Nailsea and Backwell railway station
|Nailsea and Backwell|
|Looking east along the platforms.|
|Local authority||North Somerset|
|Managed by||First Great Western|
|Number of platforms||2|
|Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
|Annual rail passenger usage*|
|Original company||Bristol and Exeter Railway|
|Pre-grouping||Great Western Railway|
|Post-grouping||Great Western Railway|
|14 June 1840||Opened as 'Nailsea'|
|1 July 1964||Closed to goods traffic|
|National Rail – UK railway stations|
|A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z|
|* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Nailsea and Backwell from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.|
|UK Railways portal|
Nailsea and Backwell railway station, on the Bristol to Exeter Line, is in the village of Backwell, close to the town of Nailsea in North Somerset, England. It is 8 miles (13 km) west of Bristol Temple Meads railway station, and 126 miles (203 km) from London Paddington. Its three-letter station code is NLS. The station, opened in 1841 by the Bristol and Exeter Railway, has two platforms but little in the way of facilities. It is managed by First Great Western, the seventh company to be responsible for the station, and the third franchise since privatisation in 1997. They provide all train services at the station, mainly hourly services between Bristol Parkway and Weston-super-Mare, and between Cardiff Central and Taunton.
The line is not electrified, but there is local support for electrification as an extension of the Great Western Main Line upgrade programme. The station car park, frequently full by 7:30 am on weekdays, is due to be extended by 2015. There will also be works to provide new ramps to the platforms.
The station sits atop an embankment about 40 feet (12 m) high, and spans the main road between Nailsea and Backwell, which narrows to a signal-controlled single lane to go under the railway. The station is on the Bristol to Exeter Line, 126 miles 34 chains (203.46 km) from London Paddington and 8 miles 1 chain (12.89 km) from Bristol Temple Meads. It the third station along the line from Bristol. Nailsea is a short distance to the north, while the outskirts of Backwell are right against the south side of the station. The two settlements are primarily residential, and are, for large proportions of their residents, dormitory towns for Bristol.
The station has two platforms, separated by two running lines. The line runs on a slight curve through the station, at an angle of roughly 067 degrees, and has a linespeed of 100 miles per hour (160 km/h). The northern platform, platform 2, is 121 metres (132 yd) long and serves eastbound trains; the southern platform, platform 1, is 122 metres (133 yd) and serves westbound trains. Access to the two platforms is by steps from the road on either side. There is a ramp to the eastbound platform, but it has a gradient greater than 1 in 12, and there is no ramp access to trains. There is no ramp access to the westbound platform. Access between the platforms is either by a footbridge, or by walking along the main road under the line. There are metal and glass waiting shelters on both platforms – three on the eastbound platform, one on the westbound. Two ticket machines are situated on the north side of the station, but they cannot be used to collect pre-bought tickets. These are supplemented by a small ticket kiosk on the eastbound platform which is open during the morning peak. "Next train" dot-matrix displays and an automated public-address system announce approaching services.
The station has a free car park with 120 spaces on the north side of the station; cycle storage is also available. There is a bus stop adjacent to the car park, with services between Bristol and Clevedon.
The station is managed by First Great Western, which also operates all rail services from the station. As of the December 2011 timetable, the basic service from Monday to Saturday consists of two trains in each direction per hour. One is the Bristol Parkway to Weston-super-Mare service, calling at all stations; the second is the faster Cardiff Central to Taunton service, non-stop between Bristol Temple Meads and Nailsea & Backwell. All trains call at Yatton, the next station westwards. A greater proportion of services continue beyond Weston-super-Mare in the evening, but fewer services continue to Cardiff. There is one evening service to Avonmouth via the Severn Beach Line. Sunday sees roughly one train per hour, with services again alternating between Bristol Parkway to Weston-super-Mare and Cardiff to Taunton, with two services to and from the Severn Beach Line: during summer months these terminate at Severn Beach; the rest of the year only one does, the other terminating at Avonmouth. The typical journey time to Bristol Temple Meads is 11 minutes.
The local services described above are formed using Class 150, 153 and 158 diesel multiple-unit trains. Until 2012, Class 143 Pacer units were a regular sight, but these have been moved south to work in Devon and Cornwall following a cascade of Class 150/1 units from London Midland and London Overground.
Services between London Paddington and Weston-super-Mare call at Nailsea and Backwell in the early morning and evening, running non-stop between Bristol Temple Meads and Nailsea and Backwell, also stopping at Yatton, but not always at Worle or Weston Milton. From Monday to Friday there are five morning services and one evening service to London, with seven services from London, all in the evening. Saturday sees three services to London, all in the morning, and four services from London, all in the evening. There are seven services to and six from London on Sundays, spread throughout the day. These intercity services are formed of High Speed Train sets, which are longer than the station, so passengers in the front carriage have to move to a different carriage to get out. Passengers are prevented from getting out onto the tracks by a selective door-opening system. The typical journey time to London is roughly two hours.
In 2008, one morning northbound CrossCountry service would make a stop at Nailsea and Backwell to serve as a morning peak service, but this operation has ceased. CrossCountry services still pass through the station, but do not stop. Occasional First Great Western intercity services between London and Weston-super-Mare or Taunton and Exeter also pass through non-stop.
The station has an adjacent bus stop, served by the First Somerset & Avon number 362 and 363 buses between Bristol and Clevedon, with an hourly service in each direction providing a public transport link to Nailsea town centre, Tickenham, Flax Bourton and Long Ashton. In addition, a school day only service operated by North Somerset Coaches runs between the station, Nailsea School and Backwell School at the start and end of the school day. The North Somerset Coaches daytime service between Nailsea and Backwell via the station was withdrawn in November 2012.
The first section of the Bristol and Exeter Railway's (B&ER) main line opened on 14 June 1841 between Bristol and Bridgwater. Opened as "Nailsea", it was for a while the first station on the line west of Bristol, the next being Clevedon Road (which was renamed Yatton in 1847).[Note 1] The line, engineered by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, was built as 7 ft 1⁄4 in (2,140 mm) broad-gauge but it had been reconstructed as a mixed-gauge line to accommodate local 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)-gauge traffic by 1 June 1875. Services were operated by the Great Western Railway (GWR) on behalf of the B&ER until 1 May 1849. The B&ER then took over its own workings until the company was amalgamated into the GWR on 1 January 1876. Broad-gauge trains ceased operation on 20 May 1892.
Due to its being built on an embankment, lightweight building materials were used for the station: the platforms originally rested on timber supports for most of their length. Station buildings, including a goods shed and a combined ticket office and waiting room, were built on the eastbound platform in the 1860s. There was a signal box on the eastbound platform by the 1880s which controlled a crossover between the two tracks; sidings at the west end of the station were controlled by a second signal box, and had a connection to the Nailsea Colliery. A footbridge, built by E. Finch and Co. of Chepstow, was erected in 1907; until then access between the two platforms was by a track-level crossing. The station was renamed "Nailsea and Backwell" on 1 May 1905.
When the railways were nationalised in 1948, the GWR became the Western Region of British Railways. Goods traffic from the station ceased on 1 June 1964. The main station buildings had been demolished by the 1980s but their foundations can still be seen behind the shelters on the eastbound platform. The shelter on the westbound platform was still present in 1986. In the 1980s the car park was expanded, and new metal and glass shelters were provided. The station reverted to the name "Nailsea" on 6 May 1974, and was still known by that name at the end of 1994.[Note 2]
British Rail was split into business-led sectors in the 1980s, at which time operations at Nailsea and Backwell passed to Regional Railways. Local services were franchised to Wales and West when the railway was privatised in 1997, which was in turn succeeded by Wessex Trains, an arm of National Express, in 2001. The Wessex franchise was amalgamated with the Great Western franchise into the Greater Western franchise from 2006, and responsibility passed to First Great Western, a subsidiary company of First Group.
Extra seating was provided in 2006 following action by the Severnside Community Rail Partnership, and in 2008 overgrown foliage was cleared from the car park to improve sightlines and help with security. The station was repainted at the same time, and decorated with silhouettes of students from Backwell School.
|Preceding station||Historical railways||Following station|
|Bristol Temple Meads
|Bristol and Exeter Railway
Line open, station closed.
|Bristol and Exeter Railway
|Bristol Temple Meads||Bristol and Exeter Railway
Line open, station closed.
|Bristol and Exeter Railway
|Great Western Railway
Bristol to Exeter Line
|Western Region of British Railways
Bristol to Exeter Line
|Parson Street||Western Region of British Railways
Bristol to Exeter Line
Bristol to Exeter Line
|Wales and West
Bristol to Exeter Line
Bristol to Exeter Line
First Great Western declined an option to continue the Greater Western passenger franchise (of which services at Nailsea and Backwell are a part) beyond 2013, citing a desire for a longer-term contract due to the impending upgrade to the Great Western Main Line. The franchise was put out to tender, but the process was halted and later scrapped due to the fallout from the collapse of the InterCity West Coast franchise competition. A two-year franchise extension until September 2015 was agreed in October 2013, following negotiations between First Great Western and Transport Secretary Patrick McLoughlin MP. The coming years will see the introduction of new Intercity Express Trains, capacity enhancements and smart ticketing.
The station currently has a free car park with 120 spaces, but this is frequently full by 7:30am on weekdays, leading commuters to park on local roads, prompting complaints from Backwell residents. There are plans to extend it by 200 spaces, supported by Nailsea Town Council, First Great Western and environmental groups. The scheme is described as "necessary" by North Somerset Council, as the current lack of spaces limits the number of people who can feasibly use the station for commuting, since Nailsea is too far from the station to be an easy walk so people are likely to use a car to reach the station. That peak passengers fill the car park then means there are no spaces for offpeak users, limiting leisure travel. The scheme is expected to cost £500,000 at 2010/11 prices, using money from the Local Transport Plan and Community Infrastructure Levy. There were worries that extending the car park could cause parking charges to be introduced, against the backdrop of Nailsea having free parking. The plans for extension of the car park by 180 spaces were approved by North Somerset Council on 17 April 2012. The plans include a parking charge of £1.50 per day for peak travellers (£1 for off-peak use) with season tickets at reduced rates available. Work is expected to be complete by 2015.
There is no wheelchair access to the southbound platform, and the ramp to the northbound platform is steeper than 1 in 12. Furthermore, there is a large height difference from the train doors to the platform. However, in 2011 the government announced a £37.5 million scheme to improve stations under an "Access For All Mid-Tier programme", of which £1,023,000 is to go towards building new ramps at Nailsea and Backwell.
With the coming upgrade to the Great Western Main Line, the main line from London to Bristol is due to be electrified. However, the electrification will not extend beyond Bristol to Weston-super-Mare, so Nailsea and Backwell will continue to be served by diesel trains. This could entail the removal of direct London services, as electric trains would not be able to operate beyond Bristol. Services could however continue using bi-mode trains, which have electric engines that can be powered by either electrified tracks, or by on-board diesel generators. The group Friends of Suburban Bristol Railways supports the electrification continuing to Weston, as does MP for Weston-super-Mare John Penrose.
Nailsea and Backwell is on the Weston-super-Mare/Yate corridor, one of the main axes of the Greater Bristol Metro, a rail transport plan which aims to enhance transport capacity in the Bristol area. Railfuture in the South West has called for the station to be used to serve Bristol Airport via a bus link.
There have been several railway incidents in the Backwell area. On 20 September 2002, the 19:40 First Great Western service from Plymouth to Gloucester was delayed at Nailsea & Backwell at around 22:00 after the British Transport Police were called to deal with two men who assaulted a guard following an altercation about smoking in a non-smoking area. Several passengers were treated for the inhalation of CS gas. Another assault on a guard occurred on 9 October 2009, when three youths verbally abused and spat at the guard after boarding a train at Parson Street without tickets and refusing to pay for them. A 17-year-old from Weston-super-Mare was due in court on 23 December 2009 in connection with the incident, having been identified by the use of DNA swab kits, which are available to all First Great Western staff.
A serious incident occurred on 17 October 2004, when Wessex Trains Class 143 Pacer DMU 143613, forming the 20:06 2W63 service from Bristol Temple Meads to Weston-super-Mare with 143621, caught fire between the site of the former station at Flax Bourton and Nailsea and Backwell. Fire services took two hours to get the blaze under control. None of the 23 passengers and crew were killed, but three were treated on-site for the effects of smoke inhalation. One carriage was completely burnt out, and the other was badly damaged, causing the train to be written off. The line through Nailsea was closed until 03:30 the following morning, when the train was hauled to St Philips Marsh Traction and Rolling Stock Maintenance Depot for examination. The unit was later taken to Crewe Works, where it was stored, then later to Cardiff Canton TMD where it was scrapped. The Rail Safety and Standards Board issued a report into the incident, concluding that the fire was caused by electrical arcing between the live starter motor cable (which had damaged insulation) and the unit's underframe, causing accumulated oily residues to ignite.
- Flax Bourton was constructed in 1860 between Bristol and Nailsea; however, there was an earlier station at Long Ashton, but sources are inconsistent about whether the station opened with the line in 1841, or later in 1852. There is general agreement among such sources that the station, called "Ashton", closed in 1856; however other sources, e.g. Oakley (2002), do not mention this station at all.
- Oakley's 1983 work Railways in Avon, a short history of their development and decline 1832 – 1982 does not mention the station being called Nailsea; however, both Butt and Oakley's 2002 book Somerset railway stations make reference to the name change. Butt's directory, published in 1995, is accurate up to the end of 1994, and makes no mention of the station going back to being called Nailsea and Backwell. Oakley's 2002 book does not give a date for when the name switched back, merely saying that it had done so by the time the author visited.
- Oakley, Mike (2002). Somerset Railway Stations. Bristol: Redcliffe Press. ISBN 1-904537-54-5.
- Deaves, Phil. "Engineers' Line References: MLN1 Paddington to North Road Junction". Retrieved 11 April 2012.
- Baker, S.K. (2010). Rail Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland (12 ed.). Ian Allan. ISBN 978-0-86093-632-9.
- Nailsea Town Council (August 2006). "Baseline Review Final report". Retrieved 10 June 2012. "33% of the working population of the Town remains in Nailsea to work, an equal amount travel to Bristol each day."
- Ordnance Survey. Explorer Map series #154: Bristol West & Portishead, Congresbury & Chew Magna. ISBN 9780319236277.
- "Network Capability - Baseline Declaration: (1) Track and Route mileage: (2) Line-speeds: Western Route". Network Rail. 1 April 2009. p. 55. Retrieved 11 October 2013.
- "Nailsea & Backwell (NLS)". National Rail. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
- "CS10: Transportation and Movement. Scheme: Extend car parking facilities at Nailsea/Backwell Rail Station". North Somerset Council. No date. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
- "#362 and 363 bus timetable". First Group. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
- "Bus Information". North Somerset Coaches. 5 November 2012. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
- "Central 4: Guide to train times 8 December 2013 to 17 May 2014 - Cardiff and Bristol to Weston-super-Mare and Taunton". First Great Western. November 2013. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
- "Central 6: Guide to train times 8 December 2013 to 17 May 2014 - Bristol tp Severn Beach". First Great Western. November 2013. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
- Miles, Tony (December 2010). "LOROL Class 150s all with FGW". Modern Railways (London). p. 90.
- Salveson, Paul (June 2012). "Severn Beach: Not your typical branch line!". In Abell, Paul. Today's Railways (Sheffield: Platform 5) (126): 42–47.
- "Central 1: Guide to train times 8 December 2013 to 17 May 2014 - London to Bristol, Cheltenham Spa and South Wales". First Great Western. November 2013. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
- "February 2007". Cardiff and Avonside Railway Society. February 2007. Retrieved 13 May 2012. "The station platforms [at Worle] are to be extended to accommodate First/GW HST trains from December 2007, with the newly introduced partial door opening system which does see regular daily use at other North Somerset stations at Yatton and Nailsea & Backwell."
- Rhodes041. "Class 220 Arriva Crosscountry (2/09/08) Nailsea & Backwell". Youtube.
- "February 2009". Cardiff & Avonside Railway Society. February 2009. Retrieved 27 April 2012. "15/12 ... Arriva XC changed it's [sic] HST diagrams, the 9S53 06:40 Plymouth – Aberdeen (which used to call at Weston-super-Mare, Yatton and Nailsea & Backwell) and the 9V59 09:00 Glasgow – Plymouth were discontinued being replaced by..."
- "Timetable: Scotland, the North East to the South West and South Coast; 11 December 2011 to 13 May 2012". CrossCountry. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
- Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 20. ISBN 1-8526-0508-1. OCLC 60251199.
- Quick, Michael (2009) . Railway passenger stations in Great Britain: a chronology (4th ed.). Oxford: Railway and Canal Historical Society. p. 64. ISBN 978 0 901461 57 5. OCLC 612226077.
- MacDermot, E.T. (1931). History of the Great Western Railway, vol. II: 1863–1921. London: Great Western Railway. pp. 133–4, 617. OCLC 55853736.
- Cobb, M.H. Railways of Great Britain: A Historical Atlas. Ian Allan. ISBN 978-0-7110-3236-1.
- Cooke, R.A. (1979). Track Layout Diagrams of the GWR and BR WR, Section 16: West Somerset. Harwell: R.A. Cooke. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-871674-05-7.
- Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 166. ISBN 1-8526-0508-1. OCLC 60251199.
- "Domesday Reloaded: Nailsea/Backwell B.R.Station.". BBC. 1986. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
- Oakley, Mike (1983). Railways in Avon, a short history of their development and decline 1832 – 1982. Bristol: Avon County Planning Department. ISBN 0-86063-184-2.
- Frith, Malcolm (November 1999). "Track record: West and South-West". BBC. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
- "Wales and West". Wales and West. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
- "Wessex Trains". The Iron Road: Railway Photography by Scott Borthwick. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
- "FirstGroup wins rail franchises". BBC News. 13 December 2005. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
- "First Great Western bids for longer rail franchise deal". BBC News. 11 May 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
- "Progress Report: Autumn 2006". Severnside Community Rail Partnership. Autumn 2006. Retrieved 28 June 2012.
- "Progress Report: January 2009". Severnside Community Rail Partnership. January 2009. Retrieved 28 June 2012.
- Haigh, Philip (18 April 2012). "First leads a field of seven bidding for rail franchises". RAIL magazine (Peterborough: Bauer Media) (694): 8–9.
- "Great Western franchise to be extended". Railnews. 19 July 2012. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "New Great Western franchise to deliver new express trains" (Press release). Department for Transport. 27 July 2012. Retrieved 29 July 2012.
- "Great Western London to south Wales rail contest scrapped". BBC News (BBC). 31 January 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
- "First celebrates last-minute Great Western deal". Railnews. 3 October 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- "First Great Western retains Wales and west rail franchise". BBC News (BBC). 3 October 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- "Weston-super-Mare to London rail re-franchise concerns". BBC News (BBC). 10 August 2012. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
- "Commuter station set to introduce parking charge". This is Bristol (Northcliffe Media). 25 April 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
- "North Somerset station car park in line for extension". This is Bristol (Northcliffe Media). 19 November 2009. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
- "Nailsea and Backwell station parking solution?". This Is Somerset (Northcliffe Media). 8 January 2009. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
- "Station car park set to expand". This is Bristol (Northcliffe Media). 12 January 2009. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
- "Information about Nailsea and Community". Nailsea Town Council. Retrieved 27 April 2012. "Nailsea is a thriving and historic Somerset town with a busy town centre, excellent restaurants, cafes and pubs and free parking."
- "Weston-super-Mare parking changes approved". BBC News. 17 April 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2012. "Proposals to add a further 180 spaces to Nailsea and Backwell railway station car park and introduce car parking charges were also approved."
- Richards, Karen (14 December 2011). "Ramps for Nailsea and Backwell station". Weston, Worle & Somerset Mercury. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
- "Improved access to train stations". Action for Access. No date. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
- "Successful bids for Access for All Mid-Tier funding". Department for Transport. No date. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
- "Bristol to London line to be electrified". This is Bristol (Northcliffe Media). 23 July 2009. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
- "Weston's rail commuter services could be cut, warns town's MP" (Press release). John Penrose MP. 17 July 2009. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
- Friends of Suburban Bristol Railways. "Friends of Suburban Bristol Railways' response to Network Rail's Great Western Route Utilisation Strategy". Network Rail. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
- "Benefits of Bristol to London high-speed rail link 'must go beyond just mainline'". This is Bristol (Northcliffe Media). 3 March 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
- FoSBR Newsletter (78). Friends of Suburban Bristol Railways. Autumn 2011. Retrieved 9 April 2012.
- "MP takes drive for better rail services to top". This is Bristol (Northcliffe Media). 29 October 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
- White, James (13 March 2009). "Item 04: Greater Bristol Metro". West of England Partnership. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
- "Campaign for trains from Bristol Temple Meads every half hour". This is Bristol (Northcliffe Media). 17 January 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
- Bray, Nigel (1 October 2010). "Response to the West of England Partnership Joint Local Transport Plan3 Consultation" (Press release). Railfuture Severnside. Retrieved 9 April 2012. "Regarding rail access to airports, a link from Nailsea station or from a reopened Flax Bourton station would be more convenient for passengers travelling to Bristol Airport from the west."
- "November 2002". Cardiff & Avonside Railway Society. November 2002. Retrieved 27 April 2012. "20/09 ... Around 22.00 at Nailsea & Backwell, the 19.40 Plymouth-Gloucester local service was delayed whilst Transport Police were called to deal with two men who assaulted the Guard following a complaint of smoking in a non-smoking area. CS gas was apparently used prior to making the arrest and some other passengers were treated for gas inhalation."
- "Hunt for Nailsea train guard attackers". This is Bristol (Northcliffe Media). 11 November 2009. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
- "Yobs who spit at Bristol train staff will be tracked by their DNA". This is Bristol (Northcliffe Media). 22 December 2009. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
- "Commuters escape from train blaze". BBC News. 19 October 2004. Retrieved 20 April 2012.
- "December 2004 magazine". Cardiff & Avonside Railway Society. December 2004. Retrieved 27 April 2012. "A serious incident just short of Nailsea & Backwell station (alongside the common), saw the 2W63 20.06 Temple Meads-Weston-super-Mare local Wessex Trains service, formed with 143613 + 143621, stopped and evacuated due to a fire which gutted coach 55654 and smoke damaged 55679 (both from set 143613). Fire services took two hours to get the blaze under control, the flames reaching around 20 feet in height, but there were no serious injuries, three persons being treated for smoke inhalation of the 23 passengers and crew travelling on the service. The mainline was closed until 03.30 the following day, the units being dragged back to Bristol and store at St.Phillips Marsh depot for examination. The fire was thought to have started due to a mechanical fault. 19/10 143613 was taken to St Phillips Marsh for an investigation into the fire. The main frame of 55654 was badly buckled and it is beyond repair. The unit was taken by road to Crewe Works later in the week."
- "November 2005". Cardiff & Avonside Railway Society. November 2005. Retrieved 17 June 2012. "Stored: 143613/615 – ZC [Crewe Works]"
- "September 2006". Cardiff & Avonside Railway Society. September 2006. Retrieved 17 June 2012. "Disposals: Pullman : 143613 @CF [Cardiff Canton]"
- "August 2005 section: "Miscellaneous"". Cardiff & Avonside Railway Society. August 2005. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
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