The 1991 national population census estimated the district population at about 66,250. In 2002, the national census conducted that year estimated the population of the district at about 90,920. Between 2002 and 2012, it is estimated that the district population has been growing at an annual rate of 6%. In view of those data, it is estimated that in 2012 the population of Nakapiripirit District was about 161,600. The table below illustrates numerically how the population of the district has been growing between 2002 and 2012. All figures are estimates.
The main activity in the district is animal husbandry and the majority of the population are pastoralists. However in some areas, especially in the south, some agricultural activity takes place. More recently the exploration of the rich mineral landscape has begun in earnest by American, Canadian, Middle Eastern and Indian prospectors.