Najdi Arabic

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Najdi Arabic
Native to Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Kuwait, Iraq, Syria
Native speakers
unknown (undated figure of 10 million)[1]
Arabic alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3 ars
Glottolog najd1235[2]

Najdi Arabic (Arabic: اللهجة النجدية‎) is a variety of the Arabic language spoken in the Najd region.

There are four major dialects of Najdi Arabic.

1. Northern Najdi, spoken in Al Zulfi, Al-Qassim Region and the Emirate of Jabal Shammar in the Najd.

2. Central Najdi (Urban Najdi), spoken in the city of Riyadh and surrounding towns and farming communities.

3. Southern Najdi, spoken in the city of Al-Kharj and surrounding towns.

4. Badawi Najdi, spoken by the nomadic bedouins of Najd. Some tribes have their own distinct accents. Badawi Najdi is also spoken in neighboring Jordan, Kuwait, Syria, and Iraq.[3][4]


  1. ^ Najdi Arabic at Ethnologue (13th ed., 1996). Note: Data may come from an earlier edition.
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Najdi Arabic". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Raymond G. Gordon, Jr, ed. 2005. Ethnologue: Languages of the World. 15th edition. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics.
  4. ^
  • P.F. Abboud. 1964. "The Syntax of Najdi Arabic," University of Texas PhD dissertation.