Nagpur–Bhusawal section

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Nagpur–Bhusawal section
Overview
System Main line and some branch lines electrified. Some branch lines: diesel
Status Operational
Locale Maharashtra (Vidarbha and Khandesh)
Termini Nagpur
Bhusawal
Services Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line
Operation
Opening 1867
Owner Indian Railway
Operator(s) Central Railway
Depot(s) Ajni, Bhusawal, Murtazapur
Technical
Track length Mainline: 389 km (242 mi)
Branch lines:
Shakuntala Railway: 189 km (117 mi) (NG)
Pulgaon-Arvi 35 km (22 mi) (NG)
Badnera-Narkhed: 138 km (86 mi)
Butibori-Umrer branch line 34 km (21 mi)
No. of tracks Main line: 2
Track gauge Main line: 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge
Operating speed Main line: up to 160 km/h
Highest elevation 314 metres (1,030 ft) at Nagpur, 284 metres (932 ft) Akola and 208 metres (682 ft) at Bhusawal

The Nagpur–Bhusawal section (railway track) is part of the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line (alternatively known as Mumbai-Kolkata line / Bombay-Calcutta line) and connects Nagpur and Bhusawal both in the Indian state of Maharashtra. This section has a number of branch lines such as the narrow gauge Pulgaon-Arvi branch line and the unviable narrow gauge Shakuntala Railway.

Geography[edit]

Part of one of the major trunk lines in the country, Nagpur–Bhusawal section passes through a section of the Deccan Plateau. The main line crosses Nagpur, Wardha, Amravati, Akola, and Buldhana districts of Vidarbha region and Jalgaon district of Khandesh region.[1][2][3][4]

Economy[edit]

This line passes through the cotton producing areas of Vidarbha.[5][6]

Mahagenco has two major power stations on this route – the 500MW Paras Thermal Power Station and the 920 MW Bhusawal Thermal Power Station.[7] Reliance Power has a 600 mW thermal power station at Butibori.[8]

Coal-based thermal power stations consume large quantities of coal.[9] For example, the Bhusawal Thermal Power Station consumed 2,400,000 tonnes of coal in 2006-07, and the Paras Thermal Power Station consumed 351,000 tonnes of coal in the same year.[10] Around 80 per cent of the domestic coal supplies in India are meant for coal based thermal power plants and coal transportation forms 42 per cent of the total freight earnings of Indian railways.[11] There are over 200 coal loading points across India. Coal is transported by rail to around 60 thermal power stations, 12 steel plants and 55 cement factories forming the major customers of coal.[12]

History[edit]

Main line[edit]

The Great Indian Peninsula Railway extended the line from Bhusawal to Nagpur in 1867.[13]

Branch lines[edit]

A 35 km (22 mi) long, 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) narrow gauge railway was built from Pulgaon to Arvi by Central Provinces Railway in 1917. Today, two trains are being operated by Central Railway that run daily Monday through Friday on the line.[14][15]

The newly laid 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) Narkhed-Amravati branch line was opened in 2012.[16]

The 34 km (21 mi) long, 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) Butibori-Umrer branch line linking Umrer Coalfield to the main line was established in 1965.[17]

In 1910, the District Gazetteer of Buldhana gave an account of the railway line and its importance from the point of view of trade:

Shakuntala Railway[edit]

The 189 km (117 mi) long, 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) gauge Achalpur-Murtazapur-Yavatmal line, locally known as the Shakuntala Railway was, built by a British firm, Killik Nixon & Company, in 1903, to carry cotton from the interior of Vidarbha to the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line at Murtajapur.[15][19] The line, run by the Central Provinces Railways Company, India’s only operational private railway company listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange,[20] is still functional with one train running daily making a return trip but it has not been viable for many years.[20][21] The closure of eight railway stations on this railway in 2012 was a blow for this more than a century old line.[19] The future of the line depends on what Central Railway wants to do with it. It has an option to buy the line once every ten years. The next such option will be available in 2016.[20]

Railway reorganisation[edit]

The Great Indian Peninsula Railway was taken over by the state in 1925.[22] In 1951, the Great Indian Peninsula Railway, the Nizam's Guaranteed State Railway, the Scindia State Railways and the Dholpur Railways were merged to form Central Railway. In the same year, the Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway, the Saurashtra Railway, the Rajasthan Railway, the Jaipur Railway and the Cutch State Railway were merged to form Western Railway.[23]

Gauge conversion[edit]

There was a 1,469 kilometres (913 mi) long 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) wide metre gauge line from Jaipur to Secunderabad via Akola. Out of this the Jaipur-Ratlam and the Secunderabad-Purna-Akola sections have already been converted to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) wide broad gauge and conversion of the Ratlam-Akola section was approved in 2008. Gauge conversion work is in progress. These lines now have gauge widths similar to a large majority of lines in India.[24]

Electrification and loco sheds[edit]

The entire line is electrified. Electrification of the railways in the region started in 1968-69 and continued up to Nandura in 1988-89. The Nandura-Badnera sector was electrified in 1989-90. The Badnera-Wardha sector was electrified in 1990-91. Badnera-Amaravati sector was electrified in 1993-94, Jalamb-Khamgaon and Butibori-Umrer in 1994-95.[25]

There are electric loco sheds at Ajni and Bhusawal on this line and a narrow gauge diesel loco shed at Murtazapur for Shakuntala Railway. Ajni loco shed has WAG-7, WAG-9 and WAG-9I locos. Bhusawal loco shed has WAM-4, WAP-4, WAG-5, WAG-7 and WCM-6 locos.[26]

Workshops[edit]

Central Railway has three workshops on this line. Nagpur has a workshop for upkeep of passenger coaches and Ajni has facilities for repair of goods wagons. Bhusawal has a very old workshop dating back to the days of steam locos. It now repairs locos and wagons.[26]

Speed and passenger movement[edit]

The entire Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line is classified as a "Group A" line which can take speeds up to 160 km/h.[27]

Nagpur, Akola and Bhusawal, on this line, are amongst the top hundred booking stations of Indian Railway.[28]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Communications - Railways". The Gazetteers Department, Maharashtra. Retrieved 20 April 2013. 
  2. ^ "Brief Industrial Profile of Nagpur District". MSME Development Institute. Retrieved 20 April 2013. 
  3. ^ "Railway Network in Wardha". Wardha district administration. Retrieved 20 April 2013. 
  4. ^ "Communications - Introduction". The Gazetteers Department, Maharashtra. Retrieved 20 April 2013. 
  5. ^ Ranade, Prabha Shastri. "Population dynamics in India". page 35. Google. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  6. ^ Damayanti Dutta and Kiran Tare. "Rahul’s Lost Widows". India Today, 7 November 2011. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  7. ^ "Installed capacity of Mahagenco". Mahagenco. Retrieved 2013-03-08. 
  8. ^ "Reliance-Power starts up second unit of Butibori plant". The Times of India, Nagpur, 3 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-03-08. 
  9. ^ "Diagram of a typical coal-fired thermal power station". Retrieved 21 April 2013. 
  10. ^ "Coal supply to various power stations". Retrieved 21 April 2013. 
  11. ^ "Indian Railways, CIL to collaborate for additional coal transport capacity". Mining weekly.com, 14 February 2013. Retrieved 21 April 2013. 
  12. ^ "Chapter 3: Coal movement on Indian Railways". Retrieved 21 April 2013. 
  13. ^ Chronology of railways in India, Part 2 (1832 - 1865). "IR History: Early Days – I". IFCA. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  14. ^ "IR History: Part III (1900-1947)". IRFCA. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  15. ^ a b "Indian Narrow Gauge Lines 2002-2003". IRFCA. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  16. ^ Pinjarkar, Vijay. "Green signal for traffic on Narkhed Amaravati rail line". The Times of India, Nagpur, 20 July 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  17. ^ Moonis Raza & Yash Aggarwal. Transport Geography of India: Commodity Flow and the Regional Structure of Indian Economy. New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company. p. 60. ISBN 81-7022-089-0. Retrieved 20 April 2013. 
  18. ^ "Trade routes". The Gazetteers Department, Maharashtra. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  19. ^ a b More, Vaidehi. "A historic train faces an uncertain future". The Times of India, Nagpur, 2 February 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  20. ^ a b c "A curious relic from another era". The Hindu Business Line, 4 March 2013. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  21. ^ "A railway ride into history". BBC, 26 November 2004. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  22. ^ "IR Hisory: Part III (1900-1947)". IRFCA. Retrieved 2013-04-03. 
  23. ^ "Geography : Railway Zones". IRFCA. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  24. ^ "Gauge conversion of Ratlam-Khandwa-Mhow-Akola". Press Information Bureau. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  25. ^ "History of Electrification". IRFCA. Retrieved 15 March 2013. 
  26. ^ a b "Sheds and Workshops". IRFCA. Retrieved 19 April 2013. 
  27. ^ "Chapter II – The Maintenance of Permanent Way". Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  28. ^ "Indian Railways Passenger Reservation Enquiry". Availability in trains for Top 100 Booking Stations of Indian Railways. IRFCA. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 

External links[edit]