Nagorno-Karabakh parliamentary election, 2010

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Nagorno-Karabakh parliamentary election, 2010
Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
2005 ←
23 May 2010 → 2015

All 33 seats to the National Assembly
  First party Second party Third party
  Araik.jpg Աշոտ Ղուլյան.JPG
Leader Arayik Harutyunyan Ashot Ghulian Vitaly Balasanian
Party Free Motherland Democratic Party ARF
Last election 10 seats, 26.7% 12 seats, 37.6% 3 seats, 24.4%
Seats won 14 seats 7 6
Seat change +4 -5 +3
Popular vote 29,252 18,017 12,725
Percentage 44.2% 27.0% 19.1%
Swing +17.5% -10.6% -5.3%
Coat of arms of Nagorno-Karabakh.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Nagorno-Karabakh
See also

A parliamentary election was held in the unrecognized Nagorno-Karabakh Republic on 23 May 2010.[1][2]

Background[edit]

Nagorno-Karabakh declared its independence from Azerbaijan in 1991. A conflict took place between 1988 and 1994 which resulted in Nagorno-Karabakh, with Armenian support, becoming de facto independent from Azerbaijan. However it has not been internationally recognised and Azerbaijan still claims the area as part of its state.[3]

Several changes to the election process were made since the previous election in 2005. Whereas previously, 22 of the parliament's 33 seats were filled using party-list proportional representation and 11 using first-past-the-post, the distribution for these elections is 17–16. Another change concerns the lowering of the election threshold from 10% to 6% (for political parties) and from 15% to 8% (for electoral blocs).[2]

A total of 94,900 voters are registered for the election, about 66% of the total population of Nagorno-Karabakh.[4]

Contesting parties[edit]

Before the elections, it became clear very few opposition parties would contest.[2] Four parties contesting the 17 list-based seats are registered: Free Motherland (FM), led by Prime Minister Arayik Harutyunyan, the Democratic Party of Artsakh (DPA), the Armenian Revolutionary Federation (ARM) and the Communist Party of Artsakh (CPA). Of these parties, only the communists did not support president Bako Sahakyan in the 2007 election. 44 More candidates stand for election in the 16 FPTP constituencies.[4]

Opinion polls[edit]

Date of poll Institute FM DPA ARF CPA Independents
May 2010 Sociometer Center 13 11 5 0 4

Results[edit]

With about 50% of the votes counted, Free Motherland led the count with 45.8% of the votes. The DPA was at 30.7% and the ARF at 18.2%. The CP was below the electoral threshold of 6% (5.34%), which means it might be difficult for them to get a seat.[5]

At the morning of 25 May, after counting of all votes, Free Motherland was at 46,4%, The DPA was at 28,6%, and the ARF was at 20,2%. The Communist Party was at 4,8% and did not get into parliament in the party-list proportional representation.[6]

e • d Summary of the 23 May 2010 National Assembly of Nagorno-Karabakh election results
Party Party-list Constituency Total
seats
+/–
Votes % Seats Seats %
Free Motherland 29,252 44.2% 8 6 37.5% 14 Increase 4
Democratic Party of Artsakh 18,017 27.0% 5 2 12.5% 7 Decrease 5
Armenian Revolutionary Federation 12,725 19.1% 4 2 12.5% 6 Increase 3
Communist Party of Artsakh 3,057 4.6% Steady
Non-partisans 6 37.5% 6 Decrease 2
Valid votes 63,324 94.8%
Invalid/blank votes 3,446 5.2%
Total (Turnout 67.8%) 66,771 100.0 17 16 100 33 Steady
Source: NKR Ministry of Foreign Affairs Caucasian Knot

Reaction[edit]

About 120 international observers from France, Russia, USA, Italy, Germany, Greece, Great Britain, Argentina, Ireland, Czech Republic, Denmark, Iran, Netherlands, Canada, Slovakia, South Ossetia, Abkhazia, Transnistria, and others, as well as a big group of observers from Armenia observed the elections.[7][8] Later the Iranian foreign ministry spokesperson Ramin Mehmanparast stated that Iran had not delegated any observers.[9] Azerbaijan made a black list of the international observers who visited Nagorno-Karabakh and declared them personae non-gratae.[10]

Various international organisations and countries issued statements refusing to recognise the 2010 elections in Nagorno-Karabakh, among them the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe,[11] the European Union,[12] the United Kingdom,[13] France,[14] Iran,[15] Russia,[16] Turkey,[17] and Lithuania.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maximiliano Herrera. "Electoral Calendar- world elections,US elections,presidential election,world parties". Mherrera.org. Retrieved 11 March 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c Hayrumyan, Naira (12 March 2010). "NKR votes 2010: Absence of opposition in Karabakh’s upcoming polls". Armenia Now. Retrieved 18 May 2010. 
  3. ^ "Karabakh holds disputed elections". BBC Online. 19 June 2005. Retrieved 8 March 2009. 
  4. ^ a b Hayrumyan, Naira (20 May 2010). "NKR Votes 2010: Candidates for parliament seats united in uncompromising stance on Karabakh settlement". Armenia Now. Retrieved 23 May 2010. 
  5. ^ "Free Homeland Party Wins 45.8 percent of Votes in Karabakh Elections". Stepanakert: RIA Novosti/Yerevan Report. 24 May 2010. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  6. ^ "На парламентских выборах в НКР победила партия "Свободная родина"". Karabakh News. 25 May 2010. 
  7. ^ "Free Homeland party leads count in Karabakh parliamentary vote." RIA Novosti. 24 May 2010.
  8. ^ "PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS HELD IN THE NKR". Ministry of Foreign Affairs Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. 25 May 2010. 
  9. ^ Иран опроверг информацию об участии своих наблюдателей на так называемых «парламентских выборах» в Нагорном Карабахе. Day.az. Retrieved on 13 January 2012.
  10. ^ "Azerbaijani Foreign Ministry: The foreigners, who observed the "elections" in Nagorno Karabakh, will be banned from arriving in Azerbaijan". APA Azerbaijan. 26 May 2010. 
  11. ^ OSCE Chairperson-in-Office comment on the 'parliamentary election' in Nagorno-Karabakh[dead link]
  12. ^ Disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh elects new parliament. Hurriyetdailynews.com (23 May 2010). Retrieved on 13 January 2012.
  13. ^ Q&A: Nagorno Karabakh – Lord Howell of Guildford. Publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved on 13 January 2012.
  14. ^ Франция не признает выборы в НКР. A1plus.am. Retrieved on 13 January 2012.
  15. ^ Iran does not recognize parliamentary poll in Nagorno-Karabakh: FM Spokesman. Payvand.com. Retrieved on 13 January 2012.
  16. ^ Karabakh Voters Flock to Polls for Parliamentary Elections. Asbarez.com. Retrieved on 13 January 2012.
  17. ^ Turkey condemns election in Karabakh. Todayszaman.com (21 May 2010). Retrieved on 13 January 2012.
  18. ^ Lithuania confirms non-recognition of "parliamentary elections" in Nagorno-Karabakh. Inform.kz. Retrieved on 13 January 2012.