Nago-dera

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Nago-dera
那古寺
Nago-dera Tahoto old.jpg
Tahōtō of Nago-dera (1761)
Information
Mountain Name Fudaraku-san
Denomination Shingon Chizan Sect
Venerated Senju Kannon
Founded 717 (?)
Founder(s) Empress Genshō (?)
Founding priest Gyōki (?)
Address 1125 Nago, Tateyama, Chiba Prefecture
Country Japan
Website http://www.bandou.gr.jp/33.htm

Nago-dera (那古寺?) is a Buddhist temple located in the city of Tateyama in southern Chiba Prefecture, Japan. The temple is also called "Nago-ji" using the alternate pronunciation of the final Chinese character in its name, or the "Nago Kannon" (古寺観音?), after its primary object of worship.

Location[edit]

Nago-dera is located on the middle slopes of Mount Nago at the southern tip of the Bōsō Peninsula, and is surrounded by forest. The area around the temple has important stands of sudajii Castanopsis, the tabunoki machilus species of laurel, the yabunikkei species of cinnamomum, camellia and the himeyuzuri species of daphniphyllum.[1]

History[edit]

According to temple legend contained in the Nago-dera engi text,[1] Nago-dera was founded by the wandering holy ascetic Gyōki around 717 AD to pray for the recovery of Empress Genshō from an illness. However, no historical documents have survived to substantiate this legend, and the history of the temple is thus uncertain. Most of the temple was destroyed by a fire in 1703, and its oldest existing structures are its Hondō (本堂?) main hall (1759) and Tahōtō (多宝塔?) pagoda (1761), both of which are registered as Chiba Prefectural Important Cultural Properties.[2]

Nago-dera was used as a place of worship by successive samurai and clans, starting with Minamoto Yoritomo (1147 – 1199), Ashikaga Takauji (1305 &ndash 1358), Yoshizane Satomi (1412 – 1488) and members of the Tokugawa clan.[3]

The temple currently belongs to the Shingon Chizan Sect of Japanese Buddhism. Its Gohonzon (primary object of veneration) is a bronze statue of Senju Kannon Bosatsu (千手観世音菩薩 Senju Kanseion Bosatsu?),[1] which dates from the Kamakura period. This statue is a national Important Cultural Property.

Order in Buddhist pilgrimages[edit]

Nago-dera is the 33rd and last in the Bandō Sanjūsankasho, a pilgrimage circuit of 33 Buddhist temples in the Kantō region of eastern Japan dedicated to the Bodhisattva Kannon.

Preceded by
Kiyomizu-dera
#32
Bandō Sanjūsankasho
Nago-dera
#33
Succeeded by
none

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 那古寺へ御来山歓迎(Japanese)
  2. ^ Chiba-ken Kōtō Gakkō Kyōiku Kenkyūkai Rekishi Bukai (1989), Chiba-ken no rekishi sanpo (千葉県の歴史散歩) (1st ed., rev. ed.), Yamakawa Shuppansha, pp. 222–223, ISBN 9784634291201  (Japanese)
  3. ^ 那古寺(館山市)(Japanese)

Coordinates: 35°01′30.05″N 139°51′27.52″E / 35.0250139°N 139.8576444°E / 35.0250139; 139.8576444