|Composition by John Coltrane from the album Giant Steps|
|Giant Steps track listing|
"Naima" is a ballad composed by John Coltrane in 1959, and named after his then-wife, Juanita Naima Grubbs. It first appeared on the album Giant Steps, and is notable for its use of a variety of rich chords over a bass pedal. It is mainly made up of a slow, restrained melody, though there is also a brief piano solo.
Coltrane recorded "Naima" numerous times. "Naima" also appears on The Complete 1961 Village Vanguard Recordings, The Complete Copenhagen Concert, Afro-Blue Impressions, Live at the Village Vanguard Again!, among other albums. "Naima" has since become a jazz standard.
Song form, lead sheet and harmony
Chord changes for 'Naima'.:
‖: B♭-7/E♭ | E♭-7 | Amaj7+5/E♭ Gmaj7+5/E♭ | A♭maj7/E♭ :‖
‖ Bmaj7/B♭ | B♭7♭9 | Bmaj7/B♭ | B♭7♭9 |
| B-maj7/B♭ | Bmaj7/B♭ | A♭maj7/B♭ | Emaj7♯4 ‖
‖ B♭-7/E♭ | E♭-7 | Amaj7+5/E♭ Gmaj7+5/E♭ | A♭maj7/E♭ ‖
‖: E♭ Mixolydian | E♭ Dorian | F♯ Melodic Minor, E Melodic Minor | A♭ Lydian :‖
‖ B♭ Phrygian | B♭ diminished scale (half-whole)| B♭ Phrygian | B♭ dim. scale |
| B♭7 'alt' (B Melodic Minor) | B♭ Phrygian | B♭ Mixolydian | E Lydian ‖
‖ E♭ Mixolydian | E♭ Dorian | F♯ Melodic Minor, E Melodic Minor | A♭ Lydian ‖
"Naima" has been covered by many other musicians including:
- David Grisman on Quintet '80. (1980)
- Tom Scott – Honeysuckle Breeze (1968)
- McCoy Tyner – on Echoes of a Friend (1972), The Greeting (1978), Things Ain't What They Used To Be (1989), etc.
- John McLaughlin – on Love Devotion Surrender (with Carlos Santana, 1973), and on After The Rain (1995)
- Cedar Walton – on Naima (live) (1973)
- Lonnie Liston Smith - Cosmic Funk (Flying Dutchman) (1974)
- Maynard Ferguson – Hot (1979)
- Arthur Blythe – on In the Tradition (1979) and Blythe Byte (2001)
- Skywalk - Silent Witness (1983)
- Art Ensemble of Chicago on Dreaming of the Masters Suite (1991)
- Pharoah Sanders – Crescent With Love (1992), etc.
- Joey DeFrancesco on "Reboppin'" (1992)
- Lonnie Smith – Afro Blue (1993)
- David Murray – with Dave Burrell, on Windward Passages (1993) and on Octet Plays Trane (2000)
- James Carter – with Hamiet Bluiett, on Conversin' With The Elders (1996)
- Thom Rotella – Platinum Melodies (1996)
- Derek Trucks Band – on his first album, (1997)
- Victor Wooten – on What Did He Say? (1997)
- 4hero - 2000 Black compilation "The Good Good" (2000)
- Alex Bugnon – As Promised (2000)
- Herbie Hancock, Michael Brecker and Roy Hargrove – on Directions in Music: Live at Massey Hall (2002)
- Vato Negro live quartet of Juan Alderete, Adrian Terrazas, Money Mark and Cedric Bixler (2008)
- Lionel Loueke – on Karibu (2008)
- Aidan Baker – Passing Thru (2010)
- Royce Campbell - "Solo Trane" (2010)
- Jaco Pastorius – in the video Modern Electric Bass
- Karrin Allyson - "Ballads: Remembering John Coltrane" (2001)
- Les Double Six - "The Double Six of Paris: Swingin' Singin'" (1962)
- Aebersold, Jamey (1995). Jamey Aebersold Play-A-Long - Volume 27 - John Coltrane. Jamey Aebersold Jazz Inc.
- Zisman, Michael (2005-06-01). The Real Easy Book 2. Sher Music Co. p. 238.
- "Platinum Melodies overview". Allmusic.com.
- "As Promised overview". Allmusic.com.
- "Smooth Sailing February 2000". SmoothVibes.com.