Nagina

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For the 1986 Hindi movie, see Nagina (film).
Nagina
city
Nagina is located in Uttar Pradesh
Nagina
Nagina
Coordinates: 29°26′35″N 78°25′59″E / 29.443°N 78.433°E / 29.443; 78.433Coordinates: 29°26′35″N 78°25′59″E / 29.443°N 78.433°E / 29.443; 78.433
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Bijnor
Founded by Syed Ghalib Ali
Elevation 282 m (925 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 81,310
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 246762
Vehicle registration UP 20

Nagina is a town and a municipal board in Bijnor district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

History[edit]

Nagina is the word for "Jewel", it was named by Syed's who received this place as jagir by the Mughals. Syed Ghalib Ali received this place as Jagir and he founded the city by building Nagina Mahal or Bara Mahal. The Ain-e-Akbari mentions the city as the headquarters of Nagina Mahal (Bara Mahal) currently located at Mohalla-SyedWara Nagina or pargana.[1] During British period, it remained the headquarters of Nagina Tahsil, Bijnor district, in the United Province; and from 1817–1824, it was the headquarters of newly formed Northern Moradabad district.[1] In 1901, the Nagina Tehsil had 464 villages and two towns: Nagina, with a population of 21,412, and Afzalgarh, with a population of 6,474.[1]

Rise of Rohilla power in the area was marked by an 18th-century fort, which was later used as tahsili or tehsil offices. In 1805, the city was sacked by the Pashtuns under Muhammad Amir Khan.[1]

As a part of the Indian Rebellion of 1857, Nagina was the site of battle between the Nawab of Najibabad and the British, ending in the defeat of the Nawab on April 21, 1858,[2] following which British established their authority in Bijnor, and later, in 1886, Nagina became a municipality.[2]

During the 20th century there were three prominent persons from Syedwara, Nagina. One was Moulvi Syed Zafaryab Hassan a Rais and Jagirdar. His Jagir of Meduwala though falls under Tehsil of Najibabad. The second prominent person was Khan Bahadur Mir Jamil Ahmed who was senior Civil Servant who was knighted by British Empire. He was also deputed to then two of the princely states of U.P and Punjab as Minister in Rampur and Chief Minister of Maliar Kotla respectively by the British Empire. The third prominent person also belonging to Syedwara was Syed Sultan Ahmad Rais Nagina and Jagirdar also the great grandson of Syed Ghalib Ali founder of Nagina, he served in the police department with great honesty, he was a freedom fighter and a close aide of Dr. Zakir hussain and Pt.JawahrLal Nehru during the freedom struggle. Sultan Ahmad, after independence served in the Ministry of Home Affairs as Central Intelligence Officer-I.

The population of Nagina has been a good mix of Hindus and Muslims who have been living mostly in peace and harmony with good relations.

A famous poet Khurrum Shahzad Noor was born here.

Nagina Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 80 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. This constituency came into existence in 2008, as a part of delimitation of parliamentary constituencies based on the recommendations of the Delimitation Commission of India constituted in 2002.

Agriculture Center (Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Nagina)[edit]

It was established in 1995 to help farmers in crop production, animal husbandry, fisheries, etc. They train the farmers and demonstrate new technologies to raise crops. The mandate of KVK is spreading knowledge and teaching skills to improve the productivity and profitability of the farming.

Geography[edit]

Nagina is located at 29°27′N 78°27′E / 29.45°N 78.45°E / 29.45; 78.45.[3] It has an average elevation of 282 metres (925 ft). It has good quality of Water Supply. The production of Mangoes, Sugarcane etc. is very high and is exported to many countries of the world.

Handicrafts[edit]

Nagina is famous for its wooden handicrafts, especially ebony work. That is why it is also known as 'Wood Craft City'. A neighborhood called Luhari Sarai is famous for its wooden items and world-known artisans.

The artisans at Nagina were expert in making items of Ivory and very special Ebony and Sandalwood. Later on when Ivory was banned and Ebony and Sandalwood was not easily available the artisans choose shisham because the low relief work was done best on shisham as well as it was available in abundance locally as well nearby places. Today Teakwood, Walnut  and  Rosewood  are  also  used as per the requirement.   Rohila, Sal, Babul are used for bold work. Other most commonly used wood are Mango, Tun, Neem, Sal, Jamun and Rohira etc.

Demographics[edit]

According to Census of India in 2011, [4] Nagina had a population of 71,310. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Nagina has an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; Male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 64%. In Nagina, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Religions in nagina
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
33%
Muslims
  
66%
Jains
  
0.5%
Others†
  
0.5%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Education[edit]

1. Hindu Inter College, Nagina

2. M.M. Inter College, Nagina.

3. Dayanand Vaidik Kanya Inter College, Nagina

4. St. Mary's School, Nagina.

5. Krishna Gopal Mahavidyalya, Nagina.

6. City Degree College, Nagina.

7. Iqbal Memorial Inter College, Nagina.

8. Indian Public Junior High School, Nagina.

9. Gandhi Inter College, Nagina.

10. Radha Sarswati Vidya Mandir, Nagina.

11. Tigri Manka Wala Medical College, Nagina

12. Nehru Junior High School Lal Sarai, Nagina

13. Bhagwan Das Mangu Lal Sarswati Vidhya Mandir Kalalan, Nagina

References[edit]