Naji Hakim

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Naji Subhy Paul Irénée Hakim (born 31 October 1955 in Beirut, Lebanon) is a Lebanese-French organist, composer, and improviser. He studied under Jean Langlais, and succeeded Messiaen as organist at the Église de la Sainte-Trinité, Paris.

Biography[edit]

Naji Hakim was introduced to the organ during his elementary school studies at the Collège du Sacré-Cœur in Beirut. He began with private piano lessons, but when he was nine or ten years old, he began work on his own at the organ using various methods such as Marcel Dupré and Gleason. In 1975, he moved to Paris to finish his engineering studies at the Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Télécommunications since the Ecole Supérieure d’Ingénieurs de Beirut in Lebanon closed because of war. He continued his organ studies in performance and improvisation with the famous French organist-improviser-composer Jean Langlais (1907–1991). Hakim worked with Jean Langlais for about ten years, and Langlais became like a second father to him: very encouraging and demanding. With Jean Langlais’s encouragement, he entered the Conservatoire National Supérieur de Musique in Paris where he obtained seven first prizes in organ performance, organ improvisation, harmony, counterpoint, fugue, analysis, and orchestration. He was in the classes of Rolande Falcinelli (organ and improvisation), Roger Boutry (harmony), Jean-Claude Henry (counterpoint), Marcel Bitsch (fugue), Jacques Castérède (analysis) and Serge Nigg (orchestration).

He was the organist of the Basilique du Sacré-Cœur, Paris from 1985 until 1993, when he succeeded Olivier Messiaen at the Église de la Sainte-Trinité, Paris, from 1993 until 2008.

Hakim has composed works for organ, two organs, organ duo, and organ with other instruments, as well as orchestral and concerto works, solo instrumental and chamber works, and vocal works. He has won many awards for performance, improvisation, and composition. For example, his Symphonie en Trois Mouvements won the composition prize of the “Amis de l'Orgue” in 1984. The Embrace of Fire won first prize in 1986 in the International Organ Competition in memory of Anton Heiller, at Southern Missionary College in Collegedale, Tennessee. In addition, he was awarded the Prix de Composition Musicale André Caplet from the Académie des Beaux Arts in 1991. He has also been the recipient of first prizes at the International Organ Competitions held in Haarlem, Beauvais, Lyon, Nuremberg, St. Albans (where he has since served on the jury), Strasbourg, and Rennes.

Compositions[edit]

Organ Solo[edit]

  • Cosmogonie (composed 1983. Unpublished.)
  • Petite suite (composed 1983. Waltham Abbey, Essex: UMP, 2004)
  • Symphonie en Trois Mouvements (composed 1984. Paris: Combre, 1984)
  • The Embrace of Fire: Triptyque (composed 1986. Paris: Combre, 1986)
  • Hommage à Igor Stravinsky. Triptyque (composed 1986. Paris: Leduc, 1990)
  • Expressions (composed 1988. Chicago, Illinois (USA): H. T. FitzSimons, 1988)
  • Memor (composed 1989. London: UMP, 1990)
  • Rubaiyat (composed 1990. London: UMP, 1991)
  • Variations on two themes: "Old hundredth" & "Donne secours" (composed 1991. London: UMP, 1991)
  • Rhapsody for organ duo (composed 1992. Waltham Abbey, Essex: UMP, 2005)
  • Mariales (composed 1993. London: UMP, 1993)
    • Incantation
    • Pastorale
    • Antienne
    • Hymne
    • Danse
  • Le Tombeau d'Olivier Messiaen: Trois Méditations symphoniques (composed 1993. London: UMP, 1994)
  • Vexilla regis prodeunt (composed 1994. Paris: Leduc, 1995)
  • Canticum (composed 1995. London: UMP, 1996)
  • Sinfonia in honore Sancti Ioannis Baptistæ (composed 1996. London: UMP, 1997)
  • Pange lingua (composed 1996. Paris: Leduc, 1997)[1]
    • Pange lingua
    • Nobis datus
    • In supremœ nocte cœnœ
    • Verbum caro
    • Tantum ergo
    • Genitori, genitoque
  • Te Deum (composed 1997. London: UMP, 1998)
  • Bagatelle (composed 1997. London: UMP, 1998)
  • Chant de Joie (composed 1997. London: UMP, 1998)
  • The Last Judgment (composed 1999. Paris, Leduc, 2000)
  • Quatre Études-Caprices for pedal solo (composed 2000. Paris: Leduc, 2001)
  • Gershwinesca (composed 2000. Mainz: Schott, 2008)
  • In Organo, Chordis et Choro (composed 2001. Paris. Leduc, 2002)
  • Le Bien-aimé: Suite symphonique (composed 2001. Paris: Leduc, 2002)
    • 1. J'ai trouvé celui que mon cœur aime
    • 2. Notre joie et notre allégresse
    • 3. Viens, mon Bien-Aimé
    • 4. Avant que souffle la brise du jour
    • 5. Son aspect est celui du Liban, sans rival, comme les cèdres
    • 6. Ses traits sont des traits de feu
    • 7. Voici qu'il arrive sautant sur les montagnes, bondissant sur les collines
  • Ouverture Libanaise (composed 2001. Paris: Leduc, 2004)
  • Agapê (composed 2001. London: UMP, 2002)
  • Bach'orama: Organ Fantasia on themes by Johann Sebastian Bach (composed 2003. Paris, Leduc, 2004)
  • Gregoriana (composed 2003. Paris: Leduc, 2004)
  • Salve Regina (composed 2004. Mainz: Schott, 2005)
  • Sakskøbing præludier (composed 2005. Paris: Combre, 2006)
    • 1. Mit hjerte altid vanker (Always my heart wanders to the birth place of Jesus)
    • 2. Nærmere, Gud, til dig (Nearer, my God, to Thee)
    • 3. O Gud, du ved og kender (O God, Thou knowest)
    • 4. At sige verden ret farvel (The last farewell to life on earth)
    • 5. Hil dig, Frelser og Forsoner! (Hail You, Saviour and Atoner)
    • 6. Den mørke nat forgangen er (The gloomy night to morning yields)
    • 7. Nu blomstertiden kommer (Now the flowers are blooming)
    • 8. Påskeblomst! (Paschal Flow'r! why do you care to come forth?)
    • 9. Op, al den ting, som Gud har gjort (Arise, all things that God has made)
    • 10. O kristelighed! (O thou, image of Christ!)
    • 11. Så vældigt det mødte os først i vor dåb (How wonderful, that the Word first met us in baptism)
    • 12. Befal du dine veje (Commit thy way [unto God])
  • Mit seinem Geist: Variations on "Ein feste Burg" (composed 2006. Mainz: Schott, 2007)
  • AALAIKI'SSALAAM: Variations on a Lebanese theme (composed 2006. Mainz: Schott, 2007)
  • Esquisses Grégoriennes en forme de Messe basse (composed 2006. Mainz: Schott, 2007)
    • 1. Nos autem (Entrée)
    • 2. Ave maris stella (Offertoire)
    • 3. Pater noster (Élévation)
    • 4. Ave verum (Communion)
    • 5. O filii et filiae (Sortie)
  • Hommage à Jean Langlais (composed 2006. Mainz: Schott, 2008)
  • Glenalmond Suite (composed 2007. Waltham Abbey, Essex: UMP, 2007)
    • 1. Strømmende
    • 2. Favnende
    • 3. Smilende
    • 4. Jublende
  • To call my true love to my dance (composed 2007. Mainz: Schott, 2009)
    • 1. Theme
    • 2. Cantabile
    • 3. Valse
    • 4. Deciso
    • 5. Arabesque
    • 6. Burletta
    • 7. Tango
    • 8. Scherzando
    • 9. Berceuse
    • 10. Finale
  • All my founts shall be within you (Alle mine kilder skal være hos dig) (composed 2007. Mainz: Schott, 2009)
  • Ich liebe die farbenreiche Welt (Jeg elsker den brogede verden/I Love The Colourful World) (composed 2008. Mainz: Schott, 2009):
    • 1. Präludium
    • 2. Tanz-Toccata
  • Arabesques (composed 2009. Unpublished.):
    • 1. Prélude
    • 2. Pastorale
    • 3. Libanaise
    • 4. Arabesque
    • 5. Litanie
    • 6. Rondeau
  • Amazing Grace for organ (and soprano ad libitum) (composed 2009. Unpublished.)

Organ with other instruments[edit]

  • Old Hundredth for brass and organ (composed 1983. Paris: Leduc, 1995)
  • Fantaisie sur "Adeste, Fideles" with 2nd organ ad libitum (composed 1986. Paris: Bornemann/Leduc, 1988)
  • Duo Concertant for organ and piano (or two pianos) (composed 1988. London: UMP, 1990)
  • Rondo for Christmas for trumpet and organ (composed 1988. London: UMP, 1990)
  • Hymne au Sacré-Cœur for 7 trumpets and organ (composed 1992. Paris: Leduc, 1995)
  • Sonate for trumpet and organ (composed 1994. London: UMP, 1995)
  • Suite Rhapsodique for horn and organ (composed 2002. London: UMP, 2002)
  • Capriccio for violin and organ (composed 2005. London: UMP, 2005)
  • Variations on "Wie schön leuchtet der Morgenstern" for oboe and organ (composed 2008. Mainz: Schott, 2009)[2]

Orchestral and Concertos[edit]

  • Fantaisie Celtique for piano and orchestra (composed 1985. London: UMP, 1997)
  • Concerto for organ and strings (composed 1988. London: UMP)
  • Les Noces de l'Agneau: Trois tableaux symphoniques for orchestra (composed 1996. London: UMP, 1997)
  • Hymne de l'Univers for orchestra (composed 1997. London: UMP, 1998)
  • Seattle Concerto for organ and orchestra (composed 2000. London: UMP, 2000)
  • Concerto for violin and orchestra (composed 2002. Paris: Leduc)
  • Concerto No. 3 for organ and string orchestra (composed 2003. London: UMP)
  • Ouverture Libanaise for orchestra (composed 2004. Paris: Leduc, 2004)
  • Sakskøbing præludier for chamber ensemble (flute, clarinet, bassoon, harp, violin, viola, and cello) (composed 2005. Paris: Combre, 2006)
    • 1. Mit hjerte altid vanker (Always my heart wanders to the birth place of Jesus)
    • 2. Nærmere, Gud, til dig (Nearer, my God, to Thee)
    • 3. O Gud, du ved og kender (O God, Thou knowest)
    • 4. At sige verden ret farvel (The last farewell to life on earth)
    • 5. Hil dig, Frelser og Forsoner! (Hail You, Saviour and Atoner)
    • 6. Den mørke nat forgangen er (The gloomy night to morning yields)
    • 7. Nu blomstertiden kommer (Now the flowers are blooming)
    • 8. Påskeblomst! (Paschal Flow'r! why do you care to come forth?)
    • 9. Op, al den ting, som Gud har gjort (Arise, all things that God has made)
    • 10. O kristelighed! (O thou, image of Christ!)
    • 11. Så vældigt det mødte os først i vor dåb (How wonderful, that the Word first met us in baptism)
    • 12. Befal du dine veje (Commit thy way [unto God])
  • Påskeblomst for string orchestra (composed 2005. Waltham Abbey, Essex: UMP)
  • Concerto No. 4 for organ and chamber ensemble "Det strømmende og uudslukkelige..." (composed 2007. Paris: Combre)

Other Instruments and Chamber Music[edit]

  • Prélude et Fugue for bassoon quartet (composed 1983. London: UMP)
  • Shasta: Suite for harpsichord (composed 1986. Cleveland, Ohio (USA): Ludwig Music 1988)
  • Divertimento for guitar quartet (composed 1987. London: UMP)
  • Jeu for harp solo (composed 1987. Paris: G. Billaudot, 1990)
  • Sonate for violin solo (composed 1994. Paris: Leduc, 1996)
  • Caprice en Rondeau for flute and piano (composed 1998. Paris: Leduc, 1999)
  • Sonate for violin and piano (composed 2000. Paris: Leduc, 2002)
  • Dumia for piano solo (composed 2001. London: Associated Board of the Royal Schools of Music, 2001)
  • Ouverture Libanaise for piano solo (composed 2001. Paris: Leduc, 2004)
  • Påskeblomst for string quartet (composed 2007. Waltham Abbey, Essex: UMP)
  • Kammerconcert "Solen skinner altid på Beirut" for flute, clarinet, bassoon, harp, piano, violin, viola and cello (composed 2008. Paris: Leduc
  • AALAIKI'SSALAAM: Variations on a Lebanese theme for piano solo (composed 2006. Paris: Leduc, 2009)
  • Glenalmond Suite for piano solo (composed 2007. Waltham Abbey, Essex: UMP, 2009)
    • 1. Strømmende
    • 2. Favnende
    • 3. Smilende
    • 4. Jublende
  • Hymne til Alberto Giacomettis Kvinde på Kærre for carillon (composed 2009. Unpublished.)

Vocal Works[edit]

  • Saul de Tarse: Oratorio for choir, soloists and orchestra (composed 1991. Paris: Leduc, 2000)
  • Missa resurrectionis for soprano solo (composed 1994. London: UMP, 1995)
  • Missa redemptionis for SATB choir a capella (composed 1995. London: UMP, 1995)
  • Phèdre: Cantata for mezzo soprano and piano (composed 1997. London: UMP, 1998)
  • Children for SATB choir a capella (composed 1999. London: UMP, 1999)
  • Messe Solennelle for choir and organ (with 2nd organ ad libitum) (composed 1999. London: UMP, 1999)
  • Magnificat for soprano, violin and organ (composed 1999. Paris: Leduc, 2002)
  • Gloria for choir and organ (composed 2002. London: UMP, 2002)
  • Ave maris stella for choir and organ (composed 2003. London: UMP, 2003)
  • Phèdre for mezzo soprano and orchestra (composed 2004. London: UMP)
  • The Dove for tenor and string quartet (composed 2005. Mainz: Schott, 2006)
  • The Dove for tenor (or soprano) and organ (composed 2005. Mainz: Schott, 2006)
  • The Dove for tenor and string orchestra (composed 2005. Mainz: Schott, 2005)
  • Jesu Redemptor omnium for choir, brass quintet, timpani and percussion (composed 2005. London: UMP)
  • Det strømmende: Canon (composed 2005. Unpublished.)
  • Magnificat for three treble voices and organ (composed 2006. Mainz: Schott, 2008)
  • Nunc dimittis for three treble voices and organ (composed 2006. Mainz: Schott, 2008)
  • Magnificat for soprano and organ (composed 2006. Mainz: Schott, 2008)
  • Verbum caro factum est for three treble voices and organ (composed 2007. Mainz: Schott, 2008)
  • The Angel Cried (Megalynarion of Pascha) for SATB choir and congregation (composed 2007. Mainz: Schott, 2008)
  • Set Me As A Seal Upon Your Heart (Læg mig som en seglring ved dit hjerte) for SATB choir a cappella (composed 2008. Mainz: Schott, 2009)
  • Amazing Grace for soprano (ad libitum) and organ (composed 2009. Unpublished.)

See also[edit]

  • Angelo, Carl. Naji Hakim’s “Symphony in Three Movements for Organ”: Historical Background and Structural Analysis. D.M. document, Indiana University, 1991.
  • Chase, Thomas. “An Interview with Naji Hakim.” The American Organist 30 (1996): 68-70.
  • Davis, Hope Alysia. An Examination of Compositional Techniques in Selected Organ Solo Compositions of Naji Hakim. D.M.A. document, Louisiana State University, 1996.
  • Dawes, Christopher. “Le Style, c’est l’homme...: an interview with Naji Hakim.” Organ Alternatives 9 (Autumn/Winter 2001): 2-5.
  • Dhaussy, Jacques. “Naji Hakim : « Rendre la musique d’église à des personnes compétentes »” Una Voce 216 (Janvier-Février 2001): 24-26.
  • Dufourcet, Marie-Bernadette. “Entretien avec Naji Hakim.” L’Orgue 210 (April, May, June 1989): 20-21.
  • Johansen, Amy. “Naji Hakim: An Introduction to His Life and Works.” The American Organist 24 (May 1990): 288-290.
  • Larson, Karen E. Pitch and Proportion in “The Embrace of Fire” by Naji Hakim. D.M. document, Indiana University, 1993.

References[edit]

  • Hernandez, Heather (2005). An Analysis of the Influence of Improvisation on Selected Chant-Based Organ Works of Naji Hakim. D.M.A. Diss., University of Nebraska at Lincoln. 
  1. ^ "Pange lingua (1996)". United Music Publishers. 2003. Retrieved 29 July 2010. 
  2. ^ "Wie schön leuchtet der Morgenstern". Schott Music. Retrieved 28 July 2010. 

External links[edit]