Naic, Cavite

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For "NAIC" as an abbreviation, see NAIC (disambiguation).
Naicjf9323 07.JPG
Flag of Naic
Official seal of Naic
Nickname(s): Industrial Terminal & Amusement Center of the Future
Map of Cavite showing the location of Naic
Map of Cavite showing the location of Naic
Naic is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°19′N 120°46′E / 14.317°N 120.767°E / 14.317; 120.767Coordinates: 14°19′N 120°46′E / 14.317°N 120.767°E / 14.317; 120.767
Country Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Province Cavite
Congr. districts 7th District
Founded 1869
Barangays 30[1]
 • Mayor Junio C. Dualan
 • Vice Mayor Rodrigo A. Castillo
 • Total 76.24 km2 (29.44 sq mi)
Population (2010)[4]
 • Total 88,144
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4110
Dialing code 46
class 1st class; urban

Naic is a first class municipality in the province of Cavite, Philippines. It is just 47 kilometres (29 mi) away from the city of Manila. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 88,144 people[4] in a land area of 76.24 square kilometers.


Naic has several histories when it comes to the origin of its name. One theory suggests that it originated when a Spaniard asked a native about what the pig is doing and he said "Na - igik" thus later on developed as Naic. Another one suggests that it came from a Spanish word "Ca - Naic" meaning neighboring place by which its mother town was the present Maragondon. Naic is an acronym for Nuestra Adorada Immaculada Concepcion. The town's name is the Spanish translation of the town's patron saint, Our Lady of Immaculate Concepcion.


When the Jesuits discovered Maragondon in 1627, its total land area covered the whole of Naic, Ternate, and Magallanes (Vance; Saulo and De Ocampo, 1990; Medina, 1992). In 1758, the Jesuits founded a community in the western bank of the river (present Barangay Muzon) and made it into a "sitio" with a visita still under Maragondon.

In 1791, the community was finally made into a town with its poblacion still in the western bank. The town was named Naic after the old archaic word "can(ia)ayic" meaning "town near one another" or "the other side" (Medina, 1992), while Alfredo B. Saulo contends that Naic is a highly cultured Tagalog word meaning "suburbs" or "countryside". Also in Malaysia, Naic means "overboard" which only proves that the term used, refers to the fact that Naic was just a part of the older town of Maragondon and not from the crying sound of pigs (na-igik).

Moreover, due to the closeness of Naic to the poblacion in Maragondon, Naic transferred its center in 1798 to the eastern bank of the river (the present poblacion)(Medina, 1992). Also during this time, the town was already a flourishing fishing and agricultural village (Villanueva, 1982). On the other hand, the church, since 1797, was under the secular clergy who were mostly Filipinos (Jose, 1997; Medina, 1992). Upon the "Royal Audiencia" issued in 1849, the church was transferred to the Dominican Friars in 1865. The Dominicans upon finding out that the land in Naic was fertile, built the Casa Hacienda de Naic (the present Naic Elementary School) to be the administration building for the overseer of the larger friar lands in Naic (Jose, 1996).

In the Philippine revolution of 1896-1899, all the names of the towns in Cavite were Filipinized, thus, the name of Naic was changed to "Maguagi". Furthermore, five events significant to the revolution took place in Naic. These were as follows:

  1. The designing of the first official flag of the country which took place in Sulok, Naic, Cavite (the present Velamart).
  2. The creation of the Naic Military Agreement, a document by which Andres Bonifacio sought to assert his authority as leader of the Philippine revolutionary government in defiance of Emilio Aguinaldo's government initiated in Tejeros (Casa Hacienda de Naic).
  3. The appointment of the first cabinet ministers including the Departments of Interior, Justice, Finance, and Defence (Casa Hacienda de Naic).
  4. The Battle of Timalan where the Filipino revolutionists won overwhelmingly against the Spanish troops (Timalan, Naic Cavite).
  5. The Battle of Naic where Aguinaldo declared the town to be his last defense (Poblation) (Medina, 1996, de Achutegui, 1972; Aguinaldo, 1964; T.A. Agoncillo, 1963).

Naic is also the very first town in the country to pass an ordinance banning pigs from the street. It had been a perennial problem of the country. It is one of the greatest achievements of Naic because the other towns followed suit.


Naic is politically subdivided into 32 barangays (6 urban, 26 rural).[3]

  • Apolonia
  • Bagong Kalsada
  • Balsahan
  • Bancaan
  • Bucana Sasahan
  • Bucana Malaki
  • Capt. C. Nazareno (Pob.)
  • Calubcob
  • Gomez-Zamora (Pob.)
  • Gugo
  • Halang
  • Humbac
  • Ibayo Estacion
  • Ibayo Silangan
  • Kanluran Rizal
  • Labac
  • La Toria
  • Mabolo
  • Makina
  • Malainen Bago
  • Malainen Luma
  • Molino
  • Munting Mapino
  • Muzon
  • Palangue Central
  • Palangue 2
  • Palangue 3
  • Sabang
  • San Roque
  • Santulan
  • Sapa
  • Timalan Balsahan
  • Timalan Concepcion


Population census of Naic
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 51,629 —    
1995 58,046 +2.22%
2000 72,683 +4.94%
2007 87,058 +2.52%
2010 88,144 +0.45%
Source: National Statistics Office[4]




  1. ^ Philippine Standard Geographic Code listing for Naic - National Statistical Coordination Board
  2. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Province: CAVITE". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 29 October 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 24 October 2013. 

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