Naha Airport

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For the airport in Naha, North Sulawesi, Indonesia (NAH/WAMH), see Naha Airport (Indonesia).
Naha Airport
那覇空港
Naha Kūkō
Naha Airport12s3s4350.jpg
IATA: OKAICAO: ROAH
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport
Serves Naha, Okinawa, Japan
Hub for
Focus city for Skymark Airlines
Elevation AMSL 11 ft / 3 m
Coordinates 26°11′45″N 127°38′45″E / 26.19583°N 127.64583°E / 26.19583; 127.64583
Map
OKA is located in Japan
OKA
OKA
Location in Japan
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
18/36 3,000 9,843 Asphalt
Source: Japanese AIP at AIS Japan[2]

Naha Airport (那覇空港 Naha Kūkō?) (IATA: OKAICAO: ROAH) is a second class airport located 4 km (2.5 mi) west of the city hall[2] in Naha, Okinawa. It is Japan's seventh busiest airport and the primary air terminal for passengers and cargo traveling to and from Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, and handles scheduled international traffic to Taiwan, Hong Kong, Korea, and China. The airport is also home to Naha Air Base of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force.

Congested Naha Airport served 14,495,054 passengers in FY2006, roughly similar numbers in 2012. Its single 3,000 m (9,843 ft) runway handles in excess of 150 flights daily, close to maximum capacity.

The airport is undergoing major projects that will transform the airport:

  • A second 2,700m parallel runway began construction on March 1, 2014 to be finished in 2019 on 160 hectares of reclaimed land.[3]
  • In 2008, the government gave a go ahead to significantly expand the domestic terminal requiring the relocation of cargo facilities and the international terminal, it is expected to take 7 years to complete.
  • A new international terminal opened in February 2014.
  • A LCCT terminal has been in operation since 2012.
  • In addition, a 6 lane under bay tunnel for auto transport linking the airport with the Naha Port boosting the usefulness of the intermodal facility was completed in 2011. This tunnel will also link a 2.6 hectare Free Trade Zone near the Airport and another 122 hectare one at Nakagusuku Bay.

The airport is served by the Okinawa Monorail which carries passengers from Naha-kūkō Station to the center of Naha, and to the terminal at Shuri Station near Shuri Castle. Bus service is also available to many parts of Okinawa Island.

History[edit]

Oroku Aerodrome (小禄飛行場), an Imperial Japanese Navy airfield, opened in 1933. The base was taken over by the United States in 1945 and was renamed Naha Airport (那覇飛行場). Pan American World Airways and Northwest Orient began service to Naha in 1947.

The airport was closed for refurbishment between 1952 and 1954. Japan Airlines began service to Okinawa during this time and initially used Kadena Air Base.

Air America operated interisland flights to Miyako and Ishigaki from 1964 to 1967, when Southwest Airlines (now Japan Transocean Air) took over these routes.

Okinawa was returned to Japan in 1972. In 1982, Naha Airport was transferred from US military control to the Japan Air Self-Defense Force.

The airport was a popular connecting point between Taipei and Shanghai prior to the opening of direct flights between mainland China and Taiwan.

The basic and detailed design engineering works in addition to the later construction management phase of the main passenger terminal were awarded in the 1990s in part to the Japan Branch of the American design-build engineering company, The Austin Company, which joined Japanese firms in a joint venture design consortium.

Peach, a low cost carrier based at Kansai International Airport in Osaka, announced that it would establish its second hub at Naha in July 2014, which would initially have flights to Osaka, Fukuoka, Ishigaki and Taipei.[1] ANA Holdings, the parent company of both Peach and Vanilla Air, opened a new LCC terminal in a refurbished portion of the airport's cargo area in October 2012, and plans to open new international facilities in October 2014.[4]

Incidents[edit]

  • On December 11, 1994, Ramzi Yousef planted a bomb on Philippine Airlines Flight 434, which exploded while the flight was en route from Cebu to Tokyo, killing one passenger and injuring ten other passengers. The plane made an emergency landing at Naha Airport safely.
  • On January 31, 2001, Japan Airlines Flight 907, bound for Naha from Tokyo International Airport, nearly collided with another Japan Airlines aircraft. The Boeing 747 for Flight 907 suddenly dived and avoided a DC-10.
  • On August 20, 2007, China Airlines Flight 120, a Boeing 737-800, was taxiing to the ramp after landing when suddenly a fire started beneath the right wing, quickly engulfing the entire plane. All passengers and crew members were evacuated safely. Investigations later revealed that part of the slat drive mechanism pierced the fuel tank, and the leaking fuel ignited when it came into contact with hot engine parts.

Terminals[edit]

Interior of the terminal building
  • Domestic Terminal (1999) - replaced former domestic terminal, extended to include LCCT, other extensions works to conclude in 2016.
  • LCCT Terminal (2012) - north annex of domestic terminal (Peach Domestic & International and Vanilla Air only).
  • New International Terminal (2014) - replaced old international terminal
  • Cargo Terminal (2009) - Former domestic terminal became the cargo terminal

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air China Beijing-Capital
Air New Zealand Charter: Auckland
All Nippon Airways Hiroshima, Kumamoto, Matsuyama, Nagasaki, Nagoya-Centrair, Osaka-Itami, Osaka-Kansai, Sendai, Shizuoka, Takamatsu, Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita
Seasonal: Niigata
All Nippon Airways
operated by ANA Wings
Fukuoka, Kagoshima, Miyako, New Ishigaki
Asiana Airlines Busan, Seoul-Incheon
Beijing Capital Airlines Hangzhou[5]
China Airlines Taipei-Taoyuan
Seasonal Charter: Kaohsiung[6]
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai-Pudong
Dragonair Hong Kong
EVA Air Taipei-Taoyuan
First Flying Aguni, Okinoerabu
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong
Japan Airlines Osaka-Itami, Tokyo-Haneda
Japan Airlines
operated by Japan Transocean Air
Ishigaki, Komatsu, Kumejima, Miyako, Okayama, Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Haneda
Japan Transocean Air
operated by Ryukyu Air Commuter
Amamioshima, Kitadaito, Kumejima, Minamidaito, Yonaguni, Yoron
Seasonal: Miyako
Jeju Air Seoul-Incheon [7]
Jetstar Japan Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Narita
Jin Air Seoul-Incheon [8]
Mandarin Airlines Seasonal: Kaohsiung, Taichung
Myanmar Airways International Charter: Yangon[9]
Peach Fukuoka,[10] Hong Kong (begins 21 February 2015),[11] Ishigaki, Osaka-Kansai, Taipei-Taoyuan[12]
SilkAir Charter: Singapore (ends 3 January 2015)[13]
Solaseed Air Kagoshima, Kobe, Miyazaki
Skymark Airlines Fukuoka, Ibaraki, Ishigaki, Kobe, Miyako, Nagoya-Centrair, Tokyo-Haneda
Seasonal: Sapporo-Chitose (begins 29 January 2015)[14]
TransAsia Airways Taipei-Taoyuan
Vanilla Air Tokyo-Narita[15]

Cargo service[edit]

All Nippon Airways operates an overnight cargo hub at Naha Airport, which receives inbound Boeing 767 freighter flights from key destinations in Japan, China and Southeast Asia between 1 and 4 a.m., followed by return flights between 4 and 6 a.m., allowing overnight service between these regional hubs as well as onward connections to other ANA and partner carrier flights.[16]

The hub began operations in 2009; by 2013 it served eight cities, and ANA had chartered a Nippon Cargo Airlines Boeing 747 freighter to handle demand on the trunk route from Narita International Airport. [17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Yoshikawa, Tadayuki (21 January 2014). "ピーチ、那覇-福岡線開設 7月に第2ハブ稼働". Aviation Wire. Retrieved 22 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b AIS Japan
  3. ^ http://flyteam.jp/news/article/19108
  4. ^ "ANA、那覇の国際線LCCターミナル公開 10日からピーチ使用". Aviation Wire. 8 February 2014. Retrieved 10 February 2014. 
  5. ^ "Beijing Capital Airlines to Start Hangzhou - Okinawa Service from late-Oct 2014". Airline Route. 22 October 2014. Retrieved 22 October 2014. 
  6. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2014/03/24/ci-khhoka-apr14/
  7. ^ https://www.jejuair.net/jejuair/booking/schedule/timeTable.jsp
  8. ^ http://www.japanupdate.com/2013/05/jin-air-to-restart-daily-naha-seoul-flights/
  9. ^ http://www.maiair.com/images/Japan_charter_2014.jpg
  10. ^ http://www.flypeach.com/Portals/0/PressReleases/2014/140121-Press-Release-E.pdf
  11. ^ http://www.flypeach.com/Portals/0/PressReleases/2014/141125-Press-Release-EN.pdf
  12. ^ http://www.flypeach.com/Portals/0/PressReleases/2013/130731-Press-Release-E1.pdf
  13. ^ "SilkAir Mounts Series Charters to Okinawa". SilkAir. 10 September 2014. Retrieved 10 September 2014. 
  14. ^ "Skymark Airlines Adds Sapporo - Okinawa Seasonal Service Jan - Mar 2015". Airline Route. 23 October 2014. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  15. ^ http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/kyodo-news-international/130930/vanilla-air-launch-4-routes-including-2-intl-services
  16. ^ http://www.ana.co.jp/cargo/ja/int/catalog/pdf/ana_cargo_service_guide_forwarder.pdf
  17. ^ "全日空「沖縄貨物ハブ」上昇気流 国内外で路線拡充". 日本経済新聞. 24 August 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 

External links[edit]