|36th Mayor of Calgary|
October 25, 2010
|Preceded by||Dave Bronconnier|
|Born||Naheed Kurban Nenshi
February 2, 1972
|Alma mater||University of Calgary
Naheed Kurban Nenshi (born February 2, 1972) is a Canadian politician who was elected the 36th and current mayor of Calgary, Alberta, for the 2010 Calgary municipal election, becoming the first Muslim mayor of a major North American city. He was re-elected in 2013.
- 1 Personal life
- 2 Political career
- 2.1 2010 Mayoral Elections 'Purple Revolution Campaign': 12 Great Ideas'
- 2.2 2013 Municipal elections
- 3 Mayoralty
- 3.1 Improved Calgary-Tsuu T'ina Nation relationships
- 3.2 Naheed Nenshi vs Rob Ford
- 3.3 Public works, infrastructure projects, and Parks&Recreation
- 3.4 Transportation
- 3.5 Social initiatives and amendments to bylaws
- 3.6 Enterprise and financial initiatives
- 3.7 Key events of mayoralty
- 3.8 Key events of second mayoralty
- 3.9 Calgary Street Church and accusations of Anti-Christian bigotry
- 3.10 City Charter
- 4 References
- 5 External links
Nenshi along with two other Canadians delegates with a Young Leader award by the World Economic Forum in 2011 for his innovate ideas of urban planning.
Nenshi was awarded the President's Award of the Canadian Institute of Planners in 2012, for implementing his progressive ideas such as transparency.
Education and career before politics
He was educated at the University of Calgary, receiving a Bachelor of Commerce in 1993, and completed a Master of Public Policy from the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University in 1998. Nenshi worked for McKinsey & Company for several years before starting his own consulting firm 'Ascend Group' which advised non-profit, private and public sector organizations to grow. The firm also advised the United Nations on ways to encourage wealthy corporations to engage in Corporate Citizenship. As a young professional, he developed his administrative capabilities by joining Canada25. It was a former federal networking organization that mentored professionals under 35 of public policy and leadership. Nenshi was a constant debate opponent of Toronto Sun journalist Ezra Levant, and they continue this relationship as Levant is a recurring critic of Nenshi's policies.
In 2002, Nenshi wrote about how cities can retain young professionals and utilize resources as area effectively in a publication entitled "Building up Making Canada's cities engines of growth and magnets of development" In 2006, Nenshi was the chief author for 'ImagineCalgary's 100 year plan'.
He has co-founded two citizen's groups aimed at improving Calgary's civic government. In 2009, Nenshi was invited to become a founding member of Civic Camp a active citizenship forum that encourages and enables Calgarians to actively engage and collaborate ideas in civic affairs. He co-founded city hall watch dog group 'Better Calgary Campaign'.
2010 Mayoral Elections 'Purple Revolution Campaign': 12 Great Ideas'
Nenshi first ventured into politics in 2004, running unsuccessfully for a seat on Calgary's city council. His 2010 campaign for mayor was dubbed the "Purple Revolution" was uniquely a viral campaign which relied heavily on using social media sites such as Facebook and Twitter to promote his platform and hyper-engage voters. The "Purple Revolution" was so chosen according to Nenshi I.T. campaign specialist Richard Einarson, was for a broad appeal across the socio-economic spectrum of liberal red and conservative blue voters.
Beside viral campaigning, the volunteer body of 'Team Nenshi' were given a great degree of autonomy to exercise creative talent.The team promoted the cause through creative Guerrilla Marketing tactics such as pre-election evening 'Operation Purple Dawn' by more devoted supporters. Nenshi's supporters converged on the city in a mass rally on the evening of pre election. They advertised Nenshi by posting signs and writing platform slogans with chalk graffiti on pavement of high traffic locations. Supporters offered their homes as venues for coffee parties where Nenshi spoke to the gathered about his platform. The coffee parties offered a friendly atmosphere for friends to discuss the volatile nature of sensitive political issues without risking their relationships. Approximately 40 parties were held during the campaign.
A late September poll showed that his campaign was generating interest as he sat third with eight per cent support, although well behind the leaders, alderman Ric McIver (42%) and local media personality Barb Higgins (28%). His growing popularity led to greater scrutiny of his views, including a public dispute with Calgary Police Service chief Rick Hanson over the cost of policing the city.
Days before the election, a Calgary Herald poll showed that Nenshi's grassroots campaign continued to gain momentum as he was shown to have 30 per cent support among decided voters, placing him in a statistical tie with McIver and Higgins. He polled the strongest amongst younger voters, believed to be the result of his social media campaign. Nenshi's surge in popularity carried through to the election itself, when he earned 40 per cent of the vote, finishing nearly 28,000 votes ahead of second-placed McIver.
Being a Shia Ismaili, Nenshi became the first Muslim to become mayor of a major Canadian city.[dead link] His win was viewed as a breakthrough for the use of social media as an election tool, and when considered with his faith and background, made international headlines. His election is seen as major signal of the shift in Albertan politics and the demographic of Calgary. He engaged voters with a mutual two way dialog as "politics in full sentences."
Vandalism and isolated xenophobic attacks
According to Nenshi's Chief of Staff, Chima Nkendirim Nenshi's headquarters was vandalized on September 11, 2010 the anniversary of the World Trade Center bombings and Eid al-Fitr the end of Ramadan. Nenshi also received racist emails. Nenshi however believed the vandalism to be an isolated non-racially motivated act.
Results of the 2010 municipal elections
|Naheed K. Nenshi||140,263||39.6|
|Gary F. Johnston||180||0.1|
2013 Municipal elections
|Naheed K. Nenshi||193,393||73.6|
|Larry R. Heather||1,857|
|Jonathan Joseph Sunstrum||775|
Mayoral 2013 'Even Better Calgary' Campaign
During this fundraising Gala, Nenshi issued a challenge to his opponents to confront him directly and not to engage him in a proxy campaign of lobbying as he warns his supporters that his opponents will likely engage in.
In September 2013 when Nenshi's campaign began in earnest, he revealed the donors of his campaign before the election and urged his opponents to do likewise. Nenshi promised to instigate changes to improve transparency of City hall's municipal affairs as one of his 2010 campaign statements. According to the documents Nenshi's 1631 supporters derive from a wide range of core supporters. Among Nenshi's larger contributors were contractors from the housing construction industry. According to Nenshi indicating that not all among the trade were antagonistic to Nenshi's anti-urban sprawl policies enacted early in his term.
Nenshi's conflict with housing industry and Manning Centre for Building Democracy (Manning foundation)
In 2013, a video was leaked of Cal Wenzel the CEO and founder of Shane Homes speaking to panel of Calgarian home builders conspiring a plan to influence the decisions of the city council after the upcoming elections. In the video Wenzel spoke of plans: to raise $1.1M CAD to enlist the support of Preston Manning's conservative foundation the Manning Centre for Democracy. According to the speech, former Mayor Dave Bronconnier counselled Wenzel how to control council motions with eight votes. “So for whatever and however, we have to ensure that we end up with the eight votes.” Wenzel proposed as a solution to circumvent direct confrontation with Nenshi's popularity. Wenzel named Councillors the industry could rely on to support motions in favour of the lobby and he supported with donations. Nenshi has ordered a probe into what he described as distasteful and shadowy possible violations of electoral laws. In the wake of the release of this video, and violations of campaign fund limits set at $5,000 CAD, the Manning Centre has come under scrutiny.
In late 2013, Wenzel filed a $6M slander lawsuit against Nenshi after he stated that Nenshi did not apologize after sufficient time given. Wenzel stated that his reputation was tarnished and he was vilified as a subject of political opportunism during Nenshi and his allied counselor's platform campaigning. Wenzel stated that his comments in the video were taken out of context and manipulated by Nenshi to promote an agenda. Wenzel also complained of Nenshi tentatively comparing him to 'Godfather', as a reference to the titular character of Mario Puzo's Novel and Screenplay entitled 'The Godfather'. Nenshi in an interview with David Gary CBC-radio host of 'Calgary Eyeopener' describe the meeting as scene from the film 'The Godfather'. When asked to clarify if called Wenzel the 'Godfather', Nenshi ambiguously responded 'maybe'.
Preston Manning founder of the foundation responded in an interview with CBC news about the foundation being referred to in the video. He stated that Calgarians don't want lobby slates of any position in municipal politics. That voters wanted independent candidates who will represent them. Manning explained that the purpose of the 'municipal government program' is to train fiscal conservative candidates for the election, but to respect the democratic process and not to interfere with city politics. Manning stated that he didn't believe in intimidation. Manning also states that the foundation is also to function as a research think tank that conducts research in social issues.
However according to a paper entitled "Managing the Cost of Growth" published by the Manning Centre in October 2013 the report's recommendations coincided with Nenshi's campaign policy to abolish the subsidy to home building companies As long as inner city communities are likewise subjected to contributing to growth costs. The study also advocated increased taxes for newer outlying communities that need specialized utilities such as water and roads.
Abolition of Developer Subsidy
For his campaign platform Nenshi proposed to abolish the $4,800CAD granted to home builders aiming to save the city $33MCAD per annum. According to Nenshi, the subsidy over a decade contributed to the municipal debt of $1.5B. Nenshi wants the free market factors to take hold of the housing market and developers to contribute to funding infrastructure to far reaching suburbs by paying levies. The Manning Centre for building Democracy supports the motion for the principle of capitalist free market values. The group however believes developers should pay slightly increased taxes as long as inner city communities equally also contribute their share of growth costs
Forest Lawn/International Avenue (17th Ave SE) business redevelopment zone
In October 2013, Nenshi and Counselors Andre Chabot and Gian-Carlo Carra proposed to realize a 2008 Bronconnier schema to redevelop the International Avenue (17th Ave SE) as a vital transportation hub. Since inception the plan in 2010 the project has been delayed due to cost prohibitive restrictions The plan incorporates a C-train line and rapid bus lanes, proposed in Calgary Transit's 'Route Ahead' plan. As well the revitalization incorporates urban renewal projects like renovated apartments and business buildings. Carra studied the circumstances for Forest Lawn's urban decay and planned the neighborhood's restoration as his master thesis. Carra explains that the neighborhood has not been adequately integrated since the neighborhood was incorporated into Calgary since 1961.
Improved Calgary-Tsuu T'ina Nation relationships
Throughout his term Nenshi has met extensively with Chief Roy Whitney leader of neighboring Tsuu T'ina Nation, and former Chief Sandford Big Plume to discuss matters of mutual assistance with growth. In 2011, the Nenshi and Big Plume has negotiated tentative agreements to ensure the security of greater access safety services such as EMS, police, and fire.
The city agreed to provide utilities such as water to support the expansion of the Grey Eagle Casino to possibly serve as water works extension throughout the Tsuu T'ina community in the future.
Naheed Nenshi vs Rob Ford
The press has made many comparisons dubbed as 'Nenshi vs Ford' comparing the Mayors Naheed Nenshi of Calgary and Rob Ford of Toronto., because of the similarities of both mayors being first term and the uncanny similar circumstantial challenges Toronto and Calgary faced. The most recent comparison being a flood during the summer of 2013. Nenshi became the first Calgarian mayor to marshal the Calgary Pride parade. Ford declined to marshal the Toronto Pride Parade citing that visiting his family cottage was an unbreakable tradition. They compare the meteoric rise of Nenshi to the controversies surrounding Ford
Although the comparisons are allegorical examples of the differences of the administration, there was an actual 'Nenshi vs Ford' challenge issued by Nenshi. Nenshi challenged Ford to a friendly bet during the 2012 Grey Cup where the Calgary Stampeders played the Toronto Argonauts. In 2012 Ford challenged Nenshi among other mayors to a fitness weight loss challenge.
Public works, infrastructure projects, and Parks&Recreation
Soon after assuming the office, Nenshi's council implemented many developments to revitalize Calgary's viability with capital infrastructure projects, such as redevelopment of the East Village neighbourhood with a new central library and the National Music Centre. Through a partnership with the local arts community, the city will preserve the historic King Edward School as an arts hub. Funding for these projects will mainly draw upon the Community Investment Fund, a fund created from tax revenue sources such as a 42M annual refund from the provincial government
The goals of urban revitalization are realized through projects such as 'Supporting Partnership for Urban Reinvestment' (SPUR)initiative. Nenshi's council debuted SPUR's pilot project as the restoration of the Kingsland neighborhood. The city solicited feedback from the community and will expect to budget $230,000. However, the project was delayed until August by the floods of 2013.
The Nenshi administration completed capital public works projects approved by his predecessor Dave Bronconnier, including the westerly extension of the C-Train line, Peace Bridge, and the construction of a traffic tunnel to the Calgary International Airport commenced.
Nenshi's council voted to discontinue fluoridating Calgary's water supply.
As part of his campaign, Nenshi advocates to legalize Secondary Housing as a solution to housing shortage. The proposed bylaw is intended to safety-standardize the estimated 10,000–40,000 secondary suites. As one of the last decisions of Nenshi's term in 2013, the city motioned to waive the $4,485 application fee for secondary suites. However, the decision will have to be enacted during the next government to enact.
In 2013 the city approved a project to convert a block of derelict Heritage buildings adjacent to the Central United Church into a first-of-its-kind robotic carpark. The facility will accommodate 338 cars and incorporate the renovated buildings, which the managing firm agrees to restore. Nenshi states this will improve the aesthetics of the eyesore skid-row like buildings. The project is self-funding as Calgary firm 'Heritage Property Corporation', will attempt to raise the $40M through private investment.
Nenshi ordered an investigation to find cost-effective solutions to supply water to residents of North West Calgary. The 50M CAD expansion of the encumbered Bowness waterworks was too cost-prohibitive. If a solution is not implemented, expansion of community development in the quadrant may he delayed until 2017. The waterworks also provides the town of Cochrane contributing to the strain.
Nenshi shared many Calgarians' distaste of free-standing public art project entitled the "Travelling Light" completed in 2013. He described the work as "awful and not the best use of tax dollars". The sculpture was sited along Airport Trail and drivers could not appreciate the "Big O" according to Nenshi. Travelling Light is described as a balanced 17-meter circle ring topped with balanced street lights. As the motif of Travelling Light is to represent transportation. Travelling Light cost Calgary $471K and was paid through a grant from the Public Art Program which reserves 1% of annual budget for public art projects. The sculpture was chosen during Bronconnier's term by a panel of 5 Calgarians out of a pool of 55 submissions. Travelling Light's submission was German, although 3 submissions were from Calgarians.
McCall Lake golf course closure
In early 2013, Nenshi's council decided to decommission the McCall Lake public golf course adjacent to the Calgary International Airport in North-east Caglary. Years of declining attendance and sustaining revenue has made the facility unfeasible to continue as maintenance accounted for $8M. The golf course operated a deficit of $200K annually. However golfers of McCall Lake noted that they have to reserve 'tee-off' as early as 6 a.m. contrary to declined attendance reasoning stated by the city. They have mobilized an advocacy campaign to support saving the golf course entitled 'Save McCall Lake'.
The fate of McCall Lake was a contentious issue of the 2013 municipal campaigns. 6 Council Candidates have favored the preservation of the course as an ecosystem green space: Sean Chu of Ward 8, Joe Magliocca of Ward 2, Kevin Taylor of Ward 7, Ian Newman of Ward 8, Richard Wilkie of Ward 9, James Maxim of Ward 11. An advertisement of their support was published in the Calgary Herald in September. The ad equated the preservation of McCall to the preservation of all green spaces in the city. Nenshi was suspicious however of the source of funding of the ad. He believed the pro-housing lobby of funding the ad.
Early in 2013 a video published of Cal Wenzel CEO of Shane Homes speaking to a lobby of home builders of an attempted circumvention of the future city council. Nenshi suspected that there was a conspiracy to undermine his proposals with a slated council. The council candidates supporting the preservation of McCall Lake, were among the suspected pro-housing development slate. The ad was financed for $2,000 by McCall golfers and YYC Communities First a civic dialog group that promotes adequate public discussion for city decisions that affect communities. The decision to close the course will affect low income golfers as senior citizens who can't afford to enjoy the sport on private golf courses. The lake also provides a natural habitat for wildlife such as birds.
The city plans recommission 163 acres of the 263 acre course for business and industrial purposes in 2014. The city will retain 100 acres for outdoor leisure and sports including McCall lake. The rezoning is estimated to raise $30M-80M to support the 6 remaining city courses. Nenshi maintains his decision by indicating the nearby courses as an alternative with similar fees, and states golf is not an efficient use of city land as golf is a sparely compact sport against densely compacted team sports. Nenshi has also left the option open of preserving the McCall Lake under the condition of increased membership and revenue that sustains the facility.
City consultation with environmental research group "Pembina Institute".
Mounting international, domestic, and celebrity criticism of Alberta's underdeveloped Green technology infrastructure prompted former Premier Ed Stelmach's government to commit $4B CAD to a province wide green capital projects plan in 2009.
In 2009 former Calgarian Mayor Dave Bronconnier and Pembina Institute was awarded at the "UN Climate Change Summit" with the 'Reaching Out to Global Energy Award' for the technical and engineering collaboration with Calgary's 'Greening the Grid program'. city consulted with Pembina for technical advice. Pembina scholars compiled the 'Options for Reducing GHG Emissions in Calgary' to advise the city on how to implement infrastructure projects for environmental protection. The city acted on these recommendations through city owned company Enmax decided on a series of public works facilities such as the 'Shepard Energy Center', and a 12 Turbine wind farm that supplies wind power for Calgary Transit's C-trains, and the District Energy Centre a heat capture energy plant providing heat and energy for the downtown core. The city publication of the 'Greening the Grid' was entitled 'Calgary Climate Change Action Plan: Target (down arrow) 50' (Target Minus 50)
The 'Greening the Grid' program's objectives are to empower city facilities by renewable sources by 2012. Calgary Transit's C-trains' electrical needs were partially provided by wind power in 2001, by 2009 the inception year of 'Greening the Grid', the C-train were fully empowered by 'Ride the Wind' a program launched by Enmax and wind power engineers 'Vision Quest Windlectric. committed $250M CAD on the 'Greening the grid' program.
In 2013, Sun media journalist Ezra Levant accused Nenshi of contracting $340K to Pembina which he accused of being an Anti-Oil lobby group. Despite the organization's role of the city's environmental engineering advisor since 2007, as well as consulting for Oil corporations. The primary causation of the $340K however was given to Pembina during Bronconnier council's initial inquiries in 2007.
Sun journalist, Renato Gandia, described the environmental engineers as 'left winged whigs', and questioned the ethics of tax payers funds given to a politically active group. Because of the organization's professional working with the city in the past Nenshi defended the environmental scholars as being the "best guy in the business" regardless of personal political values.
The Canadian Tax Payers Federation, called for the city to enact a ethics by-law forbidding public advocacy groups from receiving public city funds. The federation conducted an investigation under the regulations allowed by the FOIP act. The findings revealed that Pembina advocated environmental reform, as such is the mandate of the research group. The group advised the city on the 'Greening the Grid' program. As well the Federation on their blog, released their accounting findings of Pembina and the city within a span 3 years as reported by the press. Most of the transactions between the city of Calgary and Pembina however occurred during 2008-2010, before Nenshi assumed office in November 2010. According to the federation's findings, $210,694CAD funded early Pembina research during the Bronconnier's term as Nenshi's term $130,306 was funded to finish a 100 page document compiled by Pembina.
The affair concluded with a Twitter argument between Levant and Nenshi went publicly viral after Nenshi responded to Levant's questioning. Levant questioned Nenshi about the ethics of public city funds going to Pembina as a conflict of interest. Especially regarding to potential anti-oil sands lobbists among Pembina's staff according to Levant. Both debaters engaged in an argument of sarcastic remarks that degraded into ad-hominid attacks. Nenshi asked Levant rhetorically 'when did you stop beating your wife?'? Nenshi apologized for his remark.
Nenshi ordered a corruption graft probe into the finances of city owned utility company Enmax after an unknown senior employee revealed of lavish spending by former Enmax CEO Gary Holden in 2010 in an email report. Holden was reported to have organized extravagant house celebrations entertained by rock stars, using Calgarian tax payers' funds. Holden also gradually raised his salary from 700,000 to 2.7 million Holden resigned in 2011 after CBC news revealed of a business trip to Monaco in 2008. Holden was a guest of German software company SAP and conducted business as well as spectate the Monaco Grand Prix. Holden violated Enmax ethics policy to discuss with the company incidents of gifts over $100. Holden earned the 5th place distinction of Forbes top 10 CEO screw ups for 2010. By the terms of contract Holden was granted a significant severance pay of $4.6M.
Prior to the 2010 elections mayoral candidates such as McIver and Nenshi debated the justification for extravagant privileges of senior Enmax staff in their debates.Candidate Nenshi warned that Enmax was a city run company and funds were tax payers. McIver described Enmax as a 'Air of Entitlement' In 2011, in the wake of Holden's resignation Nenshi's council and Enmax's board implemented reforms such as decreasing the salaries of senior staff, and a higher meritorious standard for bonuses. Enmax hired new management and a new CEO Gianna Manes who is experienced in mass project completion such as the Shepard Energy Centre which Holden advocated for.
In 2011, Nenshi performed the ground breaking ceremony for Enmax's Shepard Energy Centre a natural gas power plant capable of generating 800MW more than half the electrical needs of Calgary. The facility is scheduled to come on line in 2015. The facility is described as Calgary's biggest project and will cost $1.3B. Nenshi's council approved of the project which was planned during Bronconnier's term. The Shepard Energy Centre is connected to the Albertan power grid.
The City constructed its first of many bicycle lanes in the downtown core. By 2020, it is estimated that the city will have 30 km of cycle networks. In 2014, a plan will be submitted to begin to extend the network and enact a bylaw.
In late 2013, the city has entered into speculative agreement with the Tsuu T'ina to resume negotiating the extension of Stoney Trail through a portion of Tsuu T'ina land for a ring road. The band members will vote in a Referendum in October to decide on the issue. The city was in negotiations for over 50 years, with the last proposal in 2009 being rejected. Nenshi described the proposal as 'win-win-win', however, should the band decide to ratify the agreement, construction won't commence for two years. On October 24, 2013 Tsuu T'ina tribe members voted in a referendum to permit the construction of the ring road on their territory. In exchange for 450 hectares of land the nation will be compensated with 2,150 hectares of crown land to expand their territories. The nation will also receive $340M cad.
Calgary Transit presented Nenshi's administration with the 'RouteAhead' plan for review. The plan calls for $13 Billion CAD to be invested over 30 years to expand and upgrade Calgary Transit's capabilities. Funding is still pending. To address the problem of congestion of rush hour ridership. The city is upgrading busy C-train platforms to accommodate 4 car trains. The city council has approved $200M CAD for the acquisition of 60 new 4 car trains to replace obsolete U2 which has served Calgary Transit since 1981. It is expected that the increased frequency of the trains will relieve crowded and full trains.
Relationship with Canadian Pacific Railway
After Canadian-Pacific cancelled an environmental study of the expansion of Alyth train yard, the city approved to continue funding the study environmental impact the yard causes the residents of adjacent Inglewood and Ramsay neighborhoods. Nenshi attacked Canadian Pacific over the reassignment of the company's night crew. The company decided to close the 'Locomotive Reliability Centre' of the Alyth train yard. As the Canadian Transportation Agency ordered them to relocate 400m away as residents complained of the noise.
Nenshi rebuked Canadian Pacific Railway|Canadian Pacific over the collapse of the 101 year old Bonnybrook Bridge. The bridge was weakened by the 2013 Alberta floods as its structural supports were washed away by surging flood waters. He blamed a massive layoff prior to the accident for lax inspection standards and called for cities to have greater management of CP affairs within their cities.
Nenshi and Canadian Pacific agreed to improve communication in the future and improve relationships after several cars transporting petroleum derailed in late September 2013.
Social initiatives and amendments to bylaws
The Nenshi administration initiated many programs to improve civic administration and clarify transparency of city political affairs, organized around themes such as "transforming government" and "cutting red tape". These initiatives are intended to improve the business and quality of life for Calgarians. The Cutting red tape initiative was estimated to have saved Calgarians 33,000 in hours and 1.12M CAD in productivity. Nenshi sought the advice of Calgarians for further feedback and ideas of how to make city services easier to access in 2012 for it's 3rd phase of cutting red tape.
The term Alderman was transformed to gender neutral 'Councilor'
In 2011, Nenshi was advised by civil advocacy group Civic Camp to challenge the citizens of Calgary with an initiative to personally take responsibility and encourage their neighbors do three things to improve their community for '3 Things for Calgary Program'.
In 2013, Nenshi implemented the 'Enough for All' program to half the demographic of 50,000 Calgarians living in poverty by 2023. The plan doesn't call for more spending, but to uncover and administer effective solutions to connect disadvantaged Calgarians with resources and the community. Nenshi made implementing this solution as one of his campaign promises.
The town of Airdrie passed an anti-bullying bylaw that was advocated by Airdrie teen Mackenzie Murphy in 2013 after she survived a suicide attempt in December 2012. She was persecuted for 2 years by online bullying and at school as her classmates suggested that she should kill herself. Airdrie Mayor Peter Brown who was sympathetic to her distress tasked his council to investigate the legal precedence to enact the bylaws.
She has future ambitions to meet Nenshi to advocate for similar laws in Calgary and spread public awareness of bullying. Nenshi and Premier Redford expressed interest in her activism. Nenshi Chief of staff Chima Nkemdirim, suggests that Nenshi is open to dialog should she decide to take the initiative by scheduling an appointment.
In 2013, the city council enacted a bylaw banning smoking in playgrounds and other places where family and children play.
The length of election terms, was amended to 4 years from 3.
Calgary Police and crime
Continuing on a downward trend of violent crimes since 1991, Calgary together with Canada's crime rate has dropped. As of 2013 the national crime rate has dropped below levels since 1971. It is unknown what has caused the decline in violent crimes, however StatsCan analyst Mary Allen correlates that communities with higher standards of socio-economic conditions tend to have low crime rates. Many other urban areas have experienced similar decreases in crime rates, and recent studies suggest this may primarily be due to decreased environmental levels of lead. Calgary has experienced significant percentage drops since 2011, such as a 23% drop in robberies. In 2012 Calgary's Crime Severity Index of 60.5 is below national rating of 75.
In 2013, community service groups and the Calgary Police Service banded together to form the Safe Communities Opportunity and Resource Centre (SCORCe) as a cooperative effort to improve effective services for vulnerable Calgarians. Nenshi opened the center in a ceremony.
In September 2013, the city extended the contract of Police Chief Rick Hanson until 2017. Nenshi credits his leadership as a factor for Calgary's low crime fortunes.
Enterprise and financial initiatives
The city created the "Community Investment Fund", to grant 252MCAD between 2012-2016 to renovate and construct new Calgarian public recreation and community facilities such as libraries. The fund provide funding for community groups to renovate their facilities that provide services to Calgarians. The fund is composed from major sources such as annual rebate of $42M from the Alberta government, $4M from GST refund, and $150M from a fund created by urban developers for community growth. The fund was a response to address the need for access for recreational services, especially sports and physical facilities for children. Such as ice rinks and swimming pools. The fund also addresses the need for renovations for many aging facilities providing essential services for Calgarians. The city will construct 4 new facilities providing access for 84,000 Calgarians.
Nenshi approved a pilot project in 2011 for mobile food van servers. The project debuted during the first "YYC Taste the Trucks" an annual festival in 2011. After a two year pilot trial, the city council approved a process draft a bylaw to permit the food truck industry permanently in late 2013.
The Calgary Economic Development (CED) organized a trade mission for Nenshi to showcase Calgary to meet with Chinese business and government officials to forge and reassert ties between China and Calgary. Through the CED, Nenshi launched a campaign entitled 'Be Part of the Energy' aimed to promote tourism and encourage businesses and professionals to settle in the city.
Address the problem of inaccessibility of housing for families and attain success with the Plan to End Homelessness which began before his term. The city operates non-tax non-profit corporation, 'Attainable Homes' which partners up businesses to help provide for impoverished Calgarian families. However the corporation was not initially Nenshi's initiative as it was founded in 2009. Mass building projects were completed and initiated during his term.
Taxation and city finances
Increases of property tax
As Calgary grew into a metropolis with challenging needs the city experienced typical increased incremental costs of living such as rises in property taxes. Taxes began to rise before Nenshi's government as both the provincial and city governments have increased taxes since 2007 for several years and Mayor Dave Bronconnier commissioned civic work projects, as Ctrain extension. Tax rates increased on average 5-10%/year for city taxes and 3-8%/year for provincial taxes. The increase in taxes was a source of frustration for many Calgarians over the years, especially rising 30% during the Nenshi's 3 year term.
Nenshi has encountered frustrations as his council finds it difficult to budget yearly with unsecured sources of provincial and federal funding. Nenshi with other Canadian mayors rebuked the Federal government for lack of capital funding for necessary projects such as transportation infrastructure projects such as public transit and improved highways as they have in the United States.
The lack of fiscal clarification from the federal and provincial government has economically damaged the city causing debt and raised erratic municipal taxes as the city struggles to secure funding for projects to maintain the city. Dave Bronconnier faced similar challenges as Nenshi managing a growing city. Nenshi is tasked with completion of Bronconnier's necessary projects such as extension of the C-train.
However, Nenshi together with Stephen Mandel attempted to negotiate with Premier Alison Redford to enact a charter to replace the decades old ambiguous Municipal Act, to better define the roles of provincial and municipal governments. As the uncertain nature of non-municipal funding is unpredictable. Redford was forced to resort to Austerity measures such as educational cutbacks early in her term. Her government is experiencing a 5 year deficit, and will go into debt as it continues infrastructural spending.
Nenshi stated that taxes remained the lowest in Canada when compared to other major Canadian municipalities.
Taxation of second term
For the 2014 budget the city voted to return the initial $52M provincial tax refund as debated early in 2012. The refunded tax gap afforded the city to reduce a initial planned 6% increase in residential property tax to a 5% increase.
The city implemented a 10 year plan to merge the business tax together with the non-residential property tax. Until then Calgary was one of last cities to have a stand alone business tax. It is estimated that taxes will decrease 65% for Calgarian business over the decade and save the city $1.3M in operational overhead.
Towards the end of first Nenshi's term, the Manning Centre published a study entitled "Growing the Democratic Toolbox: city council vote tracking" by: Jeromy Anton Farkas. The research measured the performance of 2010 city council on: the economic stances of councilors (taxpayer friendly scale), frequency of open meetings, and attendance of council meetings. According to the study these topics were of importance to Calgarians. Contrary to Nenshi's critics, who were frustrated with tax increases and capital spending and had nicked named Nenshi as 'Spendshi'. Farkas gauged Nenshi to be a moderate spender. Nenshi scored 50.7% and was ranked 5th/14 counselors on the 'Taxpayer Friendly Scale'.Nenshi's score was based on how many times he voted against motions of capital spending with a sample of 73 motions pertaining to city finance.
$52 Million provincial tax room surplus
The city council asked Calgarians for their opinion of how to invest a $52M CAD surplus from an over collection of property taxes. A debate was held on May 2013 and offered 5 options: return the money to Calgarians as a rebate, invest in revitalizing older neighborhoods, improve Calgary Transit, reduction in taxes for businesses, and reducing the city's debt. A live debate inspired by the reality show "Dragon's Den" was held at the Devonian Gardens. In the wake of the devastating flood of 2013, the city council voted to implement Nenshi's proposal to use the surplus towards flood relief. However, the Canadian Taxpayer Federation warns that motion could become a permanent tax grab. That the money was intended to be returned to citizens.
During deliberations of the 2014 budget majority of the councilors voted in favor of returning the 2013 provincial $52M tax room refund. The council has allocated the future $52 M per year tax room refunds for the next decade towards transit options such as an express bus route entitled the 'Green Line'. The 'Green Line' is optioned for upgrading to a C-train line at a later date. The rebate will amount to $100 returned to each Calgarian household.
Financial decisions of Nenshi's second term
Nenshi's council have voted to halt council salary raises, and limit salaries of non-unionized city staff to 1.8% raises for 2014. According to councilors Shane Keating and Diane Colley-Urquhart economic factors decided the austerity measures. City unionizes however remains skeptical as Calgary city council have employed such austerity measures in the past prior to renegotiating term contracts and awarding themselves with opulent raise increases.
Key events of mayoralty
In 2011, Nenshi was grand marshal of Calgary Pride, the city's gay pride parade. He was the first mayor of Calgary to do so. In 2013 Nenshi proclaimed a day of "Trans Day of Visibility" as an awareness day for the challenges transgender and transsexual Calgarians face. Nenshi together with Albertan Premier Alison Redford who became the first Premier to Grand Marshal the parade, opened the 23rd Calgarian Pride parade. In his speech Nenshi addressed Québécois, inviting them to come to Calgary as the city didn't discriminate. He criticized Quebec's proposed 'Charter of Quebec Values' legislature as contrary to the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
Nenshi presided over the 100th anniversaries of many important city institutions and traditions, including the Calgary Public Library, Calgary Stampede, Mount Royal University, and Calgary recreation. He proclaimed March 29, 2012 a 'dress Western day' as a prelude to the 100th Calgary Stampede. The city was assisted in preparations for these celebrations with a 1.6 million CAD grant from the federal government.
Nenshi proclaimed the week of November 7–14, 2011 as 'Town Planning Week', to celebrate the 100th anniversary of Calgary Planning Commission's achievements. He presented David Watson the Chair of the Commission with a commemorative scroll honoring the names of past and present members.
In 2012 the federal government designated the city for the inaugural "Cultural Capital" program.
In 2013 Nenshi was invited as part of the Canadian delegation attend the World Economic Forum to share his ideas of sustainable urban growth, a rarity for a mayor.At forum Nenshi supported the controversial Keystone Pipeline by commenting that protesters were foolish and that transporting Bitumen by conventional transportation such as trains would cause more atmospheric pollution.
Nenshi proclaimed April 5, 2013 as Ralph Klein Day to honor the contributions Klein made to Calgary as mayor: The founding of the Calgary Economic Development an agency that promotes the prosperity of Calgary, the construction of the C-Train LRT, and host of the 1988 Winter Olympics. His widow Colleen Klein was presented with the civic flag of Calgary. Klein's life was remembered in a city organized gala entitled "Celebration of Life" that celebrated his contributions as a public servant and adopted son of the Siksika Nation. Nenshi along with other Canadian politicians past and present spoke at the gala reflecting on the life of Klein.
2013 Southern Alberta flood and reconstruction
Nenshi's rally to boost morale in the wake of a devastating flood that ravaged Southern Alberta in 2013 was well received by the press and Calgarians. He urged Calgarians to seek assistance for mental distress urged support for their neighbors mental and emotional well being during the disaster recovery. Calgarian approval from his supporters has made him the subject of internet memes parodying him as Supermayor as 2013 Summer blockbuster movie Superman. His name was used as a verb for a parody of the British WWII morale slogan "Keep Calm and Carry On", as 'Keep Calm and Nenshi On'. The likeness of Nenshi wearing Scuba gear, was designed by Calgarian artist 'Mandy Stobo' on T-shirts, to raise relief funds for the Red Cross.
Nenshi co-launched book published by the Calgary Herald entitled 'The Flood of 2013: A Summer of Angry Rivers in southern Alberta' that archived the paper's coverage of the flood. Proceeds from the book supported The Calgary Foundation’s Flood Rebuilding Fund which helped victims most devastated. Nenshi wrote a forward describing the events.
Some of his supporters urge him to rest from his nonstop organization by taking a nap as he coordinated relief efforts non-stop over a period of 43 hours. For an episode of his YouTube vlog series 'Nenshi Reads', Nenshi read to children at a fundraising launch of children's story 'The River Throws a Tantrum' by: Rona Altrows.
Nenshi tasked former City transportation director Gordon Stewart with overseeing the reconstruction efforts. The flood caused an estimated $250M in damages. Nenshi, commissioned a panel of engineering and environmental experts as well the community to recommend measures to mitigate damage from future floods.
Senior city staff were compensated for overtime work directing the emergency efforts with $307K. Nenshi believed the compensation to be unwarranted and called to change the compensation regulations for compensation in the future.
In September Governor General David Johnston, presented the people of Calgary with the 'Governor General Commendation of Outstanding Service'. As the community effort Calgarians banded together for the city and surrounding region after the 2013 Alberta floods. Nenshi accepted the award on behalf of the city.
In November 2013, the government of Alberta granted the city of Calgary $250K to study the viability of constructing a water diversion tunnel. Nenshi suggested that the city acquire the tunnel-boring machinery. After the project the machinery could be used for future infrastructure projects the city has planed in the future.
Key events of second mayoralty
Early in November 2013, Nenshi delivered a comic 'roasting' speech to outgoing Edmontonian mayor Stephen Mandel highlighting the joys and frustrations of a colleague, mentor, and rival relationship. Nenshi made light remarks alluding to Rob Ford's Narcotic addictions, their religious heritage as mayors of 'redneck' cities, and Mandel's council decision to construct massive public works projects such as the Edmonton Downtown arena.
In November 2013 Cal Wenzel CEO of Shane Homes, attempted to sue Nenshi for $6M. Alleging slanderous remarks to his character promote his campaign agenda. In particular Wenzel was offended when Nenshi compared him to the Godfather during an interview with David Grey of CBC One.
Calgary Street Church and accusations of Anti-Christian bigotry
The city of Calgary has ongoing friction with the Calgary Street Ministries. Although this relationship has existed prior to Nenshi taking office, Nenshi is accused of being an Anti-Christian bigot by Ezra Levant. He wrote an article condemning Nenshi after members of the church trespassed in city hall to Christmas carol and was escorted out in 2012.
The congregation lead by Pastor Art Pawloski administers to the needs of estimated over 600 homeless Calgarian population and preaches the gospel to them. The church claims that the administer to the group of homeless who cannot access social assistance and shelter. Pawlowski states that his church was harassed multiple times since 2005, and served over 100 fines. Frustrated by the alleged persecution Pawlowski launched a lawsuit against the city in 2008. The city asserts that numerous bylaws were broken, such as receiving numerous peace disturbance complaints from downtown residences, and trespassing. 
Recently, Pawlowski accuses Nenshi of persecution citing examples of alleged double standards such as leniency with the 2011 "Occupy Calgary" protesters who caused $40,000 in damages to the park yet were not arrested for their belligerent actions. Over the years the church members were arrested for disturbing the peace with loudspeakers.
Members of the church were also escorted out of city hall and arrested during a Christmas sermon, but returned again to continue the sermon, citing this double standard of "Occupy Calgary" as precedence to admit themselves. They didn't have a permit required by city bylaw to hold a gathering on the property, as Pawolski refused to agree to the terms which includes no religious activities during business hours. Pawolski claims that Nenshi's statement of the city hall as the city's living room was an open invitation to use the Atrium as Caroling space.
The Church accused Nenshi anti-Christian-Judeo discrimination. However Nenshi partook in the lighting the 5th light of the menorah ceremony in 2011 as the Calgarian Jewish community celebrated the 23rd Menorah lighting ceremony. Other groups are free to celebrate at City Hall and other venues on city property provided they apply for permission such as agreeing not to celebrate during business hours.
To address the challenges of evolving into metropolises Nenshi and Edmonton mayor Stephen Mandel negotiated a memorandum of understanding with the Alberta government. This motion will enable both mayors to work with the provincial government to draft city charters, effectively articulating the powers and responsibilities the municipalities have to deal with unique issues of development such as taxation. Nenshi and Mandel wanted to seek the approval for the new city council's approval after the elections of the 2013 before proceeding to resume discussions.
Premier Redford met with Nenshi and newly elected Edmontonian mayor Don Iveson for a Saturday breakfast on October 26, 2013. They discussed the future options to solve Calgary and Edmonton's capital challenges such as resuming discussions to enact the law. Albertan Municipal minister Doug Griffins estimates that the finalizing of the act could be completed before the end of 2013 before Christmas as the negotiations are 95% concluded. Griffins however disagreed with Nenshi to just limit the charter as a 'big city' charter as other Albertan municipalities have keenly observed the course of dialog process. Griffins preferred that a civic charter option be available for cities who chose.
However these motions are opposed by tax watchdog groups. They warn that such legislatures may grant municipal governments the ability to levy additional taxes.
- "Naheed Nenshi". Calgary Herald. Retrieved October 19, 2010.
- "Naheed Nenshi re-elected as Calgary mayor". CBC. October 22, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2013.
- Graveland, Bill (October 19, 2010). "Calgary's new mayor shreds city's stereotypes". Toronto Star. Retrieved October 19, 2010.
- 'Gilmore and Nenshi named young global leaders'.March 11, 2011 http://www.theglobeandmail.com/globe-debate/gilmore-and-nenshi-named-young-global-leaders/article4266156/ retrieved December 21, 2013.
- http://www.cip-icu.ca/web/la/en/pa/cc323ea7ae9349948d3502f29ad6a9de/template.asp retrieved Oct.1, 2013
- Ramsay, Melissa. 'Calgary mayor named one of Canada's most important people'. November 21, 2013. Global News Calgary. http://globalnews.ca/news/981353/calgary-mayor-named-one-canadas-most-important-people/ retrieved November 21, 2013.
- http://calgarypolitics.com/2010/10/18/all-eyes-on-naheed-nenshi/ , Retrieved September 30, 2013
- http://www.theismaili.org/cms/1194/ A. Rajabali, The Ismaili,4 May 2011, retrieved Oct 2, 2013
- http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2013/09/13/nenshi-calls-ezra-levant-creepy-obsessed_n_3921261.html Huffington Post Alberta.September 13, 2013,'Naheed Nenshi Calls Ezra Levant 'Creepily And Weirdly Obsessed'Paragraph 2
- Gee, Marcus.'Naheed Nenshi's challenge: Making Calgary a livable city'.February 5, 2011.Globe and Mail. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/naheed-nenshis-challenge-making-calgary-a-livable-city/article565256/?page=all, retrieved 21, 2013
- Zhao, Jeremy.'All Eyes on Nenshi'October 18,2010. Calgarypolitics.com, http://web.archive.org/web/20130619164615/http://calgarypolitics.com/2010/10/18/all-eyes-on-naheed-nenshi/ retrieved December 21, 2013/
- Naheed, Nenshi.'Building Up.Making Canada's cities magnets for talent and engines of development'. 2002. Canada25 http://sic.conaculta.gob.mx/centrodoc_documentos/83.pdf retrieved December 21, 2013
- "Calgary mayor-elect downplays egghead image". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. October 19, 2010. Retrieved October 19, 2010.
- no author 'Eight challengers take aim at Calgary Mayor Naheed Nenshi'.September 24,2013. Calgary Sun. http://www.calgarysun.com/2013/09/23/eight-challengers-take-aim-at-calgary-mayor-naheed-nenshi retrieved September 21, 2013
- "Purple Revolution". Purple Revolution. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- Jinnah, Naila and Nikhat Ahmed (October 18, 2010). largest-city-in-Canada "Ismaili Muslim elected mayor of the third-largest city in Canada". TheIsmaili.org. Retrieved October 19, 2010.
- Cryderman, Kelly.'How Nenshi won the race'. October 23, 2010. Calgary Herald. http://www2.canada.com/calgaryherald/news/story.html?id=0d1697c5-62b1-4e48-b073-6f8512f82863&p=3 retrieved Nov 1, 2013
- Cryderman, Kelly.'How Nenshi won the race'. October 23, 2010. Calgary Herald. http://www2.canada.com/calgaryherald/news/story.html?id=0d1697c5-62b1-4e48-b073-6f8512f82863&p=1 retrieved Nov 2, 2013
- Cryderman, Kelly.'How Nenshi won the race'. October 23, 2010. Calgary Herald.http://www2.canada.com/calgaryherald/news/story.html?id=0d1697c5-62b1-4e48-b073-6f8512f82863&p=3 retrieved Nov 1, 2013
- Braid, Don (September 26, 2010). "Nenshi capitalizing on social-media buzz". Calgary Herald. Retrieved October 19, 2010.
- "Calgary election squabble over policing costs". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. September 24, 2010. Retrieved October 19, 2010.
- Markusoff, Jason (October 13, 2010). "Herald poll: Three-way dead heat in race for Calgary's mayor". Calgary Herald. Retrieved October 19, 2010.
- "Election results". City of Calgary. October 19, 2010. Retrieved October 19, 2010.
- Windgrove, Josh (October 19, 2010). "Calgary’s Naheed Nenshi becomes Canada’s first Muslim mayor". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved October 19, 2010.
- Kaufmann, Bill (October 19, 2010). "Nenshi win makes ripples around the world". Calgary Sun. Retrieved October 19, 2010.
- Josh Wingrove (October 19, 2010). "Naheed Nenshi becomes Canada's First Muslim Mayor". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved October 23, 2010.
- Koentges, Chris. "Politics in Full Sentences: The Story of Naheed Nenshi’s Purple Army". Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- "Official Results". City of Calgary. October 21, 2010. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
- Markusoff, Jason (August 30, 2013). "Longshots line up to take on Nenshi in mayoral race". Calgary Herald. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
- S.Dippel, CBC News, September 25, 2013 'Nenshi donor list shows he has a lot of friends'. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/nenshi-donor-list-shows-he-has-a-lot-of-friends-1.1868699, October 15, 2013
- CBC News. September 25, 2013 'Nenshi Campaign donors include, billionaires'.http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/nenshi-s-campaign-donors-include-developers-billionaires-1.1867339 retrieved October 15, 2013
- Klingbeil, Annalise.'Home builder files $6M defamation suit against Nenshi'. November 15, 2013. Calgary Herald.http://www.calgaryherald.com/news/calgary/Home+builder+Wenzel+Shane+Homes+sues+Calgary+Mayor+Nenshi/9172067/story.html retrieved November 15, 2013
- CBC News.'Naheed Nenshi to be sued by home builder over 'Godfather' comments'.November 15, 2013. CBC News Calgary. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/naheed-nenshi-to-be-sued-by-home-builder-over-godfather-comments-1.2428488 retrieved November 15, 2013.
- CBC News. 'Preston Manning breaks silence on home builders video.', May 31, 2013. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/preston-manning-breaks-silence-on-home-builders-video-1.1384888 Retrieved October 16, 2013
- E.Ferguson ' Higher property taxes for new suburbs urged think-tank', Calgary Herald, October 8, 2013. http://www.calgaryherald.com/business/Higher+property+taxes+suburbs+urged+think+tank/9013380/story.html retrieved October 17, 2013
- CBC News.'Naheed Nenshi promises to tackle 'sprawl subsidy'. Oct 5, 2013 http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/municipal-election/naheed-nenshi-promises-to-tackle-sprawl-subsidy-1.1913768 retrieved October 21, 2013
- CBC News 'Naheed Nenshi surprised by Manning Foundation findings' October 9, 2013. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/municipal-election/naheed-nenshi-surprised-by-manning-foundation-findings-1.1931535 October 21, 2013
- T.Seskus 'Forest lawn may get it's due,100 years late'. Calgary Herald July 4, 2010 http://www2.canada.com/calgaryherald/news/story.html?id=74ab3745-32e9-4a51-93ae-811741a8359b&p=1 retrieved Oct 15, 2013
- J.Markusoff, October 11, 2013. Calgary Herald.'Nenshi's promised Forest Lawn makeover: As 'exciting new' as it was several years ago'. http://blogs.calgaryherald.com/2013/10/11/nenshis-promised-forest-lawn-makeover-as-exciting-new-as-it-was-several-years-ago/, retrieved October 15, 2013
- S.Thompson,'East Calgary's future: Revitalization's plans aim to change area's rough reputation', FFWD fast foward weekly December 15, 2011.http://www.ffwdweekly.com/article/news-views/news/east-calgary-to-be-less-foul-within-a-few-years-8556/ retrieved October 15, 2013
- Markusoff,Jason 'Time could not be reached for comment: Tsuu T'ina chief on ring road',June 17, 2013.http://blogs.calgaryherald.com/2013/06/17/time-could-not-be-reached-for-comment-tsuu-tina-chief-on-ring-road/ retrieved October 26, 2013
- Komarnicki, Jamie.'Chief says ring road 'on the back burner'. Calgary Herald. October 29, 2011.http://www2.canada.com/calgaryherald/news/story.html?id=7072b130-2e4f-4be9-b692-f4037a598538&p=2 Retrieved October 27, 2013
- CBC.'Calgary, Tsuu T'ina. September 19, 2013. CBC News. http://ca.news.yahoo.com/city-tsuu-tina-negotiating-utilities-003542731.html retrieved October 27, 2013
- Markusoff,Jason 'Time could not be reached for comment: Tsuu T'ina chief on ring road',June 17, 2013.http://blogs.calgaryherald.com/2013/06/17/time-could-not-be-reached-for-comment-tsuu-tina-chief-on-ring-road/ retrieved October 28, 2013
- http://o.canada.com/2013/07/09/rob-ford-vs-naheed-nenshi-as round-2-flood-response/
- Jones, Allison.'Rob Ford Alleged Crack Video:Toronto cops have it,Ford says he won't resign'.October 31,2013.Canadian Press. http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2013/10/31/rob-fords-alleged-crack-_n_4180272.html, retrieved December 20,2013
- "Airport tunnel now belongs to Calgary Airport Authority". CBC News. November 2, 2012. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- Fletcher, Robson (February 10, 2013). "Calgary’s King Edward School on the cusp of becoming ‘arts incubator’". Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- Gee, Marcus (August 23, 2012). "Naheed Nenshi's challenge: Making Calgary a livable city". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- "New central library plan approved by council". CBC News. February 26, 2013. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- "National Music Centre breaks ground in Calgary". Canada Newswire. February 22, 2013. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/calgary-project-looks-to-spur-revitalization-in-kingsland-1.1317526 retrieved Oct.2, 2013
- "Calgary removing fluoride from water supply". CBC News. February 8, 2011. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- http://www.calgaryherald.com/news/calgary/Mayor+looks+innovative+solution+Bowness+sewer+capacity+problem/8510147/story.html J.Markusoff . Calgary Herald. June 12, 2013. Retrieved October 6, 2013
- J.Gerson, Calgary mayor hates "awful"new public art installation-a large blue circle that cost the city 471,000" September 10, 2013. http://news.nationalpost.com/2013/10/09/calgary-mayor-hates-awful-new-public-art-installation-a-large-blue-circle-that-cost-the-city-471000/ retrieved Oct 17, 2013
- Nolais, Jeremy.'Golfers roll out campaign to save Calgary's McCall Lake golf course'.May 9,2013.Metro Calgary.http://metronews.ca/news/calgary/666625/golfers-roll-out-campaign-to-save-calgarys-mccall-lake-golf-course/ retrieved November 25,2013
- Markusoff, Jason.'Council hopefuls vow to save McCall Lake golf Course'. September 17,2013.Calgary Herald.http://www.calgaryherald.com/news/calgary/Council+hopefuls+save+McCall+Lake+Golf+Course/8919910/story.html. retrieved November 25, 2013
- CBC News.'Ad calls on Calgary voters to save McCall Lake'. September 15,2013. CBC News Calgary. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/ad-calls-on-calgary-voters-to-save-mccall-lake-1.1856866. Retrieved 25, 2013.
- Platt, Micheal. 'City of Calgary announces of McCall Lake golf course, further review of green fees'. February 12, 2013. Calgary Sun. http://www.calgarysun.com/2013/02/12/city-of-calgary-announces-closure-of-mccall-lake-golf-course-further-review-of-green-fees retrieved November 25, 2013.
- Markusoff, Jason.'Council hopefuls vow to save McCall Lake golf Course'. September 17,2013.Calgary Herald.http://www.calgaryherald.com/news/calgary/Council+hopefuls+save+McCall+Lake+Golf+Course/8919910/story.html. retrieved November 25, 2013
- Landry, Frank. 'Alberta defends environmental record to US Legislators'. September 8, 2010, Calgary Herald. http://www.thewhig.com/2010/09/08/alberta-defends-environmental-record-to-us-legislators retrieved October 20, 2013
- Cosh, Colby.'James Cameron in Alberta's Oil sands' Maclean's, http://www2.macleans.ca/2010/10/04/judgment-day/ retrieved October 20, 2013
- Cyderman, Kelly. 'Alberta gets fresh black eye with tar sands coverage'. Feb 22, 2009 http://oilsandstruth.org/alberta-gets-fresh-black-eye-tar-sands-coverage, retrieved October 20, 2013
- Renata D'Aliesio.'Alberta pumps $4B into eco-plan', Calgary Herald July, 2008. www.canada.com/story_print.html?id=d0a9034c-d770-4951-b692-52a3c287cc86&sponsor= retrieved Oct 20, 2013
- Sylvester, Krista. 'Calgary mayor back from climate summit with city award'. Metro News Calgary. December 21, 2009, http://metronews.ca/news/174876/calgary-mayor-back-from-climate-summit-with-city-award/ retrieved October 20, 2013
- Earl-King, Jennifer, 'Calgary recognized in Copenhagen for climate leadership. 660 News Radio, Dec 16,2009 http://www.660news.com/2009/12/16/calgary-recognized-in-copenhagen-for-climate-leadership-2/ retrieved 20, 2013
- Row, Jessie, Cobb, Paul, Welk Erin, ect.al 'Options for Reducing GHG Emissions in Calgary', Feb 2011. http://www.calgary.ca/UEP/ESM/Documents/ESM-Documents/Calgary_GHG_Research_Report_Appendix.pdf?noredirect=1, retrieved Oct 20, 2013
- Boynton,Sean-Paul,'Calgary adopts district energy to combat emissions', July 15, 2010, Calgary Journal http://www.calgaryjournalonline.ca/news/34-news/1262-calgary-adopts-district-energy-to-combat-carbon-emissions. retrieved October 13, 2013
- Harvey, Linda 'Water and Energy conservation: city of Calgary" ,Environment Canada, July 2009 http://www.ec.gc.ca/p2/default.asp?lang=En&n=E6117DC3-1 retrieved October 20, 2013.
- Dixon, Jorden,' Riding the Wind right through town', Oct 6,2010. The Calgary Journal. http://www.calgaryjournalonline.ca/september-print-issue/environment/1327-riding-the-wind-right-through-town retrieved October 20, 2013
- CBC News 'City Commits $250M to switch operations to wind power', April 9, 2009 http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/city-commits-250m-to-switch-operations-to-wind-power-1.800930, October 20, 2013
- Cattaneo, Claudia. 'On energy and environment, Pembina plays both offence and defence' |09/03/12, Financial Post,http://business.financialpost.com/2012/03/09/on-energy-and-environment-pembina-plays-both-offense-and-defense/?__lsa=cb0b-b030retrieved October 20, 2013
- Levant, Ezra 'Meet the Mayor's Scientists', September 8, 2013, Sun Media.http://www.sunnewsnetwork.ca/sunnews/straighttalk/archives/2013/09/20130908-073231.html October 20, 2013
- Gandia, Renato 'Mayor Naheed Nenshi says work done by left-leaning Pembina institute think tank was not political in nature'. September 5, 2013 http://www.calgarysun.com/2013/09/05/mayor-naheed-nenshi-says-work-done-by-left-leaning-pembina-institute-think-tank-was-not-political-in-nature retrieved October 30, 2013
- Gignac, Tamara. 'Federation fights pubic dollars for political advocacy groups', Calgary Herald, September 6, 2013,http://www.calgaryherald.com/news/calgary/Federation+fights+public+dollars+political+advocacy+groups/8875539/story.html
- Fildebrandt, Derek.'Taxpayer.com.September 5, 2013.' CTF uncovers $341,000 in taxpayer funding to Pembina institute' http://taxpayer.com/blog/ctf-uncovers--341%2C000-in-taxpayer-funding-to-pembina-institute Retrieved October 20, 2013
- Fildebrandt, Derek.'Taxpayer.com.September 5, 2013.' CTF uncovers $341,000 in taxpayer funding to Pembina institute'.http://taxpayer.com/media/Response%20Data-2_Part1.pdf retrieved October 20, 2013
- Fildebrandt, Derek.'Taxpayer.com.September 5, 2013.' CTF uncovers $341,000 in taxpayer funding to Pembina institute' http://taxpayer.com/media/Response%20Data-2_Part2.pdf .retrieved October 20, 2013
- Fildebrandt, Derek.'Taxpayer.com.September 5, 2013.' CTF uncovers $341,000 in taxpayer funding to Pembina institute' http://taxpayer.com/media/Response%20Data-2_Part3.pdf retrieved October 20, 2013
- Fildebrandt, Derek.'Taxpayer.com.September 5, 2013.' CTF uncovers $341,000 in taxpayer funding to Pembina institute' http://taxpayer.com/media/Response%20Data-2_Part4.pdf retrieved October 20, 2013
- Radia, Andy. 'Calgary's Naheed Nenshi and Sun News' Ezra Levant spar in epic Twitter battle'. Canada Politics-Yahoo News, September 8, 2013. http://news.yahoo.com/blogs/canada-politics/calgary-naheed-nenshi-sun-news-ezra-levant-spar-195514790.html Retrieved November 16, 2013
- J.Connelly, Canada Business Review, Jan 21, 2011.'Enmax CEO Gary Holden Ousted after a string of Scandals' http://www.businessreviewcanada.ca/sectors/enmax-ceo-gary-holden-ousted-after-string-scandals retrieved Oct 9, 2013
- S.Dipple, CBC News, Jan 21, 2011, 'Embattled Enmax CEO Quits' http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/embattled-enmax-ceo-quits-1.987148 Retrieved Oct 9, 2013
- D. Cummer, Financial Post, June 10, 2010. 'Enmax CEO makes biggest Screw Up List'; Dina O'Meara, Postmedia News. http://www.policypatrol.com/enmax-executives-email-blunder-makes-list-of-top-ceo-screw-ups-2/ retrieved Oct 9, 2013
- L Corbella, Calgary Herald, Feb 4, 2011,'4.6 Million Severance for Gary Holden' http://www2.canada.com/calgaryherald/news/story.html?id=8a3514b9-a5fe-4a37-a2a1-fe1de25f3bbb retrieved Oct 9, 2013
- CBC News. Oct 12, 2010. 'Calgary mayor hopefuls slam Enmax CEO Pay' http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/calgary-mayor-hopefuls-slam-enmax-ceo-s-pay-1.936221 Retrieved Oct 10,2013
- J. Markusoff, Calgary Herald. May 21, 2011.'Nenshi takes aim at Enmax's 'culture of entitlement. http://www2.canada.com/calgaryherald/news/city/story.html?id=3c1e4bcf-3c4c-4c27-9cec-bbc4d788d150, retrieved Oct 10, 2013
- J.Markusoff. Calgary Herald. Mar.2, 2012 http://www2.canada.com/calgaryherald/news/city/story.html?id=acf9a4b6-8ce3-4d3c-9ada-75577f05e7a2 retrieved Oct 10, 2013
- CBC News. Oct 4, 2013. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/shepard-power-plant-breaks-ground-1.977041 retrieved Oct 8 2013
- K.Spruit. Rockyview Weekly. September 23, 2013. http://www.rockyviewweekly.com/article/20130923/RVW0801/309239997/0/rvw retrieved October 9, 2013
- http://calgary.ctvnews.ca/rocky-road-to-ring-road-may-be-near-end-1.1461290 retrieved September 20, 2013
- Kormarnicki Jamie, Varcoe,Chris'Ring road deal 'a day that many people in Calgary though will never come'. October 26, 2013, Calgary Herald http://www.calgaryherald.com/Ring+road+deal+that+many+people+Calgary+thought+would+never+come/9085598/story.html retrieved October 26, 2013
- "Calgary's 30-year transit plan to cost $13 BILLION". CBC News. December 7, 2012. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- http://www.calgarysun.com/2013/08/30/chinook-lrt-station-re-opens-after-15-million-upgrade retrieved 13 2013
- Zickefoose, Sherri (March 5, 2013). "Council OK’s $30,000 for next stage of railway yard noise study". Calgary Herald. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- http://www.calgaryherald.com/business/cuts+draw+fire+from+Nenshi/8945217/story.html D.Slade. Calgary Herald. September 23, 2013. retrieved Sunday Oct 6, 2013
- http://www2.macleans.ca/2013/09/12/nenshi-wants-answers-from-canadian-pacific-about-derailment/ Canadian Press.Sept 13, 2013,'Nenshi wants answers from Canadian Pacific about derailment', Retrieved October 6, 2013
- "Transforming Government". City of Calgary. 2013. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- Fletcher, Robinson. 'City invites Calgarians to help cut red tape', October 9, 2012. Metro News. http://metronews.ca/news/calgary/397892/city-invites-calgarians-to-help-cut-red-tape/ retrieved October 20, 2013
- http://www.theismaili.org/cms/1194/, retrieved Oct 1, 2013
- Nenshi, Naheed (September 6, 2012). "Nenshi: Let’s improve Calgary in big and small ways". Calgary Herald. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- Dormer, Dave.'Anti-bully crusader looks to Calgary as new bylaw passes first reading in Airdrie'. July 17,2013.Calgary Sun. http://www.calgarysun.com/2013/06/18/anti-bully-crusader-looks-to-calgary-as-new-bylaw-passes-first-reading-in-airdrie. retrieved November 25, 2013
- http://calgary.ctvnews.ca/calgary-passes-new-smoking-ban-1.1390084 retrieved September 2013
- http://www.calgarysun.com/2013/01/30/city-of-calgary-to-explore-expanding-budget-cycles-due-to-longer-term-for-councillors> Oct 2, 2013
- http://calgary.ctvnews.ca/a-new-re-sorce-for-calgary-s-most-vulnerable-1.1462215 retrieved September 20, 2013
- http://www.calgaryherald.com/news/crime-and-justice/Police+Chief+Rick+Hanson+contract+extended/8954654/story.html September 25, 2013
- http://www.remingtoncorp.com/pdfs/Recreation_centres_move_forward_in_Calgary.pdf retrieved September 8, 2013
- Gandia, Renato (May 12, 2011). "Nenshi leads China trade mission". Calgary Sun. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
- http://www2.canada.com/calgaryherald/iphone/news/latest/story.html?id=8416371 Retrieved September 20, 2013
- http://www.calgarysun.com/2013/08/16/affordable-housing-gets-boost Retrieved September 20, 2013
- Alcantra, Ashley, McHattie, Colin, Neil Hilts, Esplen, Ian.'Candidates line up to take on mayor Nenshi' September 29, 2013. The Calgary Journal. http://www.calgaryjournal.ca/index.php/news/1851-civic-election-2013-mayors-2, October 21, 2013
- CBC News.'Returning $52M surplus could negate Calgary's 2014 tax hike'.November 27,2013. CBC News Calgary. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/returning-52m-surplus-could-negate-calgary-s-2014-tax-hike-1.2442840 retrieved November 28, 2013
- Zickefosse, Sherri (April 10, 2012). "Calgary business tax to merge". Calgary Herald. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- Farkas, Anton Jeromy. "Growing the Democratic Toolbox:city council vote tracking"Page 6-7. Manning Foundation for Democratic Education. September 20, 2013 http://www.counciltracker.ca/sourcefiles/MFDEDemocraticToolboxReport.pdf. Retrieved Oct 17,2013
- Bratt, Duane. 'Tracking the votes Calgary city council'.September 20, 2013 Global news http://globalnews.ca/news/854496/tracking-the-votes-of-calgary-city-council/ Retrieved October 17, 2013
- J.Markusoff.'Council opts to spend $52-million tax hike on flood recovery' Calgary Herald, July 29, 2013 http://www.calgaryherald.com/news/Council+opts+spend+million+hike+flood+recovery/8722558/story.html retrieved October 17, 2013
- Dormer, Dave. 'Calgary council swipes $52 Million tax break for 10 year transit scheme, after one year rebate'.Calgary Sun.November 27,2013.http://www.calgarysun.com/2013/11/27/calgary-council-swipes-52-million-tax-break-for-10-year-transit-scheme-after-one-year-rebate retrieved November 28, 2013
- Markusoff, Jason;Ferguson, Eva.'Council freezes their own salaries, limits non union pay hike'.November 28, 2013. Calgary Herald.http://www.calgaryherald.com/news/calgary/Council+freezes+their+salaries+limits+union+hike/9221066/story.html retrieved November 28,2013
- Dormer, Dave'Calgary city votes to hike non-union salaries 1.8%: councilors also vote to freeze their own wages for 2014'.November 27,2013.Calgary Sun.http://www.calgarysun.com/2013/11/27/calgary-city-council-votes-to-hike-non-union-salaries-18 retrieved November 28,2013
- "Naheed Nenshi's pride participation shows that a mayor can serve all". The Globe and Mail. July 5, 2011. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- "Nenshi proclaims Trans Day of Visibility". CBC News. April 2, 2013. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- Clark, Jessica (March 2, 2012). "Calgary’s hope as cultural centre rests on revamping cowboy image". Calgary Journal. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- Lawrence, Jo Ann (March 28, 2012). "100 day kick off to the 100th Calgary Stampede at Olympic Plaza". Calgary Beacon. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- Calgary mayor Nenshi makes good on Grey Cup bets. CBC News, November 29, 2012.
- Stark, Erika (December 14, 2012). "Calgary Transit surpasses 100 million riders a year for first time (with video)". Calgary Herald. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- "Calgary 2012". Calgary 2012. 2013. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- Markusoff, Jason (January 22, 2013). "Nenshi’s invite to World Economic Forum is a rare honour". Calgary Herald. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
- CBC News.'Keystone opponents 'foolish', says Calgary mayor'.January 28,2013. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/keystone-opponents-foolish-says-calgary-mayor-1.1305114. retrieved November 22, 2013.
- http://www.freenewspos.com/english/video/Calgary/1CzTncgIcAQ retrieved September 26, 2013
- Franklin, Micheal.'Nenshi declares April 5 as Ralph Klein Day', CTV Calgary, http://calgary.ctvnews.ca/nenshi-declares-april-5-as-ralph-klein-day-1.1225887 Retrieved October 18, 2013
- Elliott, Tamara.'Politicians play tribute to Ralph Klein at celebration of life'. Global News. April 5, 2013 http://globalnews.ca/news/458636/politicians-pay-tribute-to-ralph-klein-at-celebration-of-life/ Retrieved October 18, 2013
- http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/mayor-nenshi-has-captured-calgarys-heart-but-the-worst-at-least-politically-is-yet-to-come/article12884159/ retrieved Sept 13, 2013
- http://calgary.ctvnews.ca/red-cross-to-receive-proceeds-of-scuba-nenshi-shirt-sales-1.1339637 retrieved, 13,2013
- http://www.calgaryherald.com/news/Public+invited+Mayor+Naheed+Nenshi+helps+launch+Herald+flood+book/8975507/story.html , Oct 1, 2013
- http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/mayor-nenshi-has-captured-calgarys-heart-but-the-worst-at-least-politically-is-yet-to-come/article12884159/ retrieved Sept 13,2013
- Markusoff,Jason.'Nenshi wants to ban emergency pay for senior managers: city directors pocketed $307,000 in OT pay.' September 17, 2013. Calgary Herald. http://www.calgaryherald.com/news/calgary/Nenshi+wants+emergency+overtime+senior+managers/8920373/story.html. Retrieved 19,2013
- Kaufman, Bill.'Proposed tunnel project could yield useful piece of digging equipment for Calgary's future projects: Nenshi'. November 21, 2013. Calgary Sun. http://www.calgarysun.com/2013/11/21/proposed-tunnel-project-could-yield-useful-piece-of-digging-equipment-for-calgarys-future-projects-nenshi retrieved November 21, 2013
- De Neve, Colleen "Gallery: Dreams Take Flight",photo journal.October 23, 2013. Calgary Herald.http://www.calgaryherald.com/sports/Gallery+Dreams+Take+Flight/9072340/story.html retrieved October 24, 2013
- CBC News Edmonton.'Nenshi roasts, toasts Mandel at Farewell Party.' http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/edmonton/nenshi-roasts-toasts-mandel-at-farewell-party-1.2418063. posted November 7, 2013
- CBC News 'Naheed Nenshi to be sued by home builder over 'Godfather' comments'. November 15,2013. CBC News Calgary. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/naheed-nenshi-to-be-sued-by-home-builder-over-godfather-comments-1.2428488 retrieved 21, 2013
- Postmedia News, 'Unrepentant Calgary street preacher faces trespassing charge'.Nov 22, 2011. http://life.nationalpost.com/2011/12/22/unrepentant-calgary-street-preacher-faces-trespassing-charge/ Retrieved Oct 17,2013
- http://www2.canada.com/calgaryherald/news/city/story.html?id=c32e1542-1da2-49e4-84fb-e386154cf93e M.Toneguzzi Calgary Herald,December 17, 2011, retrieved Oct 2 2013
- "Alberta government partners with Calgary and Edmonton to develop big city charter". Alberta Government. June 18, 2012. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- Dormer, Dave. "Calgary could see city charter under the Christmas tree — minister says agreement 95% complete". October 28, 2013. Calgary Sun. http://www.calgarysun.com/2013/10/28/calgary-could-see-city-charter-under-the-christmas-tree--minister-says-agreement-95-complete retrieved November 11, 2013
- Zabjek, Alexandra.'LRT, big-city charter on table as province's top politicians meet at legislature.'October 26, 2013. Edmonton Journal. http://www.edmontonjournal.com/city+charter+table+province+politicians+meet+legislature/9087829/story.html Retrieved October 26, 2013
- Kaufman, Bill. 'Alberta tax watchdog slams Calgary's call for more tax powers'. October 29, 2012. Calgary Sun. http://www.calgarysun.com/2012/10/29/alberta-tax-watchdog-slams-calgarys-call-for-more-tax-powers retrieved November 11, 2013