refused their request. After Mr. D.Francis, nobody raised this issue either at Sree Moolam Popular Assembly or at Chithira Popular Assembly for a rail link in to the Tamil area of Travancore, till Mr. Nesamony, the father of Kanyakumari District raised this issue at the Indian parliament, on 8 March 1965, wherein he requested extension of the railway line from Tirunelveli to Kanyakumari and then to Trivandrum Via Nagercoil. This was accepted by the Govt. of India in principle but he could not see it implemented during his lifetime as he expired on 1 June 1968.

The foundation stone for Kanyakumari Railway station was laid on 6 April 1972 by the then Prime Minister Mrs. Indira Gandhi, while Sri.K.Kamaraj was the sitting Member of Parliament. As he opposed Mrs. Gandhi’s Emergency Policy’ he was not even invited for the foundation stone laying function. As the function was performed at his constituency he made it a point to participate like an ordinary public man and he was made to sit at the first row provided for the public. On seeing him made to sit in such a neglected position Mrs .Gandhi was shocked and invited him to the dais, where he was then honoured suitably. Thus a Tamil people’s leader was ill treated by the officers, even before the Prime Minister of India by the Railway officers. After a lapse of seven years the Railway line and the Kanyakumari railway station was inaugurated on 15 February 1979 by the then Prime Minister Mr. Morarji Desai.

Route[edit]

  • 1979 Trivandrum-Nagercoil-71.05 km opened on 16.04.79[5]
  • 1979 Nagercoil -Kanniyakumari-15.51 km opened on 16.04.79[5]
  • 1979 Trivandrum division of SR created on 02-10-1979[5]
  • 1981 Nagercoil-Tiruneveli-73.29 km opened on 02.04.81[5]
  • 1986 Tirunelveli- Milavittan (Tuticorin) parallel new BG line51 KM opened May 1986
  • 1988 July 8 Bangalore-Trivandrum Island Express derails and plunges into Ashtamudi lake near Kollam, Kerala, killing 107. It is said that a freak tornado was the cause.[5]
  • 1993 Dindigul-Madurai Parallel B.G-64.32 KM OPENED ON 14.04.93[5]
  • 1993 Madurai-Virudunagar BG 40KM opened in June 1993
  • 1993 Virudunagar-Maniyachchi  27 km opened on 21.10.93[5]
  • 1993 Milavittan-Tuticorin -7.00 km opened on 21.10.93[5]
  • 1995 May 14: 52 killed as Madras-Kanyakumari Exp. collides with goods train near Salem.
  • 1999 Tiruchchirappalli-dindigul-93.00 km opened on 06.01.99[5]
  • 2009 Dindigul-Madurai 65.35KM second BG line (earlier MG alignment) opened for traffic on 31-07-2009
  • 2012 Trivandrum-Nagercoil-Kanyakumari electrified line opened for passenger traffic.
  • 2013 Nagercoil Tirunelveli electrified line commissioned ( with goods traffic)
Stations in Kanyakumari District Route
Kochuveli
Thiruvananthapuram Pettah
Thiruvananthapuram Central
Nemam
Balaramapuram
Neyyattinkara
Amaravila H.
Dhanuvachapuram H.
Parassala
Tamilnadu - Kerala Border
Kulitthurai West H.
Kulitthurai
Palliyadi H.
Eraniel
Virani Alur H.
Nagercoil Town
NCJ
Suchindram
Agastiswaram
Tanarakulam
Kanniyakumari

Transfer Division[edit]

The Thiruvananthapuram-Nagercoil-Kanyakumari railway line was opened on Sixteenth April 1979, and was then under Madurai Division. Trivandrum division was formed on second October 1979 carving out certain sections from Madurai division. The Meter Gauge sections of Madurai division were retained, while all the newly laid Broad Gauge Sections of Madurai Division were transferred to Trivandrum Division. Thus, the Thiruvananthapuram-Nagercoil-Kanyakumari BG line, and the under-construction Tirunelveli-Nagercoil BG line were transferred to Trivandrum Division. It was then mentioned that when the Tirunelveli-Madurai line is converted into BG line the sections falling under Kanyakumari district and Thirunelveli District would be transferred back to Madurai Division.The Thrunelveli-Madurai line was converted into BG line on 8-4-1981 and ever since people from South Tamil Nadu have been demanding the merger of Kanyakumari BG line with Madurai Division.

Trains[edit]

N. Dennis[edit]

  • 1984 Trivandrum -Mumbai C.S.T Express extended to Kanniyakumari Daily
  • 1988 Kanniyakumari- Jammu Tawi Himsagar (Wkly) 6317/6318
  • 1988 Initially Island Express was running from Bangalore-to Cochin.- Subsequently extended to Thiruvananthapuram. This train was extended- to Nagercoil from 01.11.1988 and to Kanniyakumari from 01.07.1992.
  • 1992 Bangalore - Nagercoil Island Express to Kanyakumari
  • 1992 Gandhidham - Nagercoil Exp
  • 1994 Madras - Kanyakumari Exp
  • 1994 Nagercoil - Guruvayur Exp [The now Chennai-Guruvayur express 6127/6128]
  • 1995 Nagercoil - Bombay Exp (weekly) 6335/6336
  • 1996 Nagercoil-Mumbai CST Express from weekly to tri-weekly.[6]
  • 1998 Mumbai-Nagercoil Express 6339/6340 from 3 days to 4 days a week[7]
  • 1998 Nagercoil-Gandhidham Express (weekly)6335/6336 trains diverted via the Konkan Railway[7]

Pon Radhakrishnan[edit]

  • 2000 Tirupati-Nagercoil Express (Bi-weekly)[8] [Later operated as Nagercoil-Tirupati-Mumbai biweely express]
  • 2000 Howrah-Trichy Express extended to Kanniyakumari (on one day in a week)[8]
  • 2001 Shalimar-Trivandrum-Nagercoil Gurudev Weekly express[9]
  • 14-10-2002 H. Nizamuddin - Kanyakumari Exp weekly via Villipuram (2012) [10]
  • 2002 Chennai - Trivandrum Exp 6123/6124(via Nagercoil) 6 days[10]

A. V. Bellarmin[edit]

  • 2004 Nagercoil - Chennai Central weekly[11]
  • 2005 ChennaiEgmore – Trivandrum Ananthapuri Express from 6 days a week to daily[12]
  • 09-11-2006[13] Chennai Egmore-Nagercoil weekly Express 2006[14]
  • 01-02-2008[15] Coimbatore-Nagercoil Express via Madurai (2007) (Daily)[16]
  • 2007 Kottayam-Thiruvananthapuram Passenger up to Nagercoil[16]

Helen Davidson[edit]

  • 22-12-2010(2009)[17] Bilaspur – Tirunelveli Jn. Weekly Superfast [18]
  • 30-03-2010(2009) [19] Hapa – Tirunelveli Jn. Superfast (Bi-weekly) via Thiruvananthapuram (2010) [18]
  • 22-12-20102009)[17] Kanyakumari – Rameshwaram Express (Tri-weekly) via Madurai (2009) [20]
  • 04-01-2010(2010)[21] Mangalore – Kochuveli Ernad 6605/6606 (Tri-weekly) express to Nagercoil
  • 19-12-2010(2010)[22] Mangalore- Nagercoil Ernad Express 6605/6606from 3 days to daily [20]
  • 22-12-2011(2011)[23] Nagercoil - Bangalore Express (Weekly) via Madurai-Dharmapuri-Hosur (2010)
  • 19-11-2011(2011)[24] Dibrugarh- Thiruvananthapuram-Kanniyakumari Express (weekly) via Kokrajhar [25]
  • 01-12-2012(2011)[26] Kollam - Nagercoil MEMU Service [26]
  • 16-07-2012(2012)[27] Trivandrum - Mangalore Parasuram Express to Nagercoil [28]
  • 12-04-2013(2012)[29] Kanyakumari - Nizamuddin Weekly to biweekly [28]
  • 16-07-2013(2013) Kanyakumari - Puduchery Weekly (2013) [30]
  • 10-02-2014(2013) Nagercoil - Bangalore Daily Via. Madurai [30][31]
  • 28-07-2013(2013) Kollam - Nagercoil Memu train to Kanyakumari [30]
  • 07-09-2013(2013) Nagercoil - Kanyakumari passenger train 6 days to 7 [30] days[30]
  • 07-09-2013(2013) Kanyakumari - Tirunelveli passenger train 6 days to 7 days[30]
  • 07-09-2013(2013) Tirunelvel - Nagercoil passenger train 6 days to 7 days[30]
  • 19-07-2013(2013) Puducherry – Kanyakumari (weekly) express
  • 20-05-2014(2014) Nagercoil – Kacheguda 16353/16354 weekly express

Pon Radhakrishnan[edit]

no train

Revenue[edit]

Station Name Grade 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13
Aralvaymozhi E 21,15,127 17,78,567 43,03,387
Kaniyakumari A 4,79,37,440 5,76,31,386 7,13,23,240
Eraniel D 89,54,885 93,61,162 1,48,93,334
Kulitturai B 2,14,14,960 2,26,22,912 2,68,05,322
Nagercoil Jn A 17,99,20,348 20,17,67,259 21,91,67,166

Trains at Nagercoil Junction[edit]

Passenger Trains[edit]

The services are:[32]

  • 56310 Nagercoil - Trivandrum Passenger Train
  • 56321 Kanniyakumari - Nellai Passenger Train
  • 56312 Nellai - Nagercoil Passenger Train
  • 56319 Nagercoil - Coimbatore Passenger Train
  • 56320 Coimbatore - Nagercoil Passenger Train
  • 56318 Nagercoil - Kochuveli Passengers Train
  • 56304 Nagercoil - Kottayam Passenger Train
  • 56316 Nagercoil - Trivandrum Passengers Train
  • 56311 Trivandrum - Nagercoil Passengers Train
  • 56317 Kochuveli - Nagercoil Passengers Train
  • 56315 Trivandrum - Nagercoil Passengers Train
  • 56313 Trivandrum - Nagercoil Passengers Train

Express Trains[edit]

Departure[edit]

Train No. Train Name Origin Destination
16352 Mumbai Express Nagercoil Mumbai
16128[33] Guruvayur Express Guruvayur Chennai
16340 Mumbai Express Nagercoil Mumbai
12666[33] Howrah Express Kanyakumari Howrah
16863[33] Puducherry Express Kanyakumari Puducherry
17236 Bangalore Express Nagercoil Bangalore
12668 Chennai Express Nagercoil Chennai
12634 Kanniyakumari Express Kanniyakumari Chennai
16724 Ananthapuri Express Trivandrum Chennai
12641 Thirukural Express Kanniyakumari Nizamudin
12690 Chennai Express Nagercoil Chennai
16609 Coimbatore Express Nagercoil Coimbatore
22622[33] Rameswaram Express Kanyakumari Rameswaram
56701[32] Punalur Fast Passenger Punalur Madurai
16606[33] Ernad Express Nagercoil Mangalore
22620 Bilaspur Express Tirunelveli Bilaspur
56700[32] Punalur Fast Passenger Madurai Punalur
16650[33] Parashuram Express Nagercoil Mangalore
16382[33] Jayanthi Janatha Express Kanniyakumari Mumbai
19577[33] Hapa Express Tirunelveli Hapa
16723 Ananthapuri Express Chennai Trivandrum
16525[33] Island Express Kanniyakumari Bangalore
16336[33] Gandhidham Express Nagercoil Gandhidham
16317[33] HimsagarExpress Kanniyakumari Jammu Tawi
12659[33] Gurudev Express Nagercoil Shalimar
15905[33] Vivek Express Kanniyakumari Dibrugarh
16127[33] Guruvayur Express Chennai Guruvayur

Railway Lines in Nagercoil Junction[edit]

Line No. Towards Passing through Station Type / Track
1 Chennai Tirunelveli, Madurai, Trichirappalli
  • Kanyakumari - Madurai Broad Gauge Single Track
  • Madurai -Dindigul Broad Gauge Double Track
  • Dindigul - Villupuram Broad Gauge Single Track
  • Villupuram - Chengalpattu Broad Gauge Single Track
  • Chennai Egmore - Chengalpattu Broad Gauge Double Track
2 Mangalore Trivandrum, Ernakulam
  • Kanyakumari-Trivandrum Electrified Broad Gauge Single Track
  • Trivandrum - Kayankulam Electrified Broad Gauge Double Track
  • Kayankulam -Ernakulam Electrified Broad Gauge Single Track
  • Ernakulam - Mangalore Broad Gauge Double Track
3 Kanyakumari Suchindram
  • Nagercoil - Kanyakumari Electrified Broad Gauge Single Track
4 Chettikulam Aloor-Nagarcoil Broad Gauge - Under Survey (Proposed)
5 Karaikudi Tiruchunder,Tuticorin Broad Gauge- Under Survey (Proposed)

Technical Details[edit]

Trivandrum-Nagercoil Section[edit]

  • Total Nagercoil-Trivandrum Section km = 71.05
  • Line capacity of Trivandrum-Nagercoil Section : 114.1%
  • Maximum Permissible speed of Trivandrum-Nagercoil Section : 80 km/h
  • Total Stations =13
  • Block Station =6
  • CNC Station = 1
  • Halt Station =6
  • Critical Block Section = Eraniel - Nagercoil
  • Station km = 272.62

Nagercoil - Tirunelveli section[edit]

  • Total Nagercoil - Tirunelveli Section km = 73.29
  • Line capacity of Nagercoil - Tirunelveli Section : 110%
  • Maximum Permissible speed of Nagercoil - Tirunelveli Section : 90 km/h
  • Total Stations =7
  • Block Station =5
  • CNC Station = 0
  • Halt Station =2
  • Critical Block Section = Vallioor - Nanguneri

Nagercoil - Kanyakumari Section[edit]

  • Total Nagercoil - Kanyakumari Section km = 15.51
  • Line capacity of Nagercoil - Kanyakumari Section : 77%
  • Maximum Permissible speed of Nagercoil - Kanyakumari Section : 75 km/h
  • Total Stations =2
  • Block Station =1
  • CNC Station = 0
  • Halt Station =1

Railway stations in Kaniyakumari District[edit]

Station name Station code Category Pin Code Phone Number
Nagercoil Junction NCJ A 629002 04652-240303
Nagercoil Town NJT F 629003 04652
Kaniyakumari CAPE A 629702 04652-246247
Kulitthurai KZT B 629165 04651-270133
Eraniel ERL D 629802 04651-222338
Aralvaymozhi AAY E 629301 04652-263138
Palliyadi PYD F 629169 04651
Kulitthurai West KZTW F 629163 04651
Viranialur VRLR F 629801 04651
Suchindram SUCH F 629704 04652
Tovalai[34] THX F 629302 04652

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ XI LOK SABHA DEBATES Session II, Budget Thursday, July 25, 1996/Sravana 3, 1918 (Saka)
  3. ^ "Chennai-Kanyakumari section emerges most profitable for third year running"
  4. ^ Summary – Travancore State Manual by Nagam Aiya –Vol. III – Pages 233 & 234
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i [IRFCA] Indian Railways FAQ: IR History: Part 5
  6. ^ INDIAN RAILWAY BUDGET 1996-97 - ONLINE COVERAGE
  7. ^ a b Highlight -I of Railway Budget 1998-99
  8. ^ a b Railway Budget 2000-01
  9. ^ PIB
  10. ^ a b Railway Budget 2002-2003
  11. ^ http://www.hindu.com/thehindu/nic/railbudget2004-05.pdf
  12. ^ http://www.hindu.com/thehindu/nic/railbudget2005-06.pdf
  13. ^ The Hindu : Tamil Nadu / Chennai News : New weekly service to Nagercoil
  14. ^ http://www.indianrail.gov.in/budget-highlights06-07-e.pdf
  15. ^ The Hindu : Tamil Nadu / Coimbatore News : Coimbatore-Nagercoil train service inauguration today
  16. ^ a b http://exim.indiamart.com/budget-2007-08/rail-budget2007-08
  17. ^ a b Karunanidhi to flag off Chennai-Mangalore Train tomorrow - The Hindu
  18. ^ a b http://www.cccindia.co/corecentre/Database/Docs/DocFiles/rlybudget.pdf
  19. ^ The Hindu : Tamil Nadu / Tirunelveli News : Tirunelveli–Hapa Express flagged off
  20. ^ a b http://www.hindu.com/nic/railbudget2010.pdf
  21. ^ The Hindu : Kerala / Thiruvananthapuram News : Train’s extended run set to begin
  22. ^ Ernad Express begins daily run - The Hindu
  23. ^ The Hindu : Tamil Nadu / Madurai News : New train service from Nagercoil
  24. ^ For a few hundred rupees, a journey from one end of India to another - The Hindu
  25. ^ The Longest Train Route in India: Dibrugarh - Trivandrum - Kanyakumari Vivek Express starts service this month Trivandrum Thiruvananthapuram Kerala News, Events, Jobs, Map, Ho...
  26. ^ a b Kollam-Nagercoil MEMU service flagged off - The Hindu
  27. ^ Parasuram Express extended to Nagercoil Junction | Business Line
  28. ^ a b http://www.indianrail.gov.in/EHighlights_2012-13.pdf
  29. ^ Southern Railway Welcomes You
  30. ^ a b c d e f g http://www.indianrail.gov.in/English_Speech_2013-14.pdf
  31. ^ Nagercoil - Bangalore new train to run via Karur, rail users happy - The Times of India
  32. ^ a b c Southern Zone Time Table July 2013, Page no 170 & Table No. 41,41A
  33. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Southern Zone Time Table July 2013, Page no 112 & Table No. 13,13A
  34. ^ Southern Zone Time Table July 2010, Page no 185 & Table No. 56,56A

External links[edit]