Nakajima Ki-116

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Ki-116
Role single seat fighter
Manufacturer Manshūkoku Hikōki Seizo KK
First flight 1945
Primary user Imperial Japanese Army Air Force
Number built 1
Variants Nakajima Ki-84

The Nakajima Ki-116 was a late-World War II aircraft developed for the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force. It was essentially a Ki-84 Hayate with the Nakajima Ha-45 engine replaced with a Mitsubishi Ha-112. The design was handled by Mansyū (満州) Aircraft in Manchukuo, and thus it is often designated Mansyū Ki-116.

Design and development[edit]

The Ki-116 was essentially the last variant of the Nakajima Ki-84 Hayate to enter flight trials. It was originally the fourth Mansyu-built Ki-84-I, and adapted to take a 1,500 hp Mitsubishi Ha-112-II (aka Kinsei 62) engine, the same engine as used in the Kawasaki Ki-100, driving a three-blade popeller borrowed from a Mitsubishi Ki-46-III Dinah. This conversion proved to be very successful, and a reduction of 1,000 lb in empty weight being registered. The aircraft was still undergoing tests at the time of Japan's final defeat.[1][2][3] The plane seemed to have been somewhat longer and had an increased tail surface area as compared to the original Ki-84.[3][4][5]

This plane was created as a fighter-interceptor. There is no indication this aircraft was intended for the Special Attack suicide role (shimbu-tai).

One aircraft built at Manshūkoku Hikōki Seizo KK at their plant in Harbin in 1945.

Specifications[edit]

General Characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 9.93 m (32 ft 7 in)
  • Wingspan: 11.23 m (36 ft 11 in)
  • Height: 3.38 m (11 ft 1 in)
  • Wing Area: 21 m² (226 ft²)
  • Empty Weight: 1,665 kg
  • Powerplant: Mitsubishi Ha-112-11

See also[edit]

Related development
Related lists

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Francillon 1966, p. 10.
  2. ^ Francillon 1979, p. 235.
  3. ^ a b Bueschel 1971, p. 16.
  4. ^ Taylor 1969, p. 267.
  5. ^ Green and Swanborough 1977, p. 56.
Bibliography
  • Aeronautical Staff of Aero Publishers Inc. Nakajima KI-84 (Aero Series 2). Fallbrook, CA: Aero Publishers, Inc., 1965. ISBN 0-8168-0504-0.
  • Bueschel, Richard M. Nakajima Ki.84a/b Hayate in Japanese Army Air Force Service. Reading, Berkshire, UK: Osprey Publishing Ltd., 1971. ISBN 0-85045-044-6.
  • Caruana, Richard J. "The Nakajima Ki-84 Hayate" Article and scale drawings. Scale Aviation Modeller International. Volume 10 Issue 10 October 2004. Bedford, UK.
  • Francillon, Ph.D., René J. The Nakajima Hayate (Aircraft in Profile number 70). Leatherhead, Surrey, UK: Profile Publications Ltd., 1966.
  • Francillon, Ph.D., René J. Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War. London: Putnam & Company, 1970 (2nd edition 1979). ISBN 0-370-30251-6.
  • Fearis, P. "The Emperor's Wings; The Nakajima Ki-84 Hayate." Article and scale drawings. Scale Aviation Modeller. Volume 2 Issue 1 January 1996. Bedford, UK.
  • Green, William. War Planes of the Second World War, Volume Three: Fighters. London: Macdonald & Co. (Publishers) Ltd., 1961 (seventh impression 1973). ISBN 0-356-01447-9.
  • Green, William and Swanborough, Gordon. WW2 Aircraft Fact Files: Japanese Army Fighters, Part 2. London: Macdonald and Jane's Publishers Ltd., 1977. ISBN 0-354-01068-9.
  • Taylor, John W. R. Combat Aircraft of the World: from 1909 to the present. New York, NY: Paragon Books, 1969.
  • Wieliczko, Leszek A. Nakajima Ki-84 Hayate. Lublin, Poland: Kagero, 2005. ISBN 83-89088-76-2. (Bilingual Polish/English)