Nagykanizsa–Körmend Offensive

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Nagykanizsa–Kermend Offensive
Part of the Eastern Front of World War II
Date 26 March – 15 April 1945
Location Western Hungary
Result Bulgarian-Soviet victory
Belligerents
Flag of the Bulgarian Homeland Front.svg Bulgaria
 Soviet Union
Democratic Federal Yugoslavia Yugoslav Partisans
 Germany
 Hungary
 NDH
Commanders and leaders
Flag of the Bulgarian Homeland Front.svg Vladimir Stoychev Unknown
Casualties and losses
Unknown Unknown

The Nagykanizsa–Körmend Offensive carried out between 26 March and 15 April 1945 was part of the 3rd Ukrainian Front's Vienna Offensive during World War II against the Army Group South (including Hungarian and Croatian[citation needed]) forces defending the Kisbajom-Nagykorpád-Nagyatád-Heresznye defensive line north of the Drava river and west of Lake Balaton.[1]

The objective of the operation was to cut the Axis access to the oil wells and fuel processing plants in the Nagykanizsa region west of Lake Balaton for the protection of which the Army Group South force built up three defensive lines behind the natural water obstacle of the Mura river linked to the western shore of the lake. The German reference to this operation is the "Budapest front".[2]

The bulk of the forces for the operation consisted of the Bulgarian 1st Army with two Corps composed of six infantry divisions and other smaller units (~100 000 troops)[3] which advanced on the southern flank of the 3rd Ukrainian Front, with the 57th Army positioned to its east (6th Guards Rifle Corps, and 64th and 133rd Rifle Corps), and the other three Armies of the Front concentrated in the area between Lake Balaton and Budapest.[4] The South-western flank was occupied by the Yugoslav partisans.

The primary opponents on this sector of the front was the 2nd Panzer Army which included the LXVII and XXII Army Corps.

After the successful 2nd Ukrainian Front's Kecskemét-Budapest Offensive (29 October 1944 – 10 December 1944) and Szolnok-Budapest Offensive (29 October 1944 – 10 December 1944) east of Balaton, the German forces south-west of the lake retreated, which aided the Bulgarian advance. The Bulgarian 1st Army breached the first two defensive Axis lines and crossed the Mura river. They then assumed a defensive posture at the Veliki Kog-Yastrebtzi line and remained there until 7 May.

On 7 May they resumed advance which soon became a pursuit of fleeing enemy and the capture of the remnants of the Wehrmacht and Hungarian troops. By 13 May 1945, the Bulgarian 1st Army reached the Austrian Alps in the Klagenfurt area where they met the British Eighth Army.

References[edit]

  1. ^ p.91, Bishop
  2. ^ p.772, per Colonel Werncke, former deputy G-4 of the 6th SS Panzer Army, in The Employment of the 6th SS Panzer Army in Hungary and Austria from February to May 1945 (manuscript), Glantz D. Colonel (ed.), 1986 Art of War symposium, From the Vistula to the Oder: Soviet Offensive Operations – October 1944 – March 1945, A transcript of Proceedings, Center for Land Warfare, US Army War College, 19–23 May 1986
  3. ^ Bulgarian Armed Forces of World War II
  4. ^ pp.665–756, Glantz D. Colonel (ed.), An overview of operations in Hungary, 1 January – 16 March 1945, 1986 Art of War symposium, From the Vistula to the Oder: Soviet Offensive Operations – October 1944 – March 1945, A transcript of Proceedings, Center for Land Warfare, US Army War College, 19–23 May 1986

Sources[edit]

  • Glantz D. Colonel (ed.), 1986 Art of War symposium, From the Vistula to the Oder: Soviet Offensive Operations – October 1944 – March 1945, A transcript of Proceedings, Center for Land Warfare, US Army War College, 19–23 May 1986
  • Bishop, Chris, The Military Atlas of World War II, Igloo Books, London, 2005 ISBN 1-904687-53-9