Burmese spitting cobra
|Burmese Spitting Cobra|
(Slowinski & Wüster, 2000)
Naja mandalayensis was first described by herpetologists Joseph B. Slowinski and Wolfgang Wüster in 2000. The generic name naja is a Latinisation of the Sanskrit word nāgá (नाग) meaning "cobra". The specific epithet mandalayensis is Latin and refers to the city of Mandalay, which is a major city within the range of Naja mandalayensis.
This species of cobra is small in length, but it's a heavy bodied snake. The average size of an adult is around 0.7 metres (2.3 ft) in length, but they can grow up to 1.2 metres (3.9 ft). The largest specimen measured was a male that was 1.018 metres (3.34 ft) long. The tail on the specimen was broken, but could've been an additional 240 to 250 millimetres (9.4 to 9.8 in) in length. The head is elliptical, depressed, slightly distinct from the neck with a short, rounded snout and large nostrils. The body compressed dorsoventrally and subcylindrical posteriorly. Its scales are smooth and strongly oblique. The eyes are moderate in size with round pupils. Hood marking on this species is usually very faint or completely absent in most adults, but is spectacle-shaped in juveniles.
Distribution and habitat
The Burmese spitting cobra is endemic to central Myanmar (Burma), spanning the divisions of Mandalay, Magwe, and Sagaing. The species is found in the central dry zone of Myanmar. This region was formerly acacia savanna and, in wetter areas, Indaing, a stunted dipterocarp savanna. But the area is now intensively used for agriculture so very little of the original vegetation remains. However, this species has adapted well, thriving in agricultural fields and in and around villages.
Behavior and diet
- Wogan, G. & Stuart, B. (2012). "Naja mandalayensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
- "Naja mandalayensis". ITIS Standard Report Page. ITIS.gov. Retrieved 12 January 2012.
- "Naja mandalayensis SLOWINSKI & WÜSTER, 2000". Reptile-Database. Retrieved 12 January 2012.
- Slowinski, Joseph; Wüster, Wolfgang (2 June 2000). "A New Cobra (Elapidae: Naja) from Myanmar (Burma)". Herpetologica 56 (2): 257–270. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- "Naja mandalayensis - General Details, Taxonomy and Biology, Venom, Clinical Effects, Treatment, First Aid, Antivenoms". Clinical Toxinology Resource. University of Adelaide. Retrieved 16 February 2012.