Naka District, Kanagawa

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Map of Naka District with Meiji period area in yellow, modern area in green

1. - Ōiso, 2. - Ninomiya

Naka District (中郡 Naka-gun?) is a district located in central Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. It currently consists of two towns, Ōiso, and Ninomiya. The majority of the area of the city of Hadano and the entire cities of Hiratsuka and Isehara were formerly part of Naka District.

As of 2009, the district had an estimated population of 62,522 and a density of 2,380 persons per km². The total area was 26.26 km².

Towns and villages[edit]

History[edit]

Historic Map of Naka District

Naka District was one of the four subdivisions of Sagami Province established by the late Hōjō clan of Odawara during the Sengoku period. In the Edo period, it was nominally part of Odawara Domain, although large portions were tenryō territory controlled by the Shogun in Edo through various hatamoto.

Timeline[edit]

After the Meiji Restoration and with the establishment of the district system in 1878, the territory came under the control of Ōsumi District (大住郡 Ōsumi -gun?) and Yurugi District (淘綾郡 Yurugi-gun?). On March 26, 1896 these two districts were joined to form the modern Naka District, which initially consisted of five towns and 23 villages. Hiratsuka was elevated to city status in 1932, followed by Hadano in 1955 and Isehara in 1971.

Merger table[edit]

before 1889 April 1, 1889 1889 - 1926 1926 – 1944 1945 - 1954 1955 - 1989 1989 - Present Present
Ashigarakami District Ashigarakami
Kamihadano village
Ashigarakami District
Kamihadano village
Ashigarakami District
Kamihadano village
Ashigarakami District
Kamihadano village
July 28, 1955
Nishihadano town
January 1, 1963
merged into Hadano city
Hadano city Hadano
Ōsumi District Nishihadano village Nishihadano village Nishihadano village Nishihadano village
Hadano town Hadano town Hadano town Hadano town January 1, 1955
Hadano city
Kitahadano village Kitahadano village Kitahadano village Kitahadano village
Higashihadano village Higashihadano village Higashihadano village Higashihadano village
Minamihadano village Minamihadano village June 1, 1940
Minamihadano town
Minamihadano town
Ōne town Ōne town Ōne town Ōne town April 15, 1955
merged with Hadano city
(except Sanada area)
March 2, 1955
merged with Kaneda village
(Sanada area)
October 1, 1957
merged into Hiratsuka city
Hiratsuka city Hiratsuka
Kaname village Kaname village Kaname village Kaname village Kaname village
Hiratsuka town Hiratsuka town Hiratsuka town April 1, 1932
Hiratsuka city
Hiratsuka city Hiratsuka city
Suma village Suma village January 1, 1927
Suma town
April 1, 1929
merged into Hiratsuka town
Konaka village April 1, 1909
Asahi village
Asahi village July 15, 1954
merged into Hiratsuka city
Yurugi District Yamashiro village
Ōsumi District Ōno village Ōno village February 11, 1944
Ōno town
Ōno town Ōno town September 30, 1956
merged into Hiratsuka city
Toyoda village Toyoda village Toyoda village Toyoda village April 1, 1956
merged into Ōno town
Kanda village Kanda village Kanda village Kanda village September 30, 1956
merged into Hiratsuka city
Jōjima village Jōjima village Jōjima village Jōjima village
Kaneda village Kaneda village Kaneda village Kaneda village
Tsuchizawa village Tsuchizawa village Tsuchizawa village Tsuchizawa village
Okazaki village Okazaki village Okazaki village Okazaki village September 30, 1956
merged into Hiratsuka city
(except Mawatari・Ōku areas)
September 30, 1956
merged into Isehara city
(Mawatari・Ōku areas)
March 1, 1971
Isehara city
Isehara city Isehara
Isehara town Isehara town Isehara town December 1, 1954
Isehara town
Isehara town
Naruse village Naruse village Naruse village
Ōta village Ōta village Ōta village
Takabeya village Takabeya village Takabeya village
Ōyama town Ōyama town Ōyama town
Hibita village Hibita village Hibita village
Aikawa village Aikawa village Aikawa village Aikawa village July 8, 1955
merged into Atsugi city
Atsugi city Atsugi
Yurugi District Ōiso town Ōiso town Ōiso town Ōiso town December 1, 1954
Ōiso town
Ōiso town Ōiso town Ōiso
Kōzu village Kōzu village Kōzu village April 1, 1952
Kōzu town
Azuma village Azuma village November 3, 1935
Ninomiya town
Ninomiya town Ninomiya town Ninomiya town Ninomiya

Coordinates: 35°18′41″N 139°16′26″E / 35.31139°N 139.27389°E / 35.31139; 139.27389