|District||North 24 Parganas|
|• Municipality Chairman||Dhillen sarkar|
|Elevation||15 m (49 ft)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||91 33|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Barrackpore|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Naihati|
Naihati is a town and an important railway junction station on the Indian Railways network, in the district of North 24 Parganas, West Bengal, India. Naihati municipality is one of the oldest in the whole country and was established in 1869. It is the birthplace of Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, the author of India's national song Vande Mataram.
Naihati is located at  It has an average elevation of 15 metres (49 feet)..
Being situated in the tropics, the climate of Naihati is primarily hot and humid summers and cool and dry winters. The rain bearing clouds from the Bay of Bengal brings torrential rain in the monsoon. In the summer temperature goes as high as 40 degree celsius and in the winter it may reach 8 degree celsius.
As of 2011[update] India census, Naihati had a population of 221,762. Males constitute 50.87% of the population and females 49.13%. Naihati has an average literacy rate of 89.79%, higher than the national average of 75.06%: male literacy is 93.16%, and female literacy is 86.31%. In Naihati, 7.8% of the population is under 6 years of age and population density 18,641/km2, rank 50th city in the World.
The Jute Mills drew in a large labour force from the neighbouring states of Bihar and Odisha, as well as eastern Uttar Pradesh, quite often forming an overwhelming majority of the population in the area, living in shanty towns and bustees dotting the mill area.
With the partition of India there was a massive influx of refugees from East Pakistan into Kolkata and its peripheral areas. Of over a million refugees who entered West Bengal in 1950 alone settled mostly in squatter colonies between Naihati and Sonarpur on the east bank of the Hooghly and between Mogra and Uluberia on the west bank.
Naihati Railway Station is 38 km from Sealdah on the Sealdah-Ranaghat Line and 16 km from Barrackpore. It is part of the Kolkata Suburban Railway system. It is connected to Bandel on the Howrah-Bardhaman main line. The journey takes about 20 minutes. Naihati is also connected to Chuchura by ferry. The road transport is chiefly via the well known 85 route (name of the bus route) which operates between Barrackpore and Kanchrapara. There are also some other bus routes like Naihati to Habra, Naihati to Barasat and Naihati to Salt Lake Sector V. A new state bus has started from Naihati to Digha.
In 1857, the Eastern Bengal Railway (EBR) was formed to lay the tracks along the east bank of the Hooghly River to Kushtia and then across the river to Dhaka. The Jubilee Bridge linking Bandel and Naihati was opened on 21 February 1887, so that up country freight traffic could run through to Kolkata port. A new bridge is being built up beside the existing Jubilee bridge by Indian Railways. After this new bridge gets completed it will be used as the main way of transport and the old one will be abandoned. The new bridge is almost completed.
Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, a Bengali Brahmin who designed the city of Jaipur hailed from Naihati. Noted historian and linguist Haraprasad Shastri, a descendant of Vidyadhar, was also born here nearly a century and half later. His more famous contemporary was Bankim Chandra Chatterjee who was also born in Naihati. He was a prolific author of novels, and authored Vande Mataram, which later became the national song of India.
It is also the birthplace of Bengali singers Shyamal Mitra and Mrinal Kanti Ghosh and modern Bengali story writer and novelist Samaresh Bose. It is also the birthplace of Kanai Bairagi. Rupa Ghosh, a famous Vaishnab Padavali singer, is settled here. One of the notable reformers of Bengal, Keshab Chandra Sen was born in the Garifa area of Naihati. Sukanta Bhattacharyya, the famous poet was born at Naihati at his mother's house (mamar bari). Now Saroj Bannerjee, Satyajit Chaudhury, singer Raghob Chatterjee, poet Saikat Ghosh and Subho Dasgupta are well known for their creativity.This place is also famous for Sri Surya Dev Shastri, a professor of Hindi literature.
There is a famous college named Rishi Bankim Chandra College (R.B.C College, established in 1947) which was affiliated to the University of Calcutta and is now affiliated to the West Bengal State University(Barasat). Now it is triparted as Rishi Bankim Chandra Girl's college (in morning shift), Rishi Bankim Chandra College (Co-education in day shift) and Rishi Bankim Chandra Evening College ( in night shift). There are many Bengali medium schools as well as English medium schools in Naihati. Prominent Bengali medium schools include Naihati Narendra Vidyaniketan, Naihati Mahendra High School, Naihati Katyayani Girls' High School, Naihati Adarsha Vidyaniketan,Nahati Prafulla Sen's Girls High School, Bijaynagar High School (Boys' High),Hindi medium school Gauripur Hindi High school, Vidya Vikash High School, sarswati balika vidyalay. St. Luke's Day School(Under Dr. Suresh Chakrabarti Memorial Foundation)is the only English medium co-ed ICSE/ISC school in Naihati, affiliated to Indian School Certificate Examinations, New Delhi.
Organizations, health services
Naihati has a large number of cultural and social organizations. Bankim Bhavan Gaveshana Kendra was founded by Prof. Satyajit Chaudhury in the year 1999 at the ancestral house of Bankim Chandra Chattopadhya and the center is maintained by the Dept. of Higher Education, Govt. of West Bengal. Amra Kajan Club is famous for its annual blood donation camp and the Mini Mime Mime Club is famous for Drama & Mime Play. The bodybuilding competition held by Naihati Athletic Club draws a huge crowd which cheers the almost naked participants by shouting and whistling. National Park Unnayini Sangsad is an old and reputed non political organization run mainly by the residents of National Park area of Naihati. It looks after the social welfare of the area as well as boosts the cultural practice. Shukrachakra is a non-profiteering organization established on June 19, 1998. Based at Naihati, this organization is protesting constantly and vehemently against the faulty educational system. According to its principles, the emphasis on competitions is totally wrong. We should focus on co-operation and not on competition. Shukrachakra also has its cultural sides. The members of this organization regularly practise and perform music (mostly Bengali songs). Though drama is relatively new to this organization, it has yielded a good response from the audience with its productions like Atikram and Totakahini. From March 2009 onwards, Shukrachakra Samachar is the magazine published by Shukrachakra. The central topic of this magazine is the abuse of students by teachers, which is rampant in many parts of India. Interestingly, the latest theatrical production of Shukrachakra, a play called Anichchhaakrita, is based on the same theme and has created a raging controversy at its first performance on 17 July 2011. Naihati has a legacy of science club movement. The early science club movement was started here by Lekhar Chestai, NISC etc.
The central health facility is called Naihati State General Hospital. It is supplemented by a number of private clinics and nursing homes, run by highly qualified medical practitioners.
Naihati, Battala area is also notable for fish farming, rearing of sweet water fish seeds of various genus like Rohu, Katla, Koi, Magur, Pabda, Silver Carp, Common Carp and many more. It was started under a training programme by Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute (CIFRI), now known as Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture (CIFA), located at Kalyani. Its an initiative under Indian Government, handled by Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).
This initiative by the then Indian government, and numerous renowned scientists and under their supervision, it was possible to bring a control over the production and preservation of various breeds of sweet water fishes. Under complete scientific procedures and research techniques, today CIFA and the fish seed traders of Naihati, meets the 50% of overall seed production of the whole nation.
The season starts from end of April, and continues till the monsoon lasts. But due to numerous political pressures, local goons, police and corruption, this industry in under serious threats.
Professions of residents
A majority of the people work in various government and private enterprises in proper Kolkata. Also, a sizeable portion of the youths are engaged in the foreign and Indian Multinational companies who are opening there offices in the Salt Lake and Rajarhat area of Kolkata.
Naihati is famous for its Kali Puja (BORO MAA) & Durga puja, chhat puja etc. Although, family-based pujas were more common a few decades ago, it has become a community-centric affair in modern times. The youth communities or clubs organize these pujas.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Naihati.|
- Official District Administration site
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Naihati
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Goswami, Onkar, Calcutta’s Economy 1918-1970 The fall from Grace in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol II, edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, p 90, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-563697-X
- Chatterjee, Nilanjana, The East Bengal Refugees – A Lesson in Survival, in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol II
- Eastern Railway time table.
- Chaudhuri, Sukanta, The Railway Comes to Calcutta, in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol. I, edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, p. 239, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-563696-3.
Kolkata/Northern fringes travel guide from Wikivoyage