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Nagpur Province was a province of British India that covered parts of present-day Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Chhattisgarh states. It was formed in 1853 when the British annexed the princely state of Nagpur. In 1861 it was merged into the Central Provinces. The city of Nagpur was the capital of the province.
The Province included the domains of the Maratha Bhonsle Maharajas of Nagpur, powerful members of the Maratha Confederacy who conquered large tracts of central and eastern India in the 18th century. In 1818, at the conclusion of the Third Anglo-Maratha War, the Bhonsle Maharaja submitted to a subsidiary alliance, and Nagpur became a princely state under the suzerainty of the British crown. In 1853, on the death of Maharaja Raghoji III without heirs, Nagpur was annexed by the British under the doctrine of lapse. It was thereafter administered by a commissioner under the Governor-General of India.
In 1861, Nagpur Province was merged with the Saugor and Nerbudda Territories to constitute the new Central Provinces. The districts of Nagpur, Bhandara, Chada, Wardha, and Balaghat became the Nagpur Division of the new province, while Durg, Raipur, and Bilaspur became the Chhatisgarh Division. Chhindwara District was added to Nerbudda Division.
- ----- Mansel (nomenat el 13 de març de 1854, abans resident a Nagpur), 1854
- Captain Elliot, 1854 - 1855
- G. Plowden, 1855 - 1860
- (vacant) 1860 - 1861